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Superglossary - Poetry
Category: Language and Literature > Poetry
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 375

Rising Metre
iambs and anapests, i.e., one or two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one.

Long narrative poems in french about courtly culture and secret love that triumphed in english with

The late 18th-century, early 19th-century period of wordsworth, coleridge, keats, shelley, and byron

A mainly octosyllabic poem consisting of between ten and fifteen lines, having only two rhymes and w

Rondeau Redoubl�
five quatrains and a closing quintain, using two rhymes. The first quatrain consists of four refrain

Rondel, Roundel
Poetic forms of 11-14 lines where the first two lines are repeated in the middle and at the end, and

A lyric poems with a refrain.

The scanning of verse, that is, dividing it into metrical feet and identifying its rhythm by encodin

Figure of speech that varies the order and sound of words. Examples include alliteration, assonance,

The name for an old english poet-singer.

A seven-line stanza. See also rhyme royal.

A six-line stanza, or the final six lines of a 14-line italian or petrarchan sonnet.

A poem consisting of six six-line stanzas and a three-line envoy, where the words ending the lines o

a stanza or poem or six lines

Sick Verse
Mordant, black-humoured or horrific works such as edgar allan poe's 'the raven,' robert browning's '

Silent Stress
A noticeable pause or musical rest with all the value of a beat in highly rhythmic verse. An example

A comparison made with 'as,' 'like,' or 'than.'

A one-syllable foot.

Skeltonic Verse
Short, roughhewn lines in variable-length stanzas reusing a small number of rhymes, popularized by j

Unstressed syllable.

In the renaissance, a brief song or lyric of indeterminate rhyme scheme, but also a 14-line poem pat

Sonnet Redoubl�
Fifteen sonnets, of which the last consists of all the repeated lines linking the other fourteen son

Sonnet Sequence
A group of sonnets sharing the same subject matter and sometimes a dramatic situation and persona. S

Spasmodic School
P. J. Bailey, sydney dobell, alexander smith and other late romantic, early victorian minor poets.

Spenserian Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem developed by edmund spenser in his amoretti that varies the english form by int

Spenserian Stanza
The unit of edmund spenser's faerie queene, consisting of eight iambic-pentameter lines and a final

A metrical foot consisting of two accented syllables / ' ' /. An example of a spondaic word is 'hog-

Sprung Rhythm
A metrical system devised by gerard manley hopkins that has 1-to-4-syllable feet, each starting with

A group of verses separated from other such groups in a poem and often sharing a common rhyme scheme

Dialogue in alternate verse-lines.

A syllable uttered in a higher pitch than others. The language determines how english words are stre

Stretched Sonnet
One extended to sixteen or more lines, such as george meredith's 'modern love.'

The section of a greek ode sung when the chorus turns from one side of the orchestra to the other.

The main characteristic of great poetry, longinus held, was sublimity or high, grand, ennobling seri

Submerged Sonnet
A sonnet hidden inside a longer poetic work, such as lines 235-48 of t. S. Eliot's the waste land.

Syllabic Verse
Lines whose rhythm arises by the number of its syllables. Examples include thomas nashe's 'adieu, fa

A vowel preceded by from zero to three consonants ('awl' ... 'strand'), and followed by from zero to

Something in the world of the senses, including an action, that manifests (reveals) or signifies (is

Symbolist Movement
Late 19th-century french writers, including mallarm

Synaeresis, Synaloepha
The contraction of two syllables into one, for metrical purposes, by changing two adjacent syllables

The elision of an unstressed syllable so as to keep to a strict accentual-syllabic metre. This can b

A figure of speech where the part stands for the whole (for example, 'i've got wheels' for 'i have a

A blending of different senses in describing something.

Synthetic Rhyme
A forced rhyme in which the spelling and sound of a word are distorted.

Using different types of feet (e.g., iambic and trochaic) in the same verse.

Tail Rhyme
A stanza that has an extra short line (a tail, a tag) that rhymes with another such line. Cf. Bob an

Tail Rhyme
A stanza with a tail, tag, or extra short line that may rhyme with another such line later on. Chauc

Japanese form of five lines with five, seven, five, seven, and seven syllables, 31 in all. English e

A statement redundant in itself, such as 'the stars, o astral bodies!'

Spelling out a word, a phrase, or name vertically in sequence down the last letters of verse lines i

Tercet, Terzet
a rhyming triplet, found in sequences such as

Terza Rima
An italian stanzaic form, used by dante in his divina commedia, consisting of tercets with interwove

A stanza of three lines.

Four feet, a measure made up of four feet. Shakespeare's 'fear no more the heat of the sun' is an ex

The Fleshly School Of Poetry
The phrase that robert williams buchanan coined for dante gabriel rossetti and his imitators in a sc

A prevailing idea in a work, but sometimes not explicitly stated, as in ogden nash's 'candy is dandy

The poet's attitude to the poem's subject as the reader interprets that, sometimes through the tone

A three-line envoy that include the rhymes of all preceding stanzas.

A work that deflates something that is treated by another work with high seriousness.

Greek and latin metrical foot consisting of short, short, and short syllables / ~ ~ ~ /.

Three feet

An eight-line stanza having just two rhymes and repeating the first line as the fourth and seventh l

A three-syllable foot, or a three-line stanza, with a single rhyme. For example, robert herrick's 'u

A metrical foot consisting of an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable. Examples of t

A semantic figure of speech or of thought that varies the meaning of a word or passage. Examples inc

Ubi sunt
A medieval commonplace that reveals the mutability of all things, the loss of all through death, by

Vers De Soci�t�
Sophisticated light verse of a kind appealing to the gentry. Poets writing in this vein include char

As a mass noun, poetry in general (but in a non-judgmental sense)

Verse Paragraph
A group of verse lines that make up a discourse unit, the first verse of which is sometimes indented

Verse written in the reign of victoria, from 1837 to 1903.

An italian verse form consisting of five three-line stanzas (tercets) and a final quatrain, possessi

A medieval french poetic form, consisting of short lines in stanzas with only two rhymes, where the

Voiced And Unvoiced
Consonants are voiced when the vocal cords move (/b/) and unvoiced when they remain still (/p/).

An alliterative rhyming quatrain with four-stress lines that follows the so-called bob, known togeth

Thomas thomas's latin-english dictionary (1587) translates this as 'a figure whereby many clauses ar