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Superglossary - Psychiatry
Category: Sciences > Psychiatry
Date & country: 15/12/2013, US
Words: 467


Frotteurism
One of the paraphilias, consisting of recurrent, intense sexual urges involving touching and rubbing

Fugue
the individual wanders away from usual surroundings and has loss of memory.

Functional Hallucination
the stimulus causing the hallucination is heard in addition to the hallucination. e.g. someone hears

Fusion
The union and integration of the instincts and drives so that they complement each other and help th

Galactorrhea
(ga-lak-to-re-ah) An excessive flow of breast milk in men or women. This is sometimes a side-effect

Gegenhalten
Active resistance to passive movement of the extremities that does not appear to be under voluntary

Gender Dysphoria
A persistent aversion toward some or all of those physical characteristics or social roles that conn

Gender Identity
A persons inner conviction of being male or female.

Gender Role
Attitudes, patterns of behavior, and personality attributes defined by the culture in which the pers

Global Aphasia
both receptive and expressive aphasia present at the same time.

Globus Hystericus
The disturbing sensation of a lump in the throat.

Glossolalia
Gibberish-like speech or speaking in tongues.

Gradual-Onset Schizophrenia
Symptoms develop so slowly that it often takes a long period of time before the illness is obvious t

Grandiosity
An inflated appraisal of ones worth, power, knowledge, importance, or identity. When extreme, grandi

Grossly Disorganized Behavior
Unusual behavior in which the individual acts any number of ways from silly and childlike to angry a

Gustatory Hallucination
A hallucination involving the perception of taste (usually unpleasant).

Gynaecomastia
The development of excess breast tissue in men which is sometimes a side effect of antipsychotic med

Hallucination
false sensory perception in the absence of a real external stimulus. It is perceived as being locate

Hallucinosis
hallucination (usually auditory ) occurring in clear consciousness. e.g in alcoholism.

Haloperidol
A typical antipsychotic.

HAM-D
Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression

Hedonism
Pleasure-seeking behavior. Contrast with anhedonia.

Hemisomatognosis
limb is felt to be missing.

Hyperacusis
Inordinate sensitivity to sounds; it may be on an emotional or an organic basis.

Hyperaesthesia
sensory distortion in which sensations appear increased.

Hyperdopaminergia
(hi-per-do-pah-min-er-gee-ah) Neurochemical condition of excess dopamine neurotransmission. Thought

Hyperkinesis
overactivity, distractibility, excitability and impulsivity e.g in children.

Hyperprolactinaemia
An abnormally high level of prolactin in the blood which can occur in both men and women. Typical an

Hypersomnia
Excessive sleepiness, as evidenced by prolonged nocturnal sleep, difficulty maintaining an alert awa

Hypertonicity
(hi-per-to-nis-ih-te) Excessive tension of muscles.

Hypnagogic Hallucination
hallucination occurring whilst falling asleep. Occurs in normal people.

Hypnopompic
Referring to the state immediately preceding awakening; may include hallucinations that are of no pa

Hypoaesthesia
sensory distortion in which sensations appear decreased.

Hypochondriasis
preoccupation, not based on a real organic pathology, with a fear of having a serious physical illne

ICD-10
tenth revision of the International Classification of Diseases published by the World Health Organiz

Id
unconscious part of the mental apparatus which is partly made up of inherited instincts and partly b

Idealization
A mental mechanism in which the person attributes exaggeratedly positive qualities to the self or ot

Ideas Of Reference
The unfounded belief that objects, events, or people are of personal significance. For example, a pe

Identification
A defense mechanism, operating unconsciously, by which one patterns oneself after some other person.

Idiot Savant
A person with gross mental retardation who nonetheless is capable of performing certain remarkable f

Illusion
A misperception or misinterpretation of a real external stimulus, such as hearing the rustling of le

Imprinting
A term in ethology referring to a process similar to rapid learning or behavioral patterning that oc

Inappropriate Affect
Reacting in an inappropriate manner, such as laughing when hearing bad news.

Incoherence
Speech or thinking that is essentially incomprehensible to others because words or phrases are joine

Incorporation
A primitive defense mechanism, operating unconsciously, in which the psychic representation of a per

Individuation
A process of differentiation, the end result of which is development of the individual personality t

Induced Psychosis
delusional disorder shared by two or more people who are closely related emotionally. One has a real

Initial Insomnia
Difficulty in falling asleep.

