Copy of `Department of radiology - Radiological info`

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Department of radiology - Radiological info
Category: Health and Medicine > Radiology
Date & country: 25/01/2011, US
Words: 218


ABDUCTED
A movement away from the medial plane (see also ADDUCTED) Vocal Cords ABDUCTED (tomograms).

ACETABULUM
A large cup-shaped cavity that is the point of articulation between the femur and the os coxae of the pelvis.

ACROMIOCLAVICULAR JOINT
The articulation between the acromion process and clavicle.

ADDITUS AD ANTRUM
The mastoid air spaces connecting the mastoid antrum with the epitympanic recess.

ADDUCTED (ADDUCTOR MAGNUS)
A movement toward the midline. The ADDUCTOR MAGNUS muscle moves the leg toward the medial plane.

ADRENAL GLAND
The gland located superior to the kidney which is responsible for the production of epinephrine. ("epi" - above + "nephros" - kidney)

ANGLE OF LOUIS
The point of junction between the manubrium and the body of the sternum.

ANTERIOR ARCH (C1)
The curved structure located at the forward part of the atlas (ventral side of body).

ANTERIOR CLINOID PROCESS
The bony process located on the medial end of the posterior border of the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone.

ANTERIOR RIB
The portion of the rib locted on the ventral side of the body.

ANTERIOR URETHRA
The part of the male urethra that extends from the bulb to the meatus of the glands penis.

ANTRUM
A cavity or chamber.

ANTRUM OF STOMACH
The dilated portion of the pyloric region of the stomach.

AORTA
The main trunk of the arterial system which originates from the left ventricle of the heart and extends to the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra.

AORTIC ARCH
The portion of the aorta which bends over inorder to extend into the thorax.

AORTIC BIFURCATION
The point where the abdominal aorta divides into the two common iliac arteries.

AORTIC SINUS
Dilations of the aortic wall superior to each valve.

AP VIEW
A front to back view of the body.

APPENDIX
(Veriform appendix) appendage of the cecum.

ARTERIOGRAM
A radiograph of arteries after they have been injected with a contrast material.

ARTHROGRAM
A roentgenographic record of a joint after the introduction of contrast material.

ARTICULAR FOSSA
A hollow of depressed area within a joint.

ARTICULAR SURFACE
The surfaces of bone or cartilage which form a joint.

ARYTENOID CARTILAGE
Paired cartilage of the larynx which articulates with the lamina of the cricoid cartilage.

ASCENDING AORTA
The portion of the aorta that originates from the left ventricle and gives rise to the right and left coronary arteries.

ASCENDING COLON
The part of the colon that lies between the cecum and the right colic flexure.

ATRIAL APPENDAGE
The ear-shaped appendage of either atrium of the heart.

AV GROOVE
A groove on the surface of the heart which separates the atria from the ventricles.

AZYGOUS ARCH
The point where the azygous vein arches over the root of the right lung to empty into the superior vena cava.

AZYGOUS VEIN
The vein wich connects the superior and inferior venae cavae.

BIFURCATION
The point where a structure divides into two branches.

BLADDER
The musculomembraneous sac used for urine collection from the kidneys (via the ureters) and discharge through the urethra.

BODY OF STERNUM
The portion of the sternum between the angle of Louis and the xiphoid process.

BRACHIOCEPHALIC TRUNK (INNOMINATE)
The first branch of the arch of the aorta which further divides into the right common carotid and right subclavian arteries. ("innominate" - literally "nameless")

BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN
Two veins formed at the root of the neck from the union of the ipsilateral internal jugular vein (IJV) and the subclavian veins. The two brachiocepalic veins later combine to form the superior vena cava (SVC).

BRONCHUS INTERMEDIUS
The segment of right bronchus between the origin of the upper lobe bronchus (of the lung) and the bifurcation into the middle and lower lobes.

CARDIOPHRENIC ANGLE
The angle formed by the heart ("cardio") and the diaphragm ("phrenic") - usually refers to pleural space or a region on the frontal chest film.

CAROTID BIFURCATION
The point of division of the common carotid arteries into the internal and external carotid arteries.

CAUDA EQUINA
The group of spinal roots which descend from the inferior portion of the spinal cord. (literally "horse's tail")

CEPHALIC VEIN
Originates from the dorsal venous arch in the hand and joins the axillary vein.

CEREBELLAR TONSIL
A paramedian portion of the cerebellum that is continuous with the uvula of vermis that forms part of the candal lobe of the cerebellar hemisphere.

CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE
Pair of rounded structures on either side of the midline of the brain that are partially separated by the longitudinal (interhemispheric) cerebral fissure.

CERVICAL SPINE
Vertebral column of the neck.

CERVIX
The lower end portion of the uterus connecting the isthmus and the ostium uteri with the vaginal canal.

COCCYX
The "tail bone" - a caudal extremity of the vertebral column formed by the fussion of four rudimentary vertebrae.

CORACOID PROCESS
A projection of bone that originates from the upper part of the neck of the scapula and overhangs the shoulder joint.

CORONARY ARTERIES
The arteries which originate from the root of the ascending aorta and supply the cardiac musckle of the atria and ventricles with blood.

CORONARY SINUS
The end portion of the cardiac vein which empties into the right atrium.

CORTEX
The outer layer of a body or organ structure. (Like the "cortex" of the kidney or brain.)

COSTOPHRENIC ANGLE
Point of junction between the costal and diaphragmatic pleurae.

CRISTA GALLI
The ridge (rooster's comb) that projects upward from the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone and is attached to the inferior margin of the falx cerebri.

