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mondofacto - Online Medical Dictionary
Category: Health and Medicine > Medical Dictionary
Date & country: 26/01/2008, UK
Words: 138795


acetin
<chemical> A thick, colourless, water-attracting liquid which is used as a food additive and dye solvent and in explosives manufacture and leather tanning. It is created by heating and then distilling a mixture of acetic acid and glycerol. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

aceto-
Combining forms denoting the two-carbon fragment of acetic acid. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

aceto-orcein stain
<technique> A stain used for chromosomes in air-dried or squashed cytologic material. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetoacetate
A salt or ion of acetoacetic acid. A ketone body formed in ketogenesis. ... Synonym: diacetate. ... Acetoacetate decarboxylase, a carboxy-lyase cleaving CO2 from acetoacetate to form acetone. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetoacetic acid
CH3COCH2COOH;one of the ketone bodies, formed in excess and appearing in the urine in starvation or diabetes. ... Synonym: diacetic acid. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetoacetyl-CoA
Intermediate in the oxidation of fatty acids and in the formation of ketone bodies; also formed from two molecules of acetyl-CoA; major role is condensation with acetyl-CoA to form the important beta-hydroxy-beta-methylglutaryl-CoA. ... Synonym: acetoacetyl-coenzyme A. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetoacetyl-CoA reductase
An oxidoreductase catalyzing interconversion of a 3-oxoacyl-CoA and NADPH, and the corresponding d-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA, and NADP+. A step in fatty acid synthesis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase
<enzyme> Catalyses the conversion of acetoacetate and CoA in the presence of ATP to yield AMP, pyrophosphate and acetoacetyl-CoA; the latter is the first intermediate in cholesterogenesis; also acts more slowly on l-3-hydroxybutanoate ... Registry number: EC 6.2.1.16 ... Synonym: acetoacetyl-CoA ligase, acetoacetate-CoA ligase, acetoacetyl-coen …

acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase
Synonym for acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase ... An acetyltransferase forming acetoacetyl-CoA from two molecules of acetyl-CoA, releasing one CoA. A key step in ketogenesis and sterol synthesis. ... Synonym: acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase, acetyl-CoA thiolase, thiolase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetoacetyl-coenzyme A
Synonym for acetoacetyl-CoA ... Intermediate in the oxidation of fatty acids and in the formation of ketone bodies; also formed from two molecules of acetyl-CoA; major role is condensation with acetyl-CoA to form the important beta-hydroxy-beta-methylglutaryl-CoA. ... Synonym: acetoacetyl-coenzyme A. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetoacetyl-succinic thiophorase
Synonym for 3-oxoacid-CoA transferase ... <enzyme> An enzyme catalyzing the reversible conversion of acetoacetyl-CoA and succinate into succinyl-CoA and acetoacetate; malonyl-CoA can substitute for succinyl-CoA and a few other 3-oxo acids for the acetoacetate; an important step in order for the ketone bodies to serve as a fuel for extrahepatic …

Acetobacter
<bacteria> Acetobacter is a genus of rod-shaped, flagellated or nonmotile bacteria that oxidize ethanol to acetic acid. ... These bacteria are commonly found on fruits and vegetables and although they are used commercially to produce vinegar (especially Acetobacter aceti), they are considered pests by brewers and vintners. ... Origin: L. Acetum …

acetobacteraceae
<microbiology> A family of gram-negative bacteria consisting of ellipsoidal to rod-shaped cells that occur singly, in pairs, or in chains. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetoclastic bacteria
<microbiology> Bacteria that use only acetic acid and produce methane during anaerobic fermentation. ... Origin: L. Acetum = vinegar. ... (06 May 1997) ...

acetoclastis
<biochemistry> The process of splitting acetate into methane and carbon dioxide by some methanogens. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acetogenic bacteria
<microbiology> Bacteria that convert carbon dioxide to sugars into acetate. ... Origin: L. Acetum = vinegar. ... (06 May 1997) ...

