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Superglossary - Painting
Category: Arts > Painting
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 481


Opaque
A paint that is not transparent by nature or intentionally. A dense paint that obscures or totally h

Opaque Coating
A coating that hides the previous surface coating.

Opaque Stain
An exterior stain that obscures the natural color and grain of wood, but still allows the texture to

Orange Peel
Film having the roughness of an orange due to poor roller or spray application.

Ox Gall
Derived from the bile of domestic cows or other bovines, ox gall is added to paint as a surfactant o

Paint Brushes
The first known examples are probably those used in Egypt which were simple bundles of thin reeds bo

Paint Gauge
Instrument for measuring the thickness of paint film.

Paint Remover
A compound that softens old paint or varnish and permits scraping off the loosened material.

Painting Knives
Both of these are made of fine tempered steel that is flexible. The palette-knife has a straight han

Palette
Essential for colour-painting, an artist's palette refers to (1) The instrument the artist mixes his

Pantograph
An instrument for reducing or enlarging designs or sketches, that uses a simple system of levers; kn

Paper
A substance produced from wood-pulp, rags or other material with fibres. It is thought that the art

Papyrus
A form of paper made by the early Egyptians. It was made from the reed Cyperus papyrus; strips of th

Parchment
Animal skins that have been treated by scraping, use of lime to remove hair, and rubbing. Skins of s

Pastels
A method of painting or drawing with sticks of dry colour which have the minimum of binder; a reason

Patching Plaster
A special plaster made for repairing plaster walls.

Peeling
Detachment of a dried paint film in relatively large pieces, usually caused by moisture or grease un

Pen
The English word, the French equivalent, plume, and the German, Peder, originally meant a wing-feath

Pencil
Graphite wooden jacketed pencils as are known today date from the end of the 17th century when there

Pentimento
A reappearance of a design, a drawing or a picture that has been painted over; It is a phenomenon pa

Permeable
Allows another material to pass through without effecting the existing material.

Perspective
Representing three-dimensional volumes and space in two dimensions in a manner that imitates depth,

Pigment In Paint
For details of lakes, glazes and other artist-colourants, see

Pigments
Paint ingredients mainly used to impart color and hiding power.

Pihnole
Very small holes in paint film, usually not deep enough to show undercoat.

Plaster Of Paris
A quick setting, pure white powder, used to set bathroom wall fixtures such as towel racks or used b

Pochade
A rapid rough sketch of a landscape executed out-of-doors from nature; generally it is the intention

Polychrome
Poly=many, chrome or chroma=colours. Can refer to artwork made with bright, multi-coloured paint.

Polyptych
A single work comprised of multiple sections, panels, or canvas. Diptych= two, triptych=three.

Polyurethane
Wide range of coatings, ranging from hard gloss enamels to soft flexible coatings. Good to very good

Polyurethane Varnish
A clear, alkyd coating.

Polyvinyl Acetate
A synthetic resin largely used as a vehicle for many latex paints. Often referred to as PVA.

Positive Space
The areas of an artwork that IS the primary subject or object. Positive Space defines the subjects o

Pot Life
Amount of time after mixing a two-part paint system during which it can be applied.

Pounce Bag
Used to dust pounced drawings. To make a pounce bag place a small wad of cotton balls in the middle

Pounce Wheel
A metal pencil-like tool that has a toothed wheel that freely rotates on the drawing end. The teeth

Primary Colors
Red, yellow, and blue, the mixture of which will yield all other colors in the spectrum but which th

Prime
To make ready. The preparatory coating.

Primer
A first coat of paint applied in order to inhibit corrosion and provide adhesion between the substra

Propellant
The gas used to expel materials from aerosol containers.

Putty
Doughlike mixture of pigment and oil used to set glass in window frames and to fill nail holes and c

Rabbet
The recess or groove of a frame for holding the picture.

Realism
A loosely applied term used to describe a painting that looks 'real' or has a strong or unpleasant s

Receding Colours
Pale or cool colours tend to recede into the background, thus they give us the impression of distanc

Reflected Light
The shadowed part of an object which is lightened by the reflection from an adjacent object.

Relief
The apparent or actual (impasto, collage) projection of three-dimensional forms.

Removers
Substances used to soften old varnish or paint so they may be removed easily.

