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Scrapbooking Pages - Hobbying glossary
Category: Hobbies and Crafts > Scrapbooking
Date & country: 13/11/2007, UK
Words: 166


Acetate
A form of acidic plastic that causes photo`s, paper and documents to deteriorate and fade over time.

Acid
Acids weaken the cellulose in paper, which leads to its break down, causing discoloration and disintegration.

Acid Free
Materials that have a pH balance of 7.0 or higher. Many papers are considered acid free immediately after manufacture however unless they have been buffered, i.e. treated with a neutralising agent, chemical reactions with substances such as sizing or bleaching will cause the paper to become acidic over time. All plastic by its nature is acid free however some plastic is unsafe for use in photo albums.

Acid Migration
Acid migration occurs when something with acid is placed against an article that is acid free. Photographs mounted on acidic paper will weaken and crumble. Acidic memorabilia can be added to photo albums if encapsulated in polypropylene sleeves or placed on buffered card on a page underneath a protective sleeve.

Adhesives
The glue used to attach/secure photographs and other components onto a scrapbook page. Adhesive types include photo corners (clear plastic stick on style or paper 'lick and stick' style) which are considered to be non permanent, photo tape, photo tabs, tape runner (all forms of double sided tape) which are considered permanent and photo safe.

AF-LF
Abbreviation for: acid-free/lignin-free

Album
Blank book used to store scrapbooking photographs and scrapbook pages.

Alkaline
Alkaline substances have a pH over 7.0. They may be added to a material to neutralize acids or as an alkaline reserve or buffer for the purpose of counteracting acids that may form in the future. A buffer may be added during the manufacturing or during the process of deacidification. While a number of chemicals may be used as buffers, the most common are magnesium carbonate and calcium carbonate.

Alpha Cellulose
The strongest and most stable of all plant fibres. Because of this stability it is used in permanent paper.

Altered Book
An altered book is an existing book that has been changed or altered using glue, paint, collage, rubber stamps, and scissors, tearing, or adding to. “It is an expression of one's self, a piece of art, an experiment or a conversation piece.'

Analogous Colours
Colours that are next to each other on the colour wheel.

Archival
Term describing a product or technique used in preserving artifacts, photographs, memorabilia and other items.

Archival Quality
A non-technical term which suggests that a substance is permanent, durable and chemically stable. There is no guarantee that this is the case. It is safer to look for acid free and lignin free when purchasing scrapbooking components.

Basic Templates
Templates in basic shapes such as circles, squares, ovals.

Beads
Come in many different shapes and sizes and can be attached with glue, on wire, sewn on etc.

Blocking
When two materials stick together unintentionally. For instance, a photograph sticking to the back of the next page or photo album sleeve.

BOM
Abbreviation for: Book of Me, a book by Angie Pedersen about creating a scrapbook all about your life.

Bone Folder
A tool that's used to impress a fine line or crease onto a piece of paper or cardstock to make folding the paper much easier and provides a neater fold. Although called bone folders, they can also be made out of plastic

Border
The margins of a scrapbook page. Usually spoken of in terms of decoration.

Brads
Similar to typical offices split pins but are found in many different sizes, shapes and colours. Very commonly used for an embellishment.

Buffered
Products capable of maintaining the core of a solution. (Buffered paper prevents acid from moving from a photograph to a paper).

Button
Come in many different shapes, styles and colours. There are also many buttons that are made specifically for scrapbooking. They are thin, flat and can be attached with fibers, thread or glue.

Calligraphy
Formal, old fashioned lettering.

Cardstock
Sturdy paper, available in a variety of weights for scrapbooking.

CASE
Copy And Steal Everything: Means copying layouts. Also called Scraplifting.

Chalk
Not regular children's chalk, this is specially designed to be safe for Scrapbooking and used in similar paper arts.

Chalking
The art of using chalks to enhance your scrapbook pages.

Clip Art
Art purchased in book or software from that can be applied to scrap booking pages.

Collage
An artistic composition made of various materials (paper, cloth, wood) that are glued onto a surface.

Colour Wheel
Shows colour relationships and placement.

Coluzzle
A plastic tool used to guide the cutting of various shapes. You need to use a craft knife as the cutting instrument.

Corner-Edged Scissors
Scissors that cut corners. Each pair creates four different types of corners.

Corrugated Paper
Thick, wavy cardstock available in many colours.

Crop
A term used for a gathering of Scrapbookers to work on their albums, and page layouts...`A Crop`. Can also be a formally hosted event with an expert who shares techniques, products, and information with the group.

Crop-Cropping
To cut or trim a photograph... to highlight a certain area, or cut out unwanted activity, or simply changing the photograph's shape.

Cropper Hopper
A brand of carrying tote for all your scrapbooking materials etc.

Dauber
A round miniature stamp pad which can be dabbed onto a stamp to apply ink

Dauber Duo
A dauber applicator with a different colour or shade on each end.

Deacidification
This is a common term for a chemical treatment that removes acid in paper and lays down an alkaline buffer to counteract further acid attack. Deacidification technically refers only to the removal of acid present at the time of treatment, not to the addition of a buffer. Deacidification increases the chemical stability of paper but it does not restore strength or flexibility to brittle paper.

Deacidification Spray
Spray that neutralizes acid in newspaper clippings, certificates and other documents. (e.g. Archival Mist)

Decorative Ruler
A normal ruler with a special edge used in designing scrapbook pages.

Decorative Scissors
Scissors with a decorative pattern on the blade.

Degradation
Materials breaking down or changing appearance from the original state or appearance. Typically paper or photographs yellowing and becoming brittle.

