Copy of `Shine - Cleaning glossary`

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Shine - Cleaning glossary
Category: General technical and industrial > Cleaning
Date & country: 11/12/2007, UK
Words: 81


Abrasion
The wearing away or cleaning by friction

Abrasive
A product that works by abrasion or scouring action

Acid
A compound that ironises in water to produce hydrogen irons

Acrylic Floor Finish
A water based product that dries hard and glossy

Algaecide
Products that destroy algae

All Purpose Cleaner
A powder or liquid detergent suitable for general house hold cleaning

Anhydrous Soap
Soap that contains no water

Anionic Surfactant
Negatively charged molecule widely used in high sudsing detergents

Antibacterial
Counteracting bacteria

Antiredeposition Agent
Ingredient used in detergents to help prevent soil from redepositing on surfaces or fabrics

Bacteria
Microscopic single cell living organisms responsible for illness in humans

Bactericide
A chemical agent that destroys bacteria

Bacteriostat
A chemical agent that prevents bacteria from growing but doesn`t kill it

Bleach
A product that is used for cleaning. removing stains and whitening/brightening fabrics

Blushing
Whitening effect that sometimes occurs when a solvent finish dries

Brighteners
Optical or fluorescent enhancers found in product cleaners

Builder
A Material that upgrades or protects the cleaning efficiency of a surfactant

Burnish
To buff a protective floor coating before it dries to give a hard finish

Cationic Surfactant
Disinfectants and sanitisers such as alkyl dimenthyl benzyl ammonium chloride known as quarternary ammonium compounds

Chelating Agent
Additives in detergents for inactivating the minerals in water that interfere with cleaning

Chemical Cleaning
A method that uses chemical cleaning agents to remove soil instead of mechanical or abrasive agents

Cidal or ‘Cide`
Agents with the ability to kill micro—organisms

Clarity
The clearness of a liquid

Concentrate
An undiluted form of a dilutable cleaning product

Corrosion Inhibitor
Protects the wearing away of surfaces

Damp Mopping
Process of using a damp cloth or mop lightly wrung in detergent and water to remove lightly soiled surfaces

Decontaminate
To remove the contamination

Defoamers
A substance used to reduce or eliminate foam

Degreaser
A chemical product specially formulated to remove grease and oil

Detergent
Cleaning and washing agent used for the removal of soils with a composition other than soap

Dilute
To reduce the strength of a concentrate by adding water

Dirt
Any foul or filthy substance

Dirt Retention
A high level of which is when soil has been worked into a surface easily

Disinfectant
A product that destroys harmful bacteria and viruses on surfaces

Drain Cleaner
Chemical product that cleans solid grease and other materials embedded in drains

Dry
To remove moisture from a surface

Durability
The wearing quality of a finish

Dust
Light particles suspended in air

Dusting Product
Product that dispenses a fine mist or spray that picks up and retains light dust and soil

Eliminate
To remove an undesirable substance

Emulsification
Detergent action that breaks up fats and oils into small droplets

Epoxy
A shortened name for a class of synthetic resins

Finish
A protective coating used as a top coat

Foaming Agent
A material that increases the production of bubbles in liquid

Fungicide
Chemical agent that destroys fungi

Germicide
Substance that kills germs

Gloss
A surface lustre

Grease
A sticky soil

Hydrochloric Acid
Used in different quantities to clean toilets

Hydrophilic Fibres
Fibres that absorb water easily

Hydrophobic Fibres
Fibres that do not absorb water easily

Inorganic Alkaline Detergent
Water soluble detergent that contains no soap or synthetics

Low Sudsing
Name which describes a product that cleans without foaming or any significant amount of foam

Mechanical Cleaning
Process of removing dirt or soil by manual scrubbing or use of abrasives

Mild Cleaner
A product that is non damaging to the surface being cleaned

Non-Chlorine Bleach
A product used in laundry for bleaching that contains peroxygen compounds which releases active oxygen in the water

Nonionic Surfactant
Active agent found to be especially effective in removing oily soil

Pathogens
Micro-organisms that cause disease

Phosphorus Acid
Common acid used in bowl cleaners and in light duty detergents

Pre-Soak
A soaking operation before washing to remove stains

Pre—Spot
Removal of obvious stains before general cleaning

Redeposition
A condition of soil settling back on a cleaned surface before the cleaning product is removed

Rinsability
The ease of being rinsed or completely washed away

Sanitiser
An agent which reduces but doesn't completely destroy bacteria

Saponification
Process of converting fat into soap or to remove grease and oil

Sealer
A coating designed to protect a surface

Soap
A natural cleaning agent produced by the reaction of a fat or oil to an alkali

Sodium Hypochlorite
Bleaching and disinfecting agent

Soils
A group of substances that attach themselves to surfaces creating a pollutant

Squeegee
A tool with a rubber edge to remove water from floors and windows

Stripper
A detergent that breaks down wax or paint without damaging the underlying surface

Suds
A foam or lather generated on or in a detergent solution

Suspension
Cleaning products that hold insoluble dirt and grime and keep them from being deposited back onto the surface

Tack Rag
A damp cloth used to remove dust and lint before coating

Tackiness
Being sticky or adhesive

Unclog
To remove an obstructing object

Viracide
A chemical agent that kills viruses

Washing
Cleaning in an aqueous environment

Wax
A natural protective coating for hard surfaces

Wet Mopping
Process of applying a liberal amount of cleaning solution

Wetting Agent
A Chemical which allows water to spread more freely