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ECTextile - textile terms
Category: General technical and industrial > Textiles
Date & country: 24/09/2008, US
Words: 232


Lycra
DuPont's very stretchy spandex. Great for arobic activities.

MemBrain
Marmot's proprietary waterproof/breathable membrane that responds to changes in your body temperature by changing its molecular shape. When you're hot, the fabric pores open up for breathability and when you're not generating heat, the pores close to trap what heat there is inside. Won an Editors' Choice Award (April 1996).

membrane
A thin, pliable sheetlike layer adhered to a base fabric, usually a coating or laminate.

Micro Fleece Print
Printed Micro Fleece

Micro Grid
Grid pattern design

Micro Suede
Sueded Micro/Single Sided

Micro Suede-
Sueded Micro/Double Sided

Micro-loft
DuPont's Polyester insulation. Made of microfibers thinner than a human hair. The dense structure traps heat more efficiently than other synfills of equal thickness, and is purportedly highly water resistant.

microfiber
Extremely fine, tightly woven fiber that combines natural breathability with wind and water resistance. Microfiber fabrics are used in performance outerwear, and are often laminated to waterproof/breathable fabrics or treated with waterproof/breathable coatings.

Microfleece fabric
Microfleece is velvety soft, loose-fitting and luxuriously comfortable, but it works best when coupled with a lightweight or midweight layer beneath it. Microfleece is often billed as a base layer, but due to its tight plush knit, microfleece doesn't wick, and in all but extremely cold weather it's just too hot to use as a base layer. An example of microfleece is Malden Mills' Micro Fleece Seri...

microporous
Describes a coated or laminated fabric that breathes through microscopic pores left during the application process.

Microshed
Solstice's proprietary polyurethane-based, waterproof/breathable coating. Used in outerwear.

Microsupreme
Cytec's acrylic fiber. Used by several fabric makers in base layer materials.

midweight fabrics
These fabrics have a tighter weave than lightweight fabrics for a combination of warmth and wicking ability. Push-pull fabrics are a type of midweight fabric typically combine a brushed polyester inner layer that pushes sweat away from the skin, a smooth nylon outer layer that absorbs and disperses it for quick drying, and some spandex for stretch.See also heavyweight fabric and lightweight fabric...

Momentum Ripstop
Moonstone's lightweight, three-layer Gore-Tex laminated fabric, made with a 1.4-ounce ripstop nylon.

Mountain Micro
Eastern Mountain Sports'proprietary coated polyester microfiber. Used in outerwear and sleeping bag shells.

MTS
Moisture Transport System. REI's proprietary treated polyester base layer fabric.

MVT
Moisture Vapor Transfer. The terms used to quantify how much vapor a fabric can transfer from one side to the other or Moonstone'sproprietarywaterproof/breathable urethane coating.

napping
A finishing product for fabric that involves raising a nap, or fuzzy layer, on the fabric surface. The fabric passes over a revolving cylinder that's covered with short, fine wires that stick out. These wires lift up fibers from the surface of the fabric creating a fuzzy appearance and hand.

Nomex
A nylon fabric that has been modified to raise its melting point and increase fire resistance; most often used in uniforms for firefighters, race-car drivers, and pilots. Stephensons-Warmlite makes a sturdy but expensive Nomex trail jeans that won't melt when a campfire spark lands in your lap.

nylon
Generic term for fiber made from synthetic polyamides extracted from coal and oil. It's used widely in outdoor clothing and gear.

olefin
Also known as polypropylene; a propylene/ethylene-based synthetic fiber that's hydrophobic, quick-drying, colorfast, and has good heat retention. However, it's subject to shrinkage and sudden meltdown in hot dryers.

Omni-Stop Fleece
Columbia Sportswear's proprietary polyester fleece that's backed by a stretchable, windproof, and waterproof/breathable membrane. Similar to Gore's WindStopper fleece and Malden Mills' Polartec Series 1000 Windbloc (PT1000).

Omni-Tech
Columbia Sportswear's polyurethane waterproof/breathable coating that's used on several Columbia fabrics.

oxford nylon
Super heavy-duty (usually 200 denier) basket-weave nylon. Used in rainwear and tent floors.

packcloth
Typically a nylon fabric of medium weave with a urethane coating on the back for water repellency.

Paragon Plus
Ex Officio's 55 percent cotton/45 percent nylon blended twill. Nylon yarns are on the outside for quick drying, cotton yarns are on the inside for comfort. Used in warm-weather trail clothes.

Pertex
Soft microfiber ripstop nylon that's highly water resistant. Used for lightweight windbreakers.

pile
Often used to describe single-sided fleeces that are thicker and furrier than the typical two-sided fabrics.

pilling
Formation of small tangles of fibers when the surface of a material is rubbed against itself or another surface. Looks like small fabric balls on the fabric surface. The tendency to pill is not a desirable quality in a fabric.

pit zip
The underarm zippers found in higher-quality outerwear to help ventilate the torso in cooler temperatures.

plain weave
The most common of the three fundamental weaves. Each filling yarn passes over and then under each warp yarn, alternating rows.See also satin, twill.

plaited
braided or pleated

ply
Two or more yarns that have been twisted together for greater strength before weaving.