acetohexamide
<drug> A drug taken to lower the level of glucose in the blood. Only some people with non insulin-dependent diabetes take these pills. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acetohexamide reductase
<enzyme> Catalyses the conversion of acetohexamide to (-)-hydroxyhexamide ... Registry number: EC 1.1.1.- ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetohydroxamic acid
C2H5NO2; N-Hydroxyacetamide;an inhibitor of urease, used as adjunctive therapy in chronic urea-splitting urinary infections. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetoin
<chemical> 3-hydroxy-2-butanone. A product of fermentation. It is a component of the butanediol cycle in microorganisms. In mammals it is oxidised to carbon dioxide. ... Chemical name: 2-Butanone, 3-hydroxy- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetoin dehydrogenase
<enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses the conversion of acetoin to diacetyl in the presence of NAD. ... Chemical name: Acetoin:NAD+ oxidoreductase ... Registry number: EC 1.1.1.5 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetokinase
Synonym for acetate kinase ... <enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses reversibly the phosphorylation of acetate in the presence of a divalent cation and ATP with the formation of acetylphosphate and ADP. It is important in the glycolysis process. ... Chemical name: ATP:acetate phosphotransferase ... Registry number: EC 2.7.2.1 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetol
An obsolete term for 1-hydroxy-2-propanone, or hydroxyacetone, CH2OH-CO-CH3; also used as a proprietary name for certain commercial items. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetol dehydrogenase
<enzyme> Forms methylglyoxal; uses nad+ ... Registry number: EC 1.1.1.- ... Synonym: 1-hydroxyacetone dehydrogenase ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetolactate synthase
<enzyme> A flavoprotein that catalyses the formation of acetolactate from 2 moles of pyruvate in the biosynthesis of valine and the formation of acetohydroxybutyrate from pyruvate and alpha-ketobutyrate in the biosynthesis of isoleucine. ... Chemical name: Acetolactate pyruvate-lyase (carboxylating) ... Registry number: EC 4.1.3.18 ... (12 Dec 1 …

acetolysis
Decomposition of an organic compound with the addition of the elements of acetic acid at the point of decomposition; analogous to hydrolysis and phosphorolysis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetomenaphthone
Synonym for menadiol diacetate ... 2-Methyl-1,4-naphthohydroquinone diacetate;menadiol acetylated at both OH groups; a prothrombogenic vitamin. ... Synonym: acetomenaphthone, vitamin K4. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetometer
Synonym for acetimeter ... <equipment> An instrument for estimating the amount of acetic acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic acid. ... Origin: L. Acetum = vinegar, F. Acetimetre. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetonaemia
<biochemistry> The condition in which acetone bodies are present in the blood. A condition seen in ketoacidosis (due to alcohol abuse or uncontrolled diabetes). ... Origin: Gr. Haima = blood ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

acetonaemic
Relating to or caused by acetonaemia. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetone
<chemical> A colourless, flammable liquid which is used as a solvent (it is most familiar as the solvent in nail polish remover). The simplest ketone, it mixes with water, ethyl alcohol, and most oils. ... It melts at -95.4 deg C. And boils at 56.2 deg C. It is naturally found in very tiny quantities in the body fluids and tissues of healthy p …

acetone body
Synonym for ketone body ... <biochemistry> Any of the three compounds created by acetyl coenzyme A (acetoacetate, hydroxybutyrate, and acetone) which are water-soluble cellular fuels normally exported by the liver. ... They can build up in the blood and body tissues because of starvation, untreated diabetes mellitus, or other disorders that int …

acetone carboxylase
<enzyme> An ATP-dependent carboxylase ... Registry number: EC 4.1.1.- ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetone chloroform
Synonym for chlorobutanol ... <chemical> A colourless to white crystalline compound with a camphoraceous odour and taste. It is a widely used preservative in various pharmaceutical solutions, especially injectables. Also, it is an active ingredient in certain oral sedatives and topical anaesthetics. ... Pharmacological action: preservatives, ph …

