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mondofacto - Online Medical Dictionary
Category: Health and Medicine > Medical Dictionary
Date & country: 26/01/2008, UK
Words: 138795


Abbe, Ernst K
<person> German physicist, 1840-1905. ... See: Abbe's condenser. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbe, Robert
<person> U.S. Surgeon, 1851-1928. ... See: Abbe flap, Abbe operation. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbe's condenser
A system of two or three wide-angle, achromatic, convex and planoconvex lenses that may be moved upward or downward beneath the stage of a microscope, thereby regulating the concentration of light (directly from a bulb or reflected from a mirror) that passes through the material to be examined on the stage. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbe's law of limiting resolution
<physics> For a periodic structure of units separated by distance d and obliquely illuminated by the unrefracted ray and one of the two diffracted rays (extremely oblique illumination). ... Abbe applied the law of diffraction: d = 0.5 lambda /NA, where: lambda = wavelength of the monochromic light or shortest of mixed wavelengths NA = the limi …

abbokinase
<drug, enzyme> A thrombolytic agent which works by activating the bodys own fibrinolytic system by activating the production of plasmin from plasminogen. Plasmin is an enzyme which degrades fibrin clots and fibrinogen, as well as several other protein clotting factors. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

Abbott, Alexander
<person> U.S. Bacteriologist, 1860-1935. ... See: Abbott's stain for spores. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbott, Edville
<person> U.S. Orthopedic surgeon, 1871-1938. ... See: Abbott's method. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbott, W. Osler
<person> U.S. Physician, 1902-1943. ... See: Abbott's tube, Miller-Abbott tube. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbott's artery
<anatomy, artery> An anomalous artery arising from the posteromedial proximal descending aorta, important during coarctation repair. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbott's method
A method of treatment of scoliosis by use of a series of plaster jackets applied after partial correction of the curvature by external force. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbott's stain
<technique> Spores are stained blue with alkaline methylene blue; bodies of the bacilli become pink with eosin counterstain. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

Abbott's tube
Synonym for Miller-Abbott tube ... A tube with two lumens, one ending in a small collapsible balloon and the other in a metallic tip with numerous perforations; used for intestinal decompression. ... Synonym: Abbott's tube. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abbreviate
1. To make briefer; to shorten; to abridge; to reduce by contraction or omission, especially of words written or spoken. 'It is one thing to abbreviate by contracting, another by cutting off.' ... 2. <mathematics> To reduce to lower terms, as a fraction. ... 3. <biology> Having one part relatively shorter than another or than the ordinary …

abbreviated injury scale
Classification system for assessing impact injury severity developed and published by the american association for automotive medicine. It is the system of choice for coding single injuries and is the foundation for methods assessing multiple injuries or for assessing cumulative effects of more than one injury. These include maximum ais (mais), inj …

abbreviations
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

ABC leads
The leads for recording one kind of vectorcardiogram utilizing the Arrighi triangle; supplanted by XYZ leads. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

ABC process
Purification of water or deodorization of sewage by a mixture of alum, blood, and charcoal. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abc transporters
A superfamily of oligopeptide permease proteins responsible for transporting a wide range of substrates across membranes. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

abcoulomb
A unit of electrical charge equal to 10 coulombs. The charge that passes over a given surface in 1 second if a current of 1 abampere is flowing across the surface. ... Origin: ab + coulomb ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdomen
<anatomy> The portion of the body which lies between the thorax and the pelvis. It contains a cavity (abdominal cavity) separated by the diaphragm from the thoracic cavity above and by the plane of the pelvic inlet from the pelvic cavity below and lined with a serous membrane, the peritoneum. ... This cavity contains the abdominal viscera and …

abdomen obstipum
A rarely used term for deformity of the abdomen due to congenitally short rectus muscles. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdomen, acute
Clinical syndrome characterised by abdominal pain of great severity associated with other symptoms and signs, usually those of acute peritonitis, which might well be the result of a ruptured abdominal viscus or a similar abdominal catastrophe requiring urgent surgical operation. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

abdominal
<anatomy> Pertaining to the abdomen. ... Origin: L. Abdominalis ... (18 Nov 1997) ...

abdominal abscess
<surgery> A localised pus-forming (suppurative) bacterial infection that occurs within the abdominal cavity as the result of a perforated viscus or post operative complication. Treatment requires either percutaneous or open surgical drainage. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

abdominal adhesions
<surgery> Scarring that can occur within the abdomen in response to surgery or chronic inflammation. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

abdominal angina
<surgery> A dull, crampy centralised abdominal pain that occurs 15-30 minutes after a meal. Associated with ischaemic bowel disease. Evaluated with mesenteric arteriography. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

abdominal aorta
<anatomy> The largest arterial conduit below the diaphragm. This term refers to the portion of the aorta below the diaphragm to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries. It supplies blood to the abdominal viscera, pelvic organs and lower extremities. ... (20 Jun 2000) ...

abdominal aortic aneurysm
<surgery> A distended and weakened area in the wall of the abdominal aorta, more common in those who suffer from atherosclerosis. ... Symptoms include sudden, severe abdominal pain with radiation to the back. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

abdominal aortic coarctation
<radiology> 2% of all coarctations, (most common site is thoracic: just distal to origin of L SCA), may be isolated congenital anomaly, associated with: thoracic aortic coarctation, idiopathic hypercalcaemia syndrome, rubella syndrome (ToRCHS), Takayasu arteritis, neurofibromatosis, radiation therapy, fibromuscular disease ... (12 Dec 1998) …

abdominal aortic plexus
<anatomy, neurology> An autonomic plexus surrounding the abdominal aorta, directly continuous with the thoracic aortic plexus above and continued inferior to the bifurcation of the aorta as the superior hypogastric plexus. ... Synonym: plexus aorticus abdominalis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal apoplexy
<surgery> Mesenteric haemorrhage, thrombosis, or embolus involving the mesenteric or abdominal blood vessels. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal ballottement
<procedure> Examination of the abdomen by palpation to detect excessive amounts of fluid (ascites) by causing organs to bob up and down in the fluid milieu. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal canal
Synonym for inguinal canal ... A passage in the lower anterior abdominal wall which in the male allows passage of the spermatic cord and in the female contains the round ligament. Because of the weakness it creates in the abdominal wall, it is the most frequent site for a hernia. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

abdominal cavity
<anatomy> That portion of the body extending from beneath the diaphragm down to the pelvis. It contains all the abdominal organs. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

abdominal delivery
<obstetrics> A obstetric procedure that involves the delivery of the foetus through an abdominal incision. Cesarian sections account for about one fifth of all births in the us. ... Indications include: failure to progress, foetal distress, cephalopelvic disproportion (baby's too big for birth canal), placenta previa, placental abruption, plac …

abdominal dropsy
Synonym for ascites ... <clinical sign, gastroenterology> An effusion and accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity. ... Synonym: abdominal dropsy, peritoneal dropsy, hydroperitonia, hydrops abdominis. ... Origin: L, Gr. Askites from askos = bag ... (18 Nov 1997) ...

abdominal external oblique muscle
Synonym for external oblique ... <anatomy, muscle> Origin, fifth to twelfth ribs; insertion, anterior half of lateral lip of iliac crest, inguinal ligament, and anterior layer of the rectus sheath; action, diminishes capacity of abdomen, draws thorax downward; nerve supply, thoracoabdominal nerves. ... Synonym: musculus obliquus externus abdomi …

abdominal fibromatosis
Synonym for desmoid ... <anatomy> Resembling, or having the characteristics of, a ligament; ligamentous. ... Origin: Gr. Desmos ligament. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

abdominal fissure
Congenital failure of the ventral body wall to close. ... See: celosomia, gastroschisis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal fistula
A tract leading from one of the abdominal viscera to the external surface. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal guarding
<clinical sign> A spasm of abdominal wall muscles, detected on palpation, to protect inflamed abdominal viscera from pressure. ... Guarding is typically a finding in the physical examination where inflammation of the peritoneal surface has occurred as in appendicitis, diverticulitis or generalised peritonitis. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

abdominal hernia
<surgery> A hernia protruding through a defect or weakened portion of the abdominal wall. An umbilical hernia is an example of a type of abdominal hernia. ... (27 Sep 1997) ...

abdominal hysterectomy
<procedure> Surgical removal of the uterus through an incision made in the abdominal wall. As opposed to a vaginal hysterectomy. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

abdominal hysterotomy
<procedure> Transabdominal incision into the uterus. Also variously called abdominohysterotomy; celiohysterotomy; laparohysterotomy; laparouterotomy. ... Synonym: abdominohysterotomy, celiohysterotomy, laparohysterotomy, laparouterotomy. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal injuries
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

abdominal internal oblique muscle
Synonym for internal oblique ... <anatomy, muscle> Origin, iliac fascia deep to lateral part of inguinal ligament, anterior half of crest of ilium, and lumbar fascia; insertion, tenth to twelfth ribs and sheath of rectus; some of the fibres from inguinal ligament terminate in the conjoint tendon; action, diminishes capacity of abdomen, flexes …

abdominal lipectomy
Synonym for abdominal panniculectomy ... <procedure, surgery> A procedure to remove fatty tissue and excess skin from the lower to middle portions of the abdomen. ... This procedure is indicated in some individual's who have lost considerable weight resulting in loose hanging folds of skin in the abdominal area. Recovery is in 2-4 days. ... (11 …

abdominal migraine
Migraine in children accompanied by paroxysmal abdominal pain. This must be distinguished from similar symptoms requiring surgical attention. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal muscles
A large group of muscles in the front of the abdomen that assists in the regular breathing movement and supports the muscles of the spine while lifting and keeping abdominal organs such as the intestines in place. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

abdominal myomectomy
<procedure> Removal of a myoma of the uterus through an abdominal incision. ... Synonym: celiomyomectomy, laparomyomectomy. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal nephrectomy
<procedure> Removal of the kidney by an incision through the anterior abdominal wall; performed by either a transperitoneal or extraperitoneal technique. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal ostium of uterine tube
The fimbriated or ovarian extremity of an oviduct. ... Synonym: ostium abdominale tubae uterinae. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal pad
Synonym for laparotomy pad ... A pad made from several layers of gauze folded into a rectangular shape; used as a sponge, for packing off the viscera in abdominal operations, and in other ways. ... Synonym: abdominal pad. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal pain
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

abdominal panniculectomy
<procedure, surgery> A procedure to remove fatty tissue and excess skin from the lower to middle portions of the abdomen. ... This procedure is indicated in some individual's who have lost considerable weight resulting in loose hanging folds of skin in the abdominal area. Recovery is in 2-4 days. ... (11 Mar 1998) ...

abdominal part of aorta
Synonym for abdominal aorta ... <anatomy> The largest arterial conduit below the diaphragm. This term refers to the portion of the aorta below the diaphragm to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries. It supplies blood to the abdominal viscera, pelvic organs and lower extremities. ... (20 Jun 2000) ...

abdominal part of oesophagus
The part of the oesophagus inferior to the diaphragm. ... See: oesophagus. ... Synonym: pars abdominalis oesophagi. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal part of thoracic duct
The part of the thoracic duct between the cisterna chyli and the aortic hiatus of the diaphragm. ... Synonym: pars abdominalis ductus thoracici. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal part of ureter
The part of the ureter between the renal pelvis and the brim of the pelvis. ... Synonym: pars abdominalis ureteris. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal pool
The volume of blood within the abdomen. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal pregnancy
The implantation and development of the ovum in the peritoneal cavity, usually secondary to an early rupture of a tubal pregnancy; very rarely, primary implantation may occur in the peritoneal cavity. ... Synonym: abdominocyesis, intraperitoneal pregnancy. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal pressure
Pressure surrounding the bladder; estimated from rectal, gastric, or intraperitoneal pressure. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal pulse
The soft, compressible aortic pulse occurring in certain abdominal disorders. ... Synonym: pulsus abdominalis. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal reflexes
Contraction of the muscles of the abdominal wall upon stimulation of the skin (superficial a. Reflex's) or tapping neighboring bony structures (deep a. Reflex's). ... Synonym: supraumbilical reflex. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal regions
The topographical subdivisions of the abdomen; based on subdividing the abdomen by the transpyloric, interspinous and midclavicular planes; including the right and left hypochondriac, right and left lateral, right and left inguinal, and the unpaired epigastric, umbilical and pubic regions. ... Synonym: regiones abdominis, abdominal zones. ... (05 Mar …

abdominal respiration
Breathing effected mainly by the action of the diaphragm. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal ring
Synonym for deep inguinal ring ... The opening in the transversalis fascia through which the ductus deferens (or round ligament in the female) and gonadal vessels enter the inguinal canal. Located midway between anterior superior iliac spine and pubic tubercle, it is bounded medially by the lateral umbilical ligament (inferior epigastric vessels) an …

abdominal sac
The part of the embryonic celom that becomes the abdominal cavity. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal salpingectomy
<procedure> Removal of one or both fallopian tubes through an abdominal incision. ... Synonym: celiosalpingectomy, laparosalpingectomy. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal salpingo-oophorectomy
Synonym for laparosalpingo-oophorectomy ... <procedure> Removal of the fallopian tube and ovary through an abdominal incision. ... Synonym: abdominal salpingo-oophorectomy. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal section
Synonym for celiotomy ... <procedure> Transabdominal incision into the peritoneal cavity. ... Synonym: abdominal section, laparotomy, ventrotomy. ... Origin: celio-+ G. Tome, incision ... Vaginal celiotomy, opening the peritoneal cavity through the vagina. ... Synonym: culdotomy. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominal typhoid
Synonym for typhoid fever ... <disease, microbiology> An infectious febrile illness usually spread by contamination of food, milk or water supplies with Salmonella typhi, either directly by sewage, indirectly by flies or by faulty personal hygiene. ... There are less than 600 cases per year in the us. Asymptomatic carriers harbor the organism i …

abdominal wall fat pad biopsy
<investigation, procedure, surgery> The removal of a small specimen of the abdominal wall fat pad for microscopic examination. Often used in the diagnosis of amyloidosis. Performed with a local anaesthetic. ... (25 Jun 1999) ...

abdominal zones
Synonym for abdominal regions ... The topographical subdivisions of the abdomen; based on subdividing the abdomen by the transpyloric, interspinous and midclavicular planes; including the right and left hypochondriac, right and left lateral, right and left inguinal, and the unpaired epigastric, umbilical and pubic regions. ... Synonym: regiones abdom …

abdominales
<marine biology> A group including the greater part of fresh water fishes, and many marine ones, having the ventral fins under the abdomen behind the pectorals. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

abdominalia
<zoology> A group of cirripeds having abdominal appendages. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

abdomino-
The abdomen, abdominal. ... Origin: L. Abdomen, abdominis ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominocardiac reflex
Mechanical stimulation (usually distention) of abdominal viscera causing changes (usually a slowing) in the heart rate or the occurrence of extrasystoles. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominocentesis
Paracentesis of the abdomen. ... Origin: abdomino-+ G. Kentesis, puncture ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominocyesis
Synonym: abdominal pregnancy, secondary abdominal pregnancy. ... Origin: abdomino-+ G. Kyesis, pregnancy ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominocystic
Synonym: abdominovesical. ... Origin: abdomino-+ G. Kystis, bladder ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominogenital
Relating to the abdomen and the genital organs. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominohysterectomy
Synonym for abdominal hysterectomy ... <procedure> Surgical removal of the uterus through an incision made in the abdominal wall. As opposed to a vaginal hysterectomy. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...

abdominohysterotomy
Synonym for abdominal hysterotomy ... <procedure> Transabdominal incision into the uterus. Also variously called abdominohysterotomy; celiohysterotomy; laparohysterotomy; laparouterotomy. ... Synonym: abdominohysterotomy, celiohysterotomy, laparohysterotomy, laparouterotomy. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominojugular reflux
Synonym for hepatojugular reflux ... An elevation of venous pressure visible in the jugular veins and measurable in the veins of the arm, produced in active or impending congestive heart failure by firm pressure with the flat hand over the abdomen. Often called hepatojugular reflex when pressure is exclusively over the liver. ... Synonym: abdominojug …

abdominopelvic
Relating to the abdomen and pelvis, especially the combined abdominal and pelvic cavities. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominopelvic cavity
Abdominal cavity plus pelvic cavity. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves
Visceral branches of the sympathetic trunks conveying presynaptic sympathetic fibres to and visceral afferent fibres from the prevertebral ganglia and para-aortic/hypogastric plexuses for the innervation of viscera located below the diaphragm. The greater, lesser, lowest, lumbar, and sacral splanchnic nerves belong to this group. ... (05 Mar 2000)
abdominoperineal
Relating to both abdomen and perineum, as in abdominoperineal resection of the rectum. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominoplasty
Synonym for abdominal panniculectomy ... <procedure, surgery> A procedure to remove fatty tissue and excess skin from the lower to middle portions of the abdomen. ... This procedure is indicated in some individual's who have lost considerable weight resulting in loose hanging folds of skin in the abdominal area. Recovery is in 2-4 days. ... (11 …

abdominoscopy
<medicine> Examination of the abdomen to detect abdominal disease. ... Origin: L. Abdomen + Gr. To examine. ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

abdominoscrotal
Relating to the abdomen and the scrotum. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominothoracic
<anatomy> Relating to the abdomen and the thorax, or chest. ... (11 Mar 1998) ...

abdominothoracic arch
A bell-shaped line defined by the lower end of the sternum and the costal arches on each side, constituting a boundary line between the anterolateral portions of the thoracic and abdominal walls. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominous
Having a protuberant belly; pot-bellied. 'Gorgonius sits, abdominous and wan, Like a fat squab upon a Chinese fan.' (Cowper) ... Source: Websters Dictionary ... (01 Mar 1998) ...

abdominovaginal
Relating to both abdomen and vagina. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominovaginal hysterectomy
<procedure> A combined vaginal and abdominal surgical approach that allows partial or complete removal of vagina, vulva, rectum, and perineum (abdominoperineal approach), as well as pelvic organs; usually done in cases of advanced pelvic cancer. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abdominovesical
Relating to the abdomen and urinary bladder, or to the abdomen and gallbladder. ... Synonym: abdominocystic. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abduce
Synonym for abduct ... To move away from the median plane. ... Synonym: abduce. ... (05 Mar 2000) ...

abducens
Synonym for abducent ... 1. Abducting; drawing away, especially away from the median plane. ... Synonym: abducent nerve, abducens. ... Origin: L. Abducens ... (05 Mar 2000) ...