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Superglossary - Tea
Category: Food and Drink > Tea
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 186


Afternoon Tea
Refers to a British meal taken mid afternoon, comprising of sandwiches, scones,and pastries accompan

Agony Of The Leaves
expression describing the unfurling of rolled or twisted leaves during steeping

Anhui
one of the major black tea producing regions in China

Aroma
fragran flavor of brewed leaf, consisting of the essential oils of tea

Assam
Tea grown in the state of Assam, in India. These (generally black) teas are known for their strong,

Astringency
the drying sensation in the mouth caused by teas high in unoxidized polyphenols.

Autumnal
Teas harvested in autumn. The term is typically associated with teas from India and Formosa.

Bakey
tea taster expression for overfired teas

Basket-Fired
Japanese tea that has been cured in baskets by firing or drying.

Bergamot
essential oil of the bergamot orange used to flavor a black tea base to make Earl Grey tea

Billy
Australian term referring to tin pot with wire handle to suspend over an open fire in which tea is b

Billy Tea
Tea made by Australian bushmen in billy cans.

Biscuity
tea taster's expression, often used with Assam teas that have been fired well but not overly so

Black
the most common form of tea worldwide. prepared from green tea leaves which have been allowed to oxi

Black Tea
Tea that has been fired or dried after the fermentation or Oxidation period of manufacture.

Blend
Tea taster who decides on the proportions of each different tea required to produce the flavor of a

Bloom
tea taster's term to describe sheen or lustre present to finished leaf

Body
tea taster's term to denote a full strength brew

Bold
large leaf cut tea

Bondemae
a form of tea ceremony where all the implements are carried in a bon, or tray

Brassy
unpleasant acidic bite from improperly withered tea

Break
auction term referring to a lot for sale, usually 18 chests or more.

Brick Tea
Common grades of Chinese and Japananes tea mixed with stalk and dust and molded into bricks under hi

Bright
denotes a bright red brew or light leaf, as opposed to a dull brown or black color.

Brisk
a tea high in astringency. Also a trademarked characteristic of Lipton tea.

Broken
smaller leaf style usually created during manufacture by passing the leaf through a cutter

Caddy
The name given to a tin or jar of tea, which takes its name from the Chinese or Malayan word 'catty'

Caffeine
stimulating compound present in tea

Cambric Tea
a very weak tea infusion in an excess of milk and sugar

Camellia Sinensis
Botanical name given to the tea bush.

Caravan Tea
Tea taken by camel from China to Russia before modern transportation.

Catechins
class of polyphenol present in high concentrations in green tea, but found in varying levels in othe

Ceylon
teas made in Sri Lanka

Cha
The word for tea derived from the Chinese language.

Chabana
flower arrangement in the tokonoma

Chai
tea. Often refers to masala chai, or spiced tea, a strong black tea infused with milk, sugar, and sp

Chaire
container of matcha for koicha

Chaji
a complete tea ceremony, consisting of sumidemae, kaiseki, koicha and usucha

Chaki
container of matcha for usucha

Chakin
white linen cloth used to wipe chawan

Chanoyu
literally

Chasen
bamboo whisk

Chasen-Toushi
procedure for cleaning implements during chanoyu

Chashaku
scoop for tea, made out of bamboo, ivory or other material

Chest
classical tea package, usually made of wood and aluminum-lines, used to ship tea from plantation

Chesty
tea taster's term signifying off odor in tea from the wood in the tea chest

Chunmee
Chinese green tea, said to resemble the shape of human eyebrows.

Cloning
Cuttings taken from old tea bushes which are allowed to root and then are planted to produce new tea

Congou
A general term used to describe all Chinese black teas regardless of the area in which they are grow

Coppery
bright infusion of good quality black tea

CTC
stands for Crush, Tear, and Curl, a machine-based process which macerates the leaves by pressing thr

Darjeeling
Tea grown in the Darjeeling region, a mountainous area around the Himalayas, of India. These (genera

Dashibukusa
special cloth used to hold chawan in koicha

Dhool
refers to the tea leaf during fermentation, noted for its coppery color.

Dimbula
A district in Sri Lanka (Ceylon) that produces full bodied black teas.

Dust
the smallest grade of tea, this is typically associated with lower quality, but is prized for its qu

Earl Grey
A black tea treated with the oil of bergamot which gives the tea a scented aroma and taste.

English Breakfast Tea
A name for the tea blend which originally applied to China Congou tea in the United States. In Brita

Estate
A tea growing property that may include more than one garden under the same manger ship or ownership

Fannings
small, grainy particles of leaf sifted out of better grade teas

Fermentation
used in the process of preparing black and oolong tea, this step involves allowing the natural brown

Fibrous
teas which contain a large percentage of fannings

Firing
the process of rapidly heating the leaf, either with hot air or in a wok, to quickly halt fermentati

Flat
teas lacking astringency or briskness

Flowery
used in grading the size of tea, it typically indicates a leaf style with more of the lighter colore

Flush
Refers to the timing of the tea harvest. 'first flush' is the early spring plucking of new shoots.

Formosa
tea produced in Taiwan, typically oolong teas

Fukusa
silk square cloth to use for wiping implements

Full
strong tea without bitterness and posessing good color

Fumikomidatami
tatami mat next to the host, where the tea is placed when offered to the guest

Furo
portable brazier for holding the kama, used from May to November

Genmaicha
green tea with toasted rice

Golden
denoting the orange colored tip present in high quality black tea

Gong Fu
meaning performed with care, this typically refers to a style of brewing with many repeated short in

Grade
Term used to describe a tea leaf or particle size of leaf.

Grainy
term used to describe high quality CTC teas

Green
unfermented, dried tea, more commonly found in China and Japan.

Green Tea
Tea that is withered immediately, and often steamed and/or fired before oxidation can begin.

Gunpowder
Normally a Chinese tea, but today could be any young tea which is rolled into smaller pellet size ba

Gyokuro
A high grade Japanese tea a produced by a special process in the Uji district of japan. It is made f

Haiken
guests viewing items used in a tea ceremony

Hard
pungent tea, desired in some Assam teas

Heavy
a thick, colory infusion with little briskness or astringency

Herbal Infusion
Often referred to as 'herbal tea' or 'herbal tisane'. These teas are mixtures of herbs and do not c

High Tea
The name given to a meal served late afternoon to early evening which is a mixture of afternoon tea

Hikibishaku
method of placing hishaku on kama which emulates holding a bow & arrow

Hirademae
tea ceremony without any tana

Hyson
A type of Chinese green tea meaning 'flourishing spring'. Young Hyson is this type of tea which is

Infusion
The process of extracting elements from tea, herbs, fruits or berries by submersing in boiling water

Izumae
fixing one's kimono after sitting down

Jasmine
black tea scented with jasmine flowers, typically made with green Pouchong tea as the base

Jat
Type of tea brush normally applied to its origin. For example a tea comes from the China or Indian J

Kaiseki
a light meal served prior to the cups of tea in a chaji

Kakemono
hanging scroll in the tokonoma

Kama
kettle, usually iron, for holding the boiling water

Kandy
A city in Sri Lanka (formally Ceylon). Medium grown at altitudes between 2000 ft and 4000 ft above

Kashi
sweet served along with the tea

Kashiki
tray for holding kashi

Keemum
A fine grade of black leaf China Congou tea produced in the Anhui province.

Kensui
waste water container