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Foodler - Japanese food glossary
Category: Food and Drink > Japanese food glossary
Date & country: 03/06/2011, US
Words: 133


Shiso
Japanese mint; the leaf of the Perilla plant. Used frequently in Maki Sushi and Sashimi.

Shoga
Ginger root

Shrimp Roll
A Sushi roll, typically consisting of Nori seaweed and rice, wrapped around shrimp and cream cheese strips.

Shrimp Teriyaki
Broiled shrimp with teriyaki sauce.

Soba
Japanese buckwheat noodles served in a soy-flavored broth made from fish and seaweed stock.

Somen
White, threadlike wheat noodles.

Sudare
A mat made from bamboo strips to create Maki Sushi.

Sukiyaki
Thin-sliced beef, Tofu, noodles, and vegetables cooked in sukiyaki sauce

Summer Melon Roll
A Sushi roll, typically consisting of Nori seaweed and rice, wrapped around Prosciutto and melon strips.

Suzuki
Sea bass

Tako
Cooked octopus

Tamago yaki
Sweet egg omelet

Tataki
A cooking term that describes a food grilled on the surface, then chopped or pounded.

Teapot Seafood Soup
A Japanese soup consisting of shrimp, scallop, crabmeat, fish cake, and vegetables.

Tekka Maki
Deep-fried Tempura vegetables and seafood.

Temaki
Literally "hand rolls"; cones made from dried Nori seaweed and most commonly wrapped around Sushi rice, seafood (salmon, Natto, Negi Toro, Ume Shiso,) and vegetables.

Tempura
A popular Japanese dish consisting of seafood and vegetables deep fried in a light batter.

Teriyaki Chicken
Broiled chicken served with sweet soy Teriyaki sauce.

Tobiko
Flying fish roe. This red, crunchy fish is often served as part of Maki Sushi and Nigiri Sushi.

Togarashi
Hot, dried Japanese chili peppers

Tori
Chicken

Toro
The fat belly of tuna.

Tuna Salad Roll
A Sushi roll, typically consisting of Nori seaweed and rice, wrapped around tuna salad and lettuce leaves.

Ume Shu
A popular, sweet, alcoholic drink made from plums.

Unaju
Broiled eel on rice with pickles

Usukuchi shoyu
Light Japanese Soy Sauce.

Vegetable Teriyaki
Mixed vegetables with Teriyaki sauce

Wakame
Dark green, dried, lobe-leafed strands of seaweed often used in Miso soup or Sunomono salads.

Washi
Japanese rice paper

Yakidofu
Grilled Tofu

Yakitori
Charcoal-grilled chicken served on skewers and sauteed with Teriyaki sauce.

Yakumi
Strongly flavored seasonings, such as Shichimi Togarashi, grated Daikon, and fine chopped Negi. A typically substitute for Wasabi in Nigiri, Katsuo, and Aji dishes.

Zushi
The sweetened, sticky Japanese rice; the fish is Sashimi. However, when rice is wrapped around raw fish, restaurants refer to this roll as Sushi. It is important to understand that the term "sushi" refers to rice rolls, not fish fillings.