Copy of `mondofacto - Online Medical Dictionary`

The wordlist doesn't exist anymore, or, the website doesn't exist anymore. On this page you can find a copy of the original information. The information may have been taken offline because it is outdated.


mondofacto - Online Medical Dictionary
Category: Health and Medicine > Medical Dictionary
Date & country: 26/01/2008, UK
Words: 116198


acholeplasma
A genus of gram-negative organisms including saprophytic and parasitic or pathogenic species. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

Acholeplasma axanthum
A species originally found in a murine leukaemia cell line; ecology not determined. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Acholeplasma granularum
A species that occurs as a commensal in swine; pathogenicity not determined. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acholeplasma laidlawii
An organism originally isolated from sewage, manure, humus, and soil, but recently found as a parasite in mammals and birds. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acholeplasmataceae
Gram-negative organisms including apparently free-living saprophytes as well as mammalian and avian parasites, and possibly pathogens. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acholia
<gastroenterology> Absence of or failure to secrete bile. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acholic
Without bile, as in acholic (pale) stools. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acholuria
<gastroenterology> A term used to describe the absence of bile pigment in the urine, usually in the context of describing a type of jaundice characterised by this. ... Origin: Gr. Ouron = urine ... (13 Nov 1997) ...

acholuric
Without bile in the urine. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acholuric jaundice
Jaundice with excessive amounts of unconjugated bilirubin in the plasma and without bile pigments in the urine. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achondrogenesis
Dwarfism accompanied by various bone aplasias of all four limbs, a normal or enlarged skull, and a short trunk with delayed ossification of the lower spine; autosomal recessive inheritance. A new dominant mutation of type II collagen has been reported. ... Origin: G. A-priv., + chondros, cartilage, + genesis, origin ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achondroplasia
<paediatrics> A birth deformity characterised by imperfect bone formation. It results in dwarfs with normal-sized heads but short arms and legs. ... Origin: Gr. Plassein = to form ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

achondroplastic
Relating to or characterised by achondroplasia. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achondroplastic dwarfism
See: achondroplasia. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achoo syndrome
<syndrome> A disorder characterised by nearly uncontrollable paroxysms of sneezing provoked in a reflex fashion by the sudden exposure of a dark-adapted subject to intensely bright light, usually sunlight. ... Inheritance: autosomal dominant. ... (05 Aug 1998) ...

achordal
Synonym for achordate ... Referring to animal forms below the Chordata that do not develop a notochord or chorda. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achordate
Referring to animal forms below the Chordata that do not develop a notochord or chorda. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achoresis
Permanent contraction of a hollow viscus, such as the stomach or bladder, whereby its capacity is reduced. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + choreo, to make room, fr. Choros, space ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Achorion
Former name for Trichophyton. ... Origin: G. Achor, dandruff ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

AChR
<abbreviation> For acetylcholine receptor. ... (29 Dec 1997) ...

achrestic anaemia
A form of chronic progressive macrocytic anaemia that can be fatal in which the changes in bone marrow and circulating blood closely resemble those of pernicious anaemia, but in which there is only transient or no response to therapy with vitamin B12; glossitis, gastrointestinal disturbances, central nervous system disease, and pyrexia are not obse …

achroacyte
A colourless cell. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroa, colour, + kytos, a hollow (cell) ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achroacytosis
An obsolete term for lymphocytosis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achrodextrin
Synonym: achroodextrin. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + dextrin ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromacyte
Synonym for achromocyte ... A hypochromic, crescent-shaped erythrocyte, probably resulting from artifactual rupture of a red cell with loss of haemoglobin. ... Synonym: achromacyte, achromatocyte, ghost corpuscle, phantom corpuscle, Ponfick's shadow, shadow corpuscle, shadow, Traube's corpuscle. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + kytos, hollow …

achromasia
1. Pallor associated with hippocratic facies, emaciation, and weakness, often heralding a moribund state. ... Synonym: cachectic pallor, achromia. ... Origin: G. Achromos, colourless ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromat
A person exhibiting achromatopsia. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatic
<microscopy> Literally, colour-free. A lens or prism is said to be achromatic when corrected for two colours. The remaining colour seen in an image formed by such a lens is said to be secondary chromatic aberration. ... A truly achromatic lens would transmit light without decomposing it spectrally and there would be no colour fringing in the i …

achromatic aplanatic condenser
<microscopy> A well-corrected microscope condenser lens, corrected for chromatic and spherical aberrations and satisfying the sine condition. ... (05 Aug 1998) ...

