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Il Dado - Horses and racing terms
Category: Animals and Nature > Horses and racing
Date & country: 25/04/2011, US
Words: 473


Point Spread
(Also, Line or Handicap) The points allocated to the 'underdog' to level the odds with the 'favorite/favourite'.

Pole(s)
Markers at measured distances around the track designating the distance from the finish. The quarter pole, for instance, is a quarter of a mile from the finish, not from the start.

Pony
GBP

Pool
Mutuel pool, the total sum bet on a race or a particular bet.

Post
1) Starting point for a race. 2) An abbreviated version of post position. For example, "He drew post four". 3) As a verb, to record a win. For example, "He's posted 10 wins in 14 starts".

Post Position
Position of stall in starting gate from which a horse starts.

Post Time
Designated time for a race to start.

Price
The odds.

Program
A guide to the day's races including detailed, compiled data to assist customers in handicapping the races.

Protest
When a jockey, owner, trainer or steward alleges interference by one party against another during a race that may have affected the outcome of a race. If a protest is upheld by officials, the runner that caused the interference is placed directly after the horse interfered with. If a protest is dismissed by officials, the original result of the race stands.

Pull Up
To stop or slow a horse during or after a race or workout.

Punt
Another term for bet or wager.

Punter
Bettor or investor.

Purebred Horse
A horse descended from a line of ancestors of the same breed. Not necessarily registered in The American Stud Book or a foreign stud book recognized by The Jockey Club and the International Stud Book Committee. Note: A Thoroughbred is a purebred but a purebred is not necessarily a Thoroughbred

Purse
Prize money contained in a purse and hung on a wire which crossed the finish line. Technically, a race to which the owners do not contribute to the prize.

Quadrella
Selecting the winner of four specifically nominated races.

Quiniela (Quinella)
Wager in which the first two finishers must be picked in either order. Payoff is made no matter which of the two wins and which runs second. ('Reverse Forecast' in the UK. See Wagers for Quiniela variants.)

Race Caller
The person who describes the race at a racecourse.

Racecard
A programme for the day's racing.

Racing Plate
A type of horseshoe which is very light, made of aluminum (alluminium), with a toe grab or cleat for better traction.

Rag
A rag or "The Rag" is the outsider in the field, usually offered at a favorable price in betting.

Rail Runner
Horse that prefers to run next to the inside rail.

Rank
A horse that is fractious or unmanageable by the jockey is said to be rank.

Ratings
Tipsters may determine a set of ratings which reflect, in their opinion, each runner's chance of winning a particular race taking a number of factors into account when preparing them.

Restricted Races
Races which only certain horses are eligible.

Return
The dividend you receive on a particular bet.

Reverse Forecast (UK)
See 'Quinella' above.

Ridgling (Also spelled "ridgeling")
A partly castrated horse, with one or both testicles.

Ringer
A horse (or greyhound) entered in a race under another's name

ROI
Short for 'Return On Investment' in percentage (%). The ROI is useful for identifying unique stats about a runner. This is a very useful stat to know as it shows in percentage terms how much profit or loss has been made. The stat can be used to show good and bad conditions. A positive ROI is good and a negative ROI is bad. The formula: ROI% = total profit / total staked * 100. Example: if a seri...

Roughie
A horse which is considered to have a 'rough' chance of winning a race.

Round Robin
A bet consisting of 10 bets (3 pairs of 'Single Stakes About' bets plus 3 doubles and 1 treble) involving three selections in different events. (US, A series of three or more teams into two-team wagers).

Roundabout
A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events (i.e. 1 single any to come and double stake double on remaining two selections, 3 times).

Rounder
A bet consisting of 3 bets involving three selections in different events (i.e. 1 single any to come a single stake double on remaining two selections, 3 times).

Route
Broadly, a race distance of longer than 1-1/8 miles.

Router
Horse that performs well at longer distances.

Run Free
A horse going too fast.

Runner
A participant in a race. In US, a sportsbook's employee who gathers information on the progress of betting elsewhere on the course. Also, a messenger 'running' to and from pari-mutuel windows for occupants of clubhouse boxes.

Saved Ground
A horse is said to have 'saved ground' if the horse is allowed to stay inside, just off the inner rail throughout the trip. A horse that has experienced no traffic trouble during the race and was not forced to race wide at any point.

Scale Of Weights
Fixed weights to be carried by horses in a race according to age, distance, sex, and time of year.

Scalper
One who attempts to profit from the differences in odds from book to book by betting both sides of the same game at different prices.

Schooled
A horse trained for jumping.

Scope
The potential in a horse.

