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Malta Wild Plants - Wild plants glossary
Category: Animals and Nature > Plants of Malta
Date & country: 06/04/2012, MA
Words: 773


Trifoliolate
having three leaflets

Tripinnate
thrice divided

Tropism
the turning of a plant part such as a leaf in response to some external stimuli

Truncate
with a base or apex appearing as if cut straight across

Tube
the lower or narrower portion of a corolla or calyx

Tuber
a short, thickened underground stem which bears numerous buds

Tubercle
a knoblike projection

Tufted
in a dense cluster

Tumescent
somewhat tumid, swelling

Tumid
swollen

Tunicate
having several concentric layers, such as in onions

Turbinate
shaped like a top or inverted cone

Twining
climbing by coiling around some support <

Umbel
an inflorescence in which the flower stalks arise from a common point (in a compound umbel, this branching is repeated)

Umbellet
a secondary umbel in a compound umbel

Umbellulate
in the form of or having the appearance of an umbel

Umbraculate
umbrella-shaped

Unarmed
lacking thorns or prickles

Uncinate
hooked near the apex or having the form of a hook

Unctuous
greasy, oily

Undulate
wavy

Unguiculate
contracted at the base into a claw, as a petal

Uni-
prefix meaning one

Unilocular
having only a single locule in the ovary

Uniseriate
arranged in one row or series

Unisexual
bearing either stamens or pistils but not both

United
describes petals that are fused together

Urceolate
urn-shaped or pitcher-like, contracted at the mouth

Urent
stinging

Utricle
a small, thin-walled, single-seeded, more or less bladdery-inflated fruit

Uva
a grape-like berry formed from a superior ovary

Vaginate
provided with or surrounded by a sheath

Valvate
opening by valves or provided with valves

Valve
one of the parts or segments into which a dehiscent fruit splits

Varicose
swollen or enlarged in places

Variegated
having a variety of colors

Vascular
containing both xylem, the principal water and mineral-conducting tissue, and phloem, food conducting tissue

Vein
the vascular portion of a leaf

Velutinous
velvety

Venation
the arrangement of veins in a leaf

Ventral
on the inner or axis side of an organ or the upper surface of a leaf

Ventricose
inflated or swollen unequally on one side

Vermicular
worm-shaped or wormlike, or of worm-eaten appearance

Vernal
appearing in the spring

Vernation
the arrangement of leaves within a bud

Vernicose
appearing as though varnished

Verrucose
covered with wart-like projections

Versatile
referring to an anther which attaches at or near its middle and is able to turn freely on its support (compare basifixed, dorsifixed)

Versicolor
having various colors

Verticillate
same as 'whorled'

Vesicle
a bladder or cavity

Vespertine
opening or functioning in the evening

Villous
with fine, long, unmatted hairs

Vinaceous
wine-colored

Violaceous
violet-colored

Virescent
becoming green or greenish

Virgate
wand-like, as a straight, slender, erect stem

Viscid
sticky or greasy

Vitreous
transparent

Weed
a troublesome or aggressive plant that intrudes where it is not wanted, especially a plant that vigorously colonizes disturbed areas

Whorl
a circle of three or more structures radiating outward from the same node

Wing
a thin, paperlike flat margin bordering or extending from a seed capsule, stem or flower

Winter Annual
plant with seeds germinating in late summer or fall and completing flowering and fruiting in spring or summer (compare summer annual)

Wooly
having soft, woollike hairs

Xanthic
yellowish

Xeric
pertaining to arid or desert conditions, implying a minimal water supply throughout most of the year (compare mesic)

Xero-
prefix meaning dry

Xerophytic
adapted to dry or arid conditions, places where fresh water is scarce or where water absorption is difficult due to an excess of dissolved salts

Xylem
the water-conducting tissue of vascular plants

Xylocarp
a hard, woody fruit such as the coconut

Zonate
marked or colored in circular rings or zones

Zoophilous
animal-pollinated

Zygomorphic
with inequality in the size or form of similar parts, specifically bilaterally symmetric and capable of being bisected into equal mirror-image halves along one plane only