Copy of `Dorland's Medical Dictionary`

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Dorland's Medical Dictionary
Category: Health and Medicine > Medical Dictionary
Date & country: He/al/th a, US
Words: 23489


Adam's apple
(ad´amz) popular name for the laryngeal prominence.

adamantine
(ad″ә-man´tin) pertaining to the enamel of the teeth.

adamantinoma
(ad″ә-man″tĭ-no´mә) ameloblastoma.

Adams operation
subcutaneous intracapsular division of the neck of the femur for ankylosis of the hip. subcutaneous division of the palmar fascia at various points for Dupuytren contracture. excision of a wedge-shaped piece from the eyelid for relief of ectropion.

adamsite
(ad´әmz-īt) phenarsazine chloride.

adapalene
(ә-dap´ә-lēn) a synthetic analogue of retinoic acid used topically in the treatment of acne vulgaris.

ADCC
antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity.

addict
(ad´ikt) a person exhibiting addiction.

addiction
(ә-dik´shәn) the state of being given up to some habit or compulsion. strong physiological and psychological dependence on a drug or other agent; see alcoholism and drug dependence. drug addiction a state of heavy dependence on a drug; sometimes defined as physic...

Addison point
the midpoint of the epigastric region.

Addison-Schilder disease
(ad´ĭ-sәn shil´dәr) adrenoleukodystrophy.

addisonian syndrome
(ad″ĭ-so´ne-әn) the complex of symptoms resulting from adrenocortical insufficiency; see Addison disease.

addisonian-achalasia syndrome
Allgrove syndrome

adduct
(ă´dukt) to draw toward an axis or median line.

adduction
(ә-duk´shәn) the act of adducting; the state of being adducted.

adductor
(ә-duk´tәr) a muscle that moves a part toward an axis or toward the midline of the body or some other structure.

adductor canal
Hunter canal.

adductor reflex of foot
Hirschberg sign.

Aden ulcer
Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis.

adenalgia
(ad″ә-nal´jә) pain in a gland; called also adenodynia.

adendritic
(a″den-drit´ik) without dendrites.

adenectomy
(ad″ә-nek´tә-me) surgical excision of a gland.

adenectopia
(ad″ә-nek-to´pe-ә) displacement of a gland.

adeniform
(ә-den´ĭ-form) gland-shaped.

adenine
(ad´ә-nēn) a purine base present in nucleoproteins of cells of plants and animals; adenine and guanine are essential components of nucleic acids. The end product of the metabolism of adenine in humans is uric acid. A preparation of adenine is used to improve the preservation of whole blood. Symbol A. ...

adenitis
(ad″ә-ni´tis) inflammation of a gland; see also lymphadenitis.

adeno-associated virus
(AAV) Dependovirus.

adenoacanthoma
(ad″ә-no-ak″an-tho´mә) adenocarcinoma in which some of the cells exhibit squamous differentiation.

adenoameloblastoma
(ad″ә-no-ә-mel″o-blas-to´mә) an odontogenic tumor with formation of ductlike structures in place of or in addition to a typical ameloblastic pattern.

adenoblast
(ad´ә-no-blast″) an embryonic forerunner of gland tissue. any tissue that produces secretory or glandular activity.

adenocarcinoma of the prostate
acinar adenocarcinoma (def. 2).

adenocele
(ad´ә-no-sēl″) a cystic adenomatous tumor.

adenocellulitis
(ad″ә-no-sel″u-li´tis) inflammation of a gland and the cellular tissue around it.

adenocystoma
(ad″ә-no-sis-to´mә) cystadenoma.

adenodynia
(ad″ә-no-din´e-ә) adenalgia.

adenofibroma
(ad″ә-no-fi-bro´mә) a tumor composed of connective tissue containing glandular structures.

adenogenous
(ad″ә-noj´ә-nәs) originating from glandular tissue.

adenohypophysial hormones
anterior pituitary hormones.

adenoid cystic carcinoma
adenocystic carcinoma.

adenoid squamous cell carcinoma
adenoacanthoma.

adenoid tissue
lymphoid tissue.

adenoid tumor
adenoma.

adenoiditis
(ad″ә-noid-i´tis) inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils (adenoids).

adenolipoma
(ad″ә-no-lĭ-po´mә) a tumor composed of both glandular and fatty tissue elements.

adenolymphitis
(ad″ә-no-lim-fi´tis) lymphadenitis; inflammation of lymph nodes.

adenoma
(ad″ә-no´mә) a benign epithelial tumor in which the cells form recognizable glandular structures or in which the cells are derived from glandular epithelium.

adenoma alveolare
(ad″ә-no´mә al″ve-o-lar´e) an adenoma whose cells are arranged like those of an alveolar gland.

adenoma fibrosum
(ad″ә-no´mә fi-bro´sәm) fibroadenoma.

adenoma ovarii testiculare
(ad″ә-no´mә o-var´e-i tes-tik″u-lar´e) androblastoma (def. 2).

adenoma sebaceum
(ad″ә-no´ә sә-ba″she-әm) sebaceous hyperplasia. sebaceous adenoma (def. 2).

