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IT-Architects - Skills glossary
Category: Technical and IT
Date & country: 12/11/2007, UK
Words: 1098

Oracle Discoverer
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Oracle Discoverer is an ad hoc query, reporting and analysis tool which provides access to information stored in relational data warehouses, data marts or online transaction processing systems.

Oracle E-Business Suite 11i
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) The Oracle E-Business Suite 11i, which was announced in xxx 2000,  is the first in the industry that supports all key business functions across the extended enterprise.  Described as a fully integrated e-business applications suite, the executive vice president of Oracle`s applications division, Ron Wohl,  commente

Oracle Express
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Oracle Express Server is an  OLAP Server that uses a multidimensional data model.

Oracle iAS
(In topic `Web Development`) The Oracle Internet Application Server 8i (Oracle iAS) provides a full set of features and technologies developers for the middle-tier of e-Business platform.

Oracle Internet Developer Suite
(In topic `Web Development`) The Oracle Internet Developer Suite, based on Internet Standards such as Java, XML, CORBA and HTML, combines the leading Oracle application development, BI and enterprise portal building tools in a single suite (including  Oracle Forms Developer, Oracle Designer, Oracle JDeveloper & Business Components for Java, Oracle

Oracle Warehouse Builder
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Oracle Warehouse Builder (OWB) is an integrated, Java-based tool, unveiled by Oracle in March  2000, that automates the construction of data warehouses or data marts. As part of Oracle`s Intelligent WebHouse Initiative, OWB is targeted primarily at obtaining and aggregating e-commerce data, retrieved from the mass

Oracle Workflow
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Oracle Workflow is Oracle`s complete workflow management solution that supports business process definition and automation thereby facilitating the reengineering and continuous improvement of business processes. Oracle Workflow automatically processes and routes information of any type

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) ORB (Object Request Broker) is the middleware that establishes the client-server relationships between objects and provides interoperability between applications on different machines in heterogeneous distributed environments.

Orbital Software
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Edinburgh based Orbital Software, whose key product is called Organik, is a leading provider of expert-based community software and services which enable companies to address issues relating to knowledge management. (see Organik)

Orbix OTM
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Iona Technologies` component integration solution.

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Torrent Systems` Orchestrate is a framework for BI & eCRM applications. It  accelerates the development, deployment & management enterprise-scale analytical applications for processing the terabytes of transaction, clickstream and historical data generated by today`s e-commerce and operational systems.

order management
(In topic `operations support systems`) Order management is the tracking of an order during provisioning and is usually a separate function within the OSS.

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Orbital Software`s Organik is a knowledge management solution that enables the creation of online expert communities. Organik works by bringing together people and information thereby creating an environment for sharing knowledge, finding subject experts, holding community discussions

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) ORM (Operating Resource Management) is a term that has been introduced to describe the strategic purchase of operations resources. These may include,  for example, office supplies, industrial supplies, capital equipment, services or anything else that can be purchased more effectively using means such as aggregate

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Oracle Sales Analyzer

(In topic `Network Architectures`) OSI (Open Systems Interconnection) is the 7 layer hierarchical reference model developed by the ISO for defining, specifying and relating communications protocols. The model itself is not a standard or a protocol.

(In topic `Network Architectures`) OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) is an IP routing protocol initially developed by the IETF in 1987. Since then, extensions have been added to the protocol as is has been continually expanded to meet the changing scope of IP networks.

(In topic `operations support systems`) OSS (operational support systems) include all systems and services that support the operations of telecommunications service providers including service provisioning & order management, inventory control, billing & customer care and network management. OSS is not considered a network element or part of the ne

OSS workflow engine
(In topic `operations support systems`) A workflow engine is generally at the heart of an integrated OSS infrastructure and manages the flow of information from system to system. 

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) OTA is an acronym for Over-the-Air, which is a method that is used to manage applications remotely on a subscriber handset.

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) OTM`s (Object transaction monitors) represent an evolutionary development of ORB`s with the addition of a number of services. There is much debate concerning their name, definition and difference from application servers: they are sometimes referred to as OTSes (Object transaction servers) and more recently as applicat

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) OTP  is an acronym for One Time Password Authentication.

