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Cefic - Chemistry Terms
Category: Sciences > Chemistry Terminology
Date & country: 24/09/2008, EU
Words: 348


AAC
Association des Amidonneries de Céréales de l`UE

AAGR
Average Annual Growth Rate

ABIQUIM
Associaçao Brasilera da Indústria Química , Brazil

absorption
Penetration of one substance into the inner structure of another substance

ACC
1. American Chemistry Council. 2. Abel Closed Cup, a flash point test method

Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI)
The highest tolerable daily intake of a substance, expressed in mg/kg bodyweight, which does not represent a health risk over the entire lifespan, calculated on the basis of all currently available data. ALSO: Tolerable Daily Intake (TDI)

accidental chemical release
Unplanned, sudden releases of chemicals from manufacturing, processing, handling and on-site storage facilities to the air, water or land. It does not include permitted or other releases

ACEA
Association des Constructeurs Européens d`Automobiles / European Automobile Manufacturers Association

acetaldehyde
An aldehyde used as a starting material in the synthesis of acetic acid, n-butyl alcohol, ethyl acetate, and other chemical compounds

acetic acid
Acetic acid is a key organic intermediate used in the preparation of metal acetates, used in some printing processes; vinyl acetate; acetic anhydride; and volatile organic esters, such as ethyl and butyl acetates

acetic anhydride
The most important of the organic anhydrides, used to manufacture pain-relieving pharmaceuticals (aspirin, paracetamol), modified starches, emulsifiers, liquid crystal polymers, dyestuffs and cellulose acetate, a major ingredient in photographic films and textiles

acetone
An organic solvent of industrial and chemical significance, acetone is capable of dissolving many fats, resins and cellulose esters. It is used extensively in the manufacture of artificial fibres and explosives, as a chemical intermediate in pharmaceuticals, and as a solvent for vinyl and acrylic resins, lacquers, paints, inks, cosmetics (such as n...

acetyl
Any chemical compound with an acetate group

ACGIH
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists

ACH
Acetone cyano-hydrine

BAF
See Bioaccumulation Factor (BAF/B-factor)

BAMM
Basic Acrylic Monomer Manufacturers Association (USA)

BAP
Biotechnology Action Programme

bar
Unit of pressure. Normal atmospheric pressure = 1.013 bar (=1013 mbar)

Basel Convention
Adopted in 1989 and entered into force on 5 May 1992, the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal is working to minimise the generation of hazardous wastes and control their movement

BATNEEC
Best Available Techniques Not Entailing Excessive Cost

BBP
Butyl-benzyl-phthalate

BCDTA
British Chemical Distributors and Traders Association

BCR
Bureau Communautaire de Référence

BEE
Bureau Européen de l`Environnement

BELINTRA
Belgian Intervention System for Transportation Accidents

benzene
Benzene is the simplest aromatic compound, with a ring of six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms. It is a colourless liquid occurring naturally in fossil raw materials such as crude oil and coal, produced during processing of petroleum liquids and through chemical reactions. It is one of the most important feedstocks for the chemical industry, use...

BEPs
See Best Environmental Practices (BEPs)

Best Available Technology (BAT)
See Best Available Techniques (BAT)

Best Environmental Practices (BEPs)
The application of the most appropriate combination of environmental control measures or strategies in order to reduce the impact of specific substances or applications

CA site
Civic amenity site

CAIA
Chemical and Allied Industries Association (South Africa)

CAIR
Comprehensive Assessment Information Rule

CAN
Calcium ammonium nitrate

CAP
1. Common Agriculture Policy. The name given to the European Union's agriculture policy. A basic aim of the CAP has been to provide efficient farmers with an income comparable to that of people outside farming, in the service and industrial sectors, while ensuring that consumers receive adequate supplies of food at reasonable prices. The policy is ...

capacity building
The strengthening and/or development of human resources and institutional capacities

carbohydrate
Any member of a very abundant and widespread class of natural organic substances, compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, that includes the sugars, starch, and cellulose

carbon
An element forming a large number of compounds, many of which have important uses. Diamond and graphite are amongst the main forms of carbon. Coals are elemental carbon mixed with varying amounts of carbon compounds; coke and charcoal are nearly pure carbon. All organic compounds, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats, contain carbon, and all p...

carbon dioxide (CO2)
A colourless, non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of the ambient air. Carbon dioxide is formed in combustion of fossil fuel and carbon-containing materials, in fermentation, and in respiration of animals and employed by plants in the photosynthesis of carbohydrates

carbon tetrachloride
Carbon tetrachloride is produced by the high temperature chlorination of propylene or methane. It is used as a feedstock in the production of CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs, as a process agent in the production of chlorine, to extract nitrogen trichloride, and as a solvent to recover chlorine from tail gas. It has been phased out in dispersive uses since 199...