achromatic apparatus
The nonstaining asters and spindle fibres in a dividing cell. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatic lens
A compound lens made of two or more lens's having different indices of refraction, so correlated as to minimise chromatic aberration. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatic objective
<microscopy> An objective that is corrected chromatic for two colours, and spherically for one, usually in the yellow-green part of the spectrum. ... (05 Aug 1998) ...

achromatic threshold
Synonym for visual threshold ... Threshold of visual sensation, the minimal light intensity evoking a visual sensation. ... Synonym: achromatic threshold, minimum light threshold. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatic vision
Synonym for achromatopsia ... A severe congenital deficiency in colour perception, often associated with nystagmus and reduced visual acuity. ... Synonym: achromatic vision, monochromasia, monochromasy, monochromatism. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + opsis, vision ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatinic
Relating to or containing achromatin. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatocyte
Synonym for achromocyte ... A hypochromic, crescent-shaped erythrocyte, probably resulting from artifactual rupture of a red cell with loss of haemoglobin. ... Synonym: achromacyte, achromatocyte, ghost corpuscle, phantom corpuscle, Ponfick's shadow, shadow corpuscle, shadow, Traube's corpuscle. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + kytos, hollow …

achromatolysis
Dissolution of the achromatin of a cell or of its nucleus. ... Synonym: karyoplasmolysis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatophil
1. Not being coloured by the histologic or bacteriologic stains. ... Synonym: achromophilic, achromophilous. ... 2. A cell or tissue that cannot be stained in the usual way. ... Synonym: achromophil. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + philos, fond ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatophilia
A condition of being refractory to staining processes. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatopsia
A severe congenital deficiency in colour perception, often associated with nystagmus and reduced visual acuity. ... Synonym: achromatic vision, monochromasia, monochromasy, monochromatism. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + opsis, vision ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatosis
Synonym: achromia. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromatous
Colourless. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromaturia
The passage of colourless or very pale urine. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + ouron, urine ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromia
1. Depigmentation; absence, or loss of natural pigmentation of the skin and iris; may be congenital or acquired. ... See: depigmentation. ... 2. Lack of capacity to accept stains in cells or tissue. ... Synonym: achromasia, achromatosis. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromia parasitica
A phase of lessening or absence of pigmentation in cutaneous lesions, caused by the fungus Malassezia furfur. ... See: tinea versicolor. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromia unguium
Synonym for leukonychia ... The occurrence of white spots or patches under the nails, of unknown cause; the decoloration may be total or in the form of lines (striate or transverse leukonychia) or dots (punctate leukonychia). ... Synonym: achromia unguium, canities unguium, leukopathia unguis. ... Origin: Leuko-+ G. Onyx (onych-), nail ... Apparent leu …

achromic
Colourless. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromocyte
A hypochromic, crescent-shaped erythrocyte, probably resulting from artifactual rupture of a red cell with loss of haemoglobin. ... Synonym: achromacyte, achromatocyte, ghost corpuscle, phantom corpuscle, Ponfick's shadow, shadow corpuscle, shadow, Traube's corpuscle. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + kytos, hollow (cell) ... (05 Mar 2000) …

achromoderma
Synonym for leukoderma ... An absence of pigment, partial or total, in the skin. ... Synonym: achromoderma, hypomelanosis, leukopathia, leukopathy. ... Origin: Leuko-+ G. Derma, skin ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromophil
Synonym for achromatophil ... 1. Not being coloured by the histologic or bacteriologic stains. ... Synonym: achromophilic, achromophilous. ... 2. A cell or tissue that cannot be stained in the usual way. ... Synonym: achromophil. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + philos, fond ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromophilic
Synonym for achromatophil ... 1. Not being coloured by the histologic or bacteriologic stains. ... Synonym: achromophilic, achromophilous. ... 2. A cell or tissue that cannot be stained in the usual way. ... Synonym: achromophil. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chroma, colour, + philos, fond ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achromotrichia
<clinical sign> Absence or loss of pigment in the hair. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

achylia
1. Absence of gastric juice or other digestive secretions. ... 2. Absence of chyle. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + chylos, juice ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achylia gastrica
A diminished or abolished secretion of gastric juice associated with atrophy of the mucous membrane of the stomach. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

achylia pancreatica
A deficiency or absence of pancreatic secretion, usually resulting in fatty stools, emaciation, and impaired nutrition. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acicular
<botany> Resembling a needle (typically used to describe the leaf of a plant). ... (06 May 1997) ...

