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Romans in Britain - Glossary of military terms
Category: History and Culture > Romans
Date & country: 12/12/2007, UK
Words: 983


Cuneus equitum
Cavalry unit.

Cura copiarum
Supply management.

Cura explorationis
Responsibility for scouting.

Curam agens
Soldier in charge.

Curator
A - soldier, NCO or officer with special responsibilities. B - supply administrator.

Curator cohortis
Interim commander of auxiliary regiment.

Curator Germanorum
Commander of the Germani custodes corporis , the imperial bodyguard.

Curator operis armamentarii
Person in charge of arms supply.

Curator veteranorum
Officer in charge of time served soldiers awaiting discharge.

Cursores
'Runners'. assault troops.

Cursus clabularis
Wagon post. imperial wagon transportation service.

Cursus honorum
The public career path of Roman nobles consisting of both civilian and military posts.

Cursus publicus
Imperial posting system.

Custos
Guard. guardian. sentry.

Custos armorum
Soldier tasked with the registration and supply of weapons and equipment.

Custos basilicae
Caretaker of training hall.

Decanus
Commander of contubernium or tentparty.

Decimipilus
Centurion of the pili of the tenth cohort of a legion.

Decumanus
Soldier of the legio X.

Decurio
Cavalry officer. A - officer commanding ten to thirty horse men in the legion of the early republic. B - officer commanding a turma in the auxilia .

Decurio exercitator
Cavalry training officer.

Decurio princeps
Officer in charge of unit's administration.

Decursio
Military exercise.

Dediticius
Someone who has surrendered. prisoner of war.

Deditio
Unconditional surrender.

Defector
Deserter.

Defensores
'Defenders'. troops in close order defensive formation.

Dekanos
Militia man. police man.

Dekarchos
A - cavalry officer. Greek equivalent of decurio . B - section commander, equivalent of decanus .

Delectus
Picked soldier.

Deposita
Savings.

Deputatus
Medical orderly.

Dexa
'Catch!'. motto inscribed on lead sling bullets.

Diaseismos
'Shakedown'. extortion was a relatively common military vice.

Dictator
Senior magistrate granted emergency powers originally appointed for a period of six months.

Difalangia
Double battle order, ie facing front and rear.

Digmata
Shield decoration.

Dilectator
Official in charge of conscription levy.

Dilectus
Conscription levy.

Diogmitès
Urban militia man.

Diploma
Discharge certificate.

Direptio
Sack.

Discens
Trainee.

Discens aquiliferorum
Trainee eagle standard bearer.

Discens aquiliferum
Trainee eagle standard bearer.

Discens architecti
Trainee artillery constructor.

Discens capsariorum
Soldier training for function as medical orderly.

Discens equitum
Trainee cavalryman

Discens lanchiariorum ((Bad) LA)
Trainee javelineer.

Discens phalangarium
Soldier training as a phalangarius. During the third century ad several experiments were conducted with macedonian phalanx tactics, apparently requiring special training in weapons handling and drill.

Discens signiferorum
Trainee standardbearer.

Dispensator
Imperial treasury slave.

Distributio numerorum
Distribution of units. the order of battle of the Roman army in the Notitia Dignitatum.

Doctor
Instructor.

Doctor armorum
Weapons instructor.

Dolabra
Axe.

Dolus
Trick, ruse.

Domesticus
'Household man'. late Roman imperial guard soldier.

Domitiana
'Domitian's own'. honorary title for loyal army units in Domitian's reign.

Dona militaria
Military decorations.

Donativum
Extraordinary grant of money.

Donis donatus
Rewarded with decorations.

Dory
Spear.

Dory makron
Long spear or pike. weapon used by legionary phalangarii in third century.

Doryphoros
'Spearman'. guard soldier.

Doux
Military commander.

Draco
'Dragon'. windsock standard.

Draconarius
Dragon bearer. late Roman standardbearer.

Dromedarius
Camel trooper.

Ducenarius
Late Roman officer.

Duovir navalis
Republican era naval commander.

Duplaris
NCO on double basic pay.

Duplicarius
NCO on double basic pay.

Dux
Commander.

Dux ripae
'River bank commander'. subordinate commander of frontier section.

Eirenarchos
Militia commander.

Eirènikè schèma
Peacetime attire ie without full equipment.

Ektaxis
Battle order.

Ektraordinarios
Greek term for extraordinarius .

Elephans turritus
Turreted elephant.

Emansor
Deserter.

Emerita statio
Completed tour of duty.

Emeritus
Soldier having served mandatory time. veteran.

Eparchos
Officer.

Eparchos ilès
'Wing commander'. Greek term for praefectus alae .

Eparchos speirès
Equestrian officer. Greek equivalent of praefectus cohortis and praefectus alae .

Eparchos toon toxotoon
Commander of archers.

Epi toon topoon
Ã?n charge of the vicinity'. Greek title for centurio regionarius .

Epibata
Marine.

Epikouros
Auxiliary.

Epilektos
Elite soldier.

Epimelètès
Officer. commander.

Epiploos
Ship's guard.

Epistula commendaticia
Letter of recommendation. credential.

Eques
Cavalryman.

Eques alaris
Cavalryman belonging to auxiliary ala .

Eques Augustorum
Praetorian cavalry trooper.

Eques Batavus
A - Batavian horseman. B - imperial horse guard trooper, not necessarily recruited from that particular tribe.

Eques capsarius
Mounted medical orderly.

Eques cohortalis
Trooper belonging to cohors equitata .