Copy of `British Urological Institute - Urology terms`

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British Urological Institute - Urology terms
Category: Health and Medicine > Urology
Date & country: 01/10/2013, UK
Words: 120


Staghorn calculus
a branched stone forming a cast of the collecting system of the kidney and therefore filling the calyces and pelvis. The stone is usually associated with infected urine (Proteus vulgaris is the most common bacteria). The combination of obstruction and infection can cause pyonephrosis.

Stoma
(in surgery) the artificial opening of a tube (e.g. colon or ileum) that has been brought to the abdominal surface

Tachycardia
excessive rapidity in the action of the heart. The term is usually applied to a heart rate above 100 per minute and may be qualified as atrial, junctional (nodal) or ventricular and as paroxysmal.

Tachypnoea
rapid breathing

TCC
transitional cell carcinoma

TENS
a method of producing electroanalgesia through electrodes applied to the skin.

TRUS
transrectal ultrasound

Tumescense
a swelling, or the process of becoming swollen, usually because of an accumulation of blood or other fluid within the tissues.

TUR
transurethral resection

TUR-P
transurethral prostatectomy

TWOC
trial without catheter

Ureteroscopy
endoscopic examination of the ureter. It is used to localise, identify, and photograph pathologic alterations, to obtain biopsy material, and to perform other surgical interventions.

Urolithiasis
the formation of stony concretions or calculi in any part of the body, especially in the bladder and urinary passages.

Urticaria
an itchy rash resulting from the release of histamine from the mast cells

UTI
urinary tract infection

Varicocele
varicose veins in the scrotum

Venesuction
surgical removal of a vein

Wilm's tumour
A form of kidney cancer occurring predominantly in children

X-ray
A picture taken using non-visible wavelengths of light to produce images of parts of the body

YAG
A type of laser energy produced by generating laser light in a neodymium-yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) crystal