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IT-Architects - Skills glossary
Category: Technical and IT
Date & country: 12/11/2007, UK
Words: 1098

(In topic `Security`) see Elliptic Curve Cryptography

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) ECM is an acronym for the newly emerging technology known as enterprise content management.  ECM consists of technologies which are aimed at dynamically creating and bundling together information chunks to form coherent packages such as documents, manuals, publications or Web pages. Wi

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) acronym for Efficient Customer Response

(In topic `CRM Skills`) eCRM is the name that has been increasingly applied to the emerging online CRM capability that extends the scope of CRM, traditionally comprising sales, marketing and service,  into the area of e-Commerce. This extension of Internet-enabled CRM, to encompass functions such as supply chain management, has been the stimulus f

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) EDA (Enterprise Data Access) is  Information Builders` data access & integration middleware. It was designed in the early 90`s to provide data integration for enterprise client/ server environments. EDA has since evolved into a strategic infrastructure for e-business integration capable of accessing and integratin

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) Enhanced Data rate for GSM Evolution: this builds on the GPRS standard and is the bridge between GPRS and UMTS which will increase the available speed and thereby improve applications such as Internet browsing and e-mail facilities. Edge will allow GSM & TDMA to converge into a global network that provides wireless user

(In topic `operations support systems`) EDI (electronic data interchange) is the exchange of information in support of commerce between companies in structured, platform-independent formats defined by standards such as ANSI & ISO. It is one of the predominant technologies currently used for the automated exchange of service orders between CLECs and

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) EDIFACT (Electronic Data Exchange for Administration Commerce & Transport) is an ISO standard for EDI proposed to supercede both X12 & TRADACOMS as the global standard.

(In topic `Web Development`) EDIFACT (Electronic Data Exchange for Administration Commerce & Transport) is an ISO standard for EDI proposed to supersede both X12 & TRADACOMS as the global standard.

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) EDMS is an acronym for Enterprise Document Management System; it is also an acronym for Electronic Document Management Systems that was coined by Delphi Consulting Group in 1987 to define a new business and market model focused exclusively on key technologies such as Imaging, Workflow,

eFIRST Forms
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) eFIRST Forms is BancTec`s new document management solution, unveiled in April 2000 as the industry`s first intelligent forms and unstructured document imaging solution that uses neural networking, the innovative ‘learn as you go` technology. With data now entering an enterprise`s busin

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) EFS (Electronic File System)  is Excalibur Technologies` document management and information retrieval software that can manage the life cycle of electronic documents. Excalibur`s pattern-based retrieval technology enables the search and retrieval of any kind of digital information inc

(In topic `CRM Skills`) Enterprise Incentive Management

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) EIP is an acronym for Enterprise Information Portal. Fuelled by the growth of the Internet, the EIP is a web-based solution that has revolutionised the delivery of corporate information by linking structured (ie databases) and unstructured (ie documents and images) data across the enterprise, providing users with

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) EIP is an acronym for Enterprise Information Portal. Fueled by the growth of the Internet, the EIP is a web-based solution that has revolutionised the delivery of corporate information by linking structured (ie databases) and unstructured (ie documents and images) data across the enterprise, providing users with a

(In topic `Web Development`) Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) is Sun Microsystems`  technology specification that specifies a framework for building component-based distributed applications. The EJB framework specifies the construction, deployment and invocation of components, known as enterprise beans, which are pre-developed and reusable units of appli

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) EKP is an acronym for Enterprise Knowledge Portal. (see EIP and Enterprise Portal)

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) EKP is an acronym for Enterprise Knowledge Portal. (see EIP and Enterprise Portal)

(In topic `architecture`) Elaboration is the second phase of the process in which the product vision and its architecture are defined.

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) see PECOS Procurement Manager

Elliptic Curve Cryptography
(In topic `Security`) Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) is an emerging public-key encryption technology that promises to offer low-cost, high security connection, compared to RSA, and is expected to support cryptography even in PDA`s. It currently offers the greatest available encryption strength per bit of key-length. In the future, the cost advan

Embedded Workflow
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) An embedded workflow management system is one that is only functional if employed with the embedding system. They are common within ERP, payment and settlement systems. (see Autonomous Workflow).