aciculate
<botany> Used to describe a plant part which is finely scored on the surface, as if scratched by a pin. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acid
<chemical, chemistry> A fundamental category of many compounds whose water-based solutions have a sour taste, turn blue litmus paper red and can combine with metals to form salts. ... They are chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which re …

acid agglutination
The clumping together of certain microorganisms at high hydrogen ion concentration. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid anhydride hydrolases
<enzyme> A group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of diphosphate bonds in compounds such as nucleoside di- and tri-phosphates, and sulfonyl-containing anhydrides such as adenylylsulfate. (enzyme nomenclature, 1992). ... Registry number: EC 3.6 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acid carboxypeptidase
Synonym for serine carboxypeptidase ... <enzyme> Carboxypeptidase z (scpz gene product) isolated from absidia zychae ... Registry number: EC 3.4.16.1 ... Synonym: carboxypeptidase w, carboxypeptidase yscy, carboxypeptidase cpd-s3, ybr1015 gene product, carboxypeptidase z, scpz gene product ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acid cell
Synonym for parietal cell ... One of the cell's of the gastric glands; it lies upon the basement membrane, covered by the chief cell's, and secretes hydrochloric acid that reaches the lumen of the gland through fine intracellular and intercellular canals (canaliculi). ... Synonym: acid cell, oxyntic cell. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid cholesterol ester synthetase
<enzyme> Aortal enzyme, does not require exogenous ATP or CoA; reverse reaction of cholesterol esterase ... Registry number: EC 3.1.1.- ... Synonym: cholesterol ester synthetase ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acid deoxyribonuclease
Synonym for deoxyribonuclease II ... An endonuclease that cleaves both strands of native DNA (as well as single-stranded DNA) to produce a mixture of oligodeoxynucleotides, each ending in a 3'-phosphate. ... Synonym: acid deoxyribonuclease. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid dextran
The product of acid and heat treatment of dextran. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid dextrin
The product of acid and heat treatment of dextrin. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid dissociation constant
<chemistry> This is the equilibrium constant for the breaking apart of a weak acid into its hydrogen and conjugate base in a water solution. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acid dyspepsia
Dyspepsia associated with excess gastric acidity. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid etch
<dentistry> A procedure where a weak acid smeared on your teeth to ready your teeth for brackets. The acid etch helps your brackets stay on better. ... (08 Jan 1998) ...

acid etch cemented splint
A splint of heavy wire which is cemented to the labial surfaces of teeth with any of the acid etch cement techniques; used to stabilise traumatically displaced or periodontally diseased teeth. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid etching, dental
Pretreatment of tooth surfaces with etching agents, usually phosphoric acid, to increase the adhesion of various resin systems. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acid fuchsin
A mixture of the sodium salts bi-and trisulfonic acids of rosanilin and pararosanilin; used as an indicator dye and for staining of cytoplasm and collagen. ... Synonym: rubin S, rubine. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid gland
One of the gastric gland's secreting the hydrochloric acid of the gastric juice. ... Synonym: oxyntic gland. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid hydrolysis
A chemical process in which acid is used to convert cellulose or starch to sugar. ... (05 Dec 1998) ...

acid indigestion
Indigestion resulting from hyperchlorhydria; often used by the laity as a synonym for pyrosis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid intoxication
Poisoning by acid products (beta-oxybutyric acid, diacetic acid, or acetone) formed as a result of faulty metabolism (e.g., uncontrolled diabetes mellitus) or by acids introduced from without; marked by epigastric pain, headache, loss of appetite, constipation, restlessness, and an odour of acetone in the breath, followed by air hunger, coma, and c …

acid loading test
<nephrology> This is a test used in the diagnosis of renal tubular acidosis. The patient takes ammonium chloride capsules for 3 days to acidify the blood (lower blood pH). A sample of the urine and the blood is then collected and the results are interpreted. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

