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IT-Architects - Skills glossary
Category: Technical and IT
Date & country: 12/11/2007, UK
Words: 1098

(In topic `Network Architectures`) BECN is an acronym for Backward Error Congestion Notification. In congested Frame Relay networks, BECN informs the transmitting device that the network is congested and that it should ‘back off` to enable improved throughput.  (see Frame Relay and FECN)

Behaviour-driven methodologies
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Certain methodologies, such as Booch, OBA and CRC, have been categorised  as behaviour-driven methodologies as distinct from data-driven methodologies.

(In topic `Security`) beTRUSTED is the name of a security device launched by PricewaterhouseCoopers to safeguard transactions and communications over the Internet.

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) BIA (Business Internet Analytics) is a set of tools, database schemas and methodologies introduced by Microsoft that enables the rapid deployment of data warehouses based on Web server log source data: it forms a service offering that provides companies with e-BI by analyzing customer Web click-stream data on larg

(In topic `operations support systems`) Daleen Technologies` next-generation, convergent system for customer care and billing; it integrates billing, provisioning and customer care for multiple usage-based services (such as wireless, Internet, cable, local, long distance & utility).

(In topic `Security`) Biometrics is the science of using biological properties, such as finger prints, retina scans and voice, to identify individuals. With regards to security, biometrics applies to a broad range of techniques that employ human physical characteristics as a means of authentication. A number of such techniques have been developed f

BIP (or BI Portal)
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) BIP, one of the latest acronyms to emerge, refers to the Business Intelligence Portal, are BI solutions, which include a portal with integrated query, reporting and OLAP. They enable users at all skill levels to personalise their view of the organisation.  An example is Cognos` ESP (EnterpriseService Portal) which

(In topic `Network Architectures`) BISDN or B-ISDN is an acronym for Broadband ISDN

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) The BizTalk Framework is a set of guidelines for driving the consistent adoption of XML to enable e-Commerce and application integration. It is an industry initiative launched by Microsoft as opposed to a standards body and is supported by a variety of organisations ranging from technology vendors (including Commer

(In topic `Web Development`) BizTalk is Microsoft`s initiative to promote the usage of XML as the basis of a framework for business-to-business e-commerce interoperability. As part of this initiative, Microsoft has defined XDR, an XML schema aiming to  to be a subset of the formal recommendation from the W3C.

BizTalk Framework 2.0
(In topic `Web Development`) BizTalk Framework 2.0 is the latest version of Microsoft`s B2B framework. By redefining its framework to be SOAP 1.1, Microsoft has furthered its commitment to XML and open industry standards. The adoption of the SOAP 1.1 specification enables BizTalk Framework XML documents to travel over a network in the form of SOAP

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) BladeRunner is the code-name of Interleaf`s new end to end  ECM system. Its use of XML and its implementation of XSL enable content to be published to a variety of target formats. BroadVision completed the acquisition of Interleaf, Inc. in April 2000, including its e-content business d

Blue Martini Software
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Blue Martini Software, with its Customer Interaction System, provides an enterprise-scale Internet application which enables manufacturers and retailers enhance their online marketing, sales and service capabilities. Comprising of 13 modules, it provides comprehensive solutions for e-marketing, e-merchandising and

Blue Pumpkin PrimeTime
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Blue Pumpkin Software, with its PrimeTime family of products, is a leading provider of call (or contact) centre  workforce management software solutions which help companies to maximise customer service and satisfaction. In August 2000, Blue Pumpkin Software and Kana Communications announced plans to seamlessly connect Kana

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Bluestone Software`s Total-e-Business product suite provides companies with an e-Business platform and solution.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) Bluetooth is the name given to a new, open standard that has been adopted by a consortium of wireless equipment manufacturers. The Bluetooth technology is designed to be embedded in electronic devices (including computers, mobile phones, PDA`s, WID`s) in order to provide seamless wireless communications between both mob

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) BOB is an acronym for ‘Best-of-Breed`

(In topic `Web Development`) Bolero is Software AG`s application server, based on the Java platform, that provides E-Business application development and deployment capabilities. It enables integration with other applications through DCOM, COM, JavaBeans and CORBA.  Bolero also enables business-oriented programming and RAD using Design Patterns. It

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) The Booch methodology is a component modeling methodology and together with OMT is a predecessor to UML

(In topic `operations support systems`) BOSS is an acronym for Billing Operating Support Systems.