adenoma tubulare testiculare ovarii
(ad″ә-no´mә tu-bu-lar´e tes-tik″u-lar´e o-var´e-i) androblastoma (def. 2).

adenomalacia
(ad″ә-no-mә-la´shә) undue softness of a gland.

adenomas of kidney
cortical adenomas.

adenomatosis
(ad″ә-no-mә-to´sis) the formation of numerous adenomatous growths.

adenomatous
(ad″ә-nom´ә-tәs) pertaining to adenoma or to nodular hyperplasia of a gland.

adenomyofibroma
(ad″ә-no-mi″o-fi-bro´mә) a fibroma containing both glandular and muscular elements.

adenomyoma
(ad″ә-no-mi-o´mә) a benign tumor consisting of smooth muscle and glandular elements. see adenomyosis.

adenomyometritis
(ad″ә-no-mi″o-mә-tri´tis) adenomyosis of the uterus.

adenomyosarcoma
(ad″ә-no-mi″o-sahr-ko´mә) adenosarcoma containing striated muscle.

adenomyosis
(ad″ә-no-mi-o´sis) invasion of the muscular wall of an organ (such as the uterus) by glandular tissue.

adenopathy
(ad″ә-nop´ә-the) lymphadenopathy.

adenosclerosis
(ad″ә-no-sklĕ-ro´sis) hardening of a gland.

adenosis
(ad″ә-no´sis) any disease of a gland. abnormal development of a gland.

adenotonsillectomy
(ad″ә-no-ton″sil-ek´tә-me) removal of the tonsils and adenoids; called also tonsilloadenoidectomy.

adenoviral
(ad´ә-no-vi″rәl) pertaining to an adenovirus.

Adenoviridae
(ad″ә-no-vir´ĭ-de) the adenoviruses: a family of DNA viruses that have narrow host ranges; the genus Mastadenovirus infects humans.

adenylate cyclase
(ә-den´ә-lāt si´klās) an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi ). It is activated by the attachment of a hormone or neurotransmitter to a specific membrane-bound receptor.

adermia
(ә-dur´me-ә) congenital defect or absence of the skin.

ADH
antidiuretic hormone (see vasopressin).

adherence
(ad-hēr´әns) the act or condition of sticking to something.

adherent pericardium
one abnormally connected with the heart by dense fibrous tissue.

adhesiotomy
(ad-he″ze-ot´ә-me) surgical division of adhesions.

adhesive otitis media
tympanic membrane atelectasis.

adhesive peritonitis
peritonitis characterized by adhesions between adjacent serous structures.

adhesive phlebitis
obliterative phlebitis.

adhesive pleurisy
pleurisy in which exudate forms dense adhesions between the visceral and parietal pleurae and partially or totally obliterates the pleural space.

adiaphoria
(a″di-ә-for´e-ә) nonresponse to stimuli as a result of previous exposure to similar stimuli.

Adie pupil
tonic pupil.

adipocele
(ad´ĭ-po-sēl″) a hernia containing fat.

adipocellular
(ad″ĭ-po-sel´u-lәr) composed of fat and connective tissue.

adipocyte
(ad´ĭ-po-sīt) fat cell.

adipogenic
(ad″ĭ-po-jen´ik) lipogenic.

adipogenous
(ad″ĭ-poj´ә-nәs) lipogenous.

adipokinesis
(ad″ĭ-po-kĭ-ne´sis) the mobilization of fat in the body.

adipokinin
(ad″ĭ-po-ki´nin) a factor from the anterior pituitary that accelerates mobilization of stored fat.

adiponecrosis
(ad″ĭ-po-nә-kro´sis) necrosis of fatty tissue. adiponecrosis subcutanea neonatorum subcutaneous fat necrosis of newborn.

adiponectin
(ad-ĭ-po-nek´tin) an adipocytokine important in insulin resistance and energy homeostasis. Plasma and adipose tissue levels are reduced in diabetic and obese persons; adiponectin has also been found in the synovial fluid of patients with inflammatory joint disease.

adipopexis
(ad″ĭ-po-pek´sis) the fixation or storing of fat.

adipose
(ad´ĭ-pōs) fatty.

adipose cell
fat cell.

adipose infiltration
fatty infiltration.

adipose tissue
connective tissue made of fat cells in a meshwork of areolar tissue.

adipose tumor
lipoma.

adiposis
(ad″ĭ-po´sis) obesity. abnormal deposits or degeneration of fatty tissue. adiposis cerebralis fatness from cerebral pituitary disease. adiposis dolorosa a type of nodular circumscribed lipomatosis in which the fatty deposits press a...

adiposity
(ad″ĭ-pos´ĭ-te) obesity.

adiposuria
(ad″ĭ-po-su´re-ә) lipiduria.

adipsia
(ә-dip´se-ә) absence of thirst; abnormal avoidance of drinking.

adjunct
(ad´junkt) an accessory or auxiliary agent or measure.

adjuvant therapy
the use of chemotherapy or radiotherapy in addition to surgical resection in the treatment of cancer.

ADL
activities of daily living.