Copy of `Vatican Insider - Vatican glossary`

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Vatican Insider - Vatican glossary
Category: History and Culture > The Vatican
Date & country: 01/08/2013, IT
Words: 210


Tithes
The tenth part. In the Old Testament a tax was established for this at 10 percent of the fruits of the earth as a contribution to the temple, the Levites or for the poor

Unleavened Bread
Bread without yeast. In Israel it was used in sacrifices where leavened bread was not admitted. Currently, in the Roman rite, unleavened bread is used for the Eucharist; Eastern churches (including Catholic) use leavened bread, which is like normal bread

Vatican
The Vatican City. It is a state located in the city of Rome where the Pope resides and the central administration of the Church operates. It is the smallest country in the world, with 0.44 square kilometers and a population of about 1,000 inhabitants. It also owns, in addition to St. Peter's Basilica, the other three major basilicas, St. John Later...

Vatican II Council
Summoned by Pope John XXIII it was celebrated from 1962 to 1965. With a stake of more than two thousand bishops from around the world, it was the most representative council of the 21 celebrated in the history of the Church. It was a pastoral council: it was not dedicated to condemning errors, but rather to look for the actualization of the doctrin...

Vestments
Garments used by ministers for celebrating sacred rites

Viaticum
Nourishment for the journey. It is the communion brought with a certain solemnity to a patient who is close to death

Vicar
He who exercises a function on behalf of another, and with his authority

Vicariate
Geographical area or group of persons or activities, which the bishop of a diocese entrusts a vicar

Vigil
To stay awake, praying, waiting for a solemn feast or a special event. The one which takes place at Easter is the vigil par excellence

Zucchetto
Headdress shaped like a small hemispherical shell used by the Pope (white), the cardinals (red) or by the bishops (purple)