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Superglossary - Painting
Category: Arts > Painting
Date & country: 27/12/2013, US
Words: 481


Abrasion Resistance
Resistance to being worn away by rubbing or friction; related more to toughness than to hardness. A

Abrasive
Used for wearing away a surface by rubbing. Examples are powdered pumice, rottenstone, sandpaper, sa

Abstract Art
Painting that purports to be completely non-objective, with no reference to nature whatsoever. The 2

Academy Board
An economic board for oil-painting. It is made from several sheets of paper sized together. The face

Accent
A detail, brushstroke, or area of color placed in a painting for emphasis.

Acid Free
Acid free refers to papers without acid (ph) in the pulp when manufactured. High acidity papers degr

Acrylics
Pigments dispersed with acrylic resin (synthetic resins made by polymerization of acrylic acid ester

Adhesion
The strength of a paint or sealant to remain attached to a surface.

Aerosol
A product feature that uses compressed gas to spray the product from its container.

Airbrush
An implement that resembles a thick fountain-pen and which has a small container near the nozzle. By

Airless Spray
A spray that increases the fluid pressure of paint by means of a pump that causes atomization with a

Alia Prima
A method by which a painting is usually completed in one sittingļæ½painting in a direct manner.

Alkalai
A basic, or caustic, chemical substance. Found in fresh cement, concrete, plaster and certain househ

Alkyd
Synthetic resin modified with oil for good adhesion to a clean surface and good gloss, color retenti

Alkyds
These recently introduced colours act as an extension to oil-painting. They have a uniform speed of

Alla Prima
To paint a picture in one sitting, particularly applicable to oil-painting. The French use the term

Alligatoring
Condition of paint film where surface is cracked and develops an appearance similar to alligator ski

Altarpiece
A decorated screen, panel or series of panels, fixed or movable, placed on or behind the altar. Norm

Aluminum Paint
A paint that includes aluminum particles and gives a metallic finish when dried.

Analogous Colours
A grouping of related colours next to each other on the colour wheel. Example

Anchoring
Mechanical bonding of a coating to a rough surface as contrasted with adhesion, which is chemical bo

Aniline
A derivative of coal tar used to produce brilliant, but not necessarily permanent, colors.

Anti-Corrosive Paint
Metal paint designed to inhibit corrosion. Applied directly to metal.

Antique Finish
A finish usually applied to furniture or woodwork to give the appearance of age.

Aquarelle
The French term for the process and product of painting in transparent watercolour.

Archival Paper
Archival watercolor paper is any pure 100% rag , cotton, or linen watercolor paper of neutral or sli

Armenian Bole
A rich, fine, red clay used as a ground on a gesso panel for gold-leaf. The strong colour serving to

Atmospheric Perspective
Suggesting perspective in a painting with changes in tone and colour between foreground and backgrou

Back Glass Painting
Painting pictures on the back of sheets of glass. With this manner the artist has to work his pictur

Back Primed
When a coat of paint is applied to the back of woodwork and exterior siding to prevent moisture from

Back Runs
When your fresh brush stroke hits a still damp wash it will force the original wash out in a irregul

Background
The area of a painting farthest from the viewer. In a landscape this would include the sky and horiz

Batik
Using wax resist designs on dyed fabrics. Colors are dyed lightest color to darkest color, with new

Beeswax
Has many uses in art, including

Benzine
Often used as a lacquer dilutent. Highly volatile and a fire hazard in shipping and storing.

Binder
That which holds the paint together, such as linseed oil for oil painting, polymers for acrylics, gu

Bladder
From the mid i7th century artists' pigments when mixed with oil were stored in small bladders. To us

Bleaching
The process of restoring discolored or stained wood to its normal color or making it lighter.

Bleeding
Describes the action of one colour running into another. Most applicable to water-colour, where a se

Blending
A term concerned mostly with oils, acrylics or alkyds. It implies the softening of hard edges betwee

Blistering
The formation of bubbles or pimples on the painted surface caused by moisture in the wood by paintin

Blocking In
The simplifying and arranging of compositional elements using rough shapes, forms, or geometric equi

Bloom
A phenomenon that occurs with varnish on paintings, and occasionally on polished furniture. Causes c

Blotting
Using an absorbent material such as tissues or paper towels, or a squeezed out brush, to pick up and

Blotwork
A manner worked on by Alexander Cozens, which is elaborated on in A New Method for assisting the inv

Blow Dryer
For rapid painting production, these electronic hair drying devices are a necessity at times. Overhe

Blushing
A gloss film turning flat or a clear lacquer turning white, usually caused by moisture condensation

Body
The thickness or thinness of a liquid paint.

