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Superglossary - Painting
Category: Arts > Painting
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 481


Gouache
In a broad sense it is a water-colour carried out with opaque or body colours instead of just transp

Graded Wash
A wash that smoothly changes in value from dark to light. Most noted in landscape painting for open

Grading
The handling of a water-colour wash to give it a lightening or darkening effect as the colour flows

Graduated Color
The range of color from light to dark or from warm to cool that results in a gradually changing effe

Grain
The basic structure of the surface of paper, as in fine, medium and rough grain.

Grain Raising
Swelling and standing up of the wood grain caused by absorbed water and solvents.

Graining
Simulating the grain of wood by means of specially prepared colors or stains and the use of graining

Granulation
An effect that can be achieved with wash work when using colours with heavy pigment particles. Frenc

Graphite
A type of carbon used for pencils, transfer sheets and as a dry lubricant. Synthetic graphite is mad

Graver
(also termed

Grisaille
A type of monochrome painting execured in greys. The results often resemble sculpture. Excellent exa

Ground
The name that is applied to the coating of the surface on which the painting is to be carried out. T

Ground Coat
The base coat in an antiquing system that is applied before the graining colors, glazing or other fi

Gum Arabic
Gum arabic is produced from the sap of the African acacia tree and is available in crystalline form

Gums
The principal binder for water-colour is gum arabic, it comes from certain acacia trees growing in A

Hardboard
(also termed

Hardness
The level of pressure a material will withstand without becoming deformed or scratched.

Hardwood
Term for trees that have broad leaves (like oak, maple, ash, beech and walnut). Does not correlate t

Heraldry
An art that dates back to the ancient custom of distinguishing nations, such as the Greeks and the R

Hiding Power
The ability of a paint to hide the previous surface or color.

Highlight
A point of intense brightness, such as the reflection in an eye.

Holdout
The ability of a paint film to dry to its normal finish on a somewhat absorptive surface.

Holidays
Voids in the dried paint film.

Hot Pressed
Hot pressed (HP) watercolour paper is pressed for an extremely smooth work surface. Excellent for mi

Hot Spots
Lime spots, which are not completely cured and bleed through the coating on a plastered wall.

Hue
This is the name of a colour within a spectrum colour. For example, Prussian Blue, Ultramarine Blue

Impasto
1. Thick application of pigment. 2. The pigment so applied. 3. The surface of the paint; any thick o

Impressionism
Loosely applied to a group of artists who purported to break up their color into pure dots of pigmen

Imprimatura
A coat of colour that is applied over the priming. Many painters dislike working directly on white s

India Ink
1. A black pigment made of lampblack and glue or size and shaped into cakes or sticks. 2. An ink mad

Inert Pigment
A powdered paint additive that does not change the shade or hue, but extends or otherwise imparts a

Inhibitor
Material such as primer used to retard rusting or corrosion.

Intercoat Adhesion
The adhesion between two coats of paint.

Interior
The inside surfaces of a structure.

Intermediate Coat
The coating between the primer and finish often called a barrier coat.

Ivory
Sheets of ivory about 1/16 in (1.5 mm) thick or less are considered the standard support for the min

Joint
Any place where two building materials come together and leave a gap or space.

Joint Cement
Cement used for drywall construction; also used as a bedding compound for joint tape and as a filler

Joint Tape
Special paper or paper-faced cotton tape used over joints between wallboard to conceal the joint and

Juxtaposition
Colors place side by side.

Key
The lighness (high key) or darkness (low key) of a painting.

Knotting Compound
A clear finish or sealant for floors, for sealing knots.

Lacquer
A fast-drying clear pigmented coating that dries by solvent evaporation.

Landscape
A painting in which the subject matter is natural scenery.

Lap
To lay or place one coat so its edge extends over and covers the edge of a previous coat, causing an

Latex
A water-thinned paint, such as a polyvinyl acetate, styrene butadiene or acrylic.

Latex Paint
Water-based paint made with a latex binder.

Lay Figure
Ajointed wooden figure, either quite small or life-size, that may be used as a substitute for the si

Laying-In
The first painting on a canvas; the under-painting.

