Copy of `Go Sail - Sailing terms`

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Go Sail - Sailing terms
Category: Sport and Leisure > Sailing
Date & country: 25/11/2007, UK
Words: 122


Abeam
Direction at right angles to the centreline of a boat.

Aft
Toward the stern of a boat.

All standing
To have all sails flying when running before the wind.

Amidships
In the middle of the boat

Anchor
Any type of hook or weight used to grip the bottom and attached by a cable prevent the boats drifting. There are different types of anchors.

Ashore
To be on or to go to the shore.

Astern
Behind the boat

Athwartship
At right angles to the centerline of the boat.

Auxiliary-Auxiliary power
An engine that is permanently installed on the boat. Unfortunately it has to be used sometimes to power the boat. The engine is also usually used to recharge the batteries.

Bare poles
In a very strong wind it is possible to be propelled by the force of the wind on only the mast and the boom. To sail in such a way is called 'bare poles'.

Battens
Thin strips of wood or plastic inserted into batten pockets used to stiffen the leech (to preserve the shape of the sail).

Beam
The widest part of a boat.

Bearing
The direction an object from teh viewer (based on the compass heading).

Bilge
Lower part of a hull.

Block
A device containing at least one sheave (pulley wheel) for altering the directiuon of a rope or to provide a purchase.

Bobstay
Brace from the end of a bowspirit to the lower point of the stern.

Bollard
Strong point for securing a rope. This may be ashore or on another vessel.

Bow
The front end of a boat.

Broad Reach
Sailing with the wind slightly aft of the beam.

Bulkhead
Upright partition across the boat.

Buoyancy
Force which enables anything to float. Many boats have built in buoyancy tanks in case of the hull being holed or the boats capsizing.

Buoyancy Aid
Safety garment to keeps its wearer afloat but (in Britain) one without the qualities that permit it to be called a lifejacket.

Burgee
Small flag often at the mast head which is often used to indicate wind direction.

Catamaran
A twin hulled craft

Centerboard
A pivoting board that prevents the boat from sliding sideways.

Centerline
The center of the boat: from the stern to the bow.

Chart
A nautically specialized map.

Chine
The angle between the side and bottom of a boat.

Clew
An aft corner of a triangular sail.

Close Hauled
Sailing as close as possible to the wind

Cockpit
The rear boat area from where the crew operates the boat. Also refers to the area below decks.

Crew
People who operate a boat. The crew in a two man sailing dinghy usually refers to the person operating the jib sail /spinaker.

Cringle
Rope loop or eye formed in sail or net.

Cuddy
Shelter on a boat not large enough to be a cabin.

Daggerboard
Lifting keel that moves up and down through its case or trunk instead of pivoting like a centreboard. A Mirror dinghy uses a daggerboard arrangement.

Displacement
Weight of water a craft displaces when afloat.

Ease
Let out

Ebb
Stream due to the dropping or falling of the tide.

Ensign
A flag indicating nationality of the vessel.

Fair Wind
Following wind before which the boat runs.

Fall Off
Turn away fomr the wind when sailing.

Foot
The bottom edge of the sail - the one attached to the boom.

Foresail
A foresail is the sail (such as a jib) located immediately in front of the main mast. It is attached to the forestay.

Furl
Roll up a sail.

Gaff
A spar in a gaff rig (four sided sails) to which the top side of the sailed is attached.

Garboard
The lowest part of a hull next to the keel. The planks each side of the keel are the 'garboard strakes'.

Genoa
Large jib sail with considerable overlap on the mainsail.

Go About
Change tack to bring wind to the other side.

Goose Winging
Sailing before the wind with the jib held out to the opposite side of the mailsail.

Gooseneck
Universal joint fitting that links the end of the boom to the mast.

Gudgeon
Part of a rudder hinge witha hole to take the pintle.

Gunwhale
Top side of a boat.

Gybe
Change direction with the wind aft so that the sails are blown across the boat.

Harden A Sheet
Haul it in.

Head
The top part of a triangular sail. OR A toilet in a cruiser boat.

Headboard
Wood or metal plate fixed in the head of a sail.

Headsail
Any sail located in front of the main mast.

Heave to
Adjust sails and rudder so boat is stopped safely.

Helm
Tiller or other steering gear.

Hull
The body of a boat

Inboard
Within the boat.

Jaws
The horns on the end of a gaff to fit on each side of the mast.

Jib
The front sail.

Jibsheet
The line used to pull the jib in or let it out.

Keel
A weighted extension of a boat running below it that prevents the boat from sliding sideways.

Kicking Strap
Light tackle angled from the boom to a lower part of the mast or some point on the floor of the boat. Used to tension the boom. Also known as the boom vang.

Kite
Sometimes used to indicate spinnaker.

Knot
A nautical term for speed: one nautical mile per hour. Also a term indicating a method of tying a line.

Lanyard
Thin line holding gear in place. The lashing on the end of a shroud.

Lash
To tie something using a light rope.

Lee shore
Shore on which the wind is blowing from seawards.

Leech
The aft edge of the triangular sail - the one that's not attached to anything.

Leeward
The direction to which the wind is blowing.

Lifejacket
Buoyant garment. In Britain the name is reserved for one that will turn a person the rightway up. Otherwise its called a buoyancy aid.

Luff
The fore edge of a sail.

Lug
Four sided sail that goes forward as well as aft of the mast.

Mainsail
The largest sail. (Except for the spinnaker.)

Mainsheet
The line used to pull the mainsail in or let it out.

Masthead
The top of the mast.

Neap Tide
when the tide range is the least - rising less and dropping less than the other tides during the four week cycle

Pay off
Allow the boat turn to leeward.

Pintle
Part of a rudder hinge that fits into a gudgeon.

Port side
The left side of the boat.

Port Tack
Sailing with the wind coming over the port bow.

Pulpit
Metal tubular guard rail at the bow.

Quarter
Direction between directly astern and abeam is 'on the quarter'. The corner between the gunwhale and the transom on each side.

Reef
Reduce the area of a sail.

Rigging
The assembly of the boat.

Roach
Area between the curved leech of a mailsail and a straight line between the head and the clew.

Roller Reefing
Reefing by rolling some of the mailsail around the boom or the jib around the foresay.

Rowlocks
Used as guides for oars.

Sheave
Pulley wheel over which a rope passes.

Sheet
A line used to trim sails.

Shround
The wires holding the mast at the sides.

Sloop
A single masted craft with a mainsail and one sail forward of the mast.

Spinnaker
Light parachute shaped head sail.

Spring Tide
Tide that has the greatest range in a four week cycle.

Stand-on vessel
A boat that has the right-of-way over the give-way vessel. It must maintain its course and speed.

Starboard Side
The right side of the boat.

Starboard Tack
Sailing with the wind coming over the starboard bow.