OTS Packages
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) OTS is an acronym for off-the-shelf` software packages sometimes used in conjunction with ERP systems. Examples include standard packages provided by Prairie, Great Plains & Solomon. 

Outbound Logistics
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) ‘Outbound Logistics` is the part of the supply chain process, such as custom assembly or private labelling, that moves, stores, and adds value to goods on the way to their final destination. It sits between supply-side processes such as purchasing and materials management and demand considerations such as sales, mark

Panagon eSolutions Portal
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Panagon eSolutions`  B2B portals are dynamic content-driven, information portals designed to address a variety of business needs in the Financial Services and Insurance industries.  The underlying Panagon eContent and eProcess Infrastructure is used by many financial institutions to store and handle mission critica

(In topic `Web Development`) Prolifics` component-based application suite which provides cross-component model integration (ie the ability to develop an application in for instance an MTS COM environment and then deploy it in an EJB or CORBA environment. It is designed to simplify the development of transactional systems.

Paradigm Plus
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Computer Associates` Paradigm Plus (aka Platinum Paradigm Plus) is a UML-based component modeling tool.

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Paramount Technologies, with its B2B-WorkPlace solution,  is a leading provider in B2B e-procurement solutions for the mid-market.  B2B-WorkPlace is a suite of e-procurement solutions that streamlines buying processes, improves cost management and utilises the Internet to automate corporate purchasing and employee

(In topic `Network Architectures`) The Parlay Group is a broad-based telecom industry group, formed by 11 companies (including AT & T, BT, Cegetel, Cisco, Ericsson, IBM, Lucent Technologies, Microsoft, Nortel Networks, Siemens & Ulticom), which developed an open standard specification for enabling secure, public access to telecom and data networks.

(In topic `architecture`) Patterns, popularised by the Gang of Four`s (GoF`s) book published in 1994, represent distilled experience whose assimilation can provide insight & knowledge (ie best practices) to inexpert software developers. Solutions that have been expressed in the form of a pattern can be reapplied to other contexts.

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) see Hummingbird

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) PCN (Personal Communications Network) is another name for GSM working on a radio frequency of 1800 MHz. It is also known as GSM 1800 and DCS 1800. (see GSM & DCS 1800).

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) PCS( Personal Communications Service) is a generic term used in America to refer to a mass market phone service that emphasises personal communication independent of enabling technology. It includes digital cellular technologies such as GSM 1900 & CDMA.

(In topic `Security`) PCT (Private Telecommunication Technology) is a protocol developed by Microsoft and Visa for secure communications over the Internet.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) Personal Digital Assistant - a personal organiser with email and Internet facilities

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) PDC (Personal Digtital Cellular) refers to the 2G TDMA-based protocols currently used only in Japan by NTT DoCoMo. PDC is being rapidly replaced with CDMA to in order to alleviate overcrowding of PDC bandwidth.

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) PDM is an acronym for Product Data Management. PDM systems ensure that a corporation`s information is made easily available, control its access and manage changes to it throughout its life cycle. 

PECOS Procurement Manager
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) PECOS Procurement Manager ( is`s family of eProcurement applications designed to automate the entire procurement process. It can be deployed as either PECOS Enterprise Procurement Manager (in which it is installed on the company Intranet behind the firewall) or  PECOS Internet Procurement Manager

Peer-to-Peer architecture
(In topic `architecture`) A peer-to-peer architecture is a network in which there is no dedicated server and in which each workstation has equivalent capabilities and responsibilities. As an alternative to the client-server model, peer-to-peer networks are generally simpler, less expensive and sometimes provide the ideal solution for small offices

(In topic `CRM Skills`) Pegasystems` eCRM solutions are based on a patented rules engine.

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) PeopleSoft is one of the world`s leading ERP solutions.

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Peregrine Systems, a leader in e-Procurement, asset and infrastructure management, became through its acquisition of Harbinger Corporation in xxx the  largest provider of end-to-end business solutions.  This will enable large enterprises to purchase a full suite of e- trading and e-procurement solutions from a sing

(In topic `Web Development`) Perl (practical extraction and report language) is currently the most popular scripting method for building CGI applications.

