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IT-Architects - Skills glossary
Category: Technical and IT
Date & country: 12/11/2007, UK
Words: 1106


GSSAP1 (or GSS-API)
(In topic `Security`) GSSAPi (the Generic Security Services API) is a standard developed by the IETF to provide a uniform, high-level interface to security systems such as Kerberos V.

GTE
(In topic `Security`) GTE is a leading CA

HAHTSite
(In topic `Web Development`) HAHT Software`s component integration platform. The latest version, HAHTSite 5.0, is an e-business platform for building component-based applications & deploying them on the Web.

Hansa
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Hansa is an integrated suite of CRM applications.

Harbinger
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Harbinger Corporation, whose aim to establish harbinger.net as the preferred virtual e-Commerce center for information and mission- critical, B2B e-Commerce transactions, was acquired by Peregrine Systems. This acquisition will combine Harbinger`s ‘harbinger.netSM`  e-Marketplace capabilities with Peregrine`s e-Pro

Hash Signatures
(In topic `Security`) Hash-based signatures use cryptographically secure hash function such as MD-5 (Message Digest 5) or SHA (Secure Hash Algorithm) to produce a hash value from a file.  CyberCoin & Millicent are examples of systems using these less computationally intensive algorithms.

HDML
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) HDML is an acronym for Handheld Device Markup Language. It is used to format content for web-enabled mobile phones. It is Phone.com`s (formerly Unwired Planet) proprietary language which, having originated prior to the creation of the WAP standard, can only be viewed on mobile phones using phone.com browsers: it uses Ph

HDSL
(In topic `Network Architectures`) HDSL is an acronym for High-data-rate DSL (see ADSL & xDSL)

HLR
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) HLR is an acronym for Home Location Register. It is a real-time database platform for mobile telecommunication networks. Its subscriber-related data provides cellular and wireless carriers with real-time capabilities for roamer validation and seamless roaming which can transparently route calls to subscribers regardless

HOLAP
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) HOLAP (Hybrid Holap) is, as its name implies, a hybrid of MOLAP and ROLAP that is typically more difficult to implement and administer.

Holos
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) see Seagate

HomeRF
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) Refers to the HomeRF specification being developed by the HomeRF Working Group (HRFWG). HomeRF is a standard for inexpensive wireless (RF voice and data) communication in the home. Based on SWAP (Shared Wireless Access Protocol), it provides for wireless Ethernet data transmissions of up to 800 Kbps. Although its data r

HotJava
(In topic `Web Development`) HotJava is a Web browser written in Java for OEM`s and developers creating Web-enabled devices & applications.

HP Changengine
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) HP Changengine is Hewlett-Packard`s BPMS that enables the automation and management of business processes across applications and organisations both within and beyond the enterprise.  (see BPMS)

HSCSD
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) HSCSD (High Speed Circuit Switched Data), which first began to appear in some networks in 1999, is dedicated circuit-switched communications technology that extends the current GSM systems by boosting  data throughput.  Available in most cases to network operators as a pure software upgrade, HSCSD is cost efficient to i

Hub & Spoke Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) The ‘Hub & Spoke` architecture is one in which the applications are connected to a central hub containing the rules for connecting them together and managing the messaging between them. It is a highly flexible approach that minimises the number of connections (thereby reducing complexity) and one which makes new requireme

Hummingbird
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Humminbird Communications, which acquired the PC DOCS Group in 1999, has emerged as one the world`s leading software companies specialising in the development of enterprise software solutions (including document management, knowledge management, BI and network connectivity).

Hummingbird
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Hummingbird Communications, which acquired the PC DOCS Group in 1999, has emerged as one the world`s leading software companies specialising in the development of enterprise software solutions (including document management, knowledge management, BI and network connectivity).

Hummingbird EIP
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Hummingbird Communications` EIP,  launched in December 1999, provides a single point of access to all business-critical information and resources. Hummingbird EIP 1.5, the first enhancement of the solution, was announced in June 2000.

Hydra
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Hydra is a tool designed to provide companies with a Programme Management solution.  It is developed by Hydra Development Corporation, headquartered in the UK, which defines Programme Management as ‘the co-ordinated support, planning, prioritisation and monitoring of projects to meet changing business needs.`

Hyland Software
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) see OnBase

Hyperion Essbase
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Hyperion Essbase OLAP Server is an analytic platform for delivering enterprise analytic applications for reporting, analysis, modeling and planning. It is recognised as the industry-leading OLAP technology for analytic applications spanning all business areas including e-business and CRM analytics. Hyperion Wired

Hyperion Integration Server
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Hyperion`s Integration Server has been described as a breakthrough technology that integrates relational systems such as data warehouses, packaged applications and ERP systems with Hyperion Essbase and IBM DB2 OLAP Server.