acetone compound
Synonym for ketone body ... <biochemistry> Any of the three compounds created by acetyl coenzyme A (acetoacetate, hydroxybutyrate, and acetone) which are water-soluble cellular fuels normally exported by the liver. ... They can build up in the blood and body tissues because of starvation, untreated diabetes mellitus, or other disorders that int …

acetone fixative
Acetone used at low temperatures to fix enzymes, particularly phosphatases; it removes fat and glycogen. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetone monooxygenase
<enzyme> Converts acetone to acetol and acetol to methylglyoxal ... Registry number: EC 1.14.13.- ... Synonym: acetol monooxygenase ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetone test
A test for ketonuria; the suspected urine is shaken up with a few drops of sodium nitroprusside, and strong ammonia water is then gently poured over the mixture; if acetone is present, a magenta ring forms at the line of contact; tablets containing sodium nitroprusside and alkali are now more commonly used. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetone-butanol fermentation
<biochemistry, microbiology> The formation of acetone and butanol through the fermentation of glucose by Clostridium acetobutylicum. However, most industrial plants make acetone and butanol through synthetic processes that use petrochemicals. ... (06 May 1997) ...

acetone-insoluble antigen
Synonym for cardiolipin ... A diphosphatidyl glycerol that is found in the membrane of Treponema pallidum and is the antigen detected by the Wasserman test for syphilis. ... (18 Nov 1997) ...

acetonitrile
CH3CN; Methyl cyanide;a colourless fluid of aromatic odour, soluble in water and alcohol. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetonitriles
Compounds in which a methyl group is attached to the cyano moiety. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetonuria
Excretion in the urine of large amounts of acetone, an indication of incomplete oxidation of large amounts of lipids; commonly occurs in diabetic acidosis. ... Origin: acetone + G. Ouron, urine ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetophenazine maleate
2-Acetyl-103-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazinyl]propylphenothiazine dimaleate;a phenothiazine tranquilliser. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetophenetidin
Synonym for phenacetin ... <chemical> A non-prostaglandin synthase inhibitor. It was utilised extensively in a wide variety of analgesic mixtures, but its causal role in analgesic-abuse nephropathy led to its withdrawal from the market. ... Chemical name: Acetamide, N-(4-ethoxyphenyl)- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetosoluble albumin
Synonym for Patein's albumin ... A substance resembling serum albumin, but soluble in acetic acid. ... Synonym: acetosoluble albumin. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetosulfone sodium
2-N-Acetylsulfamyl-4,4'-diaminodiphenylsulfone;a leprostatic administered orally. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetous
1. Having a sour taste; sour; acid. 'An acetous spirit.' . 'A liquid of an acetous kind.' ... 2. Causing, or connected with, acetification; as, acetous fermentation. Acetous acid, a name formerly given to vinegar. ... Origin: L. Acetum = vinegar, fr. Acere to be sour. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetoxyacetylaminofluorene
<chemical> N,o-diacetyl-n-fluoren-2-ylhydroxylamine. A fluorene derivative with carcinogenic action. ... Pharmacological action: carcinogens. ... Chemical name: Acetamide, N-(acetyloxy)-N-9H-fluoren-2-yl- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetrizoate sodium
Salt of 3-acetamido-2,4,6-triiobenzoic acid, a formerly used water-soluble radiographic contrast medium. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetrizoic acid
<chemical> A water-soluble, iodinated radiographic contrast medium, used as sodium acetrizoate in hysterosalpingography. ... Pharmacological action: contrast media. ... Chemical name: Benzoic acid, 3-(acetylamino)-2,4,6-triiodo- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetum
Synonym: vinegar. ... Origin: L. Vinum acetum, soured wine, vinegar ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