Score
GBP

Scratch (Scratching)
To be taken out of a race before it starts. Trainers usually scratch horses due to adverse track conditions or a horse's adverse health. A veterinarian can scratch a horse at any time.

Scratch Sheet
Daily publication that includes graded handicaps, tips and scratches.

Second Call
A secondary mount of a jockey in a race in the event his primary mount is scratched.

Selections
The horses selected by a knowledgeable person (Tipster) to have the most likely chance of finishing in first, second and third place. This may also refer to a person's own selections

Selling Race
A race where the winner is sold by auction immediately afterwards.

Settler
A bookmaker's expert who calculates payouts.

Shadow Roll
Usually a lamb's wool roll half way up the horse's face to keep him from seeing his own shadow.

Short Price
Low odds, meaning a punter will get little return for their initial outlay.

Short Runner
A horse who barely stays, or doesn't stay, the full distance of a race.

Shorten, Shortening the Odds
When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been wagered on that horse.

Show
Third position at the finish.

Show Bet
Wager on a horse to finish in the money; third or better.

Shut Out (US)
What happens to a bettor who gets on the betting line to late and is still waiting in line when the window closes. Also, in sports betting, when the losing team do not score.

Silks
See 'Colors'.

Simulcast
A simultaneous live television transmission of a race to other tracks, off-track betting offices or other outlets for the purpose of wagering.

Single
A Straight bet on one selection to win one race or event, also known as a straight-up bet.

Single Stakes About (or SSA)
A bet consisting of 2 bets on two selections (1 single on each selection any to come 1 single on the other selection reversed).

Sire
Father of a horse.

Six-Dollar Combine (US)
An across-the-board bet in racing.

Sleeper
A sleeper is an underrated racehorse. A horse which unexpectedly wins a race having previously shown poor form is said to have been a Sleeper.

Sloppy (track)
A track that is wet on surface, with standing water visible, with firm bottom.

Slow (track)
A racing strip that is wet on both the surface and base. Between good and heavy.

Smart Money
Insiders' bets or the insiders themselves.

Soft (track)
Condition of a turf course with a large amount of moisture. Horses sink very deeply into it.

Spell
The resting period between preparations or racing.

Sportsbook
The person, shop or website who accepts bets.

Spot Play (US)
Type of play in which bettor risks money only on types of races and horses which seem relatively worthwhile risks.

Sprint
Short race, less than one mile.

Stake
The prize money for the winning horses paid to the owner (eg. trophy or prize money).

Stakes
The sums of money deposited or guaranteed by the parties to a bet.

Stakes Horse
A horse whose level of competition includes mostly stakes races.

Stakes race
A race for which the owner usually must pay a fee to run a horse. Some stakes races are by invitation and require no payment or fee.

Stakes-Placed
Finished second or third in a stakes race.

Stallion
A male horse used for breeding.

Standing Start
In harness racing, starters start from a standing position, once the barrier across the track is released.

Starter
The person responsible for starting a race.

Starting Gate
Partitioned mechanical device having stalls in which the horses are confined until the starter releases the doors in front to begin the race.

Starting Price (or SP)
An estimation of odds available when the race starts.

Starting Stalls
Mechanical gates that ensure all horses start in unison.

Stayer (Also, Slayer)
A horse that can race long distances.

Steam
When a betting selection starts to move quite rapidly, usually caused by many bettors betting on it.

Steeplechase
A race in which horses are required to jump over a series of obstacles on the course. Also known as a 'Chase'.

Stewards
The group of people who control the day's racing by ensuring that every runner competes on its merits and imposing penalties for any breach of the rules of racing.

Stewards Enquiry
An enquiry by the stewards into a race.

Stick
(Also, Bat) A jockey's whip.

Stickers
Calks on shoes which give a horse better traction in mud or on soft tracks.

Stipes
Another term for the Stewards. (Or Stipendiary Stewards)

Stooper (US)
Those who make a living picking up discarded mutuel tickets at racetracks and cashing those that have been thrown away by mistake.

Store (US)
A sportsbook or a bookie.

Straight
Betting to win only.

Straight Forecast (UK)
A tote bet operating in races of 3 or more declared runners in which the punter has to pick the first and second to finish in the correct order. See 'Exacta'.

Straight Six
A wager to correctly select the winner of each of six consecutive nominated races.

Strapper
Also known as an attendant. A person who assists the trainer, cares for the horse or helps to put on its equipment.

Stretch (home-Stretch)
Final straight portion of the racetrack to the finish.

Stretch Runner
Horse that runs its fastest nearing the finish of a race.

Stretch Turn
Bend of track into homestretch.