Copy of `Transforming Lives - Cosmetic surgery`

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Transforming Lives - Cosmetic surgery
Category: Health and Medicine > Cosmetic surgery
Date & country: 08/01/2008, UK
Words: 160


Abdominoplasty
surgery to remove excess fat and skin from the abdomen

Acne
an inflammatory eruption involving the oil-producing sebaceous glands

Aesthetic surgery
any surgery to improve one's appearance

Aesthetician
a skin care specialist trained in methods to enhance beauty

Age spot
flat, brown discoloration on the skin that results from overexposure to the sun and aging; also called sunspot or liver spot

Alopecia
loss of hair; can be caused by genetics, disease, malnutrition, or hormone imbalance

Anesthesia
loss of sensation in the body induced by an anesthetic

Anesthetic
a compound that reduces the ability to perceive pain; used in surgery to block pain

Anesthetist
one who adminsters an anesthetic; whether a physician, nurse, or

Antibacterial
any agent that is effective against bacteria

Antibiotic
a drug that is effective against bacteria

Areola
the pigmented area around the nipple

Asymmetric
uneven

Augmentation mammoplasty
the enlargement of the breasts using an artificial implant

Beauty mark
a mole or nevus

Benign
not containing cancerous cells

Biopsy
the process of removing tissue form living patients for diagnostic examination

Birthmark
a mole or blemish that is present on the skin at birth

Blemish
any mark or discoloration on the skin that mars the appearance

Blepharoplasty
any operation to correct a defect in the eyelids. In cosmetic surgery, referred to as an eye lift, eyelid correction or eye lift

Botox
a substance derived from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum; used to temporarily paralyze muscles and treat cross-eyed condition, muscle spasm, excessive sweating, and migraine headaches

Brachioplasty
surgery on the arm: usually the upper arm to remove excess skin and fat

Breast augmentation
surgical placement of breast implants to increase breast size and fullness

Breast implant
a silicone rubber shell filled with either silicone gel or inflated with a saline solution used to enlarge the breast

Breast implant removal
surgery to remove implants with or without replacement; for desired changes in proportions, or due to implant-related complications

Breast implant revision
surgery to enhance the appearance of breasts with surgery on the implant pocket, or replacement of the implant itself

Breast lift
surgery to remove excess skin and raise the nipple for perkier, fuller breasts; to counteract gravity, loss of elasticity, and sagging; also called mastopexy

Breast reduction
surgery to remove excess skin, breast, and fatty tissue for smaller, shapely breasts, and to reduce back and neck strain

Canula or cannula
a small, hollow tube used during liposuction surgery to remove fat by suction

Capillary
a tiny blood vessel that connects an artery to a vein

Cartilage
a type of connective tissue

Cellulite
a term used to describe an uneven, 'cottage cheese', or dimpled texture to the skin overlying fat; sometimes treated with mechanical massage or mesotherapy

Cervicoplasty
commonly called a neck lift

Cheek augmentation
a procedure to contour and angle the cheeks using injectable fillers, surgical implants, or grafts

Cheek lift
surgery to raise the middle of the face, the cheek, to enhance cheek and undereye fullness and contour; also called midface lift

Chemical peel
removal of the superficial layers of the skin with a chemical agent to remove wrinkles and age spots and to promote the regrowth of fresh, clearer new skin

Closed rhinoplasty
surgery of the nose without any visible external incisions

Collagen
the major protein of connective tissue that makes up the foundation of skin and other tissues; used as an injectable filler to temporarily plump depressed areas or augment deficient areas of the skin

Cosmetic dentistry
the specialty of dentistry to improve the appearance of the teeth and smile

Cosmetic surgery
an elective procedure performed to reshape normal structures in the body in order to improve appearance

Crow's feet
wrinkles at the outside corners of th eyes, resulting from aging and normal facial expression

Cyst
an abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or a semisolid material

Dental implant
an artificial permanent device placed in the jaw bone to anchor a tooth, crown, or bridge

Dermabrasion
a technique of mechanical buffing or sanding of the skin to remove the superficial layers and improve imperfections such as wrinkles and scars

Ear surgery
pinning back of prominent ears or reducing and reshaping overly large or malformed ears; also called otoplasty

Electrolysis
the process of elimination excess hair by inserting a needle into each hair follicle to destory the hair bulb with a weak current of electricity