Lead
A soft, malleable heavy metal used in the past in paint. Lead based paints are toxic in nature. Espe

Leather
Not a happy support for oils as it is a substance that is open to deterioration from a number of sou

Leveling
Ability of a film to flow out free from ripples, pockmarks and brush marks after application.

Lifting
The softening and penetration of a previous film by solvents in the paint being applied over it, res

Lightfast
A pigments resistance to fading on long exposure to sunlight. Watercolors are rated lightfast on a s

Lightfastness
No loss of color due to exposure to light, heat or weathering.

Limning
An obsolete term for drawing or painting.

Linseed Oil
A darker and slower drying oil that can be added to paint. Once prevalent in paint and stains, it no

Local Color
The actual color of an object being painted, unmodified by light or shadow. (An orange is orange)

Mahlstick
A long wooden rod with a pad at one end that is used by the painter to steady his hand when working

Marbling
A decorative painting technique that imitates the color and figure of marble.

Marine Varnish
Varnish specially designed for immersion in water and exposure to marine atmosphere.

Masking
Temporary covering of areas not to be painted.

Masking Fluid
A latex gum product that is used to cover a surface you wish to protect from receiving paint. Miskit

Masking Tape
A strip of paper or cloth similar to adhesive tape, which can be easily removed, used to temporarily

Mastic
A heavy-bodied paste like coating of high build often applied with a trowel.

Mat
The surrounding area between the frame and the picture.

Matte
A dull surface.

Medium
The method in which an artist works; oil-painting, gouache, pastel, pen and ink, etching, collage, s

Megilp
(also termed

Metal
Copper sheets have been used primarily, although works have been painted on aluminium, iron, steel a

Metallics
A class of paints that include metal flakes in their composition.

Middle Ground
The area of a painting between the foreground and the background. In a landscape this usually where

Mildew Resistance
The ability of a coating to resist the growth of molds and mildew. Mildew is particularly prevalent

Mildewcide
An agent that helps prevent molds or mildew growth on paint.

Mineral Spirits
An effective paint thinner, especially when using oil based paints.

Miniature
A small picture not normally larger than 6 in in anyone direction. The greatest schools of miniature

Mixed Media
One or more medium used in the same picture. Thus pastel and ink, pastel and water-colour, tempera a

Modeling
Representing color and lighting effects to make an image appear three-dimensional.

Moisture Resistance
The ability of a paint or stain to resis swelling, blistering or other damage caused by moisture.

Monochromatic
A single color in all it's values.

Monochrome
A method of decorating floors, walls and ceilings with tiny fragments (tesserae) set into mastic pla

Motif
A term meaning 'subject'. Flowers or roses can be a motif.

Multiple Tint Tool
A tool used particularly in wood-engraving with a thick rectangular rod which is so made that it wil

Murals
Paintings that are executed directly on to a wall. Media can include fresco (buon and secco), oils,

Muted
Suppressing the full color value of a particular color.

Muted Color
Restricted or suppressed rather than the full range of color.

Nailhead Rusting
Rust from iron nails that penetrates or bleeds through the coating and stains the surrounding areas.

Nap
The length of fibers in a paint roller cover.

Negative Space
The areas of an artwork that are NOT the primary subject or object. Negative Space defines the subje

Neutral Color
A color without definite identification.

Nocturne
A night scene.

Non-Staining Colors
Pigments that can be lifted cleanly (wet or re-wet) with little or no discoloration of the underlyin

Nonvolatile
The portion of paint left after the solvent evaporates; sometimes called the solids content.

Notan
A Japanese art/compositional term meaning 'Dark-Light'. It's the interplay of dark and light, positi

Oil Stains
There are two types of oil stains, penetrating and non-penetrating. Penetrating oil stains contain d

Oil-Based Paint
Any paint made with a drying oil, such as linseed, soya or tung oil. With oil based paints you must

Oil-Painting
This technique was not suddenly invented; the story that accredits its invention to the Van Eyck bro

Oils
Painters have used an extraordinary variety of oils in their efforts to attain the perfect personal

Opacity
The ability of a paint to hide the previous surface or color.

Opacity
The ability to block out light.