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Guitar tools - Guitar and music glossary
Category: Music and Sound > Guitar and music
Date & country: 23/11/2007, UK
Words: 159


Pickup
A coil wound with fine enamelled copper wire which converts The vibrations of The guitar strings into electrical signals

PIMA
letter names for the picking hand fingers, derived from the Spanish language

Plantilla
The outline shape of A classical guitar

Plectrum
object for striking The strings held by The picking hand. Also known as A pick or flat-pick

Polepiece
The individual metal poles within The pickups under each string

Pot
potentiometer for controlling A signal. Also known as A variable resistor

Preamp
A signal boosting device

Psychedelia
drug-based popular music featuring various types of sound treatment, multi-texturing sound layers, and unusual forms. Pioneered by British and American bands in the late 1960`s

Pull-off
fretting hand technique for sounding A note by playing one note and quickly releasing to sound another without re-picking

Purfling
decorative inlays next to The bindings of A guitar

Rasguedo
method of strumming used by flamenco guitarists

Relative minor
The minor system starting on The sixth degree of The major scale

Relief
The upward bow found in an instruments neck that allows The strings to vibrate without hitting The frets

Resolve
A musical progression which brings an ending to part of A piece

Rest
A period of silence

Rhythm
A pattern of notes and accents

Ribs
The sides of A guitar

Rock
music derived from blues and country music in the 1950`s

Root
The letter-name reference note for A chord

Rosette
The circular decoration round The soundhole of an acoustic guitar

Saddle(s)
The point on The bridge for supporting The strings

Scale length
The length between The nut and The saddle

Sequence
Often A term for A song or A chordal pattern

Shape
The outline form of A chord or scale on The fingerboard

Sharp
symbol (#) for raising a note by a semitone. A double-sharp is used to raise a note by two semitones (one tone)

Slide
method for sliding in pitch between notes

Sol-Fa
system of one syllable abbreviations for scale notes. The notes are Do-re-Me-Far-Sol-La-Ti-Do

Solid-state
The use of modern transistors in electronics such as amplifier circuits

Solo
an improvised passage over music

Soundboard
The top or table of The guitar

Soundhole
normally A circular section cut out of The soundboard to allow sound energy to project from The soundchamber

Space
The gap between lines on A stave

Speaker
circular cone for projecting amplified sound

Stave
A grid for placing music

Strum
method for striking chords with The picking hand

Studio
A room for recording or practising

Subdominant
The note or chord on The fourth degree of The major scale. this is Often marked with The Roman numeral IV

Submediant
The note or chord on The sixth degree of The major scale. this is Often marked with The Roman numeral VI

Supertonic
The note or chord on The second degree of The major scale. this is Often marked with The Roman numeral II

Syncopation
A rhythm emphasising offbeats

Synthetic scale
A non-diatonic succession of notes

Tablature
A method for writing music down showing The position of notes on The frets and strings. Also known as tab

Tailpiece
metal frame or stud for holding The strings on The guitar body

Tempo
The speed of The music in relation to The beat or pulse

Time signature
two-tier symbol showing The number of notes and value in A bar

Tonality
relationship to A keynote or pivotal tone for A harmonic system

Tone
1 a major second. 2 The colour or quality of the sound. 3 A note

Tonic
The note or chord on The first degree of The major scale. this is Often marked with The Roman numeral I

Transducer
A device for transferring energy from one form to another. used to describe A type of pickup used for amplifying acoustic instruments

Transposition
moving A section or A piece of music to A new key with A new pitch

Tremolo
1 used for a mechanical (vibrato) arm for controlling pitch. 2 A sound-processing effect. 3 The fast repetition of a single note. 4 A term for vibrato

Triad
A three-note chord with intervals of thirds in root inversions

Tritone
this is an interval using three whole-tones (tri-tone). It is normally an augmented fourth, or a diminished fifth

Truss rod
reinforcing metal rod for stabilising and adjusting The neck

Tuners
machineheads

Valve
glass tube which amplifies sound (signal), very much like the modern day transistor

Vibrato
1 used for a mechanical arm for controlling pitch. 2 A sound processing effect. 3 A technique whereby a fretted noted is moved rapidly (a slight fluctuation in pitch) to create an effect or enhance tone

Whole tone
an interval of A major second. Also A six-note scale using whole tons over an octave

Wolf note
A note which is irregular or weak due to The properties of acoustic resonance