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) SSA`s ERP system which has been renamed as eBPCS (see SSA)

(In topic `Web Development`) The BPF (Business-to-Business Protocol Framework) is being developed by IBM to advance XML by helping developers create applications using tpaML (Trading Partner Agreement Markup Language) extensions to XML that enable companies to integrate business processes, workflow and security into a B2B transaction.  

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) BPMS is an acronym for Business Process Management System, an example of which is provided by HP Changengine.

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) BPO is an acronym for Business Process Optimisation.

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) BPR (Business Process Reengineering) is concerned with the assessment, analysis, modeling, definition and subsequent operational implementation of a companies core business processes.

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Business Process Re-engineering

Brio Enterprise
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Brio Technology`s Enterprise is a BI tool,  which enables companies to implement enterprise business intelligence and maximise the value of corporate data from different sources.

Brio One
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Brio Technology`s Brio One  solution, which includes Brio Enterprise, enables its customers to derive BI from all B2B information sources including ERP, SFA & CRM applications.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) Broadband Services is a generic term to describe high-speed wireline and fibre-optic data services are able to transmit multiple information formats simultaneously at high speeds and deliver reliable digital networking such as xDSL.

Broadband Services
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Broadband Services is a generic term to describe high-speed wireline and fibre-optic data services are able to transmit multiple information formats simultaneously at high speeds and deliver reliable digital networking such as xDSL.

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) BroadVision is ranked by IDC as the world`s leading provider of e-Commerce software applications. It develops and delivers an integrated suite of packaged applications, known as BroadVision One-To-One,  for Web and wireless deployment. This product suite includes One-To-One Enterprise, One-To-One Commerce, One-To-O

BroadVision MarketMaker
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) BroadVision launched MarketMaker in September 2000, its new B2B e-commerce solution that will enable companies to quickly create B2B exchanges and marketplaces and thereby gain competitive advantage through online business relationships and communities. MarketMaker takes B2B exchanges beyond basic online commerce t

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Headquartered in Germany, Brokat AG is one of the world`s leading suppliers of software for e-Business solutions and is recognised as the worldwide market leader in the Internet Banking sector. Brokat provides applications for companies seeking to offer electronic transactions in the areas of e-Finance, e-Commerce

(In topic `operations support systems`) LHS Groups` BSCS (Business Support & Control System) is one of the world`s most installed client/server solutions for telecommunications customer care and billing.

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) BSDM (Business Systems Development Method) is an IBM method for enterprise modeling.

(In topic `operations support systems`) BSS (Business Support Systems), which can be incorporated in OSS,  are systems that support and manage the information of various telecom functions such as billing, customer care, network management and data warehousing.

Business Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) The business architecture defines the organisation by defining the business functions and business processes which those functions.

Business Objects
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Business Objects is one of the world`s leading providers of e-BI solutions; these include BusinessObjects (an OLAP tool which gives business users self service access to information held in data marts, data warehouses, OLAP servers  and packaged applications),  WebIntelligence (a query, reporting and analysis solu

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) OLAP tool from Business Objects which gives business users self-service access to information held in data marts, data warehouses, OLAP servers  and packaged applications. It can also be used by IT staff to deliver e-BI solutions.

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) see Vitria BusinessWare

(In topic `Security`) CA`s (Certificate Authorities)  are trusted 3rd party organisations assuming responsibility for issuing & managing digital certificates to a user and guaranteeing to some degree that the user granted the certificate is who they claim to be.  Examples of CA`s include Baltimore, VeriSign, Thawte, Cybertust, GTE & Entrust.

CA-RA Configuration
(In topic `Security`) Some CA`s have a Registration Authority (RA) as part of their implementation.  RA`s are essentially  servers that act as a proxy for the CA so that CA functions can continue when the CA is offline.

Caesar Sales Support System
(In topic `CRM Skills`) CRM solutions from Astea International Inc.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) CAMEL (Customised Applications for Mobile Network Enhanced Logic) is the name given to a standard for including mobile IN (Intelligent Network) functions into a GSM system. It is used when roaming between networks and allows the home network to monitor and control calls made by its subscribers and ensures that roaming s

Cartesis Carat
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Cartesis` Carat is an advanced  financial reporting and consolidation system described as ‘the complete financial BI solution`.