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) eMPower is Technomatix Technologies` suite of Web enabled e-manufacturing software solutions comprising of eBOP (Bill of Process), eMS (e-Manufacturing Server) &  e-Manufacturing Applications. The latest version, eMPower 4.0, was announced in May 2000.

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Encina (or TX Series/Encina) is is a transaction management product from Tranarc, a wholly owned subsidiary of IBM. As with other commercial transaction management products, such as BEA`s Tuxedo and TopEnd, it supports the TX interface. iOuay tTranarc`s aackage

(In topic `Security`) Encryption is the translation of data into a secret code by one of two types: public-key encryption or symmetric encryption.

(In topic `Web Development`) is an infrastructure dedicated to supporting the Enhydra community. This is an Open Source community comprising of sponsors, technology providers, users and developers, whose mission is to promote the acceptance, usage and continued development of Enhydra, a powerful Open Source Java- and XML-based applicati

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Ensemble is FileNet`s ad-hoc workflow solution.

Enterprise Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) The enterprise architecture is a strategic information asset base that defines the overall structure of the business, the information and technologies necessary to support the business, and the transitional processes (ie migration plans and configuration management) necessary for implementing new technologies in response

Enterprise Data Warehouse
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) An enterprise data warehouse contains enterprise-wide information that is integrated from multiple operational data sources for consolidated data analysis. It is typically composed of several subject areas such as customers, products and sales and can range in size from 50 gigabytes to more than one terabyte. (see

Enterprise Gateways
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) Enterprise Gateways are WAP gateways designed for enterprise customers. They are used more widely in Europe where many companies, especially those handling financial transactions, are concerned about end-to-end security and controlling users. Providers of Enterprise gateways include Nokia and Infinite Technologies. (see

Enterprise Portal
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) An enterprise portal is an Internet site, owned and operated by a company, that supports its business operations by providing a single point of contact between the enterprise and wider community. As well as organising the information, tools, applications, and transactions provided by the enterprise to its  employe

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Enterprise/Access is CNT`s (Computer Network Technology) solution for Siebel legacy integration. Using  a three-tier server-based architecture to communicate between Siebel and legacy applications, the Enterprise/Access server permits data from many different back office systems to be retrieved in real time and mixed t

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Software AG`s  platform integration solution which brings together  Message oriented Middleware (ie Software AG`s Message Broker technology) an Microsofts` DCOM: it thereby enables the integration of all major systems and enables developers to build application components in any language or to ‘wrap` existing applicati

Entity Beans
(In topic `Web Development`) Entity beans are one of the 2 basic types of EJB. Entity beans are used to model real-world objects (business concepts) that represent  a person, place or thing. Such objects are usually persistent records residing in a database. (see EJB and Session Beans).

(In topic `Network Architectures`) EOS is an acronym for Enterprise Operating System. The leading EOS is currently Windows NT. Other EOSs, including NetWare, Unix variants (mainly Sun  Solaris and HP-UX) and Linux, are also common throughout IT organisations. Linux, is particular, is making increasing headway, reflecting the growing acceptance of t

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) acronym for Event-driven Process Chain

Epicor CRM
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Epicor Software Corporation`s CRM solution designed for mid-market companies.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) EPOC is a Symbian`s  operating system for handheld devices including PDA`s. Symbian was originally a software division in Psion which was spun off to support EPOC as an independent entity. EPOC 32 is a newer 32-bit version of the operating system which competes with Windows CE in the growing PDA market. EPOC can handle

ERM Systems
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) ERM (Enterprise Report Management) is the name that has been applied to the Web-enabled COLD Systems which allow the distribution of information beyond the enterprise to any authorised user, any where and at any time. They provide the most cost effective means of making transaction rep

(In topic `CRM Skills`) ERO is an acronym for Enterprise Resource Optimization

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) eRoom is eRoom Technology`s (formerly Instinctive Technologies) team collaboration software application that creates secure, shared digital workspaces on the Internet for distributed project teams to do their work.  The eRoom is a secured extranet or Intranet which, by enabling teams t

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) is a hosted digital service for eBusiness that provides distributed project teams with the applications, resources, and content needed to manage business projects. It is a comprehensive digital workplace that facilitates document collaboration, discussions, tasks, knowledge m

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) ERP is an acronym for Enterprise Resource Planning. Unlike SCM, ERP systems look backwards and each transaction, which forms part of the record of what the business has done, is preserved for legal and financial reasons.

