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Superglossary - Painting
Category: Arts > Painting
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 481


Spreading Rate
The area to which paint can be spread; usually expressed as square feet per gallon.

Stain
A solution or suspension of coloring matter in a vehicle designed primarily to be applied to create

Staining Colors
Colors that cannot be fully removed from your paper. Staining colors permeate the fiber of the paper

Stenciling
The method of applying a design by brushing or sponging paint through a cutout overlay placed on the

Stereochromy
(also termed

Still Life
Any work whose subject matter is inanimate objects.

Stipple
Applying small dots of colour with the point of a brush, which is often held at right angles to the

Stippling
A finish made by using a stippling brush or roller stippler or a newly painted surface before the pa

Streaking
The irregular occurrence of lines or streaks of various lengths and colors in an applied film; usual

Stretcher
The wooden frame on which canvas or paper is stretched.

Stretcher
The wooden frame that is used to strain a canvas when preparing it for painting on. The four corners

Stretching Pliers
Heavy pliers with a wide mouth for gripping the canvas when it is being stretched, and so assisting

Strip
Removal of old finishes with paint removers.

Stripping
The process of removing old paint varnishes or stains by using paint remover, sandpaper, or other to

Study
1. A comprehensive drawing or painting. 2. A detail that can be incorporate into a finished painting

Substrate
Any surface to which a paint, stain or sealant is applied.

Support
The surface on which a painting is made canvas, paper, wood, parchment, metal, etc.

Surface Tension
The property of a coating that makes it tend to shrink when applied.

Surrealism
A movement in painting popular in the 1930s, concerned with the world of dreams. It was vaguely fund

Tachisme
Art up-to-date, you merely let the paint do all the work. Splashing, sprinkling and riding over it w

Tack Rag
A piece of loosely woven cloth that has been dipped into varnish oil and wrung out. When it becomes

Tacky
The stage in the drying process when the cover material is sticky and leaves prints when touched.

Tapa
A Polynesian word meaning bark-cloth. It is made by taking the barks of various trees, including bre

Tempera
Broadly put this term implies using pigments which are mixed with substances such as; egg white, the

Tertiary Colors
This is a mixture of a primary and secondary colour. Red and Orange makes Red-Orange.

Textiles
Woven fabrics that have been and are used for painting on include

Texture
The actual or virtual representation of different surfaces, paint applied in a manner that breaks up

Texture Paint
Paint that can be manipulated by brush, roller, trowel or other tool to produce various effects.

Thinner
Any liquid used to thin the primary coating. Water and oil are the most common thinners in paint and

Thixotropy
The property of a material that causes it to change from a thick, pasty consistency to a fluid consi

Thumbnail Sketch
Small (credit card size or so) tonal and compositional sketches to try out design or subject ideas.

Tint
A light hue of color.

Tint Base
The basic paint in a custom color system to which colorants are added.

Tondo
A circular panel, plaque, relief or stretched canvas (from Latin rotundus

Tone
The changes of color achieved by lightening with white or darkening with black.

Toner
Pigmented lacquer sealer that is applied by spray. Toners provide color and make the surface appear

Tooth
The textural surface quality of the white canvas, varying from rough to smooth.

Topcoat
The final coat applied.

Tortillon
A paper stump made of rolled-up blotting-paper or soft thick paper, which is used with pastel, chalk

Touch Up
The ability of a coating film to be spot repaired (usually within a few months of initial painting)

Tragacanth
A binding agent made from Astragalus plants, used in watercolour paints and pastels.

Trompe Loeil
A term meaning 'Fool the eye' in French. It involves rendering a subject with such detail and attent

Tung Oil
The Oil of the nut of the tung tree. Generally used in fine wood finishing.

Turpentine
A colorless liquid, which is used as a thinner for oil paints and varnishes, distilled from the prod

Undercoat
A coating that provides improved adhesion and/or more gloss and uniformity to a topcoat.

Underpainting
The first, thin transparent laying in of colour in a painting.

Underwater Painting
A technique has been evolved by Antonio de Havo in 1977 for working submerged. He mixes his colours

Values
The relative lightness or darkness of colors or of grays.

Variegated Wash
A wet wash created by blending a variety of discrete colours so that each colour retains it's charac

Varnish
Transparent liquid that dries on exposure to air to give a decorative and protective and protective

Varnish Stain
Varnishes colored with a dye and without the same power of penetrations as the true stains, leaving

Varnishes
Protective coatings for oil-paintings, tempera, acrylic, alkyd, gouache and water-colour. Varnishes

Vehicle
The liquid portion of paint composed mainly of solvents, resins or oils.

Vignette
A painting which is shaded off around the edges leaving a pleasing shape within a border of white or

Vinyl
A resin with poor adhesion but good hardness, flexibility and resistance. Used for swimming pools, t

Viscosity
The thickness of a coating as related to its ability to flow as a liquid.

Vision
The innate quality of a true artist. One who sees with an inward and outward eye.

Walls
A painting made directly on a wall or a ceiling is termed a mural. The surface of the wall has to be

Wash
The application of dilute water-colour to a support. The paper on the board should be at a slope of

Washability
The ability of a paint to be easily cleaned without wearing away during cleaning.

Water Based Paint
Any paint made with acrylic, vinyl or latex resins, and thinned with water. It dries more quickly th

Water Emulsions
Mixture of pigment and synthetic resin in water with low solvent emission, low fire hazard and toxic

Water Repellant
Any finish that prevents penetration of water into the substrate.

Water Spotting
A paint appearance defect caused by water droplets.

Watercolour
In the purist sense this implies working only with transparent colours on white paper; attaining man

Weather Resistance
The ability of a coating to retain its appearance and integrity in the face of various weather condi

Weathering
The effect of exposure to weather on paint films.

Wet Edge
Length of time a wall paint can stand and be brushed back in to the next stretch without showing a l

Wet-In-Wet
A technique used in painting in which the colours flow together. There's a risk of creating a muddy

Wet-On-Dry
Painting over a dry layer of paint. It's much easier to control than wet-in-wet. Most acrylic painte

Wet-On-Wet
The technique of painting wet color into a wet surface .(paper saturated

Wetting Agent
A liquid to be added in small amounts to water-colour to reduce the surface tension and thus increas

Wire Brushing
Cleaning a surface with a wire brush, or wire power brush.

Withering
Withering a loss of gloss is sometimes caused by varnishing open-pore woods without filling pores, u

Wood Filler
There are two kinds of fillers-paste and liquid. Paste fillers are something like a very thick paint

Wooden Panels
Up till the 15th century and the coming of canvas nearly all the portable paintings in Europe were e

Wove Paper
A paper showing even texture and thickness when held to light. Created with a very fine netting, a u

Wrinkling
Development of ridges and furrows in a paint film when the paint dries.

Yellowing
Development of a yellow color or cast in white, a pastel, colored or clear finishes.

Zinc Chromate
Rust-inhibiting pigment, greenish-yellow in color that is used with a high-hiding pigment.

Zinc Oxide
Substance used as a white pigment for high-hiding power hardness and gloss. Reduces yellowing, incre