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mondofacto - Online Medical Dictionary
Category: Health and Medicine > Medical Dictionary
Date & country: 26/01/2008, UK
Words: 138795


acenocoumarin
Synonym for acenocoumarol ... <chemical> A coumarin that is used as an anticoagulant. Its actions and uses are similar to those of warfarin. ... Pharmacological action: anticoagulant. ... Chemical name: 2H-1-Benzopyran-2-one, 4-hydroxy-3-(1-(4-nitrophenyl)-3-oxobutyl)- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acenocoumarol
<chemical> A coumarin that is used as an anticoagulant. Its actions and uses are similar to those of warfarin. ... Pharmacological action: anticoagulant. ... Chemical name: 2H-1-Benzopyran-2-one, 4-hydroxy-3-(1-(4-nitrophenyl)-3-oxobutyl)- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acentric
<cell biology> This term refers to a chromosome or chromatid that lacks a centromere. ... This condition can result during crossing over in which the normal, centromere-containing segement is replaced by an inverted segment that lacks a centromere. ... (12 Mar 1998) ...

acentric chromosome
A fragment of a chromosome lacking a centromere and unable to attach to the mitotic spindle, therefore unable to take part in the division of a nucleus and randomly distributed in daughter cells. ... Synonym: acentric fragment. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acentric fragment
Synonym for acentric chromosome ... A fragment of a chromosome lacking a centromere and unable to attach to the mitotic spindle, therefore unable to take part in the division of a nucleus and randomly distributed in daughter cells. ... Synonym: acentric fragment. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephal
<zoology> One of the Acephala. ... Origin: Gr.; priv. + head: cf. F. Acephale, LL. Acephalus. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acephala
<zoology> That division of the Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells, like the clams and oysters; so called because they have no evident head. Formerly the group included the Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and sometimes the Bryozoa. See Mollusca. ... Origin: NL, fr. Gr, adj. Neut. Pl, headless. See Acephal. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 M …

acephalan
Same as Acephal. ... <zoology> Belonging to the Acephala. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acephali
1. A fabulous people reported by ancient writers to have heads. ... 2. A Christian sect without a leader. Bishops and certain clergymen not under regular diocesan control. ... 3. A class of levelers in the time of K. Henry I. ... Origin: LL, pl. Of acephalus. See Acephal. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acephalia
Synonym for acephaly ... Congenital absence of the head. ... Synonym: acephalia, acephalism. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalic migraine
A classic migraine episode in which the teichopsia is not followed by a headache. ... Synonym: migraine without headache. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephaline
Denoting members of the protozoan suborder Acephalina (order Eugregarinida), characterised by simple noncompartmentalised bodies, that parasitise invertebrates. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalism
Synonym for acephaly ... Congenital absence of the head. ... Synonym: acephalia, acephalism. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalist
One who acknowledges no head or superior. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acephalobrachia
Synonym: abrachiocephaly. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head, + brachion, arm ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalocardia
Absence of head and heart in a parasitic twin. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head, + kardia, heart ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalocheiria
Congenital absence of head and hands. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head, + cheir, hand ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalochiria
Synonym for acephalocheiria ... Congenital absence of head and hands. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head, + cheir, hand ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalocyst
<zoology> A larval entozoon in the form of a subglobular or oval vesicle, or hy datid, filled with fluid, sometimes found in the tissues of man and the lower animals; so called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the vesicle. These cysts are the immature stages of certain tapeworms. Also applied to similar cysts of different origi …

acephalocystic
Pertaining to, or resembling, the acephalocysts. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acephalogasteria
Congenital absence of head, thorax, and abdomen in a parasitic twin with pelvis and legs only. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalopodia
Congenital absence of head and feet. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head, + pous, foot ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalorrhachia
Congenital absence of head and vertebral column. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head, + rhachis, spine ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalostomia
Congenital absence of the greater part of the head with, however, the presence of a mouthlike opening. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head, + stoma, mouth ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalothoracia
Congenital absence of head and thorax. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head, + thorax, chest ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalous
1. Headless. ... 2. <marine biology> Without a distinct head; a term applied to bivalve mollusks. ... 3. <botany> Having the style spring from the base, instead of from the apex, as is the case in certain ovaries. ... 4. Without a leader or chief. ... 5. Wanting the beginning. 'A false or acephalous structure of sentence.' (De Quincey) ... 6 …

acephalus
A headless foetus. ... Synonym: acephalous. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalus acormus
Condition in which a head without a body is attached to the placenta by an umbilical cord. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalus dibrachius
A foetus lacking a head but having two recognizably developed upper limbs. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalus dipus
A foetus lacking a head but showing two recognizably developed lower limbs. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalus monobrachius
A foetus lacking a head and showing only one recognizable upper limb. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalus monopus
A foetus lacking a head and with fusion of the lower extremities so extreme that only a single foot is recognizable. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalus paracephalus
A malformed foetus with only partially developed skull and little or no brain. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephalus sympus
An acephalus showing fusion of all of the lower limbs. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acephaly
Congenital absence of the head. ... Synonym: acephalia, acephalism. ... Origin: G. A-priv. + kephale, head ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acepromazine
<chemical> A phenothiazine that is used in the treatment of psychoses. ... Pharmacological action: antipsychotic agents, phenothiazine, dopamine antagonists. ... Chemical name: Ethanone, 1-(10-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)-10H-phenothiazin-2-yl)- ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acerate
<chemistry> A combination of aceric acid with a salifiable base. ... See: Aceric. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acerb
Sour, bitter, and harsh to the taste, as unripe fruit; sharp and harsh. ... Origin: L. Acerbus, fr. Acer sharp: cf. F. Acerbe. See Acrid. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acerbity
1. Sourness of taste, with bitterness and astringency, like that of unripe fruit. ... 2. Harshness, bitterness, or severity; as, acerbity of temper, of language, of pain. ... Origin: F. Acerbite, L. Acerbitas, fr. Acerbus. See Acerb. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

aceric
Pertaining to, or obtained from, the maple; as, aceric acid. ... Origin: L. Acer maple. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acerola
Fruit of a bushy tree that grows in Central and South America and Puerto Rico. The berry is the richest known source of vitamin C (ascorbic acid). ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acerose
<botany> Having the nature of chaff; chaffy. ... Needle-shaped, having a sharp, rigid point, as the leaf of the pine. ... Origin: (a) L. Acerosus chaffy, fr. Acus, gen. Aceris, chaff; (b) as if fr. L. Acus needle: cf. F. Acereux. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acerous
1. <marine biology> Destitute of tentacles, as certain mollusks. ... 2. <zoology> Without antennae, as some insects. ... (19 Mar 1998) ...

acervuline
Occurring in clusters, aggregated. ... Origin: Mod. L. Acervulus, a little heap ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acervulus
<microbiology> A flat, often round mass of hyphae which carry spore-bearing parts called conidophores, acervuli are found in fungi belonging to the order Melanconiales. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acescent
Turning sour; readily becoming tart or acid; slightly sour. ... Origin: L. Acescens, -entis, p. Pr. Of acescere to turn sour; inchoative of acere to be sour: cf. F. Acescent. See Acid. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acestoma
Exuberant granulations that form a cicatrix. ... Origin: G. Akestos, curable, + -oma, tumour ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acesulfame
A synthetic, noncaloric sweetener similar to saccharin. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acesulphame
<pharmacology> A class of artificial sweeteners derived from oxathiazinone, some varieties are over a hundred times sweeter than table sucrose). ... (06 May 1997) ...

acetabula
Plural of acetabulum. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabular
Relating to the acetabulum. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabular artery
Synonym for acetabular branch ... An arterial branch that supplies the acetabulum; two arteries, the obturator and the medial femoral circumflex, have such branches. ... Synonym: ramus acetabularis, acetabular artery, arteria acetabuli. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabular branch
An arterial branch that supplies the acetabulum; two arteries, the obturator and the medial femoral circumflex, have such branches. ... Synonym: ramus acetabularis, acetabular artery, arteria acetabuli. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabular fossa
A depressed area in the floor of the acetabulum superior to the acetabular notch. ... Synonym: fossa acetabuli. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabular labrum
A fibrocartilaginous rim attached to the margin of the acetabulum of the hip bone. ... Synonym: labrum acetabulare, acetabular lip, circumferential cartilage, cotyloid ligament, ligamentum cotyloideum. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabular lip
Synonym for acetabular labrum ... A fibrocartilaginous rim attached to the margin of the acetabulum of the hip bone. ... Synonym: labrum acetabulare, acetabular lip, circumferential cartilage, cotyloid ligament, ligamentum cotyloideum. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabular notch
A gap in the inferior the margin of the acetabulum. ... Synonym: incisura acetabuli, cotyloid notch. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabularia
A genus of green algae found in the mediterranean and other warm seas. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetabulectomy
<procedure> Excision of the acetabulum. ... Origin: acetabulum + G. Ektome, excision ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabulifera
<zoology> The division of Cephalopoda in which the arms are furnished with cup-shaped suckers, as the cuttlefishes, squids, and octopus; the Dibranchiata. See Cephalopoda. ... Origin: NL. See Acetabuliferous. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetabuliferous
Furnished with fleshy cups for adhering to bodies, as cuttlefish, etc. ... Origin: L. Acetablum a little cup. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetabuliform
<botany> Shaped like a shallow; saucer-shaped; as, an acetabuliform calyx. ... Origin: L. Acetabulum. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetabuloplasty
Any operation aimed at restoring the acetabulum to as near a normal state as possible. ... Origin: acetabulum + G. Plastos, formed ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetabulum
<anatomy> The hollow, cuplike portion of the pelvis into which the head of the thigh bone (femur) fits. ... <zoology> Also, in entomology, the leg socket on an insect's abdomen or thorax. ... (12 Mar 1998) ...

acetal
<chemistry> A limpid, colourless, inflammable liquid from the slow oxidation of alcohol under the influence of platinum black. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetaldehyde
<chemical> A colourless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis. ... Chemical name: Acetaldehyde ... (12 Dec 199 …

acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
<enzyme> Works with both nad and nadp ... Registry number: EC 1.2.1.5 ... Synonym: aldehyde dehydrogenase (NADP+), naho gene product ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetaldehyde oxidase
<enzyme> Acetaldehyde is converted to acetate ... Registry number: EC 1.2.- ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetamide
<chemistry> A white crystalline solid, from ammonia by replacement of an equivalent of hydrogen by acetyl. It is used as a solvent and acts as a mild irritant. ... (25 Jun 1999) ...

acetaminophen
<drug> The generic name for a common nonprescription medication useful in the treatment of mild pain or fever. This is called paracetamol in the UK. ... [American term] ... Synonym: paracetamol. ... (25 Jun 1999) ...

acetaminophen deacetylase
<enzyme> Forms p-aminophenol ... Registry number: EC 3.5.1.- ... Synonym: apap deacetylase ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetaminosalol
Salicylic acid ester of acetyl-p-aminophenol;used as an analgesic, antipyretic, and intestinal antiseptic. ... Synonym: phenetsal. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetanilid
C6H5NHCOCH3; N-Phenylacetamide;an analgesic and antipyretic; continued use causes cyanosis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetanilide
<medicine> A compound of aniline with acetyl, N-phenylacetamide. ... Used as a precursor of many drugs, dyes and other compounds in chemical synthesis; formerly used as analgesic and antipyretic, but often causes lethal methemoglobinaemia. ... Synonym: acetylaniline, acetylaminobenzene, antifebrine. ... (25 Jun 1999) ...

acetanilide esterase
<enzyme> Forms aniline ... Registry number: EC 3.5.1.- ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetarious
Used in salads; as, acetarious plants. ... Origin: L. Acetaria, n. Pl, salad, fr. Acetum = vinegar, fr. Acere to be sour. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetarsol
Synonym for acetarsone ... <chemical> An arsenic-containing compound administered to treat infections of the parasite protozoan Entamoeba histolytica in the intestine or genitourinary tract. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acetarsone
<chemical> An arsenic-containing compound administered to treat infections of the parasite protozoan Entamoeba histolytica in the intestine or genitourinary tract. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acetary
An acid pulp in certain fruits, as the pear. ... Origin: L. Acetaria salad plants. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetate
<biochemistry> A salt or ester of acetic acid, specifically, a synthetic textile fibre made from partially hydrolysed cellulose acetate, or a plastic-like film made from cellulose triacetate. ... The terminal hydrogen atom in the molecule is replaced by a metal, for instance copper acetate, or where substitution is by a radical, for instance e …

acetate kinase
<enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses reversibly the phosphorylation of acetate in the presence of a divalent cation and ATP with the formation of acetylphosphate and ADP. It is important in the glycolysis process. ... Chemical name: ATP:acetate phosphotransferase ... Registry number: EC 2.7.2.1 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetate replacement factor
Synonym for lipoic acid ... <biochemistry> 1,2 dithiolane 3 valeric acid. Regarded as a coenzyme in the oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex of the citric acid cycle. Involved generally in oxidative decarboxylations of _ keto acids. A growth factor for some organisms. ... (18 Nov 1997) ...

acetate thiokinase
Synonym for acetyl-CoA ligase ... A ligase that catalyses the reaction of acetate and CoA and ATP to form AMP, pyrophosphate, and acetyl-CoA. A key step in the activation of acetate. ... Synonym: acetate thiokinase, acetate-CoA ligase, acetyl-activating enzyme, acetyl-CoA synthetase. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetate-CoA ligase
<enzyme> An enzyme that catalyses the formation of CoA derivatives from ATP, acetate, and CoA to form AMP, pyrophosphate, and acetyl CoA. It acts also on propionates and acrylates. ... Chemical name: Acetate:CoA ligase (AMP-forming) ... Registry number: EC 6.2.1.1 ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetate-succinate CoA-transferase
<enzyme> Tritichomonas and trichomonas enzyme converts acetyl-CoA and succinate to acetate and succinyl-CoA ... Registry number: EC 2.8.3.- ... Synonym: acetate-succinate coenzyme a-transferase ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

acetated
Combined with acetic acid. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetazolamide
<chemical> A carbonic anhydrase inhibitor that is sometimes effective against absence seizures. It is sometimes useful also as an adjunct in the treatment of tonic-clonic, myoclonic, and atonic seizures, particularly in women whose seizures occur or are exacerbated at specific times in the menstrual cycle. However, its usefulness is transient …

acetenyl
Synonym for ethynyl ... The monovalent radical HC&equiv;C-. ... Synonym: acetenyl, ethinyl. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetic
<chemistry> Of a pertaining to vinegar; producing vinegar; producing vinegar; as, acetic fermentation. ... Pertaining to, containing, or derived from, acetyl, as acetic ether, acetic acid. The latter is the acid to which the sour taste of vinegar is due. ... Origin: L. Acetum = vinegar, fr. Acere to be sour. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (0 …

acetic acid
<chemical> The acid most commonly associated with vinegar, it is the most commercially important organic acid and is used to manufacture a wide range of chemical products, such as plastics and Acetobacter but, except for making vinegar, is usually made through synthetic processes. ... Derivatives of acetic acid which may be formed by substitut …

acetic aldehyde
Synonym for acetaldehyde ... <chemical> A colourless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis. ... Chemical name: …

acetic amide
Synonym for acetamide ... <chemistry> A white crystalline solid, from ammonia by replacement of an equivalent of hydrogen by acetyl. It is used as a solvent and acts as a mild irritant. ... (25 Jun 1999) ...

acetic anhydride
<chemistry> Anhydrides of acetic acid. Used extensively as acetylation, oxidation and dehydrating agents and in the modification of proteins and enzymes. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acetic fermentation
<biochemistry> A type of fermentation conducted by certain microbes in which organic materials are broken down into acetic acid to generate ATP for energy. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

acetic phosphoric anhydride
Synonym for acetyl phosphate ... CH3CO-OPO32-;a 'high energy' phosphate that acts as an acetate donor in the metabolism of various bacteria. ... Synonym: acetic phosphoric anhydride. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetic solution
A vinegar. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

aceticoceptor
A side chain of molecules with a special affinity for the acetic acid radical. ... Origin: L. Acetum, vinegar, + capio, to take ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acetify
To convert into acid or vinegar. ... Origin: L. Acetum = vinegar. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetimeter
<equipment> An instrument for estimating the amount of acetic acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic acid. ... Origin: L. Acetum = vinegar, F. Acetimetre. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acetimetry
<technique> The act or method of ascertaining the strength of vinegar, or the proportion of acetic acid contained in it. ... Origin: L. Acetum = vinegar. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...