== Etymology == The term derives from Middle Iranian terms xvatay, xwadag meaning `lord`, `ruler`, `master`, appearing in written form in Parthian kwdy, in Middle Persian kwdy, and in Sogdian kwdy. It is the Middle Persian reflex of older Iranian forms such as Avestan xva-dhata- `self-defined; autocrat`, an epithet of Ahura Mazda. The Pash...
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