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Superglossary - Psychiatry
Category: Sciences > Psychiatry
Date & country: 15/12/2013, US
Words: 467

speech in which words are chosen because of their sounds rather than their meanings. It includes rhy

Classical Conditioning
Elicitation of a response by a stimulus that normally does not elicit that response. The response is

Menopausal period in women. Sometimes used to refer to the corresponding age period in men. Also cal

Clouding Of Consciousness
the patient is drowsy and does not react completely to stimuli. there is disturbance of attention, c

A drug treatment for schizophrenia, which was the prototype atypical antipsychotic. The

Coenestopathic State
localized distortion of body awareness

Pertaining to thoughts or thinking. Cognitive disorders are disorders of thinking, for example, schi

Cognitive Dysfunction
A negative symptom of schizophrenia resulting in impairments of attention, memory, concentration and

The simultaneous appearance of two or more illnesses, such as the co-occurrence of schizophrenia and

A defense mechanism, operating unconsciously, by which one attempts to make up for real or fancied d

Repetitive ritualistic behavior such as hand washing or ordering or a mental act such as praying or

Pertains to ones basic strivings as expressed in behaviour and actions

Concrete Thinking
lack of abstract thinking, normal in childhood, and occurring in adults with organic brain disease a

A psychological process, often present in dreams, in which two or more concepts are fused so that a

gaps in memory are unconsciously filled with false memories

A communication that deliberately pressures or invites another to self-examine some aspect of behavi

Constricted Affect
Affect type that represents mild reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expression.

Constructional Apraxia
An acquired difficulty in drawing two-dimensional objects or forms, or in producing or copying three

Contingency Reinforcement
In operant or instrumental conditioning, ensuring that desired behavior is followed by positive cons

A defense mechanism, operating unconsciously, by which intrapsychic conflicts that would otherwise g

Coping Mechanisms
Ways of adjusting to environmental stress without altering ones goals or purposes; includes both con

Eating of filth or faeces.

Cotards Syndrome
nihilistic delusional disorder in which, for example, patients believe that their money, friends or

Deliberately seeking out and exposing onself to, rather than avoiding, the object or situation that

The therapists emotional reactions to the patient that are based on the therapists unconscious needs

A type of mental retardation and bodily malformation caused by severe, uncorrected thyroid deficienc

Cri Du Chat
A type of mental retardation. The name is derived from a catlike cry emitted by children with this d

Culture-Specific Syndromes
Forms of disturbed behavior specific to certain cultural systems that do not conform to western noso

Da Costas Syndrome
Neurocirculatory asthenia; soldiers heart; a functional disorder of the circulatory system that is u

The deterioration of existing defenses, leading to an exacerbation of pathological behavior.

Defense Mechanism
Automatic psychological process that protects the individual against anxiety and from awareness of i

disorder of consciousness in which the patient is bewildered, disoriented and restless. There may be

false personal belief based on incorrect inference about external reality and firmly held despite ev

A positive symptom of schizophrenia which manifests as a fixed belief that has no basis in reality a

Delusional Jealousy
The delusion that ones sexual partner is unfaithful. erotomanic A delusion that another person, usua

Delusional Perception
new and delusional significance is attached to a familiar real perception without any logical reason

Delusions Of Infidelity
(pathological jealousy, delusional jealousy, Othellos syndrome) delusional belief that ones spouse o

Delusions Of Reference
the behaviour of others or objects and event (e.g. television broadcasts) believed to refer to onese

global organic impairment of intellectual functioning without impairment of consciousness.

defense mechanism in which the subject acts as if consciously unaware of a wish or reality.

An alteration in the perception or experience of the self so that one feels detached from, and as if

Depot Injections
These are long-acting intramuscular injections of antipsychotics given every 1 to 4 weeks.

A mood disorder characterised by feelings of sadness, hopelessness, helplessness, and worthlessness.

Depressive Retardation
lesser form of psychomotor retardation which occurs in depression.

A pattern of speech in which a persons ideas slip off one track onto another that is completely unre

An alteration in the perception or experience of the external world so that it seems strange or unre

Mental activity that is not in accordance with reality, logic, or experience.

