Copy of `First Base Sports - Soccer terms`

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First Base Sports - Soccer terms
Category: Sport and Leisure > Soccer
Date & country: 27/02/2011, US
Words: 228


Sweeper
the defender that plays closest to his own goal behind the rest of the defenders; a team's last line of defense in front of the goalkeeper.

Tackling
the act of taking the ball away from a player by kicking or stopping it with one's feet; only a minimal amount of shoulder-to-shoulder contact, called a charge, is permitted to knock the ball carrier off balance.

Territory
the half of the field which a team defends.

The Draw
the selection of World Cup teams to place them into playing groups for the tournament and the event surrounding this selection.

Thigh trap
when a player uses his thigh to slow down and control a ball in the air.

Through pass
a pass sent to a teammate to get him the ball behind his defender; used to penetrate a line of defenders.

Throw-in
a type of restart where a player throws the ball from behind his head with two hands while standing with both feet on the ground behind a sideline; taken by a player opposite the team that last touched the ball before it went out of bounds across a sideline.

Tie game
when two teams have scored the same number of goals in a match; if the game ends tied, it is a draw.

Tiebreaker
a way to choose the winner of a match when teams are tied after overtime; in FIFA tournament play, a series of penalty kicks are taken by players from both teams, and the team that scores on more of them is declared the winner.

Timekeeper
the job of the referee, who keeps track of the official time to notify teams and fans when each period is completed.

Timeout
an official break in the action of a sport; the rules of soccer do not allow for any timeouts; timeouts for television advertising breaks are permitted by NCAA collegiate rules.

Touchline
see Sideline.

Trailing
running behind another player.

Trap
when a player uses his body to slow down and control a moving ball, most often using his chest, thighs or feet.

Turnover
the loss of possession of the ball.

Two-way midfielder
the versatile midfielder most responsible for organizing play in the midfield area; often a team's energetic leader.

Unsportsmanlike conduct
rude behavior.

USSF
United States Soccer Federation

USYSA
United States Youth Soccer Association

Venue
location where a sporting competition is held.

Volley
any ball kicked by a player when it is off the ground.

Wall
a line of 2 to 6 defending players pressed together shoulder-to-shoulder to protect their goal against a close free kick; creates a more difficult shot by reducing the amount of open goal area the kicker has to shoot at.

Wall pass
a pass by a ball carrier who sends the ball to a teammate, then runs behind his own defender and quickly receives a pass back; used to get a player past his defender without having to dribble by him; same as the "give-and-go" in basketball.

Win-draw-loss record
a summary of the outcomes of a team's matches; for example, a team with a 3-1-2 record has played 6 games and won 3, tied 1 and lost 2.

Wings or wingers
the outside forwards who play to the sides of the strikers and whose primary task is to provide them with accurate crossing passes so they can shoot at the goal; often the fastest players and best dribblers on a team.

World Cup
the international soccer competition held by FIFA every 4 years between the top professional teams in the world, pitting nation against nation; the most watched event in the world, attracting a television audience of over 3 billion viewers.

Yellow card
a playing card-sized card that a referee holds up to warn a player for dangerous or unsportsmanlike behavior; also called a caution; 2 yellow cards in one game earns a player an automatic red card, signaling his removal from the game.

Zone
a type of defense that assigns each defender to a particular area in front of or around his team's goal in which he is responsible for marking any attacker that enters; often used in youth league games but rarely in professional competition.