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TeacherNet - glossary of teaching terms
Category: Education
Date & country: 14/12/2007, UK
Words: 288


Academy
Academies are a new type of school. They are publicly-funded independent schools, for pupils of all abilities, established by sponsors from business, faith or voluntary groups working in highly innovative partnerships with central Government and local education partners. Their independent status allows them the flexibility to be innovative and crea…

ACCAC
Qualifications Curriculum and Assessment Authority for Wales.

ACCESS
The main aim of Access programmes is to prepare adult learners from non-traditional backgrounds and under-represented groups for admission to undergraduate education. They often lead to GCSEs and A levels and are run by Colleges of Further Education. ACCESS to teaching would offer GCSE mathematics, English and science and appropriate A levels for I…

ACE
Advisory Centre for Education.

ACEO
Association of Chief Education Officers.

ACLF
Adult and Community Learning Fund.

ACVT
Advisory Committee for Vocational Training (European Union).

AD(H)D
Attention Deficit (Hyperactivity) Disorder.

Admissions Authority
Schools which handle their own pupil applications are admission authorities. They send out information about the school and pupil application forms, giving a deadline for receipt. Local authorities are also admission authorities as they are responsible for admissions to community and voluntary-controlled schools.

Advanced GNVQ
Advanced General National Vocational Qualification This is similar to BTEC and the equivalent of two A levels. The subjects offered have a vocational element such as childhood studies.

Advanced Supplementary
Broader-based sixth-form studies, the same standard as A levels.

AEA
Advanced Extension Award

AGCAS
Association of Graduate Careers Advisory Services.

AHRB
Arts and Humanities Research Board.

AoC
Association of Colleges.

APL
Accreditation of Prior Learning.

APS
Alliance of Parents and Schools.

AQA
Assessment and Qualification Alliance.

AST
Advanced Skills Teacher.

ATL
Association of Teachers and Lecturers.

Attachment
A file that is included with email.

BA with QTS
Bachelor of Arts — arts degree-level ITT qualification leading to QTS. One of the main routes into primary teaching.

Baseline Assessment
An assessment of a child's skills and abilities usually made by a teacher within the first seven weeks of starting primary school. It shows teachers what a child can do when starting school and helps them to plan lessons and measure progress. Areas covered include language and literacy, mathematics and personal and social development.

BECTA
British Educational Communications and Technology Agency.

BEd with QTS
Bachelor of Education — degree-level initial teacher training qualification leading to qualified teacher status. One of the main routes into primary teaching.

Behaviour Support Plan
A statement which sets out local arrangements for schools and other service providers for the education of children with behavioural difficulties.

Book Trust
An independent educational charity established to promote books and reading among readers of all ages and cultures.

Brothers and Sisters
A rule applied by some admission authorities if your school of choice is over-subscribed. They will sometimes treat the application more favourably if your child already has a brother or sister at the school.

Browser
Software package which is used to view World Wide Web pages.

Browsing
The act of looking through the World Wide Web, or a website, as you would do when walking through a shop.

BSA
Basic Skills Agency.

BSc Bachelor of Science
Science degree-level initial teacher training qualification leading to qualified teacher status. One of the main routes into primary teaching.

BTEC National
Qualification equivalent to two A level courses. Subjects include nursery nursing, business studies and art and design. There are considerable practical elements to the courses with work placements offered.

CAT
Cognitive Ability Test (Produced by the National Foundation for Educational Research).

Catchment Area
Some admission authorities give priority to children who live in an area around the school.

CBEVE
Central Bureau for Educational Visits and Exchanges.

CEG
Careers Education Guidance

CEO
Chief Education Officer.

CET
Continuing Education and Training.

CGLI
City and Guilds of London Institute.

CHI
The Support Society for Children of Higher Intelligence.

Childminders
Childminders look after children under five and school age children after hours and in the holidays. The local authority decides how many children a childminder can care for, and childminders are able to register as part of a network to provide early education.

CIHE
Council for Industry and Higher Education.

CILT
Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research.

CLPE
Centre for Language in Primary Education.

COIC
Careers and Occupational Information Centre.

Community school
State schools in England and Wales which are wholly owned and maintained by the local authority. The local authority is the admissions authority — it has main responsibility for deciding arrangements for admitting pupils.