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Computer Associates` ERwin is a database design tool which can be used for  implementing transactional systems & data warehouses across the enterprise.

(In topic `CRM Skills`) ESE is an acronym for Extended Selling Enterprise (aka E-Partner Selling) which is an enterprise wide strategy to increase profitability through the use of applications and technologies which assist 3rd-party selling channel partners (including brokers, agents and distributors) in their sales objectives.

(In topic `Security`) ESP (encapsulating security payload) is an IPSec protocol that provides a number of security services including confidentiality, traffic flow confidentiality and data origin authentication. (see IPSec).

(In topic `Network Architectures`) Ethernet, one of the most common types of network architectures, transmits only when the channel is quiet using a technique called CSMA/CD. Different types of Ethernet networking architectures are distinguished by the physical characteristics and the speed of of cabling.

ETL tools
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) ETL tools include Informix`s DataStage, Microsoft`s DTS and Cognos` DecisionStream.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) ETSI (the European Telecommunications Standards Institute) is a non-profit making organisation that unites nearly 700 members from 50 countries inside and outside Europe with the aim of developing telecommunications standards and documentation. In October 1999, ETSI and the WAP Forum signed a co-operation agreement to d

ETT tools
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Extraction/Transformation/Transport tools: it is  predicted that by 2003, the ETT tools market will be dominated by IBM, Microsoft & Oracle as they integrate transformation functionality into their DBMS`s. ETT tools vendors include Ardent, Informatica, IBI, Sagent, Data Mirror, Acta, Platinum (CA), Data Junction,

Event-Driven IT Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) The ‘event-driven IT architecture` comprises of a number of key integrated components (including messaging, application adapters & message brokering) which together provide a complete IT environment for moving, managing and integrating information in the event-driven enterprise. Information moves in the form of messages g

Excalibur RetrievalWare
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Excalibur Technologies` RetrievalWare is an advanced knowledge retrieval solution for indexing and searching a wide range of distributed knowledge assets from a common user interface. It provides powerful natural language processing and fast, accurate search capabilities. 

eXcelon B2B Integration Server
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) eXcelon B2B Integration Server is eXcelon`s B2B solution that provides a hub to which a company can connect its existing systems (including ERP, EAI, EDI, databases & legacy) and also those of outside companies over the Internet, thereby forming a network of partners, suppliers and customers or so-called ‘virtual o

explicit knowledge
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Explicit knowledge is knowledge that has been articulated and typically captured in the form of documents, diagrams, methodologies and product specifications. It contrasts with tacit knowledge which cannot be articulated. Examples of explicit knowledge include documented best practices

(In topic `architecture`) a term synonymous with open that refers to the architectural property of openness describing the ability to add new or custom behaviours at  a later date.

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Extensity Inc. is a developer of Internet applications for workforce optimisation. Its applications are used for the automation of employee tasks including expense reports, timesheets, purchase requests and travel plans. Its Extensity Connect, by integrating  these  applications and the content in e-commerce, provi

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Extricity`s (formerly CrossRoute`s) B2B integration solution

FactorySuite 2000
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) FactorySuite 2000 is Wonderware Corporations`s component-based, integrated MMI software suite for industrial automation.

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Level 8 Systems` Falcon MQ is now known as Geneva Message Queuing.

fat client
(In topic `architecture`) A client in a client-server architecture that performs most or all of application processing operations with little or none performed in the server. Although the term usually refers to software,  it can also apply to a network computer that has relatively strong processing abilities. (see thin client)

fat server
(In topic `architecture`) A server in a client-server architecture that performs most or all of  the application processing with little or none performed in the client.