carcinogen
A substance or agent capable of causing cancer

CARE
Consortium for Automotive Recycling

CAS
1. Chemical Abstracts Service. CAS® is the producer of the world's largest and most comprehensive databases of chemical information. It is a division of the American Chemical Society. The principal databases now include over 18 million document records and more than 32 million substance records respectively. 2. Chicago Academy of Science

CAs Meeting
Competent Authorities Meeting; meeting of senior representatives of the competent authorities of the EU member states; chaired by DG Environment

DAC
Derived Air Concentration

Dangerous Goods Class
Class allocated to substances according to the hazard they present during transport (see UN Recommandations on the transport of Dangerous Goods)

DD
Oral Discriminatory Dose for mammals

DEA
Diethanolamine. See ethanolamine

debottlenecking
Increasing production capacity of existing facilities through the modification of existing equipment to remove throughput restrictions. Debottlenecking generally increases capacity for a fraction of the cost of building new facilities

DECHEMA
German Society for Chemical Apparatus, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology

decomposition
Breakdown of a material or substance (by heat, chemical reaction, electrolysis, decay or other processes)

DEFRA
UK Department for Environment and Rural Affairs

DEHP
Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate. See phthalate

EA
Environment Agency

EAA
European Adjuvant Association (to pesticides)

EAC
1. External Affairs Committee. 2. European Aminocarboxylates Committee. more 3. Emergency Action Code (Hazchem)

EACEM
European Association of Consumer Electronics Manufacturers

EAG
1. Ethyl Alcohol Group. more 2. Expert Advisory Group

EAN
International Article Numbering Association

EASE
Estimation and Assessment for Substance Exposure

EASSP
European Association for Study of Safety Problems in production and use of propellants

EASST
Environmental Advisory Service for Technology Transfer

EATP
European Association for Textile Polyolefins

EB/UV
Electronic Beam/Ultraviolet

EBAM
European Basic Acrylic Monomer Group

EBMA
European Butylated Hydroxytoluene Manufacturers Association

EBW
Exposure Based Waiving

EC
1. European Communities. The forerunner of the EU. 2. European Commission

EC - Number
EINECS or ELINCS Number (see also EINECS and Elincs)

ECA or EChA
European Chemicals Agency

FAC
Food Advisory Committee (UK)

facility (US)
A site used for chemical manufacturing, processing, refining, packaging, R&D, distribution or related commercial activity

FAIA
Food Additives Industry Association

FAO
The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations; one of the largest specialised agencies in the United Nations system and the lead agency for agriculture, forestry, fisheries and rural development. An intergovernmental organisation, FAO has 180 member countries plus one member organisation, the European Community

FASEB
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

FCIO
Fachverband der Chemischen Industrie Osterreichs (Austrian chemical industry federation)

FDA
Food and Drug Administration (USA)

FDF
Food and Drink Federation

FDI
Foreign Direct Investment

FDIC
Food and Drink Industries Council

FEAD
European Federation of Waste Management

FEBI
Fédération d`Entreprise par Branche d`Industrie

FECC
Fédération Européenne du Commerce Chimique / European Association of Chemical Distributors

FECS
Federation of European Chemical Societies

FEDERCHIMICA
Federazione Nazionale dell`Industria Chimica (Italian chemical industry federation)

FEDES
European Flexible Packaging Federation

FEDESA
Fédération Européenne de la Santé Animale / European Federation for Animal Health

gametes
A collective term used to describe both male and female germ cells, the sperm and ova

gasoline
Also called gas or petrol, gasoline is a mixture of volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum, with or without small quantities of additives, and used as motor fuel. It is also used as a solvent for oils and fats. ALSO: gas; petrol

GATS
General Agreement on Trade in Services

GATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (UN organisation)

GCPF
Global Crop Protection Federation (formerly the GIFAP)

GDP
Gross Domestic Product

General System of Preferences (GSP)
A system of tariff preferences designed to encourage the expansion of manufactured and semi-manufactured exports from developing countries. It is part of the tariff structures of numerous developed countries. The program covers a broad spectrum of agricultural, manufactured, and semimanufactured products, but stipulates that certain products may no...

GESAMP
Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution (International Maritime Organisation)

GHG
See greenhouse gas (GHG)

GHS
Globally Harmonised System (for the Classification and Labelling of Chemicals)

GIFAP
The International Group of National Associations of Manufacturers of Agrochemical Products (now the GCPF)

GINC
Global Information Network on Chemicals

HACCP
Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point