Renaissance
The term applied to the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries in Italy. It was called so because of the 'reb

Resin
A natural or synthetic material that is the main ingredient of paint and that binds ingredients toge

Resist
Any material, usually wax or grease crayons, that repel paint or dyes. Lithography is a grease (ink)

Rice Paper
A generic term for Japanese and other asian forms of paper made for artist's use. Used for sumi-e, b

Rocker
A broad-ended tool with a sharp-toothed curved base which is used to ground a mezzotint plate. It is

Roller
A paint application tool having a revolving cylinder covered with lambs-wool, fabric, foamed plastic

Ropiness
Paint dries with a stringy look because it did not flow evenly onto the surface.

Rough
Rough watercolor paper has a coarse rough texture. This surface allows for maximum graining of washe

Roulette
A small-toothed wheel set in a handle that can be used for working on a metal plate. A second use is

Runs
A blemish caused by excessive flow of the coating. Usually caused by applying too much paint or stai

Rust Preventative Paint
The first coat of paint applied directly to iron or steel structures to slow down or prevent rust.

Sag
A downward movement of a paint or varnish caused by the application of too much coating, or the gath

Sal Soda
Crystallized sodium carbonate. It is used for making cleaning solutions to remove grease and grime f

Sand Finish
Rough finish plaster wall.

Sand-Painting
(also termed

Sanding Surfaces
A heavily pigmented finishing material used for building the surface to a smooth condition. It is sa

Saturation
The greatest possible intensity of the color.

Scorper
A solid metal tool with a square or rounded end used for clearing out non-printing areas on a wood-b

Scraper
An etching and engraving tool, triangular in section, which is used to remove burrs or unwanted roug

Scraperboard
A cardboard that is covered with plaster, white clay or chalk mixed with glue. It may be left white

Scrubbability
The ability of a paint film to withstand scrubbing and cleaning with water, soap and other household

Scumble
A Scumble is a semi opaque or opaque colour applied thinly over a darker colour. Like glazing, Scumb

Sealer
A thin liquid applied to seal a surface, to prevent previous paint from bleeding through from the su

Secondary Colors
Colors obtained by mixing two primary colors green, violet, and orange.

Seeds
Small, undesirable particles or granules other than dust found in paint, varnish or lacquer.

Self-Cleaning
An exterior paint designed to chalk quickly to maintain a clean appearance.

Semi-Gloss
Having a luster between full and flat.

Semi-Transparent
A degree of hiding greater than transparent but less than opaque.

Semi-Transparent Stain
A stain that alters the natural color of the wood while allowing the grain and texture to show throu

Set Up
A film that has dried so that it is firm is said to have 'set up'.

Settling
The accumulation of material (usually pigment) at the bottom of a container containing paint or stai

Sfumato
Derived from the Italian word for smoked. It is a well-controlled and subtle method for graduation o

Sgraffito
Scratching or cutting through a layer of colour to expose the ground or support, or to bring up a se

Shake Painter
A rectangular-shaped flat pad with an attached handle that is used to paint shingles, shakes and oth

Sheen
A paint that appears to be matt when viewed near to perpendicular, but appears to be glossy when vie

Sheen Uniformity
The even distribution of luster over the entire surface of an applied finish.

Shellac
Derived from a resinous substance called Lac. Used as a sealer and finish for floors, for sealing kn

Siccative
A substance added to oil-colours to considerably hasten their speed of drying. Faster than driers, i

Silhouette
A small picture, often a profile of a head, a whole figure or some simple scene. The name was in mem

Sinopia
A red-brown chalk employed for marking-out frescos.

Sketch
1. A brief statement of the subject. 2. A drawing complete in itself.

Skin
Tough covering that forms on paints if container is not tightly sealed.

Softwood
Evergreen trees (spruce, fir and pine). The term does not refer to the hardness of the wood.

Solvent
The volatile part of paint composition that evaporates during drying.

Spackling
A filler, often used for filling cracks and holes, that prepares surfaces before painting.

Spackling Compound
A material used as crack filler for preparing surfaces before painting.

Spar Varnish
A very durable varnish designed for service on exterior surfaces.

Spatter
Small particles or drips of liquid paint thrown or expelled when applying paint.

Spiders Web
Some painters have chosen strange materials to paint on, often regardless of permanency and suitabil

Sponge Painting (Sponging)
An interior painting technique in which sponges are used to apply or partially remove a coat of pain

Spot Prime
The process of applying a primer to areas where paint has been removed or stripped to the original s

Spot Priming
A method of protecting localized spots. The only areas primed are those that require additional prot

Spraying
A method of application in which the coating material is broken up into a fine mist that is directed