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IT-Architects - Skills glossary
Category: Technical and IT
Date & country: 12/11/2007, UK
Words: 1106


IXC
(In topic `Network Architectures`) IXC (interexchange carrier) is a term used for a long-distance carrier.

JAD
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) JAD (Joint Application Design) is the use of objective-driven, decision-making workshops, involving the active participation of all stakeholder groups, in order to reach a mutually acceptable design. As such, it emphasises the strong relationship between the users and developers in the project. 

Jade
(In topic `Web Development`) Vision Software`s application server

JAF
(In topic `Web Development`) JAF (JavaBeans Activation Framework) is a Java standard extension which enables Java developers to determine the type of an arbitrary piece of data and then manipulate it.

JAIN
(In topic `Network Architectures`) JAIN is a technology initiative organised by Sun Microsystems in June 1998  to  to address the needs of next-generation telecommunications networks via the development of a set of industry-defined API`s for Integrated Networks.

Jakarta Project
(In topic `Web Development`) Jakarta is an ASF project that is home to 2 new projects related to server-side Java: Tomcat (a Java Servlet engine) and Josper (a Java Server Pages reference implementation). The ‘Tomcat` implementation will be used in the Apache Web Server as well as in other web servers & development tools. (see ASF & Apache)

Java IDE`s
(In topic `Web Development`) These are IDE`s that support Java-based enterprise development and include Java Workshop (Sun), Visual Cafe (Symantec), PowerJ (Sybase), VisualAge for Java (IBM), Apptivity (Progress Software), JBuilder (Borland Corp.), KAWA (Tek-Tools) & JDE

Java RMI
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) see RMI

Java RMI
(In topic `Web Development`) see RMI

Java Server Pages
(In topic `Web Development`) Java Server Pages (or JSP`s) are the Java (Sun) counterpart to Microsoft`s ASP`s (Active Server Pages) and provide programmers with a simple way of creating dynamic content on Web pages. 

Java Servlets
(In topic `Web Development`) see Servlet

Java-Apache Project
(In topic `Web Development`) The Java-Apache Project is an ASF project, closely connected with the Jakarta project,  that is home to various server-side Java projects: Apache JServ (a servlet engine); JSSI (a template engine for Java); Cocoon (an XML processing engine implemented as a servlet); and the Element Construction Set (a servlet for render

Java-enabled workflow
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Java-enabled workflow, pioneered by workflow companies such as  Plexus, is emerging to use the Internet`s ability to extend information access and workflow participation.

JavaBean
(In topic `Web Development`) The name given to an object which conforms to a specification developed by Sun Microsystems to define how Java objects interact.

JavaBeans Component Architecture
(In topic `Web Development`) JavaBeans component architecture is the platform-independent architecture for the Java application environment which enables developers to create reusable software components that can then be assembled together using visual application builder tools (ie Java IDE`s) such as IBM`s Visual Age and Sybase`s PowerJ. This ‘Wri

JavaPhone
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) JavaPhone is a JAVA API specification that is intended specifically for the programmability requirements of Smartphones and Communicators.

JavaScript
(In topic `Web Development`) JavaScript is an object oriented language which is used to make the task of creating interactive Web pages easier & it is increasingly being used in preference to creating CGI scripts.

JBill
(In topic `operations support systems`) Intasys`  billing & customer care solution for the convergent telecommunications industry.

JDA
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) JDA Software`s ERP solution for the retail sector. In March 2000, JDA announced an alliance agreement with Harbinger Corporation, the B2B e-commerce company. The intention is to integrate JDA`s solutions (MMS) with Harbinger`s TrustedLink in order to provide integrated B2B solutions to improve supply chain communicat

JDBC
(In topic `Web Development`) JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) is the major database connectivity API for Java.

JDK
(In topic `Web Development`) JDK (Java Development Kit)  is an SDK (software development kit) for generating Java programs.

Jeeves
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Jeeves is a market leading CRM tool

JetForm
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) see InTempo

JFC
(In topic `Web Development`) JFC (Java Foundation Classes) software extends the original AWT by adding a comprehensive set of GUI components (class libraries) including Swing.

JINI
(In topic `Web Development`) Introduced by Sun Microsystems in 1998,  Jini enables devices using Java to communicate & interact with one another within a highly distributed environment. Although its value is currently greatest in Java environments, Jini`s ability to extend Java solutions beyond current distributed models may make it the foundation

JIT
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) JIT is an acronym for Just-In-Time, which ensures the supply of materials and components at the exact time they are needed in the supply chain.

JMAPI
(In topic `Web Development`) JMAPI is an acronym for Java Management API

JMS
(In topic `Web Development`) JMS is an acronym for Java Messaging Service

JNDI
(In topic `Web Development`) JNDI (Java Naming and Directory Interface) provides a seamless, uniform way of finding and accessing services on a network from the Java platform.

