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Teachernet - A to Z of School Leadership
Category: Education > School leadership
Date & country: 15/12/2007, UK
Words: 234


Absence on medical grounds
When a child is absent from school on medical grounds it is important that they are able to keep up with their studies, as far as their medical condition allows.

Academies
City Academies are publicly funded independent secondary schools with sponsors from the private or voluntary sectors or from churches or other faith groups.

Access to scripts
From summer 2000 GCSE, A and AS cadidates have had access to marked scripts.

Accredited ICT service suppliers
The creation of a new accreditation mark for the provision of ICT services to educational institutions introduces a number of changes from the accreditation process developed for NGfL Managed Services.

Activities for young people
The Activities for young people programme for 16 year olds, also known as the uproject, came about through the need for intervention at specific transition stages in learning.

Admission appeals
Governing body admission authorities must establish independent appeal panels so that parents can appeal against any decision not to offer their child a place at the school, (even if they have been offered a place at another school).

Advertising in schools
Acceptance of advertising, by display of posters, distribution of leaflets or any other direct method, by a school is at the discretion of the head teacher and the board of governors.

Alternative provision
Local Authorities (LAs) must offer suitable education at school, or otherwise than at mainstream school, for pupils of compulsory school age who are otherwise out of school and/or not gaining qualifications (under section 19, Education Act 1996).

Annual parents' meetings
The Education Bill 2005 has removed the requirement for governing bodies to produce a Governors' Annual Report. The Governors' Annual Report has been replaced with the School Profile.

Annual report to parents
The Education Bill 2005 has removed the requirement for governing bodies to produce a Governors' Annual Report. The Governors' Annual Report has been replaced with the School Profile.

Annual schools census
Every school is required to supply information to the DfES each January through the Annual Schools Census (ASC), formerly known as “Form 7�.

Anti-bullying policy
A model policy that schools can use as a template when devising an anti-bullying policy.

Appointment of staff
Head teachers have a professional duty to participate in the selection and appointment of teaching and non-teaching staff other than head teachers.

Area guidelines for schools
Area guidelines for schools have been revised, simplified and increased. From 1 April 2004, Building Bulletin 82: ‘Area Guidelines for Schools` (and its draft revisions) have been superseded by two new publications.

Art and Design
Art and design is a key component of a balanced and rounded education for all children.

Asbestos
Airborne asbestos fibres are very hazardous to health. The main area of risk is work on existing buildings.

Assessment results
The Data Collection Agency (DCA) is managed by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) on behalf of the DfES. The DCA collects data from the Key Stage 2 and 3 national curriculum test and teacher assessment results.

Assisted places scheme
The Government are phasing out the assisted places scheme and using the money saved to reduce infant class sizes in the maintained sector.

Attendance and absence
Parents have the primary responsibility for ensuring that children of compulsory school age (i.e. 5 to 16 year olds) receive a suitable education, either by regular attendance at school or otherwise.

Autumn package
National 2005 data, previously known as the Autumn Package is available via the Standards website.

Background checks on staff
It is important that thorough checks are made on anybody who will be working in a school or further education institution (including a sixth form college), both to prevent unsuitable people from gaining access to children and to maintain the integrity of the teaching profession.

Batch email to schools
Email alerts to the latest news and publications from the DfES are now available. The emails include brief summaries and contain links to the information source. The publications are available on TeacherNet`s Online Publications for schools service, where full summaries are provided.

Beacon council scheme
The Beacon Council Scheme was set up in 1998 as result of the Government's White Paper 'Modernising Local Government: In Touch With the People' by what is now the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. It provides a way of identifying centres of excellence in areas of local government, and then sharing these ideas and strategies with other councils t…

Beacon schools
The Beacon Schools initiative is designed to raise standards through the dissemination of good practice.

Benchmarking
Benchmarking is the term given to the process of measuring standards of actual performance against those achieved by others with broadly similar characteristics.

Best value
Best Value is a key element of the Government`s programme to modernise local government. The aim of Best Value is to ensure local authorities continually improve the ways that they function, having regard to economy, efficiency and effectiveness. Best Value is a statutory requirement for local authorities, including LEAs.