CRUCIATE LIGAMENTS
The "cross-shaped" ligaments situated in the knee joint between the femoral condyles and the proximal tibia (tibial spines) that form a cross-shaped structure.

CRUS OF DIAPHRAGM
The fibromuscular bands originating from the upper three or four lumbar vertebrae and inserting into the central tendon of the diaphragm.

CT
Computerized tomography. An imaging device that uses computation to produce an image from multiple individual measurements.

CUBOID
A cube-shaped bone in the foot.

CUL-DE-SAC
A blind pouch.

CUNEIFORMS
A wedged-shaped bone in the foot.

CYSTIC DUCT
The connection between the neck of the gallbladder and the common bile duct.

CYSTOGRAM
A radiograph of the bladder opacified (filled by contrast).

DEEP LYMPH NODES
Small masses of lymphatic tissue that connect lymph vessels in the deep fascia.

DESCENDING AORTA
The protion of the aorta from the arch to its division in the abdomen into the common iliac arteries.

DESCENDING COLON
The part of the colon between the left colic flexure ("splenic flexure") and the sigmoid colon (at the pelvic brim).

DIAPHRAGM
The musculomembrane separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities of the body. Major inspiratory muscle. (also the source of "fajitas" - aka "skirt steak")

DIAPHYSIS
The shaft of a long bone between the two "metaphyses"; tube of compact bone surrounding the marrow cavity.

DUODENAL BULB
The portion of the duodenum that forms the superior flexure with the pylorus.

ENDOCERVICAL CANAL
The portion of the uterine cavity that lies within the cervix - the passage that connects the vaginal canal with the main uterine cavity (lumen).

ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE
An airway catheter that is inserted into the trachea.

EPIGLOTTIS
The cartilagenous structure which overhangs the larynx to prevent food entering it when swallowing.

ESOPHAGEAL-GASTRIC JUNCTION
See gastroesophageal junction.

ESOPHAGUS
The musculomembraneous connection between the pahrynx to the stomach.

EUSTACHIAN TUBE
A hollow cartilagenous tube connecting between the tympanic (middle ear) cavity and nasopharynx that acts as the pressure adjusting channel. Yawning opens the tube to allow the ears to "pop!" when changing altitude.

EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS
The opening for the passage from the external ear toward the tympanic membrane.

EXTERNAL ILIAC ARTERY
Artery which originates from the common iliac and branches into the inferior epigastric and deep circumflex iliac arteries.

FALCIFORM LIGAMENT
(of Liver) An extension of the coronary ligament of the liver that attaches the liver to the diaphragm and separates the right and left lobes of the liver.

FALLOPIAN TUBES
These muscular tubes connect from the uterus (upper lateral cornu) to the peritoneal cavity in the area of the ipsilateral ovary.

FEMORAL CONDYLES
(medial and lateral)Two articulating surfaces located on the distal end of the femur and articulate with the proximal head of the tibia.

FEMORAL VEIN
The continuation of the popliteal vein that becomes the external iliac at the inguinal ligament.

FLOOR OF SELLA
The inferior portion of the sella turcica (pituitary fossa).

FORAMEN OVALE
The passage for the mandibular (3rd) branch of the trigeminal (Vth) nerve through the medial and posterior part of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone.

FORAMEN ROTUNDUM
The opening that allows the passage of the maxillary (2nd) branch of the trigeminal (Vth) nerve through the medial part of the greater wing of the sphenoid bone.

FORAMEN TRANSVERSIUM
The opening in the transverse process which allows the vertebral vessels to pass through the cervical vertebra.

FRONTAL BONE
The bone that closes the frontal part of the cranial cavity.

FRONTAL HORN
The extension of the lateral ventricle into the frontal lobe of the brain.

FRONTAL LOBE
The portion of the anterior cerebral hemisphere from the frontal pole to the sulcus centralis (central sulcus).

FUNDUS OF STOMACH
The portion of the stomach that lies above and to the left of the entrance of the esophagus.

GALL BLADDER
The reservoir for bile located between the right and quadrate lobe on the posteroinferior surface of the liver.

GASTRODUODENAL ARTERY
The artery which originates from the common hepatic artery and branches into the supraduodenal and posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal arteries.

GASTROESOPHAGEAL JUNCTION
The point where the stratified squamous epithilium of the esophagus meets the simple columnar epithilium of the cardia of the stomach.

GLENOID FOSSA
The a shallow "cup" on the lateral edge of the scapula that is the point of articulation between with the head of the humerus.

GLOBE
The eyeball.

GREATER CURVATURE (STOMACH)
The lateral and inferior border of the stomach.

GREATER WING OF SPHENOID
Winged-shaped process of the sphenoid bone that helps form the floor and lateral walls of the middle cranial fossa and the lateral wall of the orbit.

HARD PALATE
The anterior (bone) portion of the horizontal partition separating the nasal cavity (above) from the oral cavity (below). The posterior half of the partition is the "soft palate".

HAUSTRA
Sacculations in the wall of the colon between the teniae.

HEMIDIAPHRAGM
One side (one "half") of the diaphragm.

HEMOTHORAX
A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.

HEPATIC VEINS
Veins which receive blood from the central veins of the liver and flow into the inferior vena cava on the posterior side of the liver.

HYOID BONE
The horse shoe shaped bone that lies above the thyroid cartilage at the base of the tongue.

HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAM (HSG)
A radiographic procedure that uses contrast (radiopaque) material injected into the uterus and fallopian tubes. May be used to diagnose fertility problems and anomalies of the female genital tract.

ILEAL VESSELS
The vascular supply to the "ileum" or distal portion of the small intestine.