Copy of `Superglossary - Dentistry`

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Superglossary - Dentistry
Category: Health and Medicine > Dentistry
Date & country: 17/12/2013, US
Words: 409


Incisive Foramen
The incisive foramen is located in the midline on the anterior extreme of the hard palate. It transm

Incisors
The four front teeth referred to as central and lateral incisors, located in the upper and lower jaw

Indemnity Plan
A type of health benefits plan under which the covered person pays 100% of all covered charges up to

Indirect Pulp Cap
A procedure in which the nearly exposed pulp is covered with a protective dressing to protect the pu

Infertility
Term used to describe a condition or the inability to conceive or an inability to carry a pregnancy

Infrastructure
That portion of the implant which lies below the soft tissue.

Infusion Therapy
Treatment accomplished by placing therapeutic agents into the vein, including intravenous feeding. S

Inlay
A cast gold filling that is used to replace part of a tooth.

Inpatient Care
Care given to a patient admitted to a hospital, extended care facility, nursing home or other facili

Interdental Implant
Implant used between natural tooth abutments.

Interproximal
The area between two adjacent teeth.

Intracoronal
The area within the crown of a tooth.

Intracorp
A CIGNA subsidiary offering an array of utilization management (UM) and cost containment services. I

Intraoral
The inside of the mouth

Keratinized Gingiva (mucosa)
The portion of the gingiva that is covered by keratinized epithelium.

Labial
The area pertaining to or around the lip.

Limitations
There may be specific provisions included in group disability plans that limit coverage in certain s

Lingual
The area pertaining to or around the tongue.

Local Anesthetic
The injection given in the mouth to numb the areas where a tooth or area needs a dental procedure. O

Long-Term Care
The range of services typically provided at skilled nursing, intermediate-care, personal care or eld

Maintenance Medication
Medications that are prescribed for long-term treatment of chronic conditions, such as diabetes, hig

Malocclusion
The improper alignment of biting or chewing surfaces of upper and lower teeth.

Managed Behavioral Health
This is a program that covers your mental health and substance abuse care needs. In most cases, in-n

Managed Care
A system of health care delivery that manages the cost of health care and access to health care prov

Manaibular Staple (Bone Plate)
A form of a trans-osseous implant in which a plate is placed partially into the inferior border, and

Mandatory Rehabilitation
A 'mandatory' rehabilitation provision encourages disabled employees to participate in rehabilitatio

Mandible
The lower jaw.

Mandibular Basal Bone
That portion of the body of the mandible that remains after resorption of the alveolar process. This

Mandibular Nerve
The third division of the trigeminal nerve. This nerve leaves the skull through the foramen ovale an

Maryland Bridge
The trade name that has become synonymous with any resin bonded fixed partial denture (bridge).

Mastication
The act of chewing.

Maxilla
The upper jaw.

Maxillary Sinus
The anatomical space located superior to the posterior maxillary alveolar which limits the volume of

Maximum Monthly Benefit
This is the highest dollar amount an employee with a disability can receive on a monthly basis under

Medical Necessity
Medical necessity is a term used to refer to a course of treatment seen as the most helpful for the

Medicare
Title XVIII of the Social Security Act that provides payment for medical and health services to the

Medicare Part A
Hospital insurance provided by Medicare that can help pay for inpatient hospital care, medically nec

Medicare Part B
Medicare-administered medical insurance that helps pay for certain medically necessary practitioner

Medicare Part D
A prescription drug benefit for Medicare-eligible seniors and disabled persons. It was established a

Medigap
A term used to describe health benefits coverage that supplements Medicare coverage.

Member
An individual or dependent who is enrolled in and covered by a managed health care plan. Also called

Mental Foramen
(a)opening in the lateral surface of the mandible which allows the exit of the third division of the

Mesostructure Bar
Any appliance interposed between the infrastructure and superstructure.

Metals (Implant)
Strong and relatively ductile substances that provide electropositive ions to a corrosive environmen

Minimum Monthly Benefit
There is usually a minimum amount paid as a monthly benefit after reductions for 'Other Income Benef

Molars
The broad, multicusped back teeth, used for grinding food are considered the largest teeth in the mo

Mucogingival Junction
The scalloped linear area denoting the approximation or separation of the gingiva and the alveolar m

Mucoperiosteum
A layer, or connective tissue, that covers bone.Periosteum in the oral cavity that is significant to

Mylohyoid Ridge
An oblique ridge on the lingual surface of the mandible which extends from the level of the roots of

Nasal Spine
A median, sharp process formed by the forward elongation of the maxillae at the lower margin of the

Network
A group of health care providers under contract with a managed care company within a specific geogra

Nitrous Oxide
A controlled mixture of nitrogen and oxygen gases (N2O) that is inhaled by the patient in order to d

Non-Participating Provider
A medical provider who has not contracted with a health plan.