Personal Java
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) Personal Java is a Java platform that is optimised for the requirements and constraints of mobile devices.

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Personalisation is a term that is used to describe dynamic, customised content delivery in which Web pages are modified in accordance to the different needs of the viewer. It is usually based on a User ID, Group memberships and Subscription (where the user asks to be notified about certain types of content or certa

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Personify is a provider of profiling, analytics and segmentation software that focuses on e-business data. Through the provision of detailed site visitor profiles and analytic applications, Personify aims to go beyond traditional data warehousing, thereby providing the basis for better decision making with regards

Petri Nets
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Petri Nets is a modeling tool, first created by Carl Adam Petri in 1962, that is designed to reveal information about the structure and dynamics of the  modeled system. Petri Nets, of which there are many variations, is widely used for modeling complex systems with concurrency (ie systems in which it is possi

(In topic `Security`) PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) is an public-key based authentication and encryption method that is well suited to e-mail, EDI & EFT. It is becoming widely used in the USA as a means of protecting messages on the Internet.

(In topic `Web Development`) PHP (Personal Home Page tools) is a server side scripting language embedded in HTML that, like Microsoft`s ASP technology,  is used to create dynamic Web pages by extracting data from databases. It was originally designed to bring dynamic scripting functionality to personal HTML Web pages (hence the name).  In addition,

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) PeerLogic`s platform integration solution

Pivotal eRelationship 2000
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Pivotal Corporations` eBRM (eBusiness Relationship Management) solution that is architected to exploit the scalability of Windows 2000 and which joins together CRM and e-Commerce solutions on the one platform.

(In topic `Security`) PKCS (Public-Key Cryptography Standards) are specifications which should be incorporated within a CA`s technology to accelerate the deployment of public-key cryptography & ensure worldwide  interoperability with leading Internet applications. They were developed by an informal consortium including Apple, DEC, Lotus, MIT, RSA &

(In topic `Security`) PKI (Public Key Infrastructure) is a framework of methods that combines all aspects of network security (including cryptographic methods, digital certificates, CA`s,  and appropriate management facilities for issues such as non-repudiation of business transactions and revocation of misused certificates) into a single, easy to

PKI World
(In topic `Security`) PKI World (also known as the Baltimore Interoperability Program) is an initiative driven by Baltimore Technologies to promote interoperability in PKI technology by bringing together companies who are building products based on open industry standards. (see PKI)

(In topic `Security`) PKIX (PKI for X.509 certificates) is an X.509-based PKI; it is based on digital certificates conforming to the X.509 standard from the ITU.  The PKIX initiative has been supported by major associations, vendors and security users including IBM, Intel, Sun Microsystems, Netscape, JP Morgan, DASCOM, General Motors and ICSA.

platform architecture
(In topic `architecture`) Platform architecture defines the technical components of the infrastructure including client server platforms, the operating systems and interfaces.

Platform Integration
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Platform Integration provides connectivity among heterogeneous hardware, operating systems & application platforms. It is provided by technologies such as messaging, ORB`s and RPC`s.  Platform Integration vendors, and their products, include:

Plexus FloWare
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Plexus FloWare is Banctec`s rules-based, Internet-enabled, enterprise workflow solution used by many Fortune 2000 companies for business-critical applications including insurance claims processing, securities underwriting, portfolio management and HR. FloWare 6.0, the latest version re

(In topic `architecture`) PLoP (Pattern Languages of Programming) are events in which pattern authors have the opportunity to have their pattern languages critically reviewed with the aim of being published in the PLoPD (Pattern Language of Program Design), a series of publications dedicated to the review of pattern languages. (see Patterns)

Plumtree Corporate Portal
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Plumtree Software`s Corporate Portal is a Web portal for corporate information and applications that provides enterprises with a knowledge management solution that enhances employee productivity and allows B2B partners and customers to work far more closely together. By creating links

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) PMM is IBM`s project management method. As an evolution of IBM`s MITP method and a key component of IBM`s WSDDM approach, PMM integrates with some of IBM`s other  technical methods to provide a single way of managing project delivery.  PMM is equally suited to application development, systems integration and

(In topic `Network Architectures`) PNNI (Private Network-to-Network Interface) is a routing protocol used on an ATM network between ATM switches to enable them to dynamically reroute packets dependent upon current line traffic.

