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Superglossary - Poetry
Category: Language and Literature > Poetry
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 376


Concrete Poetry
Verse that emphasizes non-linguistic elements in its meaning, such as typeface that gives a visual i

Confessional Poetry
Vividly sensational self-revelatory verse, a literary movement led by american poets from allen gins

Connotation
Those words, things, or ideas with which a word often keeps company but which it does not actually d

Consonance
Sometimes just a resemblance in sound between two words, or an initial or head rhyme like alliterati

Content Words
Nouns, verbs, adjectives, and most adverbs, words that carry the content of a sentence

Convention
A common way of doing something, such as a poetic form, or a common topic like the 'carpe diem' or '

Corona
A sonnet sequence where the last line in one sonnet becomes the first line of the next sonnet, and t

Counting-Out Rhymes
verse memory aids for children learning how to count, such as 'One, two, buckle my shoe, / Three, fo

Couplet
A pair of successive rhyming lines, usually of the same length, termed 'closed' when they form a bou

Cretic
Greek and latin metrical foot consisting of long, short, and long syllables.

Curtal Sonnet
A short sonnet devised by gerard manley hopkins that maintains the proportions of the italian form (

Dactyl
A metrical foot consisting of an accented syllable followed by two unaccented ones / ' ~ ~ /. Exampl

Dead Metaphor
An originally metaphoric expression in which the implied comparison has been forgotten and is taken

Deictic
Words that point to particulars, as names and pronouns do for individual places and persons (such as

Denotation
what a word points to, names, or refers to, either in the world of things or in the mind.

Didactic Verse
Poems that exist so as to teach the readers something, often a moral.

Dimeter
Two feet

Dirge
A brief funeral hymn or song. An example is henry king's exequy.

Dissonance
Cacaphony, or harsh-sounding language.

Distich
Two lines related to one another. A major greek and latin metre is the elegiac distich, a pair of da

Dithyramb
Choral hymn in honour of dionysius, the greek god of wine, and an influence on the english ode. An e

Dizain
A stanza or poem of ten lines.

Doggerel
Bad verse, characterized by clich

Double Dactyl
A form of light verse invented by anthony hecht and john hollander. The double dactyl consists of tw

Dramatic Monologue
A poem representing itself as a speech made by one person to a silent listener, usually not the read

Dream Vision
A (traditionally medieval) poet's relation of how he fell asleep and had an often allegorical dream.

Duplet
A two-syllable foot.

Eclogue
A brief pastoral poem, set in an idyllic rural place but discussing urban, court, political, or soci

Elegiac Stanza
A quatrain with the rhyme scheme abab written in iambic pentameter. See also distich.

Elegy
A greek or latin form in alternating dactylic hexameter and dactylic pentameter lines

Elision
Omission of a consonant (e.g., 'ere' for 'ever') or a vowel (e.g., 'tother' for 'the other'), usuall

Ellipsis
The non-metrical omission of letters or words whose absence does not impede the reader's ability to

End-Stopped
A verse line ending at a grammatical boundary or break, such as a dash, a closing parenthesis, or pu

English Sonnet
Also known ad shakesperian sonnet. The englished form of the italian sonnet, developed by sir thomas

Enjambement
The running over of a sentence or phrase from one verse to the next, without terminal punctuation, h

Envoy
The brief stanza that ends a poem such as the ballade or the sestina. See also tornada.

Epic
An extended narrative poem with a heroic or superhuman protagonist engaged in an action of great sig

Epic Simile
Extended comparison or cluster of similes or metaphors.

Epigram
A brief witty poem. Randle cotgrave (1611) translates 'epigramme' as 'an epigram

Epigraph
A quotation, taken from another literary work, that is placed at the start of a poem under the title

Epistle
A verse epistle imitates the form of a personal letter, addressed to someone in particular, often ve

Epistrophe
Successive phrases, lines, or clauses that repeat the same word or words at their ends.

Epitaph
A burial inscription, often in verse. Philip reder's epitaphs (london

Epithalamion
Lyric poem in praise of hymen (the greek god of marriage) or of a particular wedding, such as edmund

Epitrite
Greek and latin metrical foot consisting of short, long, long, and long syllables / ~ ' ' ' / in any

Epizenxis
Repetition of a word several times without connectives.

Epode
The third section (or the stand) of a pindaric ode, after the strophe and antistophe.

Euphony
A pleasing harmony of sounds.

Exemplum
A narrative that teaches a moral.

Eye Rhyme
Words rhyming only as spelled, not as pronounced, and hence not a perfect or true rhyme. An example

Fabliau
A bawdy medieval verse narrative, originally french but adapted by geoffrey chaucer's in 'the miller

Falling Metre
Trochees and dactyls, i.e., a stressed syllable followed by one or two unstressed syllables.