IBI
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Refers to Information Builders` EDA middleware solution: see EDA

IBM Content Manager
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) IBM`s Content Manager is a content management solution designed to help companies manage (ie create, capture, store, manage, distribute, and integrate) all forms of digital, business information (graphics, audio, video, and business documents) in any format (including XML and HTML) gen

IBM DB2 OLAP Server
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) see IBM DB2 OLAP Server

IBM OnDemand
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) IBM`s OnDemand  is IBM`s client/server COLD and ERM software that enables the automatic capture, indexing, storage, retrieval and presentation of computer generated documents and other related business information. Supporting multiple output data streams, OnDemand forms a key component

IBM Registry
(In topic `Security`) IBM Registry, IBM`s certification software, uses certificates and public-key digital signatures as the basis for a variety of service offerings including directory services, time stamping and business archives.

IBM WebSphere
(In topic `Web Development`) see WebSphere Application Server

ICM
(In topic `CRM Skills`) ICM is an acronym for Intelligent Contact Management.  ICM software creates a network-to-desktop CTI environment that integrates different resources including  carrier networks, the Internet, ACDs, IVR systems, Web servers, databases and agent workstations. On receiving a routing query and call information from the network,

ICR
(In topic `CRM Skills`) ICR is an acronym for Intelligent Incoming Call Routing. By utilising the IVR to collect information from the caller and the host application to determine how to route a given call, ICR represents one of the most powerful combinations of IVR and CRM applications.

ICR
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) ICR (Intelligent Character Recognition) is an advanced form of OCR technology that includes additional capabilities. (see OCR).

ICR
(In topic `operations support systems`) ICR is an acronym for Intelligent Incoming Call Routing. By utilising the IVR to collect information from the caller and the host application to determine how to route a given call, ICR represents one of the most powerful combinations of IVR and CRM applications.

ICSA
(In topic `Security`) the International Computer Security Association

IDE
(In topic `Web Development`) IDE`s (integrated development environment) are environments for writing application logic & designing application interfaces. They contrast with IAE`s (which include application servers) by lacking solutions to assist applications developers.

IDEA
(In topic `Security`) IDEA (International Data Encryption Algorithm) is a single-key encryption  algorithm. It was selected, in preference to other algorithms such as DES or RSA, for use in parts of PGP.

Identitech
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) see FYI

IDM
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) acronym for integrated document management

IEDF
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) IEDF (Integrated Computer-Aided Manufacturing Definition) is a standard, public-domain modeling language. It is well suited for business process improvement projects due to its ability to provide a structured description of systems complicated by the interactions of people, computers and machinery. KBSI Inc.

IEEE 802.11
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) An IEEE specification for wireless network transmission based on direct and frequency hopping, SST, and infrared at transmission speeds from 1-4 Mbps.

IETF
(In topic `Network Architectures`) IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) is the organisation that provides the coordination of standards and specification development for TCP/IP networking. It comprises of  a large, open community of network professionals whose aim is to coordinate the operation, management and evolution of the Internet and also t

iEVM
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) iEVM (Internet Enterprise Value Management) applications provide the information required to optimise the performance of enterprise business operations.

IFS Applications
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) IFS Applications is Swedish company IFS` (Industrial & Financial Systems) Web & component-based ERP system that spans the entire demand & supply chain. IFS EAM forms an integral part of the IFS Applications ERP system.

IG
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) In mobile telephony, 1G refers to the first generation systems which were analog, circuit-switched systems in which voice links were poor, capacity was low and security non-existent.

IIOP
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) IIOP (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol) is the protocol developed by the OMG to enable the implementation of CORBA solutions over the Internet.

IIOP
(In topic `Web Development`) IIOP (Internet Inter-ORB Protocol) is the protocol developed by the OMG to enable the implementation of CORBA solutions over the Internet.

IIS
(In topic `Web Development`) IIS (Internet Information Server) is Microsoft`s HTTP server packaged with NT.

IISAPI
(In topic `Web Development`) Microsoft`s server-side programming tool

IKE
(In topic `Security`) IKE (Internet Key Exchange) is a protocol that is used in conjunction with IPSec and is planned to  establish IPSec based VPNs on the Internet. IKE  enhances IPSec by providing additional features, flexibility and by easing IPSec configuration.

iKP
(In topic `Security`) iKP (Internet Key Payments protocol) is an architecture for secure payment over the Internet. It defines transactions where buyer and seller involve the services of a third-party , such as a credit card company, to authorise and administer the transaction.