(In topic `Network Architectures`) FDDI (Fibre Distributed Data Interface) is an emerging, high speed, 100 Mbps LAN standard and is one of the main types of Token Ring network. Developed by ANSI, FDDI is designed to work on fibre-optic cables. The topology is a dual attached, counter-rotating token ring. (see Token Ring).

(In topic `Network Architectures`) FECN is an acronym for Forward Error Congestion Notification. In congested Frame Relay networks, FECN tells the receiving device that the network is congested to enable the upper layer protocols to expect a delay.   (see Frame Relay and BECN)

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) FileNET Corporation, with a long history as a leading provider of integrated software products for workflow, document imaging and document management applications, has evolved with the emergence of the Internet into a leading provider of eContent and eProcess solutions. Its solutions,

Fingerprint Readers
(In topic `Security`) Fingerprint readers promise to become a common form of biometric authentication during the present decade. Users identify themselves to a server by placing a finger on a small reading device which measures various characteristics of the patterns associated with the user`s fingerprint. The server, having compared these measurem

(In topic `Security`) Firewalls are systems designed to prevent the unauthorized access to or from a private network. Examples of firewalls include CheckPoint Firewall-1, Raptor, PIX Firewall, Solstice, Suncreen, TIS Toolkitx

(In topic `Web Development`) FIXML (Financial Information Exchange Markup Language) is an XML based messaging standard for the real-time electronic exchange of securities transactions. The first ever real-time FIXML trading application was introduced by XML pioneer Innovision Corp. in June 2000.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) FMC is an acronym that has been coined to refer to fixed and mobile convergence, a goal which many operators and service providers are seeking to realise. Technological advancements in mobile networks, with improvements in terms of quality, coverage and capacity, have enabled the mobile operators to target fixed line vo

Forte for Java IDE
(In topic `Web Development`) Sun Microsystems new family of IDE`s based on an open source code framework. Forte for Java, Community Edition is derived from NetBeans and there are only minor differences between the two. (see NetBeans).

Forte Fusion
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Forte Fusion is Forte Software`s EAI application integration solution. The Forte Fusion EAI solution allows integrated business processes to be deployed across multiple application systems. Fusion  consists of a centralised  business process engine, multiple application specific adapter modules (enabling the communicat

Forte SynerJ
(In topic `Web Development`) Forte SynerJ is Sun Microsystems` (following their acquisition of Forte Software in October 1999) integrated Java development environment for creating enterprise-class Java-based applications. 

Fourth Shift eERP Suite
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Fourth Shift`s Internet- enabled ERP solution for mid-sized companies.

(In topic `Web Development`) FpML (Financial products Markup Language) is a new XML based standard for sharing information on, and dealing in, financial derivatives over the Internet. It will ultimately allow the electronic integration of a range of services from Internet based electronic dealing to the risk analysis of client portfolios. There is

(In topic `Network Architectures`) FRAD is an acronym for Frame Relay Access Device. FRADs are simple devices that convert streams of data (including IP, SNA, IPX etc) ) into frames to allow transmission over a Frame Relay network. As such, FRADs enable the extension of Frame Relay networks to branch offices. As the market for Frame Relay continues

Frame Relay
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Frame Relay is a high speed packet-switching protocol for connecting devices on a WAN and is much faster than X25 networks. It has become the dominant method for wide area interconnection of corporate enterprise networks.  Unlike X25, Frame Relay has become a major wide area technology in the USA partly due to it

(In topic `Network Architectures`) FRF is an acronym for the Frame Relay Forum which is an association of  vendors, carriers, users, and consultants committed to the education, promotion and implementation of Frame Relay in accordance with  international standards. The FRF has over 300 members worldwide. (see Frame Relay, FRF.5 and FRF.8)

(In topic `Network Architectures`) FRF.5 (Frame Relay-to-ATM Network Interworking) is a feature that provides networking functionality that allows Frame Relay and ATM networks to exchange data despite using different transmission protocols. FRF.5 is a useful feature for Internet Services Providers that need to link Frame Relay and ATM networks.  (s

(In topic `Network Architectures`) FRF.8 (Frame Relay-to-ATM Service Interworking) is a feature that allows Frame Relay and ATM networks to exchange data despite differing network protocols. It does this by providing service interworking functionality that allows a Frame Relay end user to communicate with an ATM end user. jFRF.8 atm aprovides netwo

Fulcrum KnowledgeServer
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Fulcrum KnowledgeServer (previously known as DOCSFulcrum) is Hummingbird`s Knowledge Management product that provides a single point of access to information stored in multiple databases using Hummingbird`s leading search engine, Fulcrum SearchServer. (see Fulcrum SearchServer).

