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Romans in Britain - Glossary of military terms
Category: History and Culture > Romans
Date & country: 12/12/2007, UK
Words: 983


Eques dominorum nostrorum
'Horseman of our lords'. tetrarchic imperial horse guard trooper.

Eques indigena
Local cavalryman.

Eques legionis
Legionary horseman.

Eques praetorianus
Cavalryman attached to cohors praetoria .

Eques promotus
Mounted legionary or praetorian.

Eques protector
Legionary cavalryman acting as bodyguard.

Eques Romanus
'Roman knight'. member of equestrian class.

Eques sagittarius
Horse archer.

Eques singularis
A - auxiliary trooper serving in the governor's guard. B - legionary cavalryman serving as bodyguard of senior officers.

Eques singularis Augusti
Trooper of imperial horse guard.

Eques speculator
'Scout' or 'spy'. mounted scout.

Eques stablesianus
'Stableboy'. mounted legionary.

Equitatus
Cavalry.

Equus
A - horse. B - horse standard, one of the five original legionary standards in the republican Roman army.

Equus privatus
Mount provided at own expense.

Equus publicus
Horse provided at state expense to a select body of Roman knights and senators.

Euzonos
Light infantryman.

Evocatus
Reenlisted veteran.

Evocatus Augusti
Reenlisted veteran from cohortes praetoriae .

Ex frumentario
Former military intelligence officer.

Exactus
Accountant.

Exarchus
Late Roman cavalry officer.

Exauctoritas
Discharge from military service.

Excerptor
Shorthand secretary. clerk.

Excubia
Guard post.

Excubitor
Late Roman guardsman.

Excubitus
Guard duty.

Exculcator
Skirmisher.

Exercitatio
Military exercise.

Exercitator
Cavalry instructor.

Exercitus
Army.

Exercitus Germanicus Inferior
The provincial army of Germania Inferior .

Expeditio
Imperial field campaign.

Expeditus
A - soldier without marching pack. B - soldier with light equipment.

Explooratoor
Scout. transliteration of explorator .

Exploratio
Reconnaissance mission.

Explorator
Scout.

Extraordinarius
Picked soldier from republican allies.

Exuviae
Plundered weaponry and equipment.

Faber
Artisan.

Faber navalis
Ship's carpenter.

Fabrica
Workshop.

Fabrica ballistaria
Artillery workshop.

Fabricensis
Artisan.

Falx
Battle-scythe.

Familia
Late Roman squad.

Fascia
Socks.

Felix
Fortunate. lucky. nickname borne by some imperial units.

Feminalia
Breeches.

Ferentarius
A - republican legionary light infantryman. B - republican legionary slinger. C - republican legionary light cavalryman. D - military servant.

Feriale Duranum
Military calendar of festivals.

Ferrata
'Ironclad'. nickname of one of the legiones VI.

Fetialis
Priest involved with religious ceremonies surrounding declaration of war.

Fidelis
Loyal.

Finis
Border.

Finitus commeatus
Restricted leave.

Fisci curator
Praetorian guard armicustos .

Fiscus
Imperial treasury.

Flavia
'Flavian'. raised or reconstituted either by Vespasianus for early imperial units or by Constantius in case of late Roman units.

Flavialis
Late Roman NCO.

Focale
Scarf.

Foederatus
Ally.

Foedus
Treaty.

Forfex
Pincer.

Forma
Map.

Fossa
Ditch.

Fossa fastigata
V-shaped ditch.

Fossa Punica
'Punic ditch'. ditch with inward sloping side and outward nearly vertical side.

Foulkon
Greek equivalent of fulco . close packed defensive formation similar to the testudo .

Framea
Germanic spear.

Fretensis
'Smashing' or 'destroying'. legionary nickname derived from a battle fought in the Fretum, the sea passage between Sicily and Italy.

Frumentarius
Soldier responsible for grain supply. military intelligence operative.

Frumentatio
Collection of grain supplies. fouraging.

Frumentum menstruum gratuitum
Free monthly grain allowance. priviledge enjoyed by praetorian soldiers from Nero's reign.

Fuga
Flight.

Fulco LA)
Close packed defensive formation similar to the testudo .

Fulminata
'Thunderbolt'. legionary nickname of legio XII.

Funditor
Slinger.

Furca
Baggage carrying pole.

Fustibalis
Staff sling.

Fustis
Baton. staff used as badge of office.

Fustuarium
Death penalty by stoning or cudgeling.

Gaesatus
Spearman. Celtic mercenary.

Gaesum
Spear.

Galea
Helmet.

Galearius
Military servant.

Gastrapheta
'Belly bow'. heavy crossbow / light torsion gun.

Gastraphet├Ęs
'Belly bow'. heavy crossbow / light torsion gun.

Gemina
Twin.

Geminensis
Soldier belonging to a unit named Gemina .

Gentilis
Foreigner. barbarian.

Germanicianus
Soldier belonging to the provincial armies of Germania Superior and Germania Inferior .

Germanus custos corporis
German bodyguard of Julio-Claudian dynasty.

Gladiator
Swordfighter.

Gladius
General term for sword, NOT necessarily a shortsword.

Gladius Hispanicus
'Spanish sword'. double edged cut-and-thrust weapon with a tapering blade and a point suited for ripping open mail armour.

Gladius Hispaniensis
'Spanish sword'. double edged cut-and-thrust weapon with a tapering blade and a point suited for ripping open mail armour.

Gladius pugnatorius
Fighting - or combat sword. ie not a training weapon.

Glans
Slingshot.

Globus
A - fast moving unit. B - square.