Point-to-Point Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) A point-to-point architecture is a simple connection architecture in which applications are simply connected directly to each other resulting in a fixed routing between the connected applications. For example, in a conventional client-server environment, ‘client` applications have fixed connections to ‘server` application

Portal Infranet
(In topic `operations support systems`) Portal`s Infranet software is a real-time solution for the management of Internet and emerging next-generation communication services such as GPRS, UMTS & WAP. The solutions it supports include billing & rating, customer care and service pricing & provisioning.

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Portolan Commerce Solutions is the German-headquartered provider of iEVM & BI applications. By providing seamless integration with existing enterprise systems (CRM, ERP etc.), iEVM enables the enterprise to go from managing transactions to managing strategy.

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Informatica`s PowerCenter is an enterprise data integration hub; it is a leading data integration solution.

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) PowerDesigner is Sybase`s design & modeling tool set  The latest version, PowerDesigner 7.0, is described as a next generation modeling tool. It combines the data modeling tools (which compete with Computer Associates` ERwin) from its earlier versions with UML based object-modeling facilities (which compete a

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) see WhiteLight

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Informatica`s application deployment tool (ETT) for data mart & analytic application development.

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) IntelliCorp`s OO development environment

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Cognos` PowerPlay provides a powerful OLAP reporting and analysis tool with ‘drill down` and ‘slice & dice` capabilities that ensures that analysis or reporting is always on the latest, most up-to-date information. PowerPlay packages data in multi-dimensional structures known as PowerCubes.

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) PPMC (PRINCE Project Manager`s Companion) is a tool that provides a fast and effective way of making the PRINCE methodology work efficiently. It provides project managers with practical advice and guidance on PRINCE procedures as well as example documents and template plans. (see PRINCE and PRINCE 2).

(In topic `Network Architectures`) PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) is a data link  protocol that provides dial-up access for connecting to the Internet.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) PQA (Palm Query Application) is an application that is used in Web clipping, a technique introduced by Palm, Inc,  to provide highly structured access to a Web site with which the PQA is  permanently associated. The PQA resides in a user`s wireless device (Palm VII) and works in assocation with a server side application

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) As the successor to PRINCE, originally launched in 1989, PRINCE 2 is a structured project management method that  has an abundance of procedures and controls that enable the successful management of a project. The successful outcome of a project, which fully meets the expectations in terms of budget, time and

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Prism is Wonderware Corporation`s (since their acquisition of Marcam Solutions) AS400 oriented ERP solution.

Private Key
(In topic `Security`) The private key is one of the pair of keys that is used by public key encryption or (or cryptography). The private key is for the sole use of the owner and must be kept secret. The public key,. which may be stored on a floppy disk, hard-drive or smartcard, is used to decrypt data and generate digital signatures. (see Public-ke

Process Integration
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Business process integration requires all the underlying integration services. Some vendors are able to provide the full solution whereas some provide just process integration products which sit on top of other EAI frameworks. Process Integration vendors, and their products, include:

Processor Pool
(In topic `architecture`) The ‘processor pool` model for Distributed Systems Architecture is one in which system processors are centrally located. It typically makes better use of idle computers since it enables any processor to be assigned to any user. It also make it easier to support a multi-threaded (parallel) application and makes it easier &

Programme Management
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Programme Management, as defined by the CCTA,  is ‘the is the co-ordinated management of a portfolio of projects to achieve a set of business objectives.` A company`s strategy typically  forms the basis for a programme and is translated into a series of projects to deliver the changes necessary to support its

Project Assurance
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Project Assurance is the provision of an independent view of how a project is progressing. PRINCE 2, for example, has 3 views of assurance: business assurance (which monitors the viability of the project in terms of costs & benefits), user assurance (checking that the users requirements are being met) and spe