A behavior pattern characterized by general aloofness in interpersonal contact; may include intellec

Double vision due to paralysis of the ocular muscles; seen in inhalant intoxication and other condit

Disconnection Syndrome
Term coined by Norman Geschwind (1926-1984) to describe the interruption of information transferred

Freedom to act according to ones inner drives or feelings, with less regard for restraints imposed b

Confusion about the time of day, date, or season (time), where one is (place), or who one is (person

A defense mechanism, operating unconsciously, in which emotions, ideas, or wishes are transferred fr

Dissociative Disorder
disorder in which there is a disturbance in the normal integration or awareness of identity, conscio

The inability to maintain attention, that is, the shifting from one area or topic to another with mi

Double Bind
Interaction in which one person demands a response to a message containing mutually contradictory si

Basic urge, instinct, motivation; a term used to avoid confusion with the more purely biological con

fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the Americ

A two-person relationship, such as the therapeutic relationship between doctor and patient in indivi

Imperfect articulation of speech due to disturbances of muscular control or in coordination.

Perversion of the sense of taste.

Distortion of voluntary movements with involuntary muscular activity.

Inability or difficulty in reading, including word-blindness and a tendency to reverse letters and w

Dysphoric Mood
An unpleasant mood, such as sadness, anxiety, or irritability.

Primary disorders of sleep or wakefulness characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia as the major pres

Disordered tonicity of muscles.

An ECG, or electrocardiogram is an electrical recording of the heart used in the investigation of he

automatic imitation of anothers speech.

Repetition by imitation of the movements of another. The action is not a willed or voluntary one and

feeling of intense rapture.

part of the mental apparatus that is present at the interface of the perceptual and internal demand

Ego Ideal
The part of the personality that comprises the aims and goals for the self; usually refers to the co

Referring to aspects of a persons behavior, thoughts, and attitudes that are viewed by the self as r

pathological preoccupation with oneself.

Eidetic Image
vivid and detailed reproduction of a previous perception e.g. a photographic memory.

An unconscious process consisting of expansion and embellishment of detail, especially with referenc

Elevated Mood
An exaggerated feeling of well-being, or euphoria or elation. A person with elevated mood may descri

A memory trace; a neurophysiological process that accounts for persistence of memory

A science that concerns itself with the division of human beings into races and their origin, distri

Euphoric Mood
exaggerated feeling of well-being. It is pathological.

Mood in the normal range, which implies the absence of depressed or elevated mood.

Expansive Mood
Lack of restraint in expressing ones feelings, frequently with an overvaluation of ones significance

Expressive Aphasia
difficulty in expressing thoughts in words whilst comprehension remains.

The weakening of a reinforced operant response as a result of ceasing reinforcement. See also operan

Extracampine Hallucination
hallucination occurring outside ones sensory field.

Extrapyramidal Symptoms (EPS)
Movement disorders which can be a side effect of antipsychotic medications. They include acute dysto

A state in which attention and energies are largely directed outward from the self as opposed to inw

An imagined sequence of events or mental images (e.g., daydreams) that serves to express unconscious

A recurrence of a memory, feeling, or perceptual experience from the past.

Flat Affect
almost no emotional expression at all -the patient typically has an immobile face and monotonous voi

Flight Of Ideas
speech consists of a stream of accelerated thoughts with abrupt changes from topic to topic and no c

A behavior therapy procedure for phobias and other problems involving maladaptive anxiety, in which

Folie � Deux
A shared psychotic disorder between 2 people, usually people who are mutually dependent upon each ot

Formal Thought Disorder
An inexact term referring to a disturbance in the form of thinking rather than to abnormality of con

The tactile hallucination or illusion that insects are crawling on the body or under the skin.

Separation into different parts, or preventing their integration, or detaching one or more parts fro

Free Association
In psychoanalytic therapy, spontaneous, uncensored verbalization by the patient of whatever comes to

Free-Floating Anxiety
pervasive and unfocused anxiety.

Fregolis Syndrome
patient believes that a familiar person, who is often believed to be the persons persecutor, has tak

Freudian Slips (Parapraxes)
unconscious thoughts slipping through when one is off guard.