Die-Cuts
Paper designs cut from die cut machines.

Double-Mount
To place a photo on two background papers.

Dry Brushing
Applying chalk or paint to a brush or sponge and removing most of it by wiping/dabbing it on a piece of paper or rag before using it. This prevents the paint from bleeding under the edges of a stencil, and chalk from looking to dark.

Dry Embossing-Debossing
To make a raised image by pushing the paper up using a stylus from the backside. Also called blind embossing.

Embellishment
Any scrapbooking supplies that enhance the pages. (e.g. Brads, Eyelets, Fibres, Charms etc)

Emboss
To create a raised design on paper, either by heating embossing powder laid on a stamped image, or by using a stylus to trace a brass embossing template

Embossing Ink
A glycerin based used for embossing.

Embossing Powder
Powder sprinkled, usually on stamped images, and heated to create raised edges.

Encapsulation
A method of displaying three-dimensional memorabilia and protecting nearby items from acid contained in the memorabilia. Items are encased in stable plastics.

Eyelet
A round (with a hole in the centre) metal embellishment added by punching a hole and hammering down the back.

Fiber-Fibre
A fancy thread used to decorate scrapbook pages.

Fine & Chisel
Pens A fine tip pen (0.5mm) and chisel tip (6.0mm) used for lettering.

Focal Point
The element of a design where lines converge. The eye is naturally drawn to the focal point in an image.

Font
The style of lettering.

Gel-based Rollers
Pens with pigment ink.

General Pattern Paper
Paper with patterns, made to use for any occasion.

Gift Album
A compilation of photographs and mementos created with a person or event in mind.

Glassine
Translucent paper used to make envelopes or sleeves for storage of photo negatives or for decorative use.

Hand Tinting (Also photo tinting)
A method of applying colour to a black and white photograph.

Handmade Paper
Paper made by hand that is often rough and uneven in texture. Sometimes there are flowers and leaves in the paper which can add a natural look to your scrapbook.

Handmade Scraps
Scrapbook supplies made from layered-looking die-cuts.

Heading
The caption or title that explains the theme of a layout.

Heat Gun
Also known as a thermal or embossing gun. A hobby tool that produces heat, but not air. It's used primarily to emboss.

Heritage
Traditions passed down from generation to generation.

Hermafix-Herma
A brand of dispensing tool for photo mounting squares.

Hinge Album
A plastic strap binding allows your albums to expand. These tend to lay flatter than the post bound albums.

Idea Books
Books usually about one aspect of scrapbooking. Some are written for particular scrapbooking themes (Wedding, Babies, etc.) while others are devoted to a particular scrapbook supplies product (Stickers, Die-cuts, Templates, etc).

Journaling
The words you write in your scrapbook. This can include captions, long descriptions, poems or stories.

Journaling Templates
Templates with space left for writing.

KMA
Abbreviation for: Keeping Memories Alive (product brand)

Lamination
Sealing a memory between translucent plastic pieces for the same reasons as encapsulation, but not as safe due to heat exposure and pressure.

Latex Pages
Usually found in magnetic albums. These will discolour pages in a very short period of time.

Layout
A page design or the grouping of scrapbooking pages that go together. A layout can be one page; two or some are even a panoramic 4 page spread.

Letter Templates
Plastic or metal templates in the shape of letters of the alphabet.

Light Box
A small light table used for embossing or viewing negatives.

Lightfast
Coloured material that resists fading even when exposed to natural or artificial light.

Lignin
A naturally occurring acid substance in wood that breaks down over time. Paper with lignin is not suitable for archival scrapbooking projects.

Magnetic Album
A photo album which uses a special adhesive to hold photographs in place and creates static for the plastic page cover to cling to. These are not suitable for scrapbooking.

MAMBI
Abbreviation for: Me and My Big Ideas (product brand)

Master Family Album
Holds photographs of everyone in the family and family documents, typically in chronological order.

Matte or Matting
A surface that has no glossy appearance or a lustred look/finish.

Matting
Matting is a technique that allows you to enhance your photos by adding a border around the outside edges. The border is, most often, made from an acid-free paper that looks almost like a frame. Matting is also a non-permanent way of cropping your pictures.

Memorabilia
Certificates, documents and other items that tell a story. Memorabilia can include souvenirs from trips and mementos from special occasions or historical events.

Memory or Keepsake Album
Another term for a scrapbook.

MM
Abbreviation for: Memory Makers Magazine OR Mustard Moon (product brand) OR Making Memories (product brand)

Monochromatic Colour Scheme
Employs different values of the same colour.

Mosaic
Technique in scrapbooking where you cut photos, paper, etc. into small shapes and then piece them together to create a mosaic look.

Mount
To adhere a photograph, embellishment or other item to another piece of paper.

Mounting Squares
A small square of double sided tape-like adhesive dispensed from boxes.

Mulberry Paper
This paper has long fibers that create a feathered look when torn. It's available in various textures, weights, and colours.

Muted Colors
Subdued tints or shades of colours that tend to be more suitable for backgrounds.

Neutral
A pH of 7.0. It is not acidic.

Oval Cutters
Paper trimmers that cut paper and photographs into ovals.

Page Protectors
Acid-free plastic sheets that display and protect pages.

Page Toppers
Hand-drawn illustrated phrases in bright colours meant to be used as titles at the top of pages.

Paint Pens
Pens with soft, brush-like tips. The amount of ink dispensed is controlled by the pressure that is applied to the tip.

Paper Piecing
Die cuts or punches put together to create an image for your scrapbook page.