Copy of `Superglossary - Psychiatry`

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Superglossary - Psychiatry
Category: Sciences > Psychiatry
Date & country: 15/12/2013, US
Words: 467


Somnolence
state of drowsiness from which one can be woken

Spatial Agnosia
Inability to recognize spatial relations; disordered spatial orientation.

Splitting
A mental mechanism in which the self or others are reviewed as all good or all bad, with failure to

Stammering
flow of speech is broken by pauses and the repetition of parts of words

Stereotyped Movements
Repetitive, seemingly driven, and nonfunctional motor behavior (e.g., hand shaking or waving, body r

Stereotypy
repeated, regular fixed pattern of movement or speech that is goal directed

Stressor
Any life event or life change that may be associated temporally (and perhaps causally) with the onse

Structural Theory
Freuds model of the mental apparatus composed of id, ego, and superego.

Stupor
(stoo-per) A condition where a person is immobile, mute, and unresponsive, but appears to be fully c

Substitution
A defense mechanism, operating unconsciously, by which an unattainable or unacceptable goal, emotion

Suggestibility
Uncritical compliance or acceptance of an idea, belief, or attribute.

Suggestion
The process of influencing a patient to accept an idea, belief, or attitude suggested by the therapi

Superego
In psychoanalytic theory, that part of the personality structure associated with ethics, standards,

Suppression
The conscious effort to control and conceal unacceptable impulses, thoughts, feelings, or acts.

Symbiosis
A mutually reinforcing relationship between two persons who are dependent on each other; a normal ch

Symbolization
A general mechanism in all human thinking by which some mental representation comes to stand for som

Symptom
A subjective manifestation of a pathological condition. Symptoms are reported by the affected indivi

Synaesthesia
stimulus in one sensory field leads to a hallucination in another sensory field for example, a sound

Syndrome
A grouping of signs and symptoms, based on their frequent co-occurrence, that may suggest a common u

Syntaxic Mode
The mode of perception that forms whole, logical, coherent pictures of reality that can be validated

Systematic Desensitization
A behavior therapy procedure widely used to modify behaviors associated with phobias. The procedure

Tactile Hallucination
A hallucination involving the perception of being touched or of something being under ones skin. The

Talking Past The Point
point of what is being said is never quite reached

Tangentiality
Replying to a question in an oblique or irrelevant way. Compare with circumstantiality.

Tardive Dyskinesia
(tar-div dis-ki-ne-se-ah) A syndrome of potentially irreversible, involuntary, movements that may de

Temperament
Constitutional predisposition to react in a particular way to stimuli.

Terminal Insomnia
Awakening before ones usual waking time and being unable to return to sleep.

Termination
The act of ending or concluding. In psychotherapy, termination refers to the mutual agreement betwee

Therapeutic Community
A term of British origin, now widely used, for a specially structured mental hospital milieu that en

Therapeutic Window
A well-defined range of blood levels associated with optimal clinical response to antidepressant dru

Thioridazine
A typical antipsychotic.

Thought Alienation
(a-le-in-a-shun) The belief that thoughts have been stolen from ones mind. This is also known as tho

Thought Blocking
sudden interruption in the train of thought, leaving a blank

Thought Broadcasting
The delusion that ones thoughts are being broadcast out loud so that they can be perceived by others

Thought Disorder
The inability to carry through a line of thinking in a way that makes sense to other people.

Thought Insertion
The delusion that certain of ones thoughts are not ones own, but rather are inserted into ones mind.

Thought Withdrawal
delusional belief that thoughts are being removed

Tic
An involuntary, sudden, rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization.

Token Economy
A system involving the application of the principles and procedures of operant conditioning to the m

Tolerance
A characteristic of substance dependence that may be shown by the need for markedly increased amount

Torticollis
(tor-ti-kol-is) A contraction of one or more of the neck muscles on one side, resulting in an abnorm

Trailing Phenomenon
moving objects are seen as a series of discrete discontinuous images. It is associated with hallucin

Tranquilizer
(tran-kwih-li-zer) A medicine that produces a calming effect. The so-called major tranquilizers are

Transference
unconscious process in which emotions and attitudes experienced in childhood are transferred to the

Transitional Object
An object, other than the mother, selected by an infant between 4 and 18 months of age for self-soot

Transsexualism
Severe gender dysphoria, coupled with a persistent desire for the physical characteristics and socia

Transvestism
Sexual pleasure derived from dressing or masquerading in the clothing of the opposite sex, with the

Tremors
A repetitive involuntary movement of the muscles.

Trichotillomania
The pulling out of ones own hair to the point that it is noticeable and causing significant distress

Trifluoperazine
A typical antipsychotic.

Typical Antipsychotics
Older, first-generation medications used to treat serious mental illness. Different from the atypica

Typical-Conventional Antipsychotic
The name given to the older antipsychotic drugs developed for control of the symptoms of schizophren

Unconscious
That part of the mind or mental functioning of which the content is only rarely subject to awareness

Undoing
A mental mechanism consisting of behavior that symbolically atones for, makes amends for, or reverse

Urophilia
One of the paraphilias, characterized by marked distress over, or acting on, sexual urges that invol

Ventricles
(ven-trih-kals) In the brain, these are four fluid-filled chambers that form a network with the spin

Verbigeration
Stereotyped and seemingly meaningless repetition of words or sentences.

Visual Asymbolia
words can be transcribed but not read

Visual Hallucination
A hallucination involving sight, which may consist of formed images, such as of people, or of unform

Voyeurism
Peeping; one of the paraphilias, characterized by marked distress over, or acting on, urges to obser

Wernickes Aphasia
Loss of the ability to comprehend language coupled with production of inappropriate language.

Windigo
A culture specific syndrome of Canadians involving delusions of being possessed by a cannibal-istic

Withdrawal
The process of retreating from society and relationships with others. Usually indicated by aloofness

Word Salad
A mixture of words and phrases that lack comprehensive meaning or logical coherence; commonly seen i

YMRS
Young Mania Rating Scale - an assessment tool for the evaluation of manic symptoms.

Zeitgeist
The general intellectual and cultural climate of taste characteristic of an era.

Zoophilia
One of the paraphilias, characterized by marked distress over, or acting on, urges to indulge in sex