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Socii Nominis Latini
'Allies of the Latin name'. Latin league allies.
Javelin made wholly of iron.
Sword. often, but by no means invariably a sword with a long blade.
A - scout/spy. B - mounted legionary or praetorian serving as bodyguard and executioner.
Cavalryman attached to a praetorian cohort.
Greek term for cohors praetoria . unit of imperial guard.
Javelin. late Roman pilum successor.
Reinforcing spine on shield.
The plundered weapons and equipment of a conquered enemy champion or commander. To dedicate the spolia opima brought great prestige.
Samnite triple disc body armour.
Acronym for S(enatus) P(opulus)Q(ue) R(omanus). the senate and people of Rome.
A - military post. B - tour of duty.
Completed tour of duty.
Post of military intelligence service.
'Watch post'. police post annex fire department station.
Soldier stationed on outpost.
A - billeting official. B - civilian housing soldiers.
Deduction made by officer from a soldier's allowance.
'Goad'. type of defensive trap.
Soldier serving for pay.
Soldier serving for pay.
A - regular soldier's pay. B - year of military service.
'Supreme commander'. Greek term for consul .
A - military service. B - equestrian officer post. Greek equivalent of militia .
A - army. B - legion.
Commander. Greek term for praefectus castrorum .
A - camp. B - legion.
Soldier in charge of horse supply to the army.
Pair of barracks housing a manipulus .
'Under the eagle'. on active duty.
Under the care of.
Sub iugum missus
POW who passed under the yoke.
'Under the standards'. in military service.
'Under the flag'. veteran duty with lighter service.
A - arming doublet. B - type of spear, possibly a short javelin.
'Under optio'. naval soldier subordinate to an optio .
Supporting troops. auxiliaries.
Soldier on active duty.
Senior administrator in charge of supply.
Sacrifice of a pig, sheep and bull.
Allied or auxiliary force.
Flute player. musician indicating the rowing speed on smaller war ships.
A - locked shields formation. B - Greek term for testudo .
Fellow soldier, brother-in-arms.
Administrative office of the legionary cavalry.
Military unit. term used by Josephus for legion.
Light cavalryman armed with javelins.
Senior military officer. used as equivalent of tribunus .
Cavalry trooper equipped with large shield.
Protective garment worn over armour.
Protective shield cover.
Military unit. word used by Josephus for legion.
Siege machine for drilling holes in walls.
'Third officer'. A - centurion of the third cohort of a legion B - naval officer of uncertain rank.
Tès hippou stratègos
'General of the cavalry'. Greek term for magister equitum , a senior late Roman commander.
NCO in charge of the watchword.
Military will. soldiers were granted the right to make a will that did not have to conform to all formal legal requirements.
Skirmisher equipped with body armour.
'Shieldbearer'. A - any soldier equipped with body shield B - light infantryman equipped with large shield in Hellenistic armies.
Shieldbearing javelineer. legionary javelineer deployed in the four rear ranks of Arrian's battle formation.
A - legging. B - greave.
Recruit's first campaign.
Stretch of wall and ditch in front of a marching camp gate.
Neck ornament awarded as military decoration.
Tou tagmatos hippikon
A - javelineer. B - archer.
Annual parade in Rome by the equites Romani at which their horses and equipment were inspected.
Senior praetorian or legionary centurion of somewhat unclear status.
The three postings of a full equestrian military career. A - praefectus cohortis B - tribunus angusticlavius / tribunus cohortis C - praefectus alae .
'Third liner'. heavy legionary infantry soldier.
Centurion of the triarii or pili .
Senior centurion of a manipulus of the triarii .
Greek equivalent of tribunus . senior officer.
Raised platform in front of the HQ used for addressing the troops or administring justice.
'Narrow striped officer'. equestrian legionary officer.
Commander of auxiliary unit.
Officer elected as tribunus militum by the comitia .
'Broadstriped officer'. senatorial legionary officer.
Senior legionary officer.
Tribunus militum a populo
Senior legionary officer appointed by popular assembly.
Officer picked by the commander.
Tribune serving a tour of duty of only six months. note that there is absolutely no evidence at all to identify this officer as commander of the legionary cavalry as sometimes stated in modern literature.
Late Roman unassigned tribune. staff officer.
Naval officer. ship's captain.
Trireme. galley with single oarsmen on three levels.
Trireme. galley with single rowers on three levels.
The insignia of a triumphator .
Victorious army commander granted the right of holidng a triumphus .
Triumphal entry into the city of Rome. highest honour bestowed on victorious commander.
Gold embroidered purple garment worn by triumphator .
Soldier belonging to a turma . trooper.
Founded or reconstituted by emperor Marcus Ulpius Traianus.
'City soldier'. soldier belonging to the cohortes urbanae .
Rebel intent on seizing imperial power.
Use with luck.
Exemption from fatigue duty.
Imperial post system.
'Cloak wearer'. republican legionary skirmisher.
Veteran. discharged soldier.
Vet. animal doctor.
A - standardbearer. B - soldier serving in a vexillatio .
Detachment. provisional unit.
Late Roman field army cavalry unit.
Late Roman field army cavalry unit.
Standard with a flag on a crossbar.
Unit of veterans awaiting discharge.
Camp road leading to rear gate.
Camp road leading to porta praetoria .
Camp road passing the encampment of the fifth manipuli . road dividing praetentura in half.
Road running along the inside of a wall.
'Travelling money' . pay for recruit's initial training period.
Replacement. A - recruit provided by conscript unwilling to serve in person. B - lieutenant.
Civilian settlement attached to military base.
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