aceturate
USAN-approved contraction for N-acetylglycinate, CH3CONHCH2COO-. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl
<biochemistry, chemistry> This is the radical of acetic acid, it contains a carbonyl and a methyl group that is single-bonded to the carbon, an oxygen is single-bonded to the carbon, and the carbon has two other bonds to the rest of the molecule. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acetyl chloride
CH3COCl;a colourless liquid used as a reagent; also corrosive, causing severe burns because of hydrolysis to HCl. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl CoA carboxylase phosphatase
<enzyme> Phosphatase occurs in complex with the carboxylase ... Registry number: EC 3.1.3.- ... Synonym: acc-phosphatase, acetyl coenzyme a carboxylase phosphatase ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetyl methylcarbinol
Synonym for acetoin ... <chemical> 3-hydroxy-2-butanone. A product of fermentation. It is a component of the butanediol cycle in microorganisms. In mammals it is oxidised to carbon dioxide. ... Chemical name: 2-Butanone, 3-hydroxy- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetyl phosphate
CH3CO-OPO32-;a 'high energy' phosphate that acts as an acetate donor in the metabolism of various bacteria. ... Synonym: acetic phosphoric anhydride. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl reduction assay
<investigation> A technique for measuring the nitrogen fixation activity in photosynthetic organisms. It uses a flame ionisation detector and a gas chromatography apparatus to determine the reduction of acetylene to ethylene by the enzyme nitrogenase. ... (06 May 1997) ...

acetyl sulfisoxazole
A derivative of sulfisoxazole with the same actions and uses; an antibacterial sulfa drug. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl transacylase
Synonym for ACP-acetyltransferase ... Enzyme transferring acetyl from acetyl-CoA to acyl carrier protein and releasing CoA to begin fatty acid synthesis. ... Synonym: acetyl transacylase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl value
The milligrams of KOH required to neutralise the acetic acid produced by the hydrolysis of 1 g of acetylated fat; a measure of the hydroxy acids present in glycerides; notably high in castor oil. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl-activating enzyme
Synonym for acetyl-CoA ligase ... A ligase that catalyses the reaction of acetate and CoA and ATP to form AMP, pyrophosphate, and acetyl-CoA. A key step in the activation of acetate. ... Synonym: acetate thiokinase, acetate-CoA ligase, acetyl-activating enzyme, acetyl-CoA synthetase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl-CoA
<enzyme> Condensation product of coenzyme A and acetic acid, symbolised as CoAS~COCH3; intermediate in transfer of two-carbon fragment, notably in its entrance into the tricarboxylic acid cycle and in fatty acid synthesis. ... This coenzyme plays a huge role in intermediary metabolism, in which cells synthesise, break down or use nutrient mole …

acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase
An acetyltransferase forming acetoacetyl-CoA from two molecules of acetyl-CoA, releasing one CoA. A key step in ketogenesis and sterol synthesis. ... Synonym: acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase, acetyl-CoA thiolase, thiolase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl-CoA acylase
Synonym for acetyl-CoA hydrolase ... <enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses reversibly the hydrolysis of acetyl-CoA to yield CoA and acetate. The enzyme is involved in the oxidation of fatty acids. ... Chemical name: Acetyl-CoA hydrolase ... Registry number: EC 3.1.2.1 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetyl-CoA acyltransferase
<enzyme> An enzyme catalyzing the thioclastic cleavage by coenzyme A of beta-ketoacyl-CoA, forming an acyl-CoA with a carbon chain shorter by two atoms, the missing two atoms appearing as acetyl-CoA. A step in fatty acid degradation. ... See: acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase. ... Synonym: 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, beta-ketothiolase. ... (05 Mar 2000) …

acetyl-CoA c-acetyltransferase
<enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses the reversible formation of acetoacetyl-CoA from two molecules of acetyl-CoA. ... Chemical name: Acetyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase ... Registry number: EC 2.3.1.9 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetyl-CoA c-acyltransferase
<enzyme> Enzyme that catalyses the final step of fatty acid oxidation in which acetyl-CoA is released and the CoA ester of a fatty acid two carbons shorter is formed. ... Chemical name: Acyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase ... Registry number: EC 2.3.1.16 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetyl-CoA carboxylase
<enzyme> A carboxylating enzyme that catalyses the conversion of ATP, acetyl-CoA, and hco3- to ADP, orthophosphate, and malonyl-CoA. It is a biotinyl-protein that also catalyses transcarboxylation. The plant enzyme also carboxylates propanoyl-CoA and butanoyl-CoA ... Chemical name: Acetyl-CoA:carbon-dioxide ligase (ADP-forming) ... Registry num …