Insomnia
A subjective complaint of difficulty falling or staying asleep or poor sleep quality. Types of insom

Instinct
An inborn drive. The primary human instincts include self-preservation, sexuality, and according to

Integration
The useful organization and incorporation of both new and old data, experience, and emotional capaci

Intellectualization
A mental mechanism in which the person engages in excessive abstract thinking to avoid confrontation

Intersex Condition
A condition in which an individual shows intermingling, in various degrees, of the characteristics o

Introjection And Identification
ego defence mechanisms in which the attitudes and behaviour of another are internalised to help the

Introspection
Self-observation; examination of ones feelings, often as a result of psychotherapy.

Introversion
Preoccupation with oneself and accompanying reduction of interest in the outside world. Contrast to

Isolation
A defense mechanism operating unconsciously central to obsessive-compulsive phenomena in which the a

Jamais Vu
illusion of failure to recognise a familiar situation

Jargon Aphasia
incoherent, meaningless, neologistic speech

Kl�ver Bucy Syndrome
Placidity, hyperorality, hypersexuality, hyperphagia

Klinefelters Syndrome
Chromosomal defect in males in which there is an extra X chromosome; manifestations may include unde

Koro
A culture specific syndrome of China involving fear of retraction of penis into abdomen with the bel

La Belle Indiff�rence
Literally, beautiful indifference. Seen in certain patients with conversion disorders who show an in

Labile Affect
affect repeatedly and rapidly shifts from one extreme to another e.g. from despair to elation

Latah
A culture specific syndrome of Southeast Asia involving startle-induced disorganization, hypersugges

Latent Content
The hidden (i.e., unconscious) meaning of thoughts or actions, especially in dreams or fantasies. In

Learned Helplessness
A condition in which a person attempts to establish and maintain contact with another by adopting a

Learning Disability
IQ 70 or less

Lethologica
Temporary inability to remember a proper noun or name.

Libido
The psychic drive or energy usually associated with the sexual instinct. (Sexual is used here in the

Logoclonia
last syllable of the word is repeated

Logorrhoea
fluent and rambling speech using many words

Long-Term Memory
The final phase of memory in which information storage may last from hours to a lifetime.

Loosening Of Associations
A disturbance of thinking shown by speech in which ideas shift from one subject to another that is u

Macropsia
The visual perception that objects are larger than they actually are.

Made Actions
delusional belief that ones free will has been removed and an external agency is controlling ones ac

Made Feelings
delusional belief that ones free will has been removed and an external agency is controlling ones fe

Magical Thinking
The erroneous belief that ones thoughts, words, or actions will cause or prevent a specific outcome

Major Depressive Disorder
A severe mental illness characterized by feelings of hopelessness, helplessness, and worthlessness;

Mania
(mane-e-ah) An emotional disorder characterized by euphoria or irritability, rapid speech, fleeting

Manifest Content
The remembered content of a dream or fantasy, as contrasted with latent content, which is concealed

Masochism
Pleasure derived from physical or psychological pain inflicted on oneself either by oneself or by ot

Memory Consolidation
The physical and psychological changes that take place as the brain organizes and restructures infor

Mens Rea
guilty state of mind at the time of a criminal act

Mental Apparatus
id, ego and superego in psychodynamic terms

Mental Illness
A substantial disorder of thought or mood that significantly impairs judgment, behavior, capacity to

Micropsia
The visual perception that objects are smaller than they actually are.

Middle Insomnia
Awakening in the middle of the night followed by eventually falling back to sleep, but with difficul

Mirroring
1) The empathic responsiveness of the parent to the developing childs grandiose-exhibitionistic need

Monomania
pathological preoccupation with a single object

Mood
A pervasive and sustained emotion that colors the perception of the world. Common examples of mood i

Mood-Congruent Psychotic Features
Delusions or hallucinations whose content is entirely consistent with the typical themes of a depres

Motor Neuron
(mo-tor nur-on) A nerve cell in the spine that causes action in a muscle.

Mutism
total loss of speech

Negative Symptoms
Most commonly refers to a group of symptoms characteristic of schizophrenia that include loss of flu

Negativism
motiveless resistance to commands and attempts to be moved

Neologism
In psychiatry, a new word or condensed combination of several words coined by a person to express a

Neuroleptic Medications
Medications used in the treatment of schizophrenia and other serious mental illnesses. Alternative t

Neuroleptics
(nur-o-lep-tiks) Medications with an antipsychotic effect that are used in the treatment of schizoph

Neurosis
a disorder in which the individual has insight into the illness and they can distinguish between sub