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Superglossary - Poetry
Category: Language and Literature > Poetry
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 376


Rime Cou�e
Tail rhyme, a stanza in which a usually closing short line rhymes with a previous short line and is

Rising Metre
iambs and anapests, i.e., one or two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one.

Romance
Long narrative poems in french about courtly culture and secret love that triumphed in english with

Romanticism
The late 18th-century, early 19th-century period of wordsworth, coleridge, keats, shelley, and byron

Rondeau
A mainly octosyllabic poem consisting of between ten and fifteen lines, having only two rhymes and w

Rondeau Redoubl�
five quatrains and a closing quintain, using two rhymes. The first quatrain consists of four refrain

Rondel, Roundel
Poetic forms of 11-14 lines where the first two lines are repeated in the middle and at the end, and

Roundelay
A lyric poems with a refrain.

Scansion
The scanning of verse, that is, dividing it into metrical feet and identifying its rhythm by encodin

Scheme
Figure of speech that varies the order and sound of words. Examples include alliteration, assonance,

Scop
The name for an old english poet-singer.

Septet
A seven-line stanza. See also rhyme royal.

Sestet
A six-line stanza, or the final six lines of a 14-line italian or petrarchan sonnet.

Sestina
A poem consisting of six six-line stanzas and a three-line envoy, where the words ending the lines o

Sextain
a stanza or poem or six lines

Sick Verse
Mordant, black-humoured or horrific works such as edgar allan poe's 'the raven,' robert browning's '

Silent Stress
A noticeable pause or musical rest with all the value of a beat in highly rhythmic verse. An example

Simile
A comparison made with 'as,' 'like,' or 'than.'

Singlet
A one-syllable foot.

Skeltonic Verse
Short, roughhewn lines in variable-length stanzas reusing a small number of rhymes, popularized by j

Slack
Unstressed syllable.

Sonnet
In the renaissance, a brief song or lyric of indeterminate rhyme scheme, but also a 14-line poem pat

Sonnet Redoubl�
Fifteen sonnets, of which the last consists of all the repeated lines linking the other fourteen son

Sonnet Sequence
A group of sonnets sharing the same subject matter and sometimes a dramatic situation and persona. S

Spasmodic School
P. J. Bailey, sydney dobell, alexander smith and other late romantic, early victorian minor poets.

Spenserian Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem developed by edmund spenser in his amoretti that varies the english form by int

Spenserian Stanza
The unit of edmund spenser's faerie queene, consisting of eight iambic-pentameter lines and a final

Spondee
A metrical foot consisting of two accented syllables / ' ' /. An example of a spondaic word is 'hog-

Sprung Rhythm
A metrical system devised by gerard manley hopkins that has 1-to-4-syllable feet, each starting with

Stanza
A group of verses separated from other such groups in a poem and often sharing a common rhyme scheme

Stichomythia
Dialogue in alternate verse-lines.

Stress
A syllable uttered in a higher pitch than others. The language determines how english words are stre

Stretched Sonnet
One extended to sixteen or more lines, such as george meredith's 'modern love.'

Strophe
The section of a greek ode sung when the chorus turns from one side of the orchestra to the other.

Sublime
The main characteristic of great poetry, longinus held, was sublimity or high, grand, ennobling seri

Submerged Sonnet
A sonnet hidden inside a longer poetic work, such as lines 235-48 of t. S. Eliot's the waste land.

Syllabic Verse
Lines whose rhythm arises by the number of its syllables. Examples include thomas nashe's 'adieu, fa

Syllable
A vowel preceded by from zero to three consonants ('awl' ... 'strand'), and followed by from zero to

Symbol
Something in the world of the senses, including an action, that manifests (reveals) or signifies (is

Symbolist Movement
Late 19th-century french writers, including mallarm

Synaeresis, Synaloepha
The contraction of two syllables into one, for metrical purposes, by changing two adjacent syllables

Syncope
The elision of an unstressed syllable so as to keep to a strict accentual-syllabic metre. This can b

Synecdoche
A figure of speech where the part stands for the whole (for example, 'i've got wheels' for 'i have a

Synesthesia
A blending of different senses in describing something.

Synthetic Rhyme
A forced rhyme in which the spelling and sound of a word are distorted.

Syzygy
Using different types of feet (e.g., iambic and trochaic) in the same verse.

Tail Rhyme
A stanza that has an extra short line (a tail, a tag) that rhymes with another such line. Cf. Bob an

Tail Rhyme
A stanza with a tail, tag, or extra short line that may rhyme with another such line later on. Chauc

Tanka
Japanese form of five lines with five, seven, five, seven, and seven syllables, 31 in all. English e

Tautology
A statement redundant in itself, such as 'the stars, o astral bodies!'

Telestich
Spelling out a word, a phrase, or name vertically in sequence down the last letters of verse lines i

Tercet, Terzet
a rhyming triplet, found in sequences such as

Terza Rima
An italian stanzaic form, used by dante in his divina commedia, consisting of tercets with interwove

Terzain
A stanza of three lines.

Tetrameter
Four feet, a measure made up of four feet. Shakespeare's 'fear no more the heat of the sun' is an ex

The Fleshly School Of Poetry
The phrase that robert williams buchanan coined for dante gabriel rossetti and his imitators in a sc

Theme
A prevailing idea in a work, but sometimes not explicitly stated, as in ogden nash's 'candy is dandy

Tone
The poet's attitude to the poem's subject as the reader interprets that, sometimes through the tone

Tornada
A three-line envoy that include the rhymes of all preceding stanzas.

Travesty
A work that deflates something that is treated by another work with high seriousness.

Tribrach
Greek and latin metrical foot consisting of short, short, and short syllables / ~ ~ ~ /.

Trimeter
Three feet

Triolet
An eight-line stanza having just two rhymes and repeating the first line as the fourth and seventh l

Triplet
A three-syllable foot, or a three-line stanza, with a single rhyme. For example, robert herrick's 'u

Trochee
A metrical foot consisting of an accented syllable followed by an unaccented syllable. Examples of t

Trope
A semantic figure of speech or of thought that varies the meaning of a word or passage. Examples inc

Ubi sunt
A medieval commonplace that reveals the mutability of all things, the loss of all through death, by

Vers De Soci�t�
Sophisticated light verse of a kind appealing to the gentry. Poets writing in this vein include char

Verse
As a mass noun, poetry in general (but in a non-judgmental sense)

Verse Paragraph
A group of verse lines that make up a discourse unit, the first verse of which is sometimes indented

Victorian
Verse written in the reign of victoria, from 1837 to 1903.

Villanelle
An italian verse form consisting of five three-line stanzas (tercets) and a final quatrain, possessi

Virelay
A medieval french poetic form, consisting of short lines in stanzas with only two rhymes, where the

Voiced And Unvoiced
Consonants are voiced when the vocal cords move (/b/) and unvoiced when they remain still (/p/).

Wheel
An alliterative rhyming quatrain with four-stress lines that follows the so-called bob, known togeth

Zeugma
Thomas thomas's latin-english dictionary (1587) translates this as 'a figure whereby many clauses ar