Pneumatic
Patagonia's version of Gore's Activent laminated, 70-denier polyester ripstop.

Polarguard
Hoechst Celanese's high-loft, synthetic insulation of 100 percent polyester continuous-filament fibers. Polarguard is one of the original and most durable synfills, although somewhat bulky when stuffed.

Polarguard 3D
The newest version of Polarguard, which uses finer fibers to create a much lighter and more packable insulation. Used in parkas and sleeping bags.

Polarguard HV
A version of Polarguard that uses hollowed fibers and is about 25 percent more stuffable than regular Polarguard, but retainslongevity.

PolarMax
Longworth Industries' name for its base layer clothing.

Polartec
Malden Mills' polyester fleece fabrics. Used by a variety of manufacturers; comes in different weights and a variety of prints and solids.

Polartec Series 100
PT100. Polartec's lightweight fleece. Series 100 has a trim fit, full freedom of movement, and good wicking ability. Comes with either plush on both sides or plush on one side with a smooth finish on the other.

Polartec Series 1000 Windbloc
PT1000. Combines Polartec fleece, a windproof midlayer barrier, and a DWR finish.

Polartec Series 100M (Microfiber)
PT100M. Polartec's lightest fleece knit with superfine microfiber yarns for a soft hand.

Polartec Series 200
PT200. Midweight, double-sided fleece; great general-purpose layeringweight. The most popular of Polartec's fleeces. Series 200 Recycled version is made of secondhand soda bottles. Series 200S (PT200S) is the four-way stretch version.

Polartec Series 300
PT300. Polartec's heavyweight, double-sided fleece for cold-weather use.

polyester
A synthetic fiber that features quick drying time, high strength, abrasion resistance, and crease resistance; frequently blended with cotton, rayon, or other synthetics.

polypro
Nickname for polypropylene.

polypropylene
Also known as olefin, a propylene/ethylene-based synthetic fiber. Features include being hydrophobic, quick-drying, colorfast, and good at heat retention. Subject to shrinkage, oil absorption and sudden meltdown in hot dryers.

polyurethane
A polymer known for its flexibility, used in foams, elastomers and fabric coatings. See also Bergundtal Cloth, coated, Entrant, Helly-Tech, Hydropro, Microshed, Omni-Tech, Triple Point Ceramic, Ultrex.

Power Dry
Silkweight Solid Mesh, breathable, keeps your skin dry when you sweat, dries quickly

Power Stretch
Body Hugging 4-way stretch, nylon outer layer is wind and abrasion resistant; soft polyester inner layer pulls moisture away from your skin keeping you dry and comfortable, ideal for outdoor sports, machine washable

Powershield
Abrasion resistant, block 98% of the wind, Water repellent, Highly Breathable, Stretch, Quiet, Machine washable

Primaloft/Primaloft 2
Albany International's high-loft synthetic insulation. Combination of large and small diameter polyester fibers intermingled to create a down-like feel and spring. Primaloft is remarkably water resistant. PL2 is a newer version that's softer and loftier. Both are used in insulated clothing and sleeping bags.

Proof Ace
Unitika's ceramic waterproof/breathable coating. Used in outerwear by a number of manufacturers.

Propile
Helly-Hansen's fuzzy faced, nylon pile fabric. Knitted so it won't pill like typical polyester pile.

proprietary
Describes a technology or fabric that was developed, at least in part, by the company that takes credit for it or an existing technology or fabric that has been given a new, unique name by the company that takes credit for it.

push-pull fabric
Two-part fabric made of nonabsorbent hydrophobic knit on the inside and absorbent hydrophilic knit on the outside, such as in Drylete or Dri-F.I.T.

Quallofil
DuPont's seven-channel polyester, high-loft insulation that has a soft, down-like hand. Used primarily in sleeping bags.

Ray-T-Ator
Sierra Designs' plaited cotton/polyester blend that wicks. Used in trail clothes.

rayon
Generic term for fibers derived from trees, cotton, and woody plants. Rayon has a shiny appearance, dyes and drapes well, and has a silky hand, but it's too absorbent for good moisture management. Used mostly in base layers, trail clothes and apparel.

Recycled
Recycled Fleece

Remnant
Generally a cut of fabric that is 10 yards or less. May or may not have slight flawing such as a needle out, small spots or holes. Yardages listed are 100% cutable. Any portion of goods that may be flawed are over and above actual yardages listed and sold.

ripstop
Fabric woven with double thread at regular intervals to achieve small squares that prevent tears from spreading. Usually a nylon or polyester. Used for outerwear, sleeping bags, kites, packs, and tents. Ripstop was originally used in parachutes and sails.

satin
One of the three fundamental weaves, in which the face of the fabric is formed completely of smooth fibers running in the warp or filling of a fabric, resulting in a glossy surface. Satin drapes well and is most often used in apparel.See also plain weave, twill.