Bidding for funds
When preparing a bid for funds, the head teacher or designated member of the senior management team/bursar should research thoroughly the available sources of funding (see Grants for Schools).

Boarding schools
Boarding schools admit boarders as well as day pupils.

Bullying
Head teachers have a legal duty to draw up procedures to prevent bullying among pupils and to bring these procedures to the attention of staff, parents and pupils.

Bursars
The bursar role is a special one in that it is clearly a ‘support staff` role, as ensuring the most effective use of all school resources is essential to supporting teaching and learning. At the same time bursars also have an important ‘senior management` role in schools, as they are increasingly establishing themselves as part of school Senior Man…

Business, working with
How working with businesses can help raise standards in schools.

Careers education and guidance
Head teachers and governing bodies of all maintained schools (including special schools and pupil referral units) must ensure that their school provides programmes of careers education to all pupils in Years 9 to 11. (Note. This duty will be extended to Years 7 & 8 from September 2004)

Catering services
Compulsory nutritional standards for school lunches were introduced on 1 April 2001.

Charging for activities
The LEA or governing body may not charge for anything unless they have drawn up a statement of general policy on charging.

Child employment
Properly structured and regulated part-time work can help children's development and preparation for working life as long as it does not have an adverse impact on their education.

Child protection
The Children Act 1989 gives every child the right to protection from abuse and exploitation and the right to have enquires made to safeguard his or her welfare.

Children in care
Guidance on the Education of Children and Young People in Public Care, published jointly by DfES and the Department of Health, provides direction for local authorities in their role as corporate parent and aims to bring the educational attainment of young people in their care closer into line with that of their peers.

Children's Fund
The Children`s Fund is aimed at children aged 5-13 and connects Government initiatives that address social exclusion amongst children/young people and their families. The Fund is embedded within a policy context which aims to shift the agenda from remedial action towards prevention, and to build social inclusion.

Citizenship education
Citizenship education became a statutory national curriculum subject in secondary schools in September 2002. The Citizenship and Personal, Social and Health Education framework was introduced into primary schools in 2000.

City learning centres
City Learning Centres (CLCs) are a key element of the Excellence in Cities programme.

City technology colleges
CTCs are independent all-ability, non fee-paying schools for pupils aged 11-18. Their purpose is to offer pupils of all abilities in urban areas across England the opportunity to study successfully a curriculum geared, with the help of private sector sponsors, towards the world of work.

Class sizes
The Government's policy to reduce infant class sizes is a central part of its drive to raise standards in schools.

Collective worship
All maintained schools should provide for collective worship and Religious Education (RE) for their pupils.

Collective worship policy
A model policy that schools can use as a template when devising a collective worship policy.

Common basic data set
A key part of the Information Management Strategy is to have agreed sets of essential information that are held electronically in all schools and LEAs, and can be transferred in a standard electronic format.

Common transfer file
All such schools are expected to have the capability to transfer and receive the defined items of pupil data electronically.

Communication Aids Project (CAP)
The Communication Aids Project (CAP) was established by the DfES, with £10m funding over the period 2001-04, and an additional £10m to extend the project to March 2006. The CAP helps pupils to overcome significant communication problems by providing high technology communication aids to children with Special Educational Needs (SEN) and disabilities…

Community involvement
The Government is addressing gaps in learning and introducing citizenship education into the National Curriculum.

Community use of school premises
Schools can provide a range of extended services and facilities for the benefit of pupils, parents, families and the wider community.

Compulsory school age
Parents of children of compulsory schools age (5 to 16) are required to ensure that they receive a suitable education by regular attendance at school or otherwise.

Connexions service
Connexions is the Government's front line support service for all young people aged 13-19. It is now live across 47 partnership areas of England, whose boundaries match local Learning and Skills Council (LSC) boundaries. The service went live in phases across England between April 2001 and April 2003.

Consistent financial reporting
Consistent Financial Reporting (CFR) standardises, simplifies and streamlines the reporting of school finances in all maintained schools in England. The aim of CFR is to populate a website with a bank of benchmarked data, giving all maintained schools the opportunity to compare their incomes and expenditures with those of similar schools.

