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IT-Architects - Skills glossary
Category: Technical and IT
Date & country: 12/11/2007, UK
Words: 1106


CORBA
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) CORBA (Common Object Request Broker) was introduced by the Object Management Group (OMG) in 1991 as a standard to address the need for interoperability among the proliferating number of software and hardware products. CORBA 2.0, introduced in 1994, defined true interoperability by specifying how different ORB`s from di

CORE
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) CORE (COntrolled Requirements Expression) is Vitech`s system engineering/architecting tool

Corporate Modeler
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) see CASEwise

CorVu
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) CorVu Corporations` Enterprise Business Performance Management Solutions which include CorManage, CorBusiness and  WebServer  combine OLAP query & reporting with Balanced Scorecard applications.

COSA Workflow
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) COSA Workflow is COSA SOLUTIONS` platform-independent, Petri-net based workflow management system.

CPFR
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) CPFR (Collaborative Planning, Forecasting & Replenishment) is a collection of new business practices employed to leverage the potential of the Web & existing technologies to improve customer service  & greatly reduce costs. Collaboration among retailers, suppliers & distributors, by each making assumptions & forecast

Cradle
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Cradle is 3SL`s system architecting tool. It is described as a systems and software engineering environment that provides through life support (from requirements capture to system implementation) for the development of large & complex systems..

CRAMM
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) CRAMM (CCTA Risk Analysis and Management Method) is a formal and structured methodology for risk analysis and management that was developed in 1986/7 by the UK Government and BIS Applied Systems. As one of a number of risk analysis and management methodologies that have emerged around the world, CRAMM involve

CRC
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) CRC (Class Responsibility Collaborator) is a modeling process used for identifying user requirements. Rather than using diagrams to develop models, it involves the use of CRC Cards for identifying classes, responsibilities and collaborations between the objects in an object-oriented system: the CRC model desc

CRL
(In topic `Security`) CRL (Certificate Revocation List) is a time-stamped list of certificates that have been revoked prior to their scheduled expiration date and therefore should not be trusted. The CRL is signed by a CA and is made freely available in a public directory. Each revoked certificate is identified by its certificate serial number. Whe

CRM
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Customer Relationship Management is a strategy (as opposed to being simply an application or suite of products) that companies adopt in order to retain and attract profitable customers.

CrossWorlds
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) CrossWorld Software`s EAI solution - which fits in the process integration class of solutions - enables enterprises to integrate their applications (packaged, custom and legacy applications) by uniting common business processes and sharing key information in realtime. 

CSE-Workflow
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) see DOMEA

CSMA-CD
(In topic `Network Architectures`) CSMAJCD (Carrier-Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection) is a technique used by Ethernet networks (see Ethernet).

CSP
(In topic `Network Architectures`) acronym for Communications Service Provider

CSR
(In topic `operations support systems`) CSR is an acronym for Customer Service Representative; CSR`s provide dedicated customer care services to clients, sometimes online as well as telephone. Customer care solutions include productivity tools to increase individual CSR productivity.

CSS
(In topic `CRM Skills`) CSS is an acronym for Customer Service & Support. CSS application suites, though not needing to provide sales, marketing or e-commerce functionality, must be able to integrate with these applications in order to form part of an enterprise CRM strategy. The CSS suite typically consists of a number of components including a C

CSS
(In topic `Web Development`) CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)

CTI
(In topic `CRM Skills`) CTI is an acronym for Computer Telephony Integration, the integration of telephone/ACD and software/database systems to provide platforms that facilitate customer service and increasing call center agent productivity. The combination of CRM and SFA applications with CTI is enabling the provision of new customer service appl

CTI
(In topic `Network Architectures`) acronym for Computer Telephony Integration

CTI
(In topic `operations support systems`) CTI is an acronym for Computer Telephony Integration, the integration of telephone/ACD and software/database systems to provide platforms that facilitate customer service and increasing call center agent productivity. The combination of CRM and SFA applications with CTI is enabling the provision of new custom

Customer-Centric e-Business
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Described as the new ‘killer app`, this is the fusion of traditional CRM capabilities with those of Online Customer Interaction

CVS
(In topic `Web Development`) CVS, the Concurrent Versions System, is a leading open-source, network-transparent version control system that allows multiple developers to work on a project without interfering with each other. It  can be used by individual developers to large, distributed teams . (see open source).

cXML
(In topic `Web Development`) Ariba Technologies cXML (Commerce XML) is a framework being driven by Ariba Technologies as a new standard for B2B e-commerce. Supported by an influential group of some 40 companies (including Sterling Commerce, InterWorld, Vignette, Extricity Software & Harbinger), cXML is in direct competition with  Microsoft`s BizTal

CyberDOCS
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) CyberDOCS is Hummingbird`s Web-enabled document management product that provides enterprises with full document management functionality from a web browser over a corporate intranet, extranet or the Internet. As such, it allows a company`s employees, customers or suppliers to easily fi

CyberTrust
(In topic `Security`) GTE`s CyberTrust

Damgaard
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Danish headquartered Damgaard is a leading provider of integrated enterprise software solutions for the SME.  Damgaard Axapta, one of its two main product lines, is described as ‘e-business and ERP in one` and competes against ERP systems such as Movex.

DARS
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) DARS is an acronym for Digital Archive Retrieval Systems

Data Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) Data Architecture is a component of the technology architecture. It provides the underlying set of rules and descriptions of relationships that dictate how the major kinds of data support the business processes defined in the business architecture. The data architecture is used to define system and infrastructure requirem

Data Integration
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Data Integration products fit into 2 categories (1) database gateways (e.g. Oracle Open Gateways) which provide SQL access to heterogeneous data sources (1) EMT tools which extract, load data directly, bypassing  application logic. Data Integration vendors, and their products, include:

Data Junction
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Data Junction is Data Junction Corps` data integration solution

Data Marts
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Data marts contain a subset of enterprise-wide data, built for use by  individual departments or divisions. (see data warehouses).

Data Mining
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Data mining is the process of finding hidden patterns and relationships in data; data mining tools are able to locate patterns in large volumes of data and are able to analyse significant relationships which exist only when several dimensions are viewed at the same time.

Data Model
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) A data model is a description of the organisation of data that reflects the information structure of an enterprise

Data Warehouse
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) A data warehouse is a database in which data is collected  for analysis in order to support management decision making.  A data warehouse is defined by its purpose. It comprises data that is by definition  subject-oriented,  integrated,  time-variant, and non volatile meaning that it is focused on a business conce

Data Warehouse Infrastructure
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) the combination & interaction of technologies that support a data warehousing environment

Data Warehouse Management Tools
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) software that extracts and transforms data from operational systems and loads it into the data warehouse

Data-driven Methodologies
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Certain methodologies, such as OMT and Shlaer Mellor, have been categorised as data-driven methodologies as distinct from behaviour-driven methodologies. Data-driven methodologies logodata

Database Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) The database architecture defines the technical components of the technology infrastructure that support the storage and retrieval of data.

Database Schema
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) the logical and physical definition of a database structure

DataGate
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) STC`s (Software Technologies Corporation) application integration solution. It is an EAI product suite which integrates legacy, database and ERP applications. It includes prepackaged DataGateWays for packages such as SAP R/3 & PeopleSoft. It fits in the Message Broker class of EAI.

DataStage
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Ardent Software`s data integration solution. See Ardent Software.

DataTAC
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) DataTAC is Motorola`s communication standard that provides an infrastructure for wireless data communications (up to 19.6 kbs). It transmits data through individual data packets. It is used in the following 9 countries: USA, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Hong Kong, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and Australia. In packet

Dataware II
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Dataware II is Dataware Technologies` hybrid information management system solution that enables the integration of information from widely diverse sources and enables enterprise-wide information access to the repository from Web browsers or custom clients. Once information has been im

DB2 OLAP Server
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) IBM`s  DB2 OLAP Server is a powerful multidimensional analysis tool for building analytic applications. Storing data in a relational database using a star schema structure, DB2 OLAP Server  combines the flexibility of a relational database with the performance of a multidimensional store and is able to integrate H

DB2 UDB
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) DB2 Universal Database

DCE
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Distributed Computing Environment

DCOM
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) DCOM (Distributed Component Object Model) is Microsoft`s technology for supporting objects distributed across a network. It defines the RPC which allows distributed objects to be run remotely over the network. DCOM is based on COM and is Microsoft`s counterpart to CORBA. Unlike CORBA, DCOM is presently only implemented

DCS 1800
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) DCS (Digital Communications System) is another name for GSM, working on a radio frequency of 1800 MHz. It is also known as GSM 1800 or PCN (see GSM & PCN).

DDE
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) DDE (Dynamic Data Exchange) enables running applications to share the same data by automatically requesting and exchanging data; it is being supplanted by Microsoft`s OLE which provides greater control over shared data.

DecisionStream
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Cognos` DecisionStream enables the implementation and deployment of a series of liked, subject-area data marts that form an integrated BI system, ensuring that all users have access to consistent data.

DecisionSuite
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) DecisionSuite is Information Advantage`s BI product line. With a thin-client, server-centric architecture, it can handle complex analytic applications, even when accessing terabytes of data with thousands of users.

DECT
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) Digital European Cordless Telephone

DEN
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Together with ODMA and Shamrock, DEN (Document Enabled Networking) is one of the big-three standards groups which was co-founded by Xerox Corp. and Novell Inc. with the aim of providing a middleware specification to enable networked users to uniformly access electronic documents regard

DES
(In topic `Security`) DES (Data Encryption Standard) is a symmetric-key encryption method. Developed by IBM & the US government in the 70`s, it is  used mainly in North America.  3DES (aka Triple DES) is a variant of DES which iterates 3 times with 3 separate keys and thereby effectively doubles the strength of DES.

Descartes DeliveryNets
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Descartes Systems Group is a leading global provider of Internet-based solutions, DeliveryNets, which enable participation in their Global Logistics Network. DeliveryNet solutions are packaged software and Web-hosted application services that enable the seamless integration and optimisation of business processes acro

Descartes Global Logistics Network
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Global Logistics Network is a community of 25,000 trading partners (supply chain and e-commerce),  linked by Descartes` information infrastructure, that facilitates the efficient global exchange of logistics information. (see Descartes).

Designer-2000
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) see Oracle Designer/2000

Designer-2000
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) see Oracle Designer/2000

DEVA
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) acronym for Document-Enabled Vertical Applications

DFL
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) DFL (Demand Flow Leadership) is a ‘pull` form of QR & ECR that uses forecasting and other methods to go beyond point-of-sale to determine customer demand.

DHCP
(In topic `Network Architectures`) DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a protocol that enables dynamic addressing in which a device can have a different IP address every time it connects to the network.

Dial-Up Access
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Dial -up access HCP

Directory Service
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Directory Service is a network service that identifies all resources on a network, including e-mail addresses and peripherals, and makes them accessible to users and applications. The development of a comprehensive, directory service, by enabling  the centralisation of network administration across the enterprise,

DirectoryAlert
(In topic `Security`) DirectoryAlert is Netvision`s real-time solution for network security.

Distributed Object Computing
(In topic `architecture`) Distributed Object Computing is the term applied to the combination of object technology with fine-grained client-server architectures which enable the development of adaptive information systems and the distribution of computing power throughout an enterprise network.

Distributed Systems Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) Distributed systems can be structured in a number of ways, the two most common approaches being the workstation-server model and the processor pool model. There is also a hybrid model which contains PC`s & workstations used by individual users as much as in a purely heterogeneous system together with a processor pool for

DMA
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) The DMA (Document Management Alliance) is a task force association, comprising of a number commercial and government organisations, that is dedicated to defining interoperability standards for document management products. With member companies such as Boeing, Eastman Software, general

DMA Specification
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) The DMA (Document Management Alliance) Specification is an interface standard that enables interoperability between document applications and document management systems. As such, it provides a framework for the integration of multi-vendor document management systems. (see DMA)

DMS
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) acronym for Document Management System

DoCoMo
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) DoCoMo (a Japanese word meaning ‘anywhere`) is the name of Japan`s largest mobile service provider which launched its i-mode service in Feb`2000. It is the only network in the world providing its subscribers with continuous mobile access to the Internet. With the current i-mode data transmission running only at 9.6Kbps,

DOCS Open
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) DOCS Open is Hummingbird`s document management solution that, due to its open architecture, can work in all work environments to enable the management and control of network-based information across a variety of platforms, databases, networks and geographic locations. As such, it can h

DOCSFusion
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) DOCSFusion is Hummingbird`s server based document managenment system that provides enterprises with access to all their repositories.  (see Hummingbird)

Document Management
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Document Management is a technology that is concerned with the management of the lifecycle of electronic documents tonic mama

Document Server
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Keyfile Corp`s integrated document management system.

Documentum 4i
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Documentum 4i, Documentum`s latest version of its leading document management platform, provides a solution for the management of corporate records, corporate content and Web content. It provides a single solution for the management of the end-to-end content lifecycle (including creati

DOLPHIN
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) DOLPHIN is TeamWARE`s ad-hoc workflow solution for Windows environments that provides collaborative workflow. 

DOM
(In topic `Web Development`) DOM (Document Object Model) is an object based API for accessing XML & HTML documents from a Web browser. It defines how objects (text, images, banners, links etc.) in a Web page are represented.

Domain Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) Domain architecture is a set of architecture design principles, practices and standards used to guide the usage of a related set of technologies.

DOMEA
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) DOMEA is CSE Solutions` workflow product. CSE Solutions became a fully owned subsidiary of the Germany headquartered SER Systems AG,  in July 2000. SER is a leading European supplier of knowledge management, document management and e-business automation solutions. (see

Domino.Doc
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Domino.Doc is Lotus` server-based enterprise-wide document management solution. As an out-of-the-box collaborative document management and records management application for the distributed network, Domino.Doc provides a Web-oriented framework for capturing, storing, retrieving and dis

DOORS
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) DOORS (Dynamic Object Oriented Requirements System) is one of  the world`s leading requirements management tools. Developed by Quality Systems & Software (QSS), DOORS is used by over 1000 companies around the world to help manage project requirements for software development and help ensure a project`s compli

DRDA
(In topic `architecture`) DRDA is an acronym for Distributed Relational Database Architecture

DRDA
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) DRDA (Distributed Relational Database Architecture) is a database access standard defined by IBM.

DSA
(In topic `Security`) DSA is an acronym for Digital Signature Algorithm

DSDM
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) DSDM (Dynamic Systems Development Method) is a framework that is used to control and enable the rapid development of information systems to tight timescales. It is a non-proprietary method that was developed by a consortium of 16 user and vendor organisations (including IBM, BT and British Airways) who met fo

DSDM Lifecycle
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) DSDM is a generic process with a number of different different phases (or iterations) which include a feasibility study, business study, functional model iteration, design and build iteration and implementation.  Each phase has a minimum number of products emanating from it and transition between phases is co

DSL
(In topic `Network Architectures`) DSL is an acronym for Digital Subscriber Line (see ADSL & xDSL)

DSLAM
(In topic `Network Architectures`) DSLAM (digital subscriber line access multiplexer) is a multiplexing system that is used to aggregate DSL traffic before transmission across a network.

DSML
(In topic `Network Architectures`) DSML (Directory Service Markup Language) is a markup language for representing directory services in XML. By combining LDAP technolgy and XML syntax, it helps XML-based applications make better use of directories. It was developed in the late 90`s in an initiative by Bowstreet to provide an open standard which wou

DSS
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) DSS (Decision Support Systems) are software systems that supports exception reporting, stop light reporting, standard repository, data analysis and rule-based analysis.

DSS Signatures
(In topic `Security`) The US government`s DSS (Digital Signature Standard) signature algorithms are (as are RSA signatures) public-key algorithms. Unlike RSA, DSS  is a signature-only system providing only  authentication.

DTS
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) see Microsoft DTS

DWDM
(In topic `Network Architectures`) DWDM, an acronym for dense WDM, is one of the major enabling technologies for optical networks and is used, for example, in Lucent Technologies` WaveStar optical networks. Lucent is the global leader in deploying DWDM technology. Its Wavestar systems enable transmission at speeds of up to 400 gigagbits per second

Dynamic B2B
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Dynamic B2B is a term used by eXcelon to describe its B2B solution that allows  a company to include partners in its business process workflow and thereby  effectively leverage its relationships. This is opposed to traditional b2B architectures (‘hub-and-spoke`) that maintain the partner relationships outside the s

EAI
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) acronym for Enterprise Application Integration .

EAI Packages
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) EAI Packages are packaged applications which provide simple solutions for integrating enterprise applications. These include Active Enterprise (Tibco), ActiveWorks (Active),  BusinessWare (Vitria), Cloverleaf (HIE), eGate (STC),  eLink (BEA), EntireX (Saga), Forte Fusion (Forte/Sun), LiquidLink (Liquid Software), Merca

EAM
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) acronym for Enterprise Asset Management

EAP
(In topic `architecture`) EAP (Enterprise Architecture Planning) is a process for defining the top two layers of Zachman`s Information Systems Architecture Framework in order to generate a high-level blueprint of data, applications and technology that can be used to provide a cost-effective, long term solution to address business needs.

EAServer
(In topic `Web Development`) see Sybase Enterprise Application Server