Fulcrum SearchServer
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) SearchServer is Hummingbird`s (originally Fulcrum Technologies`) client/server text retrieval engine.

Functional Data Warehouse
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) a data warehouse that collects data from nearby operational systems that serves a distinct & separate group such as a division or functional area.

(In topic `Network Architectures`) FUNI (Frame-based User-to-Network Interface), like ATM-DXI,  is an access protocol for ATM networks.

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) FYI is the Florida headquartered Identitech`s electronic document management, workflow and imaging solution. It provides a total solution for end-to-end business process automation.

Gemstone-J 4.0
(In topic `Web Development`) Gemstone Systems` J2EE, XML & CORBA based application server for component integration provides a J2EE platform for building B2B applications.

(In topic `Web Development`) Gemstone Systems` Gemstone/S application server is a component integration solution based on Smalltalk. Gemstone/S provides seamless integration with existing Smalltalk applications.

(In topic `operations support systems`) Geneva Technology`s billing and rating system for event based services (including telecommunications, pay TV, IP/ISP and utilities). Geneva 4.0, the latest release of the software, provides pan-national billing.

Geneva Integration Suite
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) The Geneva Integration Suite is Level 8 Systems` comprehensive set of eBusiness integration products for integrating the diverse business systems that enable eBusiness. The Geneva Integration Suite, which encompasses application integration, enterprise messaging, business process automation and application engineering,

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) see Hummingbird

Gentia Balanced Scorecard
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Gentia Software`s flagship product, Balanced Scorecard,  is a Web-based enterprise solution that is described as an application for strategy management (ie an enterprise solution for translating strategy into action at all levels of the organisation). In being able to monitor business performance (customer satisfa

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Geobot, with its flagship product Universus, is a provider of intelligent-agent software solutions that facilitate the creation and expansion of electronic B2B marketplaces.

(In topic `architecture`) Acronym for the so-called Gang of Four (Gamma, Helm, Johnson & Vlissides), whose book entitled ‘Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software` published in 1994, popularised the use of Software Patterns in OO & software design. Patterns consequently became a much hyped, ‘hot-topic` & OOD buzzword.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) is a packet-based data transmission technology for GSM networks aimed at improving the speed of the current mobile networks by providing data transfer rates initially of up to 115 Kbps.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) GPS is an acronym for ‘Global Positioning by Satellite`; GPS provides 3G (third generation) wireless communications and precision infrastructure. (see 3G)

(In topic `architecture`) Granularity is a spectrum of data type ranging from fine grained (e.g. as records and instances) to coarse grained (e.g. files). RDBMS`s & OODB`s typically operate on fine-grained data whereas File Systems operate on coarse grained data.

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) GroupWise is Novell`s client/server messaging solution, described as fifth-generation, that leverages NDS to significantly reduce the cost of network ownership (see NDS).

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications) is a TDM-based mobile communications system adopted by almost all of the wireless operators in Europe & the Middle East. Originally defined as a pan-European open standard to support voice, data, text messaging and cross border roaming, it has become one world`s main 2G digi

(In topic `Security`) GSSAPi (the Generic Security Services API) is a standard developed by the IETF to provide a uniform, high-level interface to security systems such as Kerberos V.

(In topic `Security`) GTE is a leading CA

(In topic `Web Development`) HAHT Software`s component integration platform. The latest version, HAHTSite 5.0, is an e-business platform for building component-based applications & deploying them on the Web.

(In topic `CRM Skills`) Hansa is an integrated suite of CRM applications.