JOnAS
(In topic `Web Development`) JOnAS is an EJB platform that is part of the ObjectWeb Open Source initiative launched in collaboration with several partners including France Telecom`s R&D division. It is also integrated within the Enhydra Enterprise java application. JOnAS is a  pure Java implementation of the EJB specification that relies on JDK and

JProbe Profiler
(In topic `Web Development`) JProbe is KL Group`s Java development & diagnostic tool for identifying and fixing bottlenecks in programs.

JRun 3.0
(In topic `Web Development`) JRun 3.0 is Allaire`s new integrated Java application server with J2EE and EJB support. First released in 1997, the new version was announced in June 2000 and indicates Allaire`s deepening commitment to Java.

JServ (Apache JServ)
(In topic `Web Development`) Apache JServ is a 100% pure Java servlet engine fully compliant with the Javasoft Java Servlet APIs 2.0 specification that can be run in any standard JVM.  (see Java-Apache Project).

JSP`s
(In topic `Web Development`) see Java Server Pages

JTA
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) JTA (Java Transaction API) is a specification for enterprise distributed computing that was introduced by Sun Microsystems, along with JTS, as part of the Java initiative in 1999. It specifies an architecture for building transactional application servers. It also defines a set of interfaces for the various components

JTAPI
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) JTAPI (Java Telephony API) is part of the JavaPhone API; it is an extensible API that provides an interface to all call control services.

JTS
(In topic `Web Development`) JTS (Java Transaction Service) is a specification for enterprise distributed computing that was introduced by Sun Microsystems, along with JTA, as part of the Java initiative in 1999. JTS ensures interoperability with sophisticated transaction resources such as transaction managers on the Java platform. It specifies the

JTS
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) JTS (Java Transaction Service) is a specification for enterprise distributed computing that was introduced by Sun Microsystems, along with JTA, as part of the Java initiative in 1999. JTS ensures interoperability with sophisticated transaction resources such as transaction managers on the Java platform. It specifies th

JVM
(In topic `Web Development`) A Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is a self contained operating environment that behaves as if it is a separate computer. Java applets, for example, run in a JVM that has no access to the host operating system.

Kabira
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) see ObjectSwitch

Kana
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Kana Communications provides online customer communications software covering the entire customer life-cycle and across multiple channels. In April 2000, Kana acquired the customer-centric e-business software company Silknet Software. This will enable Kana to integrate its online customer communication solutions with SilkNe

Kenan (Arbor-BP)
(In topic `operations support systems`) Kenan System`s (now a wholly owned subsidiary of Lucent Technologies) billing, customer care and rating product.

Kenan Internet Suite
(In topic `operations support systems`) The new integrated set of software products, announced by Lucent Technologies in June 2000, which includes Arbor/BP. It can support a wide range of management and billing needs for diverse service providers operating IP and other communications networks.

Kerberos
(In topic `Security`) Developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Kerberos is an authentication system designed to enable two parties to securely exchange private information across an otherwise open network. It works by assigning a unique key (‘ticket`) to each user logging on the network which is then embedded in messages to ide

Kewill
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Kewill`s suite of e-commerce oriented applications (Kewill.Trade, Kewill.Ship & Kewill.Trace & Kewill.Recieve), announced in May 2000, enables users to view, transact, trace, and control goods as they move through the supply chain.

Kewill.Net
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Kewill`s B2B supply chain management portal which brings together buyers, suppliers, customers & transportation carriers into one global trading community. Kewill.Net gives such trading communities access to Kewill`s suite of e-commerce applications and services enabling them to view, transact, trace & control their

Key
(In topic `Security`) A key is a string of bits used widely in cryptography to enable the encryption & decryption of data

Keyfile
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) see Document Server    workflow

Kiva Application Server
(In topic `Web Development`) An industry leading application server for transactional enterprise applications. Following the acquisition of Kiva Software by Netscape and the subsequent acquisition of Netscape by AOL, Kiva`s application server now sits alongside and will be integrated with the Netscape Enterprise Server  (designed for collaborative

Knosys ProClarity
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Knosys ProClarity,  one of the leading application development toolkits for querying and reporting on multidimensional data stored in Microsoft SQL Server 7 .0  OLAP Services (& other OLE DB compliant database structures). ProClarity  facilitates the development of completely custom client-server or Intranet analy

Knowledge Center
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) The Knowledge Center is KnowledgeTrack`s enterprise portal platform that enables e-business communities, such as employees, partners and customers, to work together. It does this by enabling communities to collaborate in real-time to establish e-commerce initiatives and access key cont

KnowledgeTrack
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) The Californian based KnowledgeTrack Corporation, with its KnowledgeCenter enterprise portal platform, is recognised as a leader in enterprise portal technology. (see KnowledgeCenter)

LAVA Knowledge Management System
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) LAVA Systems` knowledge management solution. LAVA Systems was acquired by Open Text Corporation in 1999.