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) CASEwise is a developer of integrated software tools for enterprise-wide business process simulation and for data and financial analysis. Its flagship product, Corporate Modeler, is an integrated suite of business process modeling tools & methods that is used by organisations, including Fortune 1000 companies

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Catalysis is a rapidly emerging UML-based approach that provides complete support for the systematic business-driven development of component-based systems from frameworks.  As a non-proprietary, OO method for CBD,  very different from other methods, Catalysis is mainly concerned with building reuse component

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) CBD (Component-Based Development) has emerged as an alternative to traditional software development. Through the reuse of software components, CBD allows the focus to be on addressing the business problem rather than on the need to develop and possibly reinvent new software. In this way, CBD can result in sig

(In topic `operations support systems`) CBILL`s wireless billing solution for the telecommunications industry.

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) CCTA (Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency) is the agency of the UK Government charged with improving the delivery of public services through the best use of IT. By playing an active role in bringing public and private organisations together, the CCTA has helped develop a number of leading methodolo

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) CDMA (Code-Division Multiple Access) is a digital cellular technology which uses spread-spectrum techniques unlike competing systems such as GSM & TDMA  which use TDM.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) CDPD (Cellular Digital packet Data) is a nationwide digital  wireless data network built by AT&T, Ameritech, GTE, & BellAtlantic Mobile that overlays the existing circuit-switched cellular network in the USA and currently offers a service  to over 3000 US towns and cities. 

(In topic `Security`) CDSA (Common Data Security Architecture) is a set of layered security services developed by the Open Group to address Internet and Intranet security.

(In topic `Web Development`) CFML is Allaire ColdFusion`s markup language

(In topic `Web Development`) CGI (Common Gateway Interface) is the interface between web-based applications and the Web server. CGI scripts enable developers to create dynamic or interactive applications on their web-site such as handling incoming forms, grabbing records from a database etc. Although most CGI applications are written in Perl, most

(In topic `Security`) Challenge/Response is an authentication process that verifies an identity by requiring correct authentication information to be provided in response to a challenge.

(In topic `Network Architectures`) CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) is an access protocol that enables a user`s ID and password to be transmitted in an encrypted form. It forms the basis of a popular authentication method for PPP that uses a randomly generated challenge. This challenge requires a matching response which is depende

(In topic `Security`) CHAP (Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol) is an access protocol that enables a user`s ID and password to be transmitted in an encrypted form. It forms the basis of a popular authentication method for PPP that uses a randomly generated challenge. This challenge requires a matching response which is dependent upon the c

(In topic `CRM Skills`) An integrated multichannel CRM solution which uses a single view of the customer. Its workflow engine enables the creation of business processes which match a company`s best business practices.

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) cHTML (compact HTML) is a subset of HTML that is used by the Japanese iMode mobile phone system to code content in wireless devices. It is an alternative to WML: with cHTML, it is easier to convert standard Web pages to iMode than it is to produce WAP pages need to be encoded in WML. (see iMode and WML).

(In topic `operations support systems`) CIBER (cellular inter carrier billing exchange roaming) is a standard that is used by wireless carriers.

(In topic `operations support systems`) CIGP (common interconnection gateway platform) is an initiative led by the Telemanagement Forum to develop a technology-independent standard model for the design of OSS interconnection gateways.

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) CIM is an acronym for Computer Integrated Manufacturing

Cimage DM
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Cimage Enterprise Systems Ltd is a leading global supplier of document management solutions to utilities, manufacturing and petrochemical companies. Cimage`s DM (Document Manager) portfolio consists of a range of client, server and Internet-based products which provide the basis for hi

Cimage e3 eBusiness Applications
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Cimage Enterprise Systems` integrated set of solutions that enable content lifecycle management throughout the distributed enterprise and the supply chain. It includes e3 PM (Project Management), e3 CM (Configuration Management) and e3 RM (Records Management).

Circuit Switched Digital Services
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Circuit Switched Digital Services is a type of Token Ring network that provides an alternative to high cost, dedicated LAN-to-LAN , dial-up circuit vendors offering signaling rates from 56 kbs to 1.544 Mbps. (see Token Ring)

Clarify eBusiness Solution
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Clarify`s ‘end-to-end` eBusiness solution

Clarify eFrontOffice
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Clarify`s market leading CRM tool comprises Sales, