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mondofacto - Online Medical Dictionary
Category: Health and Medicine > Medical Dictionary
Date & country: 26/01/2008, UK
Words: 49109


acranius
A malformed foetus exhibiting acrania. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acremonium
A deuteromycetous fungal genus of the class hyphomycetes. Cephalosporin antibiotics are derived from this genus. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acrid poison
A poison that causes a destructive local irritation as well as systemic effects. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acridly
In an acid manner. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acrisorcin
9-Aminoacridine with 4-hexylresorcinol;a synthetic topical antifungal agent. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acritan
<zoology> Of or pertaining to the Acrita. An individual of the Acrita. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acrite
<zoology> Acritan. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acroagnosis
Loss or impairment of the sensory recognition of a limb. Absence of acrognosis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acroanesthesia
Anaesthesia of one or more of the extremities. ... Origin: acro-+ G. An-priv. + aisthesis sensation ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acroblast
<biology> A granule within the young sperm cell (a spermatid) that eventually becomes the acrosome or caplike frontal portion of the mature sperm cell. ... (13 Nov 1997) ...

acrocephalic
Characterised by a high skull. ... Origin: Gr. Highest + . See Cephalic. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acrocephalosyndactyly
<paediatrics> A usually inherited disorder characterised by premature closing of the cranial suture lines resulting in a peaked shaped head and abnormal facial appearance. ... Since it is usually autosomal dominant one or both parents also have the disorder. Surgery is used to correct skull and facial abnormalities. ... Inheritance: autosomal d …

acrocephaly
Loftiness of skull. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acrocinesis
acrokinesis ...

acrocontracture
Contracture of the joints of the hands or feet. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrocyanotic
Characterised by acrocyanosis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrodermatitis continua
pustulosis palmaris et plantaris ...

acrodermatitis hiemalis
Acrodermatitis occurring chiefly in winter. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrodermatitis perstans
pustulosis palmaris et plantaris ...

acrodermatitis vesiculosa tropica
A form occurring in hot climates in which the skin of the extremities is glossy and shows numerous small vesicles. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrodynia
Pain in the extremities. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acrodynic erythema
Synonym for acrodynia ... Pain in the extremities. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acrodysesthesia
Abnormal and unpleasant sensations in the peripheral portions of the extremities. ... Origin: acro-+ dysesthesia ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrodysostosis
A disorder in which the hands and feet are short with stubby fingers and toes. Growth retardation is progressive. Mental retardation and marked nasal hypoplasia are also present; autosomal dominant inheritance. ... Origin: acro-+ dysostosis ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrodysplasia
Synonym: acrocephalosyndactyly. ... Origin: acro-+ dysplasia ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrohyperhidrosis
Hyperhidrosis of the hands and feet. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acroleukopathy
Depigmentation of the extremities. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromegalic
Pertaining to or characterised by acromegaly. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromegalic gigantism
A form of pituitary gigantism in which the signs of acromegaly accompany abnormal height. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromegaloidism
Rarely used term for a condition in which body proportions resemble those of acromegaly. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromial
<anatomy> Of or pertaining to the acromion. ... Origin: Cf. F. Acromial. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acromial angle
The prominent angle at the junction of the posterior and lateral borders of the acromion. ... Synonym: angulus acromialis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromial process
Synonym for acromion ... <anatomy> The lateral triangular projection of the spine of the scapula that forms the point of the shoulder and articulates with the clavicle. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

acromial reflex
Contraction of the biceps muscle caused by a tap on the acromion or the coracoid process. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromioclavicular
Relating to the acromion and the clavicle; denoting the articulation and ligaments between the clavicle and the acromion of the scapula. ... Synonym: scapuloclavicular. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromioclavicular dislocation
<orthopaedics> Disruption of the normal articulation between the acromion process and the clavicle. The acromioclavicular joint (AC joint) is normally stabilised by several ligaments that can be torn in the process of dislocating the AC joint). ... See: acromioclavicular sprain. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

acromioclavicular joint
The joint formed by the acromion of the scapula and the acromial extremity of the clavicle. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

acromioclavicular ligament
<anatomy> A fibrous band extending from the acromion of the scapula to the clavicle. ... Synonym: ligamentum acromioclaviculare. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromioclavicular sprain
<orthopaedics> A shoulder injury where the ligaments which stabilise the articulation of the acromion process and the clavicle become torn (sprain). ... A classic lump deformity is noted on the top contour of the shoulder in more serious sprains. Acromioclavicular separations occur most often after a direct fall onto the shoulder. Severe sprai …

acromiocoracoid
Synonym for coracoacromial ... Relating to the coracoid and acromial processes. ... Synonym: acromiocoracoid. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromiohumeral
Relating to the acromion and the humerus. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromion
<anatomy> The lateral triangular projection of the spine of the scapula that forms the point of the shoulder and articulates with the clavicle. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

acromion presentation
Synonym for shoulder presentation ... Transverse presentation with the shoulder as the presenting part. ... Synonym: acromion presentation. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acromioscapular
Relating to both the acromion and body of the scapula. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acropetal
<botany> Describes a plant part which is arising or developing in a longitudinal sequence beginning at the base and proceeding towards the apex. ... (13 Nov 1997) ...

acropigmentation
Hyperpigmentation of the dorsal surfaces of the fingers and toes beginning in early childhood and usually increasing with age; more common in persons of dark complexion. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acropleurogenous
Denoting spores developing at the tip and along the sides of fungal hyphae. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrosin
<enzyme> An enzyme found in sperm cells which is thought to help the sperm penetrate the tough outer surface of the ovum. ... (13 Nov 1997) ...

acrosome
<cell biology> A membrane-bound compatment at the tip of the head of a sperm which contains lytic enzymes (hyaluronidase in mammalian sperm) which digest the outer surface of the egg and allow the sperm to inject its haploid DNA. ... The compartment is secreted by the Golgi apparatus of the spermatid. ... Origin: Gr. Soma = body ... (12 Mar 1998 …

acrosomin
A lipoglycoprotein complex present in the acrosomal cap. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrospire
<botany> The sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; so called from its spiral form. ... (11 Mar 1998) ...

acrospore
<botany> A spore borne at the extremity of the cells of fructification in fungi. ... (11 Mar 1998) ...

acrotomous
<chemical> Having a cleavage parallel with the base. ... Origin: Gr. Cut off sharp; extreme + to cut. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

acrylate
A salt or ester of acrylic acid. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrylic resin base
A form made of acrylic resin molded to conform to the tissues of the alveolar process and used to support the teeth of a prosthesis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acrylic resin tooth
A tooth made of acrylic resin. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

ACTe
<abbreviation> Anodal closure tetanus. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

acth syndrome, ectopic
Symptom complex due to acth production by non-pituitary neoplasms. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

actin
<cell biology> A filamentous proteins (42 kD) involved in muscle contraction in both smooth and striated muscle and also serves as an important structural molecule for the cytoskeleton of many eukaryotic cells. ... It is the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibres. The filaments (known also as filamentous or f-actin) can be dis …

actin kinase
<enzyme> Phosphorylates actin at threonine-201 and probably at thr(202) and/or thr(203) ... Registry number: EC 2.7.1.- ... Synonym: actin-fragmin kinase ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

actin N-acetylaminopeptidase
<enzyme> Catalyses the amino-terminal processing of actin by removal of acetylmethionine from the amino terminus for class I actins or the removal of the second residue as an n-acetylamino acid for class II actins ... Registry number: EC 3.4.11.- ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

actinic granuloma
An annular eruption on sun-exposed skin which microscopically shows phagocytosis of dermal elastic fibres by giant cells and histiocytes. ... Synonym: Miescher's granuloma. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

actinic keratitis
A reaction of the cornea to ultraviolet light. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

actinic keratosis
<dermatology> A skin lesion that is abnormally sensitive to the effects of ultraviolet light (sunlight). Thought to be a precancerous skin lesion that is more common in the fair-skinned or elderly individual. ... Approximately 20% of these skin lesions will develop into squamous cell carcinoma. Prevention includes the use of sun screen agents …

actinic ray
A light ray toward and beyond the violet end of the spectrum that acts upon a photographic plate and produces other chemical effects. ... Synonym: chemical ray. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

actinide
<chemistry> Any element in the periodic table which has an atomic number between 89 and 103. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

actino-chemistry
Chemistry in its relations to actinism. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

actinobacillus infections
Infections with bacteria of the genus actinobacillus. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