ILEC
(In topic `Network Architectures`) ILECs (incumbent local exchange carriers) are traditional telecommunications services providers. (see CLECs)

ILEC
(In topic `operations support systems`) ILECs (incumbent local exchange carriers) are traditional telecommunications services providers. (see CLECs)

ILMI
(In topic `Network Architectures`) ILMI (Interim Local Management Interface) is an ATM forum defined interim specification for network management functions between an end user and public or private network and between a public network and a private network.

ImageBasic
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Diamond Head Software`s document imaging development toolkit for Visual Basic.

implicit knowledge
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Implicit knowledge is unarticulated knowledge that can be articulated and thereby become explicit knowledge. It is the type of knowledge which can be teased out of competent performers by knowledge management consultants. (see explicit knowledge)

Impromptu
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Impromptu is Cognos` database and query reporting tool that enables users to easily create powerful reporting applications without needing to understand how the database is structured.

IMT-2000
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) IMT-2000 (International Mobile Telecommunications-2000) is a term applied by the ITU to the specification for projected 3G wireless services. It was formerly referred to as FPLMTS (Future Public Land-Mobile Telephone Systems).

IN
(In topic `Network Architectures`) IN is an acronym for Intelligent Networks, which allow operators to develop and speedily deliver highly focused services designed to meet the needs of specific groups or individuals. (see WIN & CAMEL).

InConcert
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) InConcert is Tibco`s document-based workflow management software for PC- and Unix-based distributed computing environments. 

Industri-Matematik (IMI)
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) see System ESS

Infinium CRM
(In topic `CRM Skills`) a CRM solution from UK based Infinium Software.

Infinium ERP
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Infinium`s integrated suite of ERP solutions includes HR, Financial Management, Materials Management & Process Manufacturing.

Infobank InTrade
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Infobank InTrade is the flagship e-Procurement product suite of Infobank, a UK headquartered e-Commerce solutions provider specialising in the provision of Web-based purchasing, supply and trading solutions. Their solutions, which include InTrade Purchaser, InTrade Supplier and InTrade e-Hub, are designed to meet t

InfoBus
(In topic `Web Development`) InfoBus enables dynamic exchange of data between JavaBeans components.

Informatica
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Informatica is a leading provider of  integrated analytic solutions and data integration tools including: Informatica Analytic Applications, PowerCenter & PowerCenter.e (Informatica`s  industry leading data integration hubs), PowerMart (for building and managing data marts), PowerConnect (providing native data con

Information Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) Information Architecture defines the overall data architecture and describes the logical structure of databases and the methodology used to correlate data in multiple databases.

Information Warehouse
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) An Information Warehouse is IBM`s approach to data warehousing that supports the implementation of functional, central or decentralized warehouses.

Informix MetaCube
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) OLAP Server

Infrastructure
(In topic `architecture`) Infrastructure is the basic framework of an organisation

Inprise Application Server
(In topic `Web Development`) Inprise/Borland`s application server

Instinctive Technology
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) see eRoom 

Integrity
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) see Vality Integrity

Intellectual Capital
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) A company`s intellectual capital has become a key corporate asset. It can be defined as the sum of all the knowledge, information and experience of a company`s workforce that can create wealth or provide competitive advantage. This reservoir of knowledge, which includes both tacit and

Intelligent Agents
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) An intelligent agent, in its simplest definition, is software that is given and executes a particular task and reports back to the user. They have been employed to execute tasks on behalf of a business process, computer application or an individual. Examples of application areas include information retrieval (e.g.

Intelysis
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Intelysis has emerged as a leader in the e-Marketplace sector of B2B. Its flagship product, Intelysis ConnectTrade, addresses both e-Procurement and e-Marketplaces. Intelysis ConnectTrade for e-Procurement is designed  for companies seeking to reduce expenses by implementing an online purchasing solution. Intelysis

InTempo
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) InTempo is JetForm`s messaging-based enterprise workflow solution that provides end-to-end workflow processing and automates paper-based processes. JetForm re-architected its InTempo workflow engine to support the emerging e-process applications. By supporting thin-client architectures

Interleaf
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Interleaf Inc., with its XML-based content management tools and WAP technology for the wireless delivery of content, was acquired by BroadVision Inc., the leading worldwide provider of personalised e-business applications, in April 2000. (see BladeRunner and BroadVision).

Internet Development Tool Suites
(In topic `Web Development`) These include Adobe GoLive, Allaire ColdFusion, Allaire HomeSite, Claris HomePage, IBM VisualAge for Java, Microsoft Visual InterDev, Macromedia Dreamweaver, Net Objects Fusion, & Oracle Jdeveloper.