Feminine Rhyme
Gendered expression for rhymes ending in one or more unstressed syllables, such as 'fruity' and 'boo

Figure Of Speech
One of many kinds of word-play, focusing either on sound and word-order (schemes) or on semantics (t

Flyting
A poem of invective by two speakers trying to out-humiliate one another.

Folk Song
Popular, often anonymous sung lyrics that may be passed on by word-of-mouth originally before being

Foot
The basic unit of measurement of accentual-syllabic metre, usually thought to contain one stressed s

Formula
An often repeated phrase, sometimes half-a-line long and metrically distinctive.

Found Poem
A passage in a piece of prose shaped by a reader into quasi-metrical lines and republished as a poem

Free Verse
Rhythmical but non-metrical, non-rhyming lines. These may have a deliberate rhythm or cadence but se

Georgian
When characterizing poetry, work written in the reigns of the four georges (1714-1830) or in the rei

Georgic Poems
Characterizing the life of the farmer.

Ghazal
An eastern verse form consisting of successive couplets whose lines all end with the same refrain ph

Glyconic
A greek and roman metre that consists of a spondee, a choriamb, and an iamb / ' ' / ' ~ ~ ' / ~ ' /

Gnomic Verse
Poems laced with proverbs, aphorisms, or maxims.

Graveyard School
18th-century poets such as thomas gray, robert blair, and edward young who penned gloomy poems on de

Grue
Slangy nickname for 'gruesome' verse. Cf. Sick verse.

Haiku
Japanese poem of three unrhyming lines in 5, 7, and 5 syllables. For example, windshield wipers swis

Half-Line
part of a line bounded by a caesura or some upper limit of syllables or stresses.

Half-Rhyme
Rhyming only with the consonants in the terminal syllable(s) of a multi-syllable word. An example is

Hemistich
part of a line bounded by a caesura or some upper limit of syllables or stresses.

Hendecasyllabic
A classical greek and latin metrical line consisting of eleven syllables, a spondee or trochee, a ch

Hendiadys
A pair of nouns linked by 'and' that are substituted for an adjective-noun pair. Shakespeare was esp

Heptameter
Seven feet, a measure made up of seven feet (fourteeners). Examples are chapman's translation of hom

Hexameter
Six feet

Hovering Stress
A metrical accent that may apply to either of two sequential syllables, but not to both, and so seem

Hudibrastic Poetry
Iambic tetrameter couplets like those in samuel butler's hudibras.

Hymn
A poem praising god or other divine being or place, often sung. E.g., sabine baring-gould, john henr

Hyperbaton
Inversion of word-order, e.g., noun-adjective.

Hyperbole
Exaggeration beyond reasonable credence. An example is the close of john donne's holy sonnet 'death,

Hypermetric
A verse with one or more syllables than the metre calls for, a line with metrically redundant syllab

Iamb, Iambus
A metrical foot consisting of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one. This is the rhythm

Iambic Trimeter
A classical greek and latin metre with three iambic feet (also known in english as the alexandrine).

Ictus
The stress.

Identical Rhymes
Using the same word, identically in sound and in sense, twice in rhyming position.

Idyll
Either a pastoral poem about shepherds or an epyllion, a brief epic that depicts a heroic episode. A

Image
An expression that describes a literal sensation, whether of hearing, seeing, touching, tasting, and

Imagism
A movement of early 20th-century poets who used colloquial, concise, and image-laden language, not p

In Memoriam Stanza
Quatrain with the rhyme scheme abba (sometimes termed an envelope), written in iambic tetrameter, an

Internal Rhyme
Rhymes between a word within a line, often from a medial position (termed also leonine) and one at t

Ionic
A classical greek and latin double foot consisting of two unstressed syllables and two stressed syll

Irony
Stating something by saying another quite different thing, sometimes its opposite. An example is sir

Isochronous Metre
All stressed syllables are separated in isochronous metre by equal duration of time no matter how ma

Isocolon
A line or lines that consist of clauses of equal length.

Italian Sonnet
A fourteen-line poem with two sections, an octave (eight-line stanza rhyming abbaabba), and a sestet

Kenning
a compound word in Old English poetry that replaces the usual name for something, often involving me

Kyrielle
A middle french verse form composed of quatrains which each share the same second and fourth lines.

Light Verse
Whimsical, amusing poems such as limericks, nonsense poems, and double dactyls, practised by such as

Limerick
A fixed verse form appearing first in the history of sixteen wonderful old women (1820), popularized

Line
A unit of verse whose length is prescribed by a criterion other than the right-hand margin of the pa