Body Color
The mixing of opaque white gouache with transparent watercolor; or gouache colors in general.

Boxing
Mixing paint by pouring from one container to another several times to ensure thorough mixing.

Breadth
The suppression of the smaller shapes, details, tones for the benefit of the whole.

Breathe
The ability of a paint film to permit the passage of moisture vapor without causing blistering, crac

Bridging
Ability of paint to span small gaps or cracks through its cohesion and elastic qualities.

Bright
A brush with short-haired bristles.

Bristle
The working part of a brush containing natural bristles (usually hog hair) or artificial bristles (n

Bristol Board
A stiff durable ply-produced cardboard suitable for pen and ink work or water-colour and gouache.

Broken Color
A color that is broken by another color.

Broken Colors
The unequal mixing of two complementary colors.

Brush Marks
Marks of brush that remain in the dried paint film.

Brush-Out
A technique sometimes used to influence a large sale that consists of brushing out a sample of paint

Brushability
The ability or ease with which paint can be brushed.

Bubbles
Air bubbles in a drying paint film caused by excessive brushing during application or by over vigoro

Build
Thickness or depth of a paint film.

Burning In
Repairing a finish by melting stick shellac into the damaged places by using a heated knife blade or

Burnisher
An instrument to polish either a metal surface or other substance that will take it. It is either sh

Burnishing
Shiny areas on a painted surface achieved by rubbing or washing the surface.

Cabinet Pictures
An old-fashioned name for small easel paintings.

Calcimine
A water-thinned paint composed essentially of calcium carbonate or clay glue.

Camel Hair
Trade name for tail hair from various types of Russian squirrels. Used for signwriter, lacquering br

Camera Lucida
An optical device which, by the use of a prism, makes it possible to copy an object. The rays of lig

Camera Obscura
Another optical copying device which is much larger than the lucida. It relies on the principle that

Canvas Board
A heavy cardboard with a cotton or linen canvas glued to one side, with the edges folded over to the

Caricature
Art that exaggerates the qualities, defects, or peculiarities of a person or idea, usually in a humo

Carnation
An obsolete term which described the rosy pink, flesh colour of a female portrait.

Carpenters Pencil
A graphite pencil that features a flat ovoid wooden grip surrounding a wide graphite core capable of

Cartoon
A preparatory sketch or design that is then transferred to the final work surface.

Casein
A milk protein used as a binder for casein colours. It is prepared by drying the curd from sour milk

Cassone
An Italian word for the marriage coffer. In the Renaissance period it was the fashion to have painte

Cast Shadow
The dark area that results when the source of light has been intercepted by an object.

Catalyst
An ingredient that speeds up a chemical reaction; sometimes used in two component paint systems.

Caulking
A semi or slow drying plastic material used to seal joints or fill crevices around windows, chimneys

Caulking Compound
A semidrying or slow drying plastic material used to seal joints or fill crevices around windows, ch

Ceramics
Small ceramic platters, round, oval, square and rectangular have been used by some painters, either

Chalking
The formation of a loose powder or the surface of paint after exposure to the elements.

Chalks
Sticks of prepared calcium carbonate left white and either used as a drawing material on a dark-tint

Charcoal
One of the oldest drawing materials, charred sticks were used with the early cave-paintings. The Rom

Checking
A kind of paint failure in which many small cracks appear in the surface of the paint.

Chiaroscuro
1) The rendering of light and shade in painting; the subtle gradations and marked variations of ligh

Chroma
The purity or degree of saturation of a color; relative absence of white or gray in a color.

Classical
Established ideals of perfection.

Claude Glass
A small convex mirror that instead of being silvered was blackened at the back. The idea was that be

Clear Coating
A transparent protective and/or decorative film.

Cleavage
It implies that the adhesion of paint layers in a picture has failed.

Coalescing
The settling or drying of an emulsion paint as the water evaporates.

Coat
A layer of paint.

Coating
A paint, stain, varnish, lacquer, or other finish that both protects and provides decoration to the

Cohesion
Attraction of molecules within a coating (how it holds together).

Cold Pressed
Watercolour paper that is Cold Pressed (CP) or 'Not' Pressed (NP) has mildly rough texture. It takes

Collage
A method of picture-making which incorporates a wide variety of materials and often a certain degree

Color Retention
The ability of paint to resist fading.