Lawson.insight
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Lawson Software`s ‘Lawson.insight` group of offerings which include; in March 2000, Lawson & Siebel Systems announced the intention to integrate Siebel as the CRM component of Lawson.insight. 

LDAP
(In topic `Network Architectures`) LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a protocol used to access a directory listing in directory services architectures. It is based on the standards  contained within the X.500 standard but unlike X.500, LDAP supports TCP/IP. It is expected to provide a common method of obtaining directory information i

LDIF
(In topic `Network Architectures`) LDIF (LDAP Data Interchange Format) is a standard format used to store directory entries in text form. It allows users to import & export entries from and to a  local directory.

LDMS
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) acronym for Local Multi-Point Distribution Services

LEX2000
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) LEX2000 is an integrated application system & database that gathers financial data from many sources to enable financial reporting, consolidation, budgeting & forecasting.  Collecting data from transaction systems & GL`s, it builds and maintains its own multi-dimensional OLAP database. 

LinkWorks
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) LinkWorks is Compaq`s messaging and collaboration oriented solution that provides a framework for mission-critical, document based business processes. The LinkWorks framework is an object-oriented framework preconfigured with a number of generic functions including compound document ma

Linux
(In topic `Web Development`) Linux is an open-source, UNIX-like operating system that was originally developed by a Finnish student, Linus Torwalds, and has been subsequently developed with the assistance of developers around the world. The term Linux originally referred only to the kernel of the system but is now used to refer to a collection of c

Lipstream Live Voice
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Lipstream Live Voice is Lipstream Networks` service that enables multi- person, live voice communication over the Internet. Lipstream Networks is a leading Internet voice service provider for eBusiness. In August 2000, Kana Communications announced plans to integrate Lipstream`s LiveVoice service into its eCRM solutions in

LiveContent PIPES
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) PeerLogic`s platform integration solution, formerly called PIPES Platform, is an example of market-leading message-oriented middleware.

Lotus Domino
(In topic `Web Development`) Lotus Domino Application Server is an integrated Web application and messaging server that provides an open, secure platform for the rapid delivery of collaborative Web applications that easily integrate back-end data sources with a company`s dynamic, front-end business processes.

Lotus Domino.Doc
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) see Domino.Doc

LoudCloud
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) LoudCloud, established in 1999, is a company that builds and runs high-performance Internet infrastructure environments for Internet businesses. Its ‘Smart Cloud Services`, the world`s first application of automation technology (called ‘Opsware`) to backend Web-site operations, provides the functional components to

Lucent CentreVu
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Lucent Technologies` CentreVu is a suite of customer care solutions (including call-routing, IVR, reporting and Internet solutions) for customer contact centers (call centres). It includes Lucent CentreVu Call Management System (CMS) and provides information and tools for monitoring the performance of call centre operations

Macola Progression Series
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Macola`s Progression Series is an ERP system for small to medium sized companies.

Maconomy
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Maconomy solutions enable the leveraging of IBM m/f & AS/400 applications.

Madrid
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Visual Edge`s application integration solution.

Magellan Software
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Until its merger with Gauss Interprise in July 2000, Magellan Software was, with its SpyVision product family, a leading provider of content management and e-business solutions. (see SpyVision, Gauss Interprise and VIP)

Maincor
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Maincor is MAPICS` EAM solution for mid-sized manufacturers.

Mainsaver
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Cayenta`s (since their acquisition of Mainsaver in Nov` 99 ) EAM/CMMS software

management algorithms
(In topic `Security`) RSA, DSA, Diffie-Hellman, IKE,  etc.

Manugistics NetWORKS
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Manugistics Group is a leading provider of enterprise supply chain solutions and of evolving eBusiness trading networks. Manugistics NetWORKS, its family of solutions, is powered by the Manugistics WebWorks architecture. Configured to meet the needs of each industry & tailored to meet the individual needs of each com

MAPIC XA
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) MAPICS XA (eXtended Advantage) is MAPICS` ERP solution for the discrete & batch process manufacturing sector. The name MAPICS derives from the MAPICS  acronym: Manufacturing Accounting & Production Information Control System.

Max
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Max is Maximal`s flagship BI solution (or client) for exploiting Microsoft`s BI platform ( Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 OLAP Services); it was  launched in July 1999.