Controlled Schools
Schools in Northern Ireland which come under the control of Education and Library Boards.

County Schools
State schools in England and Wales which are wholly owned and maintained by local authorities.

CPI
Child Protection Issue.

CRAC
Careers Research and Advisory Centre.

CSR
Continuous Student Record.

CTC
CityTechnical College. Independent all ability non-fee-paying schools for pupils aged 11 to 18. There are 14 CTCs and one CCTA — City College for the Technology of the Arts, in urban areas across England. CTCs teach the National Curriculum to pre-16-year-olds with a focus on science, mathematics and technology. They offer a wide range of vocational…

Database
Collection of data that is organised so that its contents can be easily accessed, managed and updated.

Day Nurseries
These take children under five for the whole working day. Children can attend on a part-time or full-time basis according to their parents' needs. They may be run by local authorities, voluntary organisations, private companies, individuals or employers. There must be at least one adult for every eight children and at least half of the staff must h…

DCSF
Department for Children, Schools and Families.

DENI
Department of Education for Northern Ireland.

Designated Teachers
Advocates who liaise with other services on behalf of young people in care.

DfES
Department for Education and Skills. (From July 2007 no longer in existence).

Directory
This is a subject guide on the internet. In computer file systems, a directory is a named group of related files that are separated by their name from other groups of files.

Disapplied pupils
The National Curriculum assessments have been designed to make sure that as many children as possible can be assessed. There may, however, be a small number of pupils who are not able to take part in some or all of the assessments, even allowing for the full range of arrangements that can be made. Usually this only happens if all or part of the Nat…

DLOs
Desirable Learning Outcomes.

Download
The transmission of a file from one computer system to another (often smaller) computer system. From the internet users point of view, to download a file is to request it from one computer, or from one web page to another computer, and to receive it.

DPC
Data Protection Commission/Commissioner.

DRC
Disability Rights Commission.

EAB
Education Assets Board.

EAL
English as an Additional Language.

EAZs
Education Action Zones. Groups of 15 to 25 schools which aim to create new partnerships, raise standards and generate innovation within education. These groups of schools receive £1million a year for three to five years. An EAZ based on a single secondary school and its associated primaries will receive £350,000 a year. These smaller EAZs are only …

EBD
Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties.

EDP
Education Development Plan.

EECs
Early Excellence Centres.

EiC (Excellence in Cities)
EiC was launched in March 1999 by the Prime Minister and Secretary of State. Its aim is to raise standards in specific city areas through targeted intervention and investment. EiC is mainly focused on secondary schools. The main programs involved are: extending opportunities for Gifted and Talented pupils, expansion of the number of specialist and …

EMA
Education Maintenance Allowance.

Email
Electronic mail carried on the internet.

ERASMUS
European Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students.

ESS
Education Standard Spending.

ETDA
Education and Training Development Agenda.

EUI
European University Institute.

Exclusion
The suspension or expulsion of a pupil from school for disciplinary reasons.

Extended school
A school that provides a range of services and activities often beyond the school day to help meet the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community.

FAS
Funding Agency for Schools.

FE
Further Education.

FECDF
Further Education Competitiveness and Development Fund.

FECF
Further Education Collaboration Fund.

FEDA
Further Education Development Agency.

Feeder Schools
Some admission authorities give priority to children from certain primary schools.

FEFC
Further Education Funding Council.

FEFC(W)
Further Education Funding Council for Wales.

FENTO
Further Education National Training Organisation.

FERL
FE Resources for Learning.

Ferl
An information service for all staff working within the Post-Compulsory Education sector. It aims to support individuals and organisations in making effective use of Information Learning Technologies.

File
In data processing, a related collection of records.

Foundation Schools
Type of state school which is run by the local authority but which has more freedom than community schools to manage their school and decide on their own admissions.

FSM
Free School Meals.

FTET
Full-Time Education and Training.

GCE
General Certificate of Education.

GCSE
General Certificate of Secondary Education.

GCSE Bitesize
A BBC revision guide which uses TV, books and the Internet to help children prepare for GCSE exams.

GEST
Grants for Education, Support and Training.

GM
Grant Maintained (school).