acid maltase
Synonym for exo-1,4-alpha-d-glucosidase ... A hydrolase removing terminal alpha-1,4-linked d-glucose residues from nonreducing ends of chains, with release of beta-d-glucose. ... Synonym: acid maltase, amyloglucosidase, gamma-amylase, glucoamylase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid oxide
An acid anhydride; an oxide of an electronegative element or radical; it can combine with water to form an acid. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid perfusion test
<gastroenterology, investigation> A test used to diagnosis gastrooesophageal reflux disease. This investigation requires that the patient swallow 3 tiny tubes into the stomach. ... A mixture of hydrochloric acid (like stomach acid) and saline are alternatively injected into the tubes. The patient then reports any symptoms they may have. Some p …

acid phosphatase
<enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. ... Chemical name: Orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase (acid optimum) ... Registry number: EC 3.1.3.2 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acid phosphatase test for semen
A screening test for semen by determining acid phosphatase content; because seminal fluid contains high concentrations of acid phosphatase, while other body fluids and extraneous foreign materials have very low concentrations, high values of acid phosphatase on vaginal aspirate or lavage, or on wash fluid from stains, render positive identification …

acid protease
<enzyme> Any of many protein-hydrolysing rennin. Similar proteases produced by fungi such as Aspergillus oryzae are used in the manufacture of flour and soy sauce. ... (06 May 1997) ...

acid radical
A radical formed from an acid by loss of one or more hydrogen ions; e.g., SO4-, NO3-. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid rain
<biology, plant biology> This is rain which has turned acidic because of the presence of sulphur or nitrogen oxides (both created from burning coal and other fossil fuels) in the atmosphere. Acid rain is a serious environmental problem, it can kill trees and harm plants and animals in lakes and ponds. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acid reaction
Any test by which an acid reaction is recognised such as the change of blue litmus paper to red, an excess of hydrogen ions over hydroxide ions in aqueous solution indicated by a pH value less than 7 (at 22°C). ... Compare: dissociation constant of water. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid red 87
Synonym for eosin y ... Eosin Ys, the disodium salt of 2',4',5',7'-tetrabromofluorescein. ... Synonym: acid red 87, eosin yellowish. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid red 91
Synonym for eosin B ... The disodium salt of 4',5'-dibromo-2',7'-dinitrofluorescein. ... Synonym: acid red 91, eosin I bluish. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid reflux test
A test to detect gastroesophageal reflux by monitoring oesophageal pH by an electrode in the distal oesophagus either basally or after acid is instilled into the stomach. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid rigor
Coagulation of muscle protein induced by acids. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid salt
A salt in which not all of the ionizable hydrogen of the acid is replaced by the electropositive element; e.g., NaHSO4, KH2PO4. ... Synonym: bisalt, protosalt. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid seromucoid
Synonym for orosomucoid ... <biology> Plasma protein of mammals and birds, 38% carbohydrate. In humans a single chain glycoprotein of 39 kD. Increased levels are associated with inflammation, pregnancy and various diseases. ... (18 Nov 1997) ...

acid soluble spore protein
<molecular biology> A DNA binding protein in the spores of some bacteria, thought to stabilise the DNA in an A configuration, so protecting it from cleavage by enzymes or UV light. ... (18 Nov 1997) ...

acid stain
<technique> A dye in which the anion is the coloured component of the dye molecule, e.g., sodium eosinate (eosin). ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid sulfate
Synonym for bisulfate ... A salt containing HSO4-. ... Synonym: acid sulfate. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid tartrate
A salt of tartaric acid which contains an acid group still capable of combining with a base; e.g., bitartrate. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid tide
A temporary increase in the acidity of the urine occurring during fasting. ... Synonym: acid wave. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid wave
Synonym for acid tide ... A temporary increase in the acidity of the urine occurring during fasting. ... Synonym: acid wave. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid-ash diet
Synonym for alkaline-ash diet ... A diet consisting mainly of fruits, vegetables, and milk (with minimal amounts of meat, fish, eggs, cheese, and cereals), which, when catabolised, leave an alkaline residue to be excreted in the urine. ... Synonym: acid-ash diet, basic diet. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acid-base balance
The normal balance between acid and base in the blood plasma, expressed in the hydrogen ion concentration or pH, resulting from the relative amounts of acidic and basic materials ingested and produced by body metabolism, compared to the relative amounts of acidic and basic materials excreted from the body and consumed by body metabolism; the normal …