MAXIMO
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) MAXIMO is PSDI`s  suite of enterprise asset maintenance software systems ; the MAXIMO suite includes MAXIMO 4i, MAXIMO for Facilities,  MAXIMO for Industry & MAXIMO for Transportation

MCS
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Mobile Service Switching Centres

MD-OLAP (aka MOLAP)
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) MD-OLAP (Multidimensional OLAP) is one of  two prominent architectures for OLAP systems. MD-OLAP architectures utilise a multi-dimensional database to provide analyses. MD-OLAP architects believe that OLAP is best implemented by storing data multi-dimensionally. (see OLAP systems & ROLAP).

MDDB
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Multidimensional database which is used by MD-OLAP

MDIS
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Metadata`s MDIS (metadata Interchange Specification) is an industry standard that simplifies interoperability among repositories, CASE tools, ETML tools and analysis tools. It supports a range of data access options including ODBC, JDBC, native DB2 clients, industry-standard SQL and Hyperion Solutions` Essbase OLA

MDS
(In topic `Network Architectures`) ATM (Asynchronous

Mediasurface
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Mediasurface Ltd is Europe`s largest provider of e-business content management software for Web Sites, intranets, extranets and emerging digital networks. Mediasurface 3 is the name of its latest, third generation of e-business content management solutions which was announced in May 2000. This latest version provid

Mercator
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Mercator Software`s E-Business Broker Suite provides  A2A, B2B & C2B integration.  Until January 2000, Mercator Software was known as TSI International Software.

Mercury Interactive
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Mercury Interactives` integrated WEB performance management solutions, which include Astra, LoadRunner & Topaz, monitor and test Internet applications thereby enabling e-businesses to enhance the user experience of their web sites.

Message- queuing Middleware
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) This is a type of MOM that combines a high speed message mover with a queuing service. Examples are IBM`s MQ Series, Momentum`s X-IPC, Digital`s DECmessageQ & Verimation`s VCOM.

Metadata
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Metadata is simply data about data (e.g. data definition, data type, using systems etc.). Stored in a data dictionary & repository, metadata insulates the data warehouse from changes in the schema of operational systems.

MetaSolv TBS
(In topic `operations support systems`) MetaSolv`s Telecom Business Solution software is an order & provisioning OSS solution enabling the customisation and automation of business processes. It is designed to meet the needs of service providers throughout the telecom industry.

MExE
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) MExE (Mobile Station Application Execution Environment) is a framework that ensures a predictable environment for third-party applications in GSM or UMTS handsets (ie the Mobile Station). It does this by defining different ‘classmarks` in order to define different technology requirements. At present, MExE classmark 1 is

MGCP
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Developed by Nortel Networks, MGCP (Media Gateway Control Protocol) is a protocol for IP telephony. It is one of a number of new standards being developed to compete with H323 due to the growing popularity of VoIP.

MIB
(In topic `Network Architectures`) The MIB (Management Information Base) is a specification containing the definitions of management information required by an NMS. The size of MIB`s can range anywhere from tens of megabytes to gigabytes.

Microsoft Data Warehouse Framework
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) The Microsoft Data Warehouse Framework is a widely supported architecture created by Microsoft via an open process involving the input of customers and   independent software vendors. The feedback resulted in the creation of a more robust infrastructure with OLE-DB as a data access AP (to enable universal data acc

Microsoft DTS
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Microsoft DTS (Data Transformation Services) is a facility in Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 that supports many types of data transformations.

Microsoft OLAP Services
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) OLAP Server

Microsoft Project 98
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) MS Project 98 is the leading desktop planning tool and has become the standard for desktop project management software. Microsoft has plans to enter the enterprise project management market with Microsoft Project 2000.

Microstrategy 7
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Microstrategy`s new and completely re-architected version of its flagship business intelligence platform whose availability was announced in June 2000. Microstrategy describes it as the next generation intelligence platform (or the new platform for the new economy) and it is designed to drive emerging e-business a

Microstrategy DSS Agent
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) DSS Agent is Microstrategy`s tool for delivering BI solutions both within and beyond the enterprise. The latest version, DSS Agent 5.6 has been designed to enable users gain intelligence via Windows, Web & wireless interfaces.

Middleware
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Middleware is the layer of software which, by optimising connectivity among applications, servers and databases running on different platforms, integrates different components in a distributed, heterogeneous environment.  Since middleware is an essential element of a distributed comuting environment, it has become a cr

Middleware Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) Middleware Architecture defines the components that enable  integration & interaction of disparate components, through a set of common protocols, in order to maximise the overall usability of a distributed architecture. Middleware provides and limits the number of interfaces between applications, network communications an

Millicent
(In topic `Security`) Millicent is DEC`s microcash payment system based on hash-signatures