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) PROMPT (Project Resource Organisation Management & Planning Techniques) is a project management framework developed originally by the CCTA in response to the failure of projects to meet the time and budgetary expectations stipulated in the feasibility study. PROMPT set down a number of guidelines for differen

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Prospero is Oberon Software`s EAI solution that bring enables companies  to integrate their business processes within their enterprise and throughout their extended value chain by connecting cross-application functions and business logic.  Oberon Software, having shipped the first version of Oberon Prospero in 1995, em

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Protean is Wonderware Corporation`s (an Invensys company) plant-centric ERP solution used by process companies (food, pharmaceutical & chemical) to address all aspects of running & managing process operations.

(In topic `Web Development`) ProtoView Corporation is a leader in the exploding component technology market. It develops ActiveX and JavaBeans components which include the ActiveX Component Suite, JFC Suite, JSuite & InterAct. 

(In topic `operations support systems`) Provisioning is the process by which a customer`s requested service is designed, implemented and tracked.

(In topic `Security`) PSEs (Personal Security Environments), which can be located on a hard disk, diskette or smart card,  contain a user`s private key and may also contain other personal security details such as their certificate or their CA`s certificate.

Public Key
(In topic `Security`) The public key is one of the pair of keys that is used by public key encryption or (or cryptography). The public key can be made widely available to the public and can be distributed in the form of an X.509 public key certificate. It is used to encrypt data and verify digital signatures. (see Public-key encryption, digital sig

Public-key encryption
(In topic `Security`) (aka Diffie-Hellman or Asymmetric encryption) This is a cryptographic system that uses 2 keys:  a public key known to everyone and a private key known only to the recipient. Only the public key can be used to to encrypt messages and only the corresponding private key can decrypt them. As a result of the security they provide,

Publish & Subscribe Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) ‘Publish & Subscribe` (P&S) is a connection architecture that emerged to provide  a special means of data delivery to meet the needs of increasingly dynamic and complex data environments. It is a coordination mechanism that uses a broker to match and link ‘data producers` (ie applications which generate new or changed con

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) PubXpert (PublishingXpert) is Netscape`s publishing application for targeted customer content delivery on the World Wide Web. It is designed to accommodate large online communities and large collections of information, including the consumer online and media markets. By enabling personalised content delivery for gr

(In topic `Network Architectures`) PVC`s (Permanent Virtual Circuits) are virtual circuit connections between two permanently set up locations. They contract to SVC`s which are virtual circuit connections between two locations which get set up and switched dependent upon whether data is being transmitted.  With regards to both ATM and Frame Relay t

(In topic `Web Development`) Python is an interactive, high-level, object-oriented language, conducive for RAD. It is often compared with other interpreted languages such as Java, Perl & Smalltalk. Python is often used as a scripting or glue language for joining together large software components.

(In topic `Network Architectures`) QOS (Quality of Service) is the ability to specify a level of throughput (ie quality of service) in a data communications system. With voice and video being increasingly transmitted over IP-based data networks, QoS has become an major issue on the Internet as well as in enterprise networks. ATM has the ability to

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) QR (Quick Response) is a form of JIT used by the retail industry in order to quickly relay information on product flows and inventory levels between the players in the distribution chain.

Quintus eContact
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Quintus Corporations` multiple-channel eCRM solution

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) RAD (Rapid Application Development) is a term that originated in the early 1990`s to describe techniques which were designed to enable the speedy development of mostly GUI-based, client-server applications. The RAD movement grew in in a very unstructured manner resulting in different interpretations and appro

(In topic `Security`) RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service) is an Internet security authentication protocol, based on the challenge-response method, that was developed by the IETF and is used widely by many ISP`s. The RADIUS protocol carries a dial-in users` authentication, authorisation & configuration information.  

Ramco e.Applications
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Ramco`s family of enterprise solutions covering ERP, EAM, (HR & E-Commerce)

Rational Rose
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Rational Software`s tool for visual modeling.