affirmative defense

(from the article `procedural law`) ...of proof, therefore, rests upon the prosecution. On the Continent, this is true even in cases involving insanity, drunkenness, self-defense, or ...
Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/a/24

Affirmative Defense

n. ancillary jurisdiction allows a federal court to assert jurisdiction over claims that are not sufficiently related or subordinated to an action properly within the court's subject matter jurisdiction. Usually, it is invoked to permit a federal court to adjudicate claims that technically are jurisdictionally defective so that the court can pass i...
Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/21213

Affirmative defense

An affirmative defense to a civil lawsuit or criminal charge is a fact or set of facts other than those alleged by the plaintiff or prosecutor which, if proven by the defendant, defeats or mitigates the legal consequences of the defendant`s otherwise unlawful conduct. In civil lawsuits, affirmative defenses include the statute of limitations, the....
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affirmative_defense

affirmative defense

Without denying the charge, defendant raises extenuating or mitigating circumstances such as insanity, self-defense or entrapment to avoid civil or criminal responsibility.
Found on http://www.pacourts.us/learn/legal-glossary

Affirmative Defense

Apart from denying a charge or claim, a defendant may assert affirmative defenses such as insanity, self-defense or entrapment to avoid criminal responsibility, or assert the statute of limitations or bankruptcy to avoid civil liability.
Found on http://jec.unm.edu/manuals-resources/glossary-of-legal-terms
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