Non-Resorbable
Substances that show relatively limited in-vivo degradation.

Novocaine
A generic name for the many kinds of anesthetics used in the dental injection, such as Xylocaine, Li

Occlusal Surface
The chewing surface of the back teeth.

Occlusal X-Ray
An intraoral x-ray taken with the film held between the teeth in biting position.

Occlusion
Any contact between biting or chewing surfaces of upper and lower teeth.

Occupational Therapy
Treatment to restore a physically disabled person's ability to perform activities such as walking, e

Onlay
A cast gold or porcelain filling that covers one or all of the tooth's cusps.

Open Enrollment
A period when eligible persons can enroll in a health benefits plan.

Opt-Out Privilege
A general term used when some benefits are available for out-of-network covered services. Often cove

Oral Implant
A device or inert substance, biologic or alloplastic, that is surgically inserted into soft or hard

Oral Surgery
The removal of teeth and the repair and treatment of other oral problems, such as tumors and fractur

Orthodontics
A specialized branch of dentistry that corrects malocclusion and restores the teeth to proper alignm

Osseointegration
Implies that a contact is established without interposition of non-bone tissue between normal remode

Other Income Benefits
While disabled, an employee may be eligible for benefits from other sources. Benefits payable under

Out-Of-Area Benefits
Benefits the health plan provides to covered persons for covered services obtained outside of the ne

Out-Of-Network Provider
Any health care provider that does not belong to a CIGNA network. Members can use their benefits for

Out-Of-Pocket
Copayments, deductibles or fees paid by participants for health services or prescriptions.

Out-Of-Pocket Maximum
The most a plan member will pay per year for covered health expenses before the plan pays 100% of co

Outpatient Care
Any health care service provided to a patient who is not admitted to a facility. Outpatient care may

Overbite
A condition in which the upper teeth excessively overlap the lower teeth when the jaw is closed. Thi

Own Occupation (Own Occur)
Under this definition, an employee will be considered disabled only if s/he is unable to perform the

Paid Amount
The exact amount issued on a bank draft to the provider of service.

Palate
The hard and soft tissues forming the roof of the mouth.

Palliative
Treatment that relieves pain but is NOT curative.

Panorex
An extraoral full-mouth X-ray that records the teeth and the upper and lower jaws on one film.

Partial Day Treatment
A program offered by appropriately-licensed facilities that includes either a day or evening treatme

Partial Denture
A removable appliance used to replace one or more lost teeth.

Participant
A person who is eligible to receive health benefits under a health benefits plan. This term may refe

Participant ID
The unique identifier associated with a participant.

Participating Provider
A physician, hospital, pharmacy, laboratory or other appropriately licensed facility or provider of

Passivation
Metals and alloys are made less corrosive through surface treatment to produce a thin and stable ine

Pediatric Dentistry
The specialized branch of dentistry that deals solely with treating children's dental disease. Also

Pended Claim
Claims that require additional information prior to completing the adjudication process due to a spe

Peri-Implantitis
General term defining disease process surrounding and/or involving implanted foreign materials. Can

Periapical
The area that surrounds the root tip of a tooth.

Pericervical
The circular bone resorption that occurs about the necks of endosteal implants shortly after their i

Pericoronitis
An inflammation of the gum tissue around the crown of a tooth, usually the third molar.

Periodontal
Relating to the tissue and bone that supports the tooth (from peri, meaning 'around,' and odont, 'to

Periodontal Disease
The inflammation and infection of gums, ligaments, bone, and other tissues surrounding the teeth. Gi

Periodontal Pocket
An abnormal deepening of the gingival crevice. It is caused when disease and infection destroy the l

Periodontal Surgery
A surgical procedure involving the gums and jawbone.

Periodontitis
Inflammation of the supporting structures of the tooth, including the gum, the periodontal ligament,

Periradicular
The area which surrounds a portion of the root of the tooth.

Permanent Teeth
The thirty-two adult teeth that replace the baby, or primary teeth. Also known as secondary teeth.

Permucosal Pin Implants
Endosseous dental implants, shafts of which are threaded or smooth, used in bipodial or tripodial co

Physical Therapy
Rehabilitation concerned with restoration of function and prevention of physical disability followin

Pit
A recessed area found on the surface of a tooth, usually where the grooves of the tooth meet.