Scotchguard
3M's durable oil- and water-repellent finish applied to fabric.

seam sealing
Process when the stitching (seams) of a garment are made leakproof by applying a seam tape or glue.

shants
Combination shorts and pants (shants ~ get it?). Shants start out as long-legged trail pants with removeable legs that unzip above the knee. For some people, shants are the best of both worlds, providing an easily convertible solution to extremes of weather on the trail, eliminating the need to pack both pants and shorts.However, the extra fabric and zipper at thigh level do take some getting used...

silk
A tough, elastic natural fabric made from material produced with the silk silkworms use to spin their cocoons. Silk is light, cool and extremely comfortable. It absorbs water quickly but like cotton, will not keep you warm when wet. Similar apperance to satin.

Silmond
Satiny-smooth, polyester microfiber shell fabric. Wind and water resistant.

Single Velour
Velour face

Single-sided
Finished one side only

sock care
Do you wear your favorite trail socks when mowing the yard? How about while wandering around the house on a cold morning? You shouldn't ~ because you're cutting deep into their lifespan. Here are some hints to keep your socks alive longer:~ Socks don't wick as well when dirty, so wash frequently, even while on the trail. No need for soap. Just turn them inside out, dowse them, rub the material ...

Solar Shield
A 500D Cordura Naturelle, similar to cotton duck fabric. It's backed with a polyester eyelet mesh for increased comfort. As it is a durable hat material, it makes great sun hats. It also offers exceptional durability and a UPF rating of 50+. Holds form well!

spandex
Generic name for a synthetic fiber that offers great stretch, good strength, shape remembrance and abrasion resistance. Long-term resistance to body acids. Always blended with another fiber, such as cotton, polyester, or nylon. DuPont's Lycra is the most well-known brand of spandex.

Spandura
DuPont's Cordura filaments spun around DuPont's stretchy Lycra core to create a stong fabric with stretch. Used in trail clothes.

Storm Fleece
Solstice's proprietary windproof, water-resistant, breathable fleece.

Storm-F.I.T
Nike's waterproof/breathable line of outerwear, with a laminate developed by W.L. Gore and Associates.

stormflap
A piece of cloth that protects an opening (usually a zipper) from harsh weather.

Stretch
Stretch Fleece

structurally altered fabric
A base layer fabric that absorbs water and wicks moisture because it is woven from fibers that have a modified shape. Examples include Thermax, Coolmax, Thermastat.

Super Micro
Italian Super Micro Fleece

Super Pluma
Patagonia's super-lightweight waterproof/breathable fabric. A layer of 1.1-ounce ripstop nylon, a microporous laminate from Gore on the face, and a tricot inner facing.

Supplex
DuPont's ultra-versitile texturized nylon known for its durability and soft hand. Used mostly in outerwear.

Sweater Look
Sweater look

Sympatex
A solid waterproof/breathable membrane that allows body heat to push perspiration vapor to the outside.

Synchilla
Patagonia's line of fleece.

synfill
Nickname for synthetic fills.

synthetic
Manmade fiber or material, as opposed to natural or organic material, which is made from plant or animal products. Examples include cotton, wool and leather.

taffeta
A plain weave fabric that is woven to give a fine,smooth look on both sides. Crisp hand.

Taslan
DuPont's air jet-textured nylon yarn. Very lightweight form of Corura used to create fabrics recognized for cottony feel, light weight, durability, and abrasion resistance.

temperature rating
The approximate lowest outdoor temperature at which it is advisable to use a sleeping bag.

Tensilite
MontBell's proprietary heat-treated (for durability) nylon.

TH-4 Membrane
Red Ledge's microporous waterproof/breathable laminated fabric. Used in outerwear.

Thermal Dynamics
Milliken's 100 percent polyester base layer fabric.

Thermal Pro
Midweight-Heavyweight W/DWR

Thermastat
A fabric made from hollow-core polyester fibers ofvarying denier and length. Used in base layer fabrics and.

Thermax
DuPont's soft, hollow-core polyester fiber with a cottony hand. Used in underwear and activewear for its insulating properties.

Thermolite
DuPont's low-loft, 100 percent polyester insulation. Usually used in garments where a trim look outweighs the need for puffy warmth, such as in skiwear.

Thermoloft
DuPont's mid-loft synthetic insulation made froma combination of solid-core polyester fibers and hollow Quallofil fibers. Used where high-loft fills are too bulky and low-loft fills aren't warm enough. Used mostly in insulated outerwear.

Thinsulate
3M's 35 percent polyester/65 percent olefin insulation spun into a low-loft construction. Thinsulate is an efficient insulator in comparison to its thinness. Most often used in outerwear, footwear, and gloves because of its lack of bulk.