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Aplastic Anaemia and Myelodysplasia Glossary
Category: Health and Medicine > Aplastic Anaemia and Myelodysplasia
Date & country: 20/11/2007, uk
Words: 119


RARS
Noun: Abbreviation of Refractory Anaemia with Ringed Sideroblasts .

RBC
Noun: Abbreviation of Red Blood Cell.

Refractory Anaemia
Noun: A form of myelodysplasia often referred to as 'RA'. The fact that it is refractory indicates that it is resistant to treatment.

Renal
Adjective: Having to do with or located near the Kidneys such as a renal vein or a renal illness.

Serum Sickness
Noun: A short-lived illness that may develop about 10 days after injection with a product injected into a person which has come from an animal origin, such as anti-lymphocyte globulin which is horse or rabbit based. There may be an itchy rash, joint pain, fever, and enlarged lymph nodes . In severe cases, a state similar to shock, with low blood pr…

Specific
Noun: In medical terms, a specific is a cure for some particular disease. A specific remedy. If they know the type of bacteria you have as an infection, the doctors will give you a specific to handle it.

Splenomegaly
Noun: An enlargement of the spleen.

Steroid
Noun: One of a group of hormones chemically related to cholesterol. They include oestrogen, which controls female sexual development, androgen , which produces male characteristics and builds up muscular protein tissue, progesterone, which plays an important part in the regulation of the menstrual cycle and in pregnancy, and the corticosteroids , w…

Stromal Cells
Noun: Cells that form the connective tissue, nerves and vessels that form the frame like support of an organ. The bone marrow cells which make up the home for the stem cells and all their offspring are stromal cells.

Teicoplanin
Noun: A drug which is in the penicillin family. It is used to handle some micro-organisms which other forms cannot. It rarely has any side effects except for rashes in higher doses.

Thrombocyte
Noun: A blood platelet .

Thrombopoiesis
Noun: The production of platelets. Normal thrombopoiesis would mean that platelet production was normal.

Thyroid Gland
Noun: An important gland in the neck of all animals with a backbone, near the upper windpipe, that affects growth and helps regulate the body's energy and calcium levels. If you are deficient in the hormones produced by the thyroid gland, the symptoms include tiredness, dry skin, hair loss, weight gain, constipation and sensitivity to cold. If the …

Transferrin
Noun: An iron bearing protein within the fluid of the blood.

Tumour Necrosis Factor
Noun: A protein that is produced by monocytes and macrophages in response to poisons (which are produced and retained within a bacterium) which are released after the destruction of the bacterial cell. The protein activates white blood cells and has anticancer activity. There is evidence that the continued production of these proteins activating th…

Vancomycin
Noun: A drug which is a highly effective antibiotic against some forms of bacteria. It is derived from a micro-organism found in Indonesian and Indian soil. It can have very severe side effects such as damaging the inner ear or the kidneys. Due to this it's blood levels are carefully monitored and it's quantities adjusted accordingly.

Vital Signs
Noun: The signs of life; namely the temperature, pulse, respiration (the breathing) and blood pressure.

WBC
Noun: An abbreviation for White Blood Cell Count.

Zoster Immune Globulin
Noun: A drug which protects certain people from getting severe chicken pox infection or shingles. It will temporarily protect them against the chicken pox for about 3 weeks. It would be given if the AA or MDS patient had any exposure to the virus or tests showed it in his/her system.