Internet Protocols
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Examples of Internet protocols are TCP/IP, RIP, OSPF, BGP, NAT, L2TP & PPTP

Internet Security Protocols
(In topic `Security`) Internet Security Protocols (which include SSL, S/MIME, & SET) must be adhered to in order to ensure the interoperability of certificates in a wide range of applications.

Interoperability
(In topic `architecture`) Interoperability is the ability to function together or separately.

InterWorld Commerce Exchange
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) InterWorld, with its flagship product Commerce Exchange, is a leading provider of end-to-end e-commerce solutions.  Commerce Exchange enables companies to incorporate Internet-based commerce as part of their entire business in order to achieve operational efficiency.

Interwoven
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Interwoven, with its flagship product TeamSite, is a leader provider of content management software and services. TeamSite manages the development and deployment of business-critical Web sites. Examples of eBusiness sites powered by TeamSite include those of Cisco Systems, Xerox and General Electric.

Intraspect
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Intraspect 2.0 is Californian-based Intraspect`s  ‘group memory` knowledge management software which includes an alert feature that notifies users when information that interests them comes into the network or is modified by others in the network.

Intuitive ERP
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Intuitive Manufacturing Systems` ERP software  (known as MRP9000 until June 2000) for small & mid-size manufacturers.

Iona iPortal Suite
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) the first multi-platform suite of products for developing enterprise portals

IP Pipes
(In topic `Network Architectures`) IP Pipes is the name given to high speed IP backbones capable of providing high bandwidth and reliable communications.  A number of major global companies, including MCI and Level 3, are building very large worldwide IP backbones that will allow seamless communications on a global scale.

IPoA
(In topic `Network Architectures`) IPoA (IP over ATM) is a specification that enables the encapsulation and transmission of IP packets across an ATM connection.

IPSec
(In topic `Network Architectures`) IPSec, short for IP Security, is a set of protocols developed to enable the secure exchange of IP packets over unprotected networks such as the Internet. It is anticipated that IPsec will be widely used in the implementation of VPN`s which are categorised by intranets, extranets and remote dial access.

IPSec
(In topic `Security`) IPSec, short for IP Security, is a set of protocols developed to enable the secure exchange of IP packets over unprotected networks such as the Internet. It is anticipated that IPsec will be widely used in the implementation of VPN`s which are categorised by intranets, extranets and remote dial access.  

IPVPN
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Internet Protocol Virtual Private Networks (see VPN`s).

IrDA
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) IrDA refers to the IrDA`s (Infrared Data Association) suite of protocols for Infrared (IR) exchange of data between 2 devices up to 1 or 2m apart, or even less for low-power IrDA devices. (see Wireless PAN`s)

ISDN
(In topic `Network Architectures`) ISDN (integrated services digital network) is a DSL system that was introduced in the 1970`s and is still used to enable digital, high-capacity, simultaneous voice and data transmission over existing copper lines.

IT Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) “A series of principles, guidelines, drawings, standards and rules that guide an organisation through acquiring, building, modifying, and the interfacing of IT resources throughout the enterprise (Bernard Board, ‘Constructing Blueprints for Enterprise IT Architectures`, 1999).

ITE`s
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) ITE`s ( Independent Trading Exchanges) are classified according to the level of  functionality they provide  (ie information, facilitation, transaction or integration). The best-positioned ITE`s (which include Altra Energy Technologies, Ventro Corporation, CheMatch.com, PlasticsNet.com & SciQuest.com) are in the In

ITIL
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) is a set of comprehensive and consistent codes of best practice for IT Service Management developed by the CCTA in the UK. It aims to facilitate the quality management of IT services and the IT infrastructure upon which the systems and IT services are built

ITU
(In topic `Network Architectures`) The ITU (International Telecommunication Union) is an international  organisation within which governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks & services. It is responsible for adopting international treaties, regulations and standards governing telecommunications.

Ivara.EAM
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Ivara`s EAM software system.

IVR
(In topic `CRM Skills`) IVR is an acronym for Interactive Voice Response technology, a technology that allows a telephone based user to enter or access information stored in a remote database. IVR applications add value to CRM applications by providing the means and platform for customer self service and by providing an automated personalised serv

IVR
(In topic `operations support systems`) IVR is an acronym for Interactive Voice Response technology, a technology that allows a telephone based user to enter or access information stored in a remote database. IVR applications add value to CRM applications by providing the means and platform for customer self service and by providing an automated pe