Long-chain amino alcohol that bears an approximate similarity to glycerol with a hydrophobic chain attached to the 3-carbon. Forms the class of sphingolipids when it carries an acyl group joined by an amide link to the nitrogen. Forms sphingomyelin when phosphoryl choline is attached to the 1-hydroxyl group. Gives rise to the cerebroside and ganglioside classes of glycolipids when oligosaccharides are attached to the 1-hydroxyl group. Not found in the free form.
Sphingosine (2-amino-4-octadecene-1,3-diol) is an 18-carbon amino alcohol with an unsaturated hydrocarbon chain, which forms a primary part of sphingolipids, a class of cell membrane lipids that include sphingomyelin, an important phospholipid. ==Functions== Sphingosine can be phosphorylated in vivo via two kinases, sphingosine kinase type 1 and s...Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphingosine
(from the article `chemical compound`) The structure of sphingosine was determined by the American chemist H.E. Carter and coworkers in 1942. The biosynthesis was then studied by several ... ...can react with water to produce the corresponding ammonium ion (NH4+) and hydroxide ion (OH). The presence of the hydroxide ion makes a solution...Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/s/140
(sfing´go-sēn) a basic amino alcohol present in sphingomyelin.Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/21001
<biochemistry> Long chain amino alcohol that bears an approximate similarity to glycerol with a hydrophobic chain attached to the 3 carbon. Forms the class of sphingolipids when it carries an acyl group joined by an amide link to the nitrogen. Forms sphingomyelin when phosphoryl choline is attached to the 1 hydroxyl group. Gives rise to the c...Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20973
Type: Term Pronunciation: sfing′gō-sēn Definitions: 1. The principal long-chain base found in sphingolipids. Synonyms: (4E)-sphingenine, sphingolFound on http://www.medilexicon.com/medicaldictionary.php?t=83652
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