acetyl-CoA deacylase
Synonym for acetyl-CoA hydrolase ... <enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses reversibly the hydrolysis of acetyl-CoA to yield CoA and acetate. The enzyme is involved in the oxidation of fatty acids. ... Chemical name: Acetyl-CoA hydrolase ... Registry number: EC 3.1.2.1 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetyl-CoA hydrolase
<enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses reversibly the hydrolysis of acetyl-CoA to yield CoA and acetate. The enzyme is involved in the oxidation of fatty acids. ... Chemical name: Acetyl-CoA hydrolase ... Registry number: EC 3.1.2.1 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetyl-CoA ligase
A ligase that catalyses the reaction of acetate and CoA and ATP to form AMP, pyrophosphate, and acetyl-CoA. A key step in the activation of acetate. ... Synonym: acetate thiokinase, acetate-CoA ligase, acetyl-activating enzyme, acetyl-CoA synthetase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl-CoA synthetase
Synonym for acetyl-CoA ligase ... A ligase that catalyses the reaction of acetate and CoA and ATP to form AMP, pyrophosphate, and acetyl-CoA. A key step in the activation of acetate. ... Synonym: acetate thiokinase, acetate-CoA ligase, acetyl-activating enzyme, acetyl-CoA synthetase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl-CoA thiolase
Synonym for acetyl-CoA acetyltransferase ... An acetyltransferase forming acetoacetyl-CoA from two molecules of acetyl-CoA, releasing one CoA. A key step in ketogenesis and sterol synthesis. ... Synonym: acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase, acetyl-CoA thiolase, thiolase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyl-coenzyme A
Synonym for acetyl-CoA ... <enzyme> Condensation product of coenzyme A and acetic acid, symbolised as CoAS~COCH3; intermediate in transfer of two-carbon fragment, notably in its entrance into the tricarboxylic acid cycle and in fatty acid synthesis. ... This coenzyme plays a huge role in intermediary metabolism, in which cells synthesise, break …

acetyladenylate
Mixed anhydride between the carboxyl group of acetic acid and the phosphoric residue of adenosine 5'-monophosphoric acid; Ado(5')OP(O2H)-OCOCH3. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetylajmaline acetylesterase
<enzyme> From rauwolfia serpentina benth.; catalyses the reversible hydrolysis of 17-o-acetylated alkaloids of the ajmalan group to ajmaline or other deacetylated cpds ... Registry number: EC 3.1.1.- ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetylase
Any enzyme catalyzing acetylation or deacetylation, as in the formation of N-acetylglutamate from glutamate plus acetyl-CoA, or the reverse; acetylase's are usually called acetyltransferases. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetylation
Formation of an acetyl derivative. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetylcarbromal
N-acetyl-N'-(bromodiethylacetyl)urea;a sedative replaced by benzodiazepines and newer drugs. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetylcarnitine
<chemical> An acetic acid ester of carnitine that facilitates movement of acetyl CoA into the matrices of mammalian mitochondria during the oxidation of fatty acids. ... Pharmacological action: nootropic agents. ... Chemical name: 1-Propanaminium, 2-(acetyloxy)-3-carboxy-N,N,N-trimethyl-, inner salt ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetylcholine
<chemical, neurology, physiology> A chemical found in vertebrate neurons that carries information across the synaptic cleft, the space between two nerve cells. ... (06 May 1997) ...

acetylcholine chloride
A miotic, administered as an ophthalmic solution for parasympathomimetic effect; used in cataract surgery. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetylcholine receptor antibodies
<neurology, investigation> A test used to measure the amount of antibodies to acetylcholine receptors on nerve endings. This is a diagnostic test for myasthenia gravis. A normal value is no antibodies in the bloodstream. ... Acetylcholine receptor (AChR) binding autoantibodies (i.e. Antibodies reactive with several epitopes other than the bind …

acetylcholinesterase
<enzyme, neurology, physiology> An enzyme that breaks down unused acetylcholine in the synaptic cleft (the space between neurons), this enzyme is necessary to restore the synaptic cleft so it is ready to transmit the next nerve impulse. ... (06 May 1997) ...