Actinobacillus lignieresii
A species producing infections of the upper alimentary tract and mouth in cattle and swine (actinobacillosis) and suppurative lesions in the skin and lungs of sheep; it is the type species of its genus. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

actinogram
An obsolete synonym for radiograph. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Actinomadura africana
A species found in a case of mycetoma of the foot in South Africa. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Actinomadura madurae
A member of the Eumycetes (true fungi); one of the aetiologic agents of Madura foot and actiomycotic mycetoma. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

actinometry
1. The measurement of the force of solar radiation. ... 2. The measurement of the chemical or actinic energy of light. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

actinomorphic
<botany> Of flowers: symmetrical about more than one vertical plane. ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

actinomycelial
Relating to the mycelium-like filaments of the Actinomycetales. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Actinomyces bovis
A species of bacteria causing actinomycosis in cattle; infection in humans is not established; it is the type species of its genus. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Actinomyces odontolyticus
A species whose normal habitat is the human oral cavity; it has been isolated from deep dental caries. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Actinomyces pyogenes
Synonym for corynebacterium pyogenes ... <bacteria> A species of corynebacterium isolated from abscesses of warm-blooded animals. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

actinomycetaceae
<microbiology> A family of bacteria including numerous parasitic and pathogenic forms. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

actinomycetales infections
Infections with bacteria of the order actinomycetales. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

actinomycetes
<bacteria> Gram-positive bacteria that can form branching filaments. They may form true mycelia or produce conidiospores. ... (13 Nov 1997) ...

actinomycin F1
KS4;produced by actinomycin C-elaborating strains of Streptomyces chrysomallus; used as an antineoplastic agent. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

actinomycin lactonase
<enzyme> Opens the lactone rings of actinomycin to form actinomycinic acid ... Registry number: EC 3.1.1.39 ... (26 Jun 1999) ...

actinomycotic
Relating to actinomycosis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

actinoneuritis
An obsolete term for radioneuritis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

actinosome
<zoology> The entire body of a coelenterate. ... Origin: Gr. Ray + body. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

actinozoal
<zoology> Of or pertaining to the Actinozoa. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

actinozoon
<zoology> One of the Actinozoa. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

action current
An electrical current induced in muscle fibres when they are effectively stimulated; normally it is followed by contraction. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

activated acetaldehyde
The activated form of acetaldehyde that is formed during the decarboxylation of active pyruvate. Formed in alcohol fermentation and in carbohydrate metabolism. ... Synonym: a-hydroxyethylthiamin pyrophosphate. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

activated atom
An atom possessing more than normal energy as a result of input of energy. ... See: excited state. ... Synonym: excited atom. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

activated clotting time
The most common test used for coagulation time in cardiovascular surgery. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

activated fatty acid
A fatty acyl-coenzyme A thiol ester. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

activated glucose
A nucleoside diphosphoglucose such as UDP glucose. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

activated sludge
See: activated sludge method. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

activation energy
<chemistry> The amount of energy (expressed in joules) that is needed to convert all the molecules in one mole of a reacting substance from a ground state to the transition state. ... (06 May 1997) ...

activation product
<radiobiology> The unstable nucleus formed when activation occurs. (See activation above.) ... (09 Oct 1997) ...

activator
<biochemistry> A DNA-binding transcription metabolite that positively modulates an allosteric enzyme or regulates one or more genes by increasing the rate of transcription. ... (12 Mar 1998) ...

activator appliances
Loose-fitting removable orthodontic appliances which redirect the pressures of the facial and masticatory muscles onto the teeth and their supporting structures to produce improvements in tooth arrangements and occlusal relations. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

active aldehyde
Any aldehyde derivative of thiamin pyrophosphate. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...