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Haberman Fabrics - Textile terms
Category: General technical and industrial > Fabrics
Date & country: 09/10/2013, US
Words: 227


Stripe
Fabrics of any fiber and weight with stripes either woven, printed or knitted into it. May be single or multi-color, textured or smooth, wide or narrow pinstriped.

Suede Cloth
See faux suede.

Suiting
Plain or novelty menswear pattern fabric, with a flat, crisp surface for tailoring suits and structured separates.

Sweater Knit
Lightweight to heavyweight knit fabrics with soft hand, and smooth or bulky texture. Can be made in any fiber, including cashmere, polyester, acrylic.

Swimwear Knit
Single knit made of lycra or other elastic fiber or blended with them, for shape retention and comfort. May be treated for chlorine resistance.

Taffeta
Crisp, lightweight, plain weave, tightly woven fabric that rustles when worn. Generally smooth, somewhat lustrous surface, but may have subtle cross weave ribbed texture. Tissue Taffeta is lightest weight. May be solid color or iridescent cross-woven blend of two colors. Available in silk, polyester, acetate or triacetate, and rayon.

Tartan
Specific plaid patterns belonging to Scottish family clans.

Tencel
Brand name for lyocell fabrics. See lyocell.

Terry Cloth
Cotton fabric woven with uncut loops of both sides. Comes in a range of weights. May be

Thai Silk
Semi-rough texture pure silk that

Tissue Faille
A lightweight, low luster fabric with flat cross grain ribs, finer than grosgrain. Drapes well. Used for dresses. Originally made of silk fibers, now in man-made fibers too.

Triacetate
A more luxurious man-made cellulose acetate fiber created by modifying cellulose. It has excellent drape, shape retention and dyes well. It is more crisp, less absorbent and less heat sensitive than acetate fibers. Resistant to moths and mildew. Moderate wrinkle recovery. Used for better dresses and separates.

Tweed
A classic medium to heavy weight fabric with a textured novelty pattern. Popular styles are houndstooth (broken check), herringbone (zig zag), and Donegal. Durable with supple hand. For jackets, vets, coats, hats and purses.

Twill
Fabric with a diagonal weave that has the fine twill texture on face, plain on back of fabric. Gabardine, denim and serge are all twill weaves.

UltraSuede
A micro-fiber, double-face, man-made fabric that resembles suede. Available in various weights. Doesn

Velvet
A luxurious warp pile fabric in which the cut pile fiber ends create the surface of the velvet fabric. It is a one-direction napped fabric and must be carefully handled to avoid crushing the pile. It is made of silk, cotton, rayon, acetate, polyester and mircrofiber fibers, or blends of these fibers. May have spandex added for comfort.

Velveteen
A short, dense weft (fill) pile fabric that lack the luster and drape of velvet. It is woven mostly in cotton, or in polyester and blends,

Venise (Guipure)
Firm, stiff or soft, open-work lace, is woven on a background fabric which is dissolved to leave only the lace. Its heavy embroidered patterns are connected by

Viscose
A higher performance generation of rayon, made from cellulose fibers. It wrinkles less, is stronger and is woven into light and heavy weight fabrics. When the fabric is washed before clothing construction, rayon clothing will be washable after construction without much shrinkage. Commonly referred to as simply rayon.

Voile
This very lightweight, plain, loosely woven fabric is thin, translucent and resembles organdy or organza but with a much softer hand.

Warm Coat Lining
Satin lining fabric backed with a brushed flannel nap for insulation. Can be rayon, acetate, cotton or polyester.

Wool
Fiber spun from the fleece of sheep or lambs. Wool classification also applies to all animal hair fibers, including angora or cashmere goats, alpaca, llama, vicuna and camel. Wool is warm, absorbant, wrinkle resistant, and resilient. Wool fabric weights vary from sheer gauze to heavy, dense coating. The fibers are woven or knit and can be blended with other natural or man-made fibers. Used for clothing and upholstery.

Wool or Wool Blend Felt
A non-woven, compressed fabric made of wool or wool/rayon blends for hats, garments, tailoring interfacing. Does not ravel or drape.

Worsted Wool
Fabric that is made from long staple wool fibers that are smooth, uniform, and well-twisted. It allows smoother, tighter weave, resilient, and light to the touch qualities for flannel, crepe, gabardine, tropical weights and plain or novelty styles. Excellent for suits, skirts, jackets, pants and dresses. Worsted wool is frequently blended with fibers such as nylon, polyester

Woven Selvedge
The compressed woven edge of the fabric, parallel to the warp which prevent raveling. On extra-fine wools, the fabric

Yarn
The continuous strand of fabric fibers twisted together to weave or knit fabric.

Zibeline
Originally a satin weave fabric woven with cross-bred luxury wool yarns. Named after the