acetylcysteine
<chemical> A white, crystalline powder used as a mucolytic agent for adjunct therapy in bronchopulmonary disorders to reduce the viscosity of mucus and facilitate its removal. It is administered by instillation or nebulization. It has also been shown to have antiviral effects in patients with HIV due to inhibition of viral stimulation by reac …

acetyldigitoxin
The alpha-acetyl ester of digitoxin derived from lanatoside A, having the same actions and uses as digitoxin, but more rapid onset and shorter duration of action. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyldigitoxins
<chemical> 3 beta,14 beta-dihydroxy-5 beta-card-20(22)-enolide 3-monoacetyl tridigitoxosides. Cardioactive derivatives of lanatoside a or of digitoxin. They are used for fast digitalization in congestive heart failure. ... Pharmacological action: anti-arrhythmia agents, cardiotonic agent, enzyme inhibitors. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetyldigoxin
A digitalis glycoside with properties similar to those of digoxin; derived from digilanide C. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetyldigoxins
<chemical> Alpha- or beta-acetyl derivatives of digoxin or lanatoside c from digitalis lanata. They are better absorbed and longer acting than digoxin and are used in congestive heart failure. ... Pharmacological action: anti-arrhythmia agents, cardiotonic agent, enzyme inhibitors. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetylene
<chemistry> A gaseous compound of carbon and hydrogen, in the proportion of two atoms of the former to two of the latter. It is a colourless gas, with a peculiar, unpleasant odour, and is produced for use as an illuminating gas in a number of ways, but chiefly by the action of water on calcium carbide. Its light is very brilliant. ... Source: …

acetylene hydratase
<enzyme> A tungsten iron-sulfur protein; catalyses the hydration of acetylene to acetaldehyde ... Registry number: EC 4.2.1.- ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetylesterase
<enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses the conversion of acetate esters and water to alcohols and acetate. ... Chemical name: Acetic-ester acetylhydrolase ... Registry number: EC 3.1.1.6 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetylgalactosamine
<chemical> 2-acetamido-2-deoxygalactopyranose. The n-acetyl derivative of galactosamine. ... Chemical name: Galactose, 2-(acetylamino)-2-deoxy- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetylgalactosamine deacetylase
<enzyme> Bacterial enzyme which modifies alpha-n-acetyl-d-glucosamine, the blood group a immunodominant sugar, to alpha-d-galactosamine ... Registry number: EC 3.5.1.- ... Synonym: alpha-n-acetyl-d-galactosamine deacetylase, galnac deacetylase ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetylglucomannan esterase
<enzyme> Catalyses release of acetic acid from o-acetylgalactoglucomannan ... Registry number: EC 3.1.1.- ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetylglucosaminidase
<enzyme> 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-d-glucoside acetamidodeoxygluco-hydrolase. Catalyses the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-glucose residues in chitobiose and higher analogs as well as in glycoproteins. Has been used widely in structural studies on bacterial cell walls and in the study of diseases such as mucolipi …

acetylmethadol
An opioid analgesic which exists in 4 different optical isomers. The l isomers are active and l-acetylmethadol (LAM) has a long duration of action and has been tried as a substitute for methadone in methadone maintenance programs and in programs where methadone is to be withdrawn, as in physical dependence of the morphine type. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetylmuramyl-alanyl-isoglutamine
<chemical> Peptidoglycan immunoadjuvant originally isolated from bacterial cell wall fragments; also acts as pyrogen and may cause arthritis; stimulates both humoral and cellular immunity. ... Pharmacological action: adjuvants, immunologic. ... Chemical name: D-alpha-Glutamine, N2-(N-(N-acetylmuramoyl)-L-alanyl)- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...