Enamel
the hard covering of a tooth

Endermologie
a nonsurgical method to reduce the appearance of fat and cellulite involving a series of treatments using heat and mechanical rolling devices for deep massage

Endoscope
a surgical device for seeing inside of the body via small incisions, through a tube with an attached camera and light source;

Endoscopic lift
any surgical lift that is done through an endoscope

Endoscopic surgery
minimal-incision surgery can be performed using tiny cameras and long instruments; typically results in a quicker recovery than surgeries performed with larger incisions

Endoscopy
a technique using an endoscope to view images of the body's internal structures through very small incisions

Epidermis
the outer, protective layer of the skin

Exfoliant
an agent that causes the outer layers of skin cells to slough off

Exfoliation
the removal of upper skin in thin layers

Eyelid ptosis surgery
procedure to raise one or both droopy upper eyelids to restore an alert appearance and possibly improve visual fields

Face lift
a surgical procedure to rejuvenate the appearance of the face and neck which reducse jowls under the cheeks and improves the jawline by repositioning muscle and removing excess skin; also called rhytidectomy

Fat transfer
see 'fat grafting'

Female genital surgery
surgery to reshape the labia for increased confidence and enhanced sexual experiences; also called 'labiaplasty'

Filler (filling agent)
a substance such as collagen, silicone, or one's own fat that is injected beneath the skin to contour, or fill in wrinkles or scars

Free radicals
free-floating electrons resulting from oxidation that hve been linked to the aging process, cancer, and autoimmune diseases

Frontalis
a muscle under the skin of the forehead

General anesthetic
an anesthetic administered to induce sleep; sometimes referred to as a 'general'

Genioplasty
surgery of the chin

Glabella
the smooth area between the eyebrows

Glabellar lines
vertical forehead creases between the eyebrows

Glycolic acid
a fruit acid (AHA) derived from sugar cane, used in superficial chemcial peels

Glycolic peel
the removal of skin surfaces using a fruit acid

Graft
any free living tissue moved from one part of the body to another

Gynecomastia
male breast enlargement; treated with excision or liposuction

Hair follicle
a deep, narrow canal with its enclosed developing hair

Hair graft
a thin strip of hair-bearing scalp is removed, separated into pieces of 1 to 5 hair follicles, and then implanted into hairless areas

Hair transplant
see 'hair graft'

Hairband incision
a surgical cut in the scalp crossing from ear to ear, used in a coronal browlift

Hirsutism
condition of excess bodily hair

Hooding
an abnormal appearance of the upper eyelid caused by excessive sagging of the eyelid skin

Hyperhidrosis
profuse sweating

Hyperpigmentation
darkening of the skin through overproduction of melanin

Hypoallergenic
designed to reduce the chance of allergic reaction

Implant
a surgically placed, permanent device that is used to correct an anatomical deficiency or to create a more desirable appearance

Incision
a cut or surgical wound

Inflammation
redness, swelling, and pain as a result of irritation, injury or infection

Injectable filler
any of several substances used to plump up a depressed area of the skin or lips

Labial
pertaining to the lips

Labiaplasty
surgery to reshape the labia

Laser
acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. Used to resurface skin; remove unwanted veins, hair, blemishes, and tattoos; and make incisions that bleed very little.

Laser resurfacing (laser peel)
use of laser to vaporize damaged skin while leaving surrounding tissues undamaged; used to eliminate or modify unsightly skin defects

Laser-assisted liposuction
technology using light energy to break up fat

Lesion
a wound, injury, or pathological change in the tissues, such as a skin growth

Lip augmentation
any procedure that increases the size and definition of the lips; uses temorary or permanent fillers or implants

Lip lift
any surgery using a variety of mehtods to raise the edges of the lips and enhance its appearance

Lip reduction
any surgery that reduces the size of the upper and / or lower lip by removing a thin strip of tissue

Liposculpture
liposuction through very small cannulas to more precisely contour the site

Liposuction
removal of fat lying under the skin through the use of a cannula and vacuum

Lipotransfer
see 'fat grafting'

Lipstick bleed lines
deep, vertical lines that radiate around the mouth as one ages, especially in smokers

Local anesthetic
an anesthetic injected to numb the area being treated

Mammaplasty
plastic surgery of the breast

Mastectomy
breast removal

Mastopexy
a surgical breast lift that removes extra skin and repositions the nipple in a higher position