Copyright
Copyright is one of several Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). Other examples include patents and trademarks. Intellectual Property (IP) is the results of intellectual effort or creativity.

Creativity in schools
The revised national curriculum offers teachers more flexibility in the delivery of the curriculum with more opportunities for pupils to explore their creative potential.

Criminal Records Bureau (CRB)
The Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) aims to help employers make safer recruitment decisions by identifying candidates who may be unsuitable for certain types of work, through a service called Disclosure.

Cycling for the school journey
The Government is keen to encourage walking and cycling for the school journey, to promote healthy lifestyles and to reduce the dangers of traffic congestion at the start and end of the school day.

Dance and Drama awards (DaDas)
The Dance and Drama Awards (DaDAs) are scholarships funded by the DfES. There are 525 new awards each year for students who wish to train at 22 private performing arts institutions in England.

Detention
Head teachers have the right to detain pupils at the end of a school session on disciplinary grounds.

DfES publications - ordering
Details of how to order DfES publications via TeacherNet's Online Publications service.

Disability discrimination
Under the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 employers, including LEAs and governing bodies, must not discriminate against disabled people applying for jobs, or against existing disabled staff.

Disapplying the national curriculum
Although there is considerable scope for flexibility within the national curriculum framework, there are circumstances in which disapplication of part or even all may be appropriate.

Drugs education
Good drugs education should teach young people about the dangers and harmful effects of drugs so that they are encouraged to adopt a healthy lifestyle and achieve their full potential in society. Drug, alcohol and tobacco education is a statutory part of the National Curriculum Science Order at key stages 1 to 4. It is best supported as part of a w…

Early years and childcare
The former Sure Start and Early Years and Childcare Units of the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) have been combined into a single interdepartmental Unit, the Sure Start Unit, accountable for delivery to both the Department for Education and Skills and the Department for Work and Pensions

Education action forum
The Action Forum is the Education Action Zone's managing group.

Education action zones
Education Action Zones allow local partnerships to develop new and imaginative approaches to raising standards in disadvantaged urban and rural areas.

Education Development Plans (EDPs)
Education Development Plans (EDPs) are key plans produced by each local education authority (LEA) setting out its strategies for improving standards in schools and raising pupil attainment. The plans are produced in accordance with guidance from the Secretary of State for Education and Skills, and submitted to the Secretary of State for approval.

Education improvement partnerships
Education Improvement Partnerships (EIPs) are one of the key eight reforms in the DfES`s Five Year Strategy for Children and Learners. EIPs enable groups of schools to work together to raise standards and take on wider responsibilities for the children and young people in their local community.

Education maintenance allowance
The Education Maintenance Allowance (EMA) will be available nationally across England from September 2004 to eligible young people on courses such as AS/A2, GNVQs, NVQs, GCSEs studying in schools, sixth form colleges and FE colleges.

Education welfare service
Under Education Law parents are responsible for ensuring that their registered children of compulsory school age (5 to 16) attend school regularly.

Educational psychologists
The role of Educational Psychologists (EPs) in statutory assessment is well known but they also have an important role in early identification and intervention.

Educational visits
Information about health and safety on educational visits.

Email alerts from DCSF
Email alerts to the latest news and publications from the DfES are now available. The emails include brief summaries and contain links to the information source. The publications are available on TeacherNet`s Online Publications for schools service, where full summaries are provided.

Emergency planning
Emergency planning establishes procedures for dealing with emergencies confidently should they arise. TeacherNet has devised guidelines which cover planning, types of incidents and online tools to support your school`s emergency plan.

Ethnic minority pupils
The Government is wholly committed to promoting equality of opportunity in our schools and closing the educational achievement gap that exists between some groups of minority ethnic pupils and their peers.

Ethnic monitoring
Information about pupils' ethnic group allows for better observation of the performance of different groups, consideration of possible explanations for any disparity in achievement and planning of strategies for action.

European and international links
Many opportunities exist for schools and educationalists to interact and exchange information, people and ideas with other countries.

European legislation
Articles 149 and 150 of the Treaty establishing the European Community make clear that it is for individual countries to organise their education systems and determine the content of teaching as they see fit at a national level.

Example policies
A list of policies provided by the DfES which schools may use as templates when creating or reviewing their policies.

Excellence clusters
Excellence Clusters are designed to bring the benefits of Excellence in Cities (EiC) to small pockets of deprivation. Some 397 secondary schools and over 280 primary schools are involved in Excellence Clusters. Like EiC, the clusters focus on some of the most deprived areas of the country, using a structured programme designed to raise standards.

Excellence in cities
Excellence in Cities (EiC) is designed to remedy successive failures and to address the educational problems of the major cities where standards have been low.

Exclusion
In 1996-97 permanent exclusions were at a peak of 12,700, a threefold increase between the early and mid 1990s. The Social Exclusion Unit published a report on truancy and exclusion and set Public Service Agreement (PSA) targets on truancy, exclusion and provision of suitable educational provision for excluded pupils. These were subsequently adopte…

Extended schools
Schools can provide a range of extended services and facilities for the benefit of pupils, parents, families and the wider community.

Fair funding
Fair Funding is the non-statutory term commonly used to describe the system used by LEAs to allocate funding for primary and secondary education, including the allocation of school budget shares.

Financial benchmarking
Benchmarking is the term given to the process of measuring standards of actual performance against those achieved by others with broadly similar characteristics.

Financial benchmarking
Financial benchmarking in schools is about more than just effectively managing the budget. It is about achieving Best value, the Government policy designed to further continuous improvement in locally provided services, including education.

Fitness to teach
Teachers and those training to become teachers need a sufficient standard of health and physical fitness to enter or remain in the teaching profession. Teaching is a demanding yet rewarding career and teachers have a duty of care for the pupils in their charge.

Foreign language assistants
The FLA scheme offers an invaluable resource for the promotion and support of language teaching and learning and FLAs can contribute greatly to all aspects of a language department's work by providing authentic native language support.

Foundation stage profile
The Foundation Stage Profile is a national scheme to enable teachers to record observations and summarise children`s achievements at the end of the foundation stage. It is used to summarise the achievements of children towards the Early Learning Goals (ELGs) within the foundation stage.

Freedom of information for schools
The Freedom of Information (FoI) Act requires all public authorities, including all maintained schools, to set out in an approved ‘publication scheme` what information they hold and where and how the information can be accessed by an interested individual.

Fruit in schools
The National School Fruit Scheme is a Department of Health led initiative, which will entitle 4 to 6 year olds and 3 year olds registered at schools, with a free piece of fruit every day.

Funding
Funding schools is a shared responsibility between Central Government and Local Authorities. It is for schools and LEAs, individually and through Schools Forums, to work together to make sure that spending is best targeted, and matches income.

Gap year policy
For many young people the idea of taking a year out between school and university is an attractive one.

GCSE examinations
The governing bodies of schools are required by section 402 of the Education Act 1996 to enter pupils for prescribed public examinations, such as GCSEs, for which they have been prepared by the school.

General Teaching Council
The General Teaching Council (GTC), launched in September 2000, is the new independent professional body for teachers.

Geography
Geography is a statutory national curriculum subject, studied by all pupils between the ages of 5 and 14.

Gifted and talented children
In September 2001, an intensive gifted and talented programme was launched in over 1000 secondary schools, 400 primary schools and in post-16 institutions across some 70 LEAs.

Governor training
Governor training, advice and support is available from local education authorities, diocesan boards as well as some independent providers.

Governors' annual report
The Education Bill 2005 has removed the requirement for governing bodies to produce a Governors' Annual Report. The Governors' Annual Report has been replaced with the School Profile.

Grammar school ballots
The Government made clear before the election that they do not support academic selection via the 11-plus exam and do not wish to see it extended.

Grants for schools
There are a large number of potential sources of funding which head teachers (or a designated member of the senior management team or bursar) can research depending upon their own needs, interests and existing contacts.