Copy of `Seattle Seahawks - Medical glossary`

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Seattle Seahawks - Medical glossary
Category: Health and Medicine > Sports related
Date & country: 08/01/2008, USA
Words: 143

Referred Pain
Pain felt in an undamaged area of the body away from the actual injury.

The moving of tissue to expose a part or structure of the body.

Rotator Cuff
Comprised of four muscles in the shoulder area that can be irritated by over use. The muscles are the supraspinatus (most commonly injured), infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis.

Rotator Cuff Impingement Syndrome
A microtrauma or overuse injury caused by stress, and the four stages are: 1) Tendinitis with temporary thickening of the bursa and rotator cuff; 2) Fiber dissociation in the tendon with permanent thickening of the bursa and scar formation; 3) A partial rotator cuff tear of less than one centimeter; or 4) A complete tear of one centimeter or more.

Group of five fused vertebrae located just below the lumbar vertebrae of the lower back.

Shoulder blade.

Sciatic Nerve
Major nerve that carries impulses for muscular action and sensations between the lower back and thigh and lower leg; it is the longest nerve in the body.

Irritation of the sciatic nerve resulting in pain or tingling running down the inside of the leg.

Shin Splint
A catch-all syndrome describing pain in the shin that is not a fracture or tumor and cannot be defined otherwise.

An energy absorbing polyurethane utilized in some foot orthotics to absorb shock forces of the foot.

Spasm (Theory)
Muscle soreness induced by exercise; is the result of reduced muscle blood flow, which results in pain.

Large, solid organ responsible for the normal production and destruction of blood cells.

Inflammation of one or more vertebrae.

Injury resulting from a stretch or twist of the joint and causes various degrees of stretch or tear of a ligament or other soft tissue at the joint.

The breast bone.

Any one of a large number of hormone-like substances. See anabolic steroids and cortical steroids.

Injury resulting from a pull or torsion to the muscle or tendon that causes various degrees of stretch or tear to the muscle or tendon tissue.

Stress Fracture
A hair-line type break in a bone caused by overuse.

Stress X-Ray
A continual X-ray taken when a portion of the body is stressed to its maximum in order to determine joint stability. This is a test utilized in some ankle injuries.

Any therapeutic maneuver designed to elongate shortened soft tissue structures and thereby increase flexibility.

Partial dislocation of a joint. The term usually implies that the joint can return to its normal position without formal reduction.

The ankle bone that articulates with the tibia and fibula to form the ankle joint.

Target Heart Rate
A pre-determined pulse to be obtained during exercise when circulation is working at full efficient capacities.

Group of seven bones of the foot consisting of the calnavicular, talus, cuboid, and three cuneiform bones.

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)
The articulation of the jaw and skull; considered by some to be vital in resolution of injures throughout the body.

Inflammation of the tendon and/or tendon sheath, caused by chronic overuse or sudden injury.

Tissue that connects muscle to bone.

Tennis Elbow
General term for lateral elbow pain.

Larger of the two bones of the lower leg and is the weight-bearing bond of the shin.

A special type of X-ray apparatus that demonstrates an organ or tissue at a particular depth.

The windpipe.

Transverse Process
Small lateral projection off the right side and the left side of each vertebrae that functions as an attachment site for muscles and ligaments of the spine.

Flat triangular muscle covering the posterior surface of the neck and shoulder.

Muscle of the back of the upper arm, primarily responsible for extending the elbow.

Forearm bone that runs from the tip of the elbow to the little finger side of the wrist.

Ulnar Nerve
Nerve in the elbow commonly irritated from excessive throwing.

An electrical modality that transmits a sound wave through an applicator into the skin to the soft tissue in order to heat the local area for relaxing the injured tissue and/or disperse edema.

Angulation outward and away from the midline of the body.

Angulation inward and toward the midline of the body.

Increase of local blood flow.

Decrease of local blood flow.

Syndrome describing a contraction of the abdominal nerve truck, the solar plexus, as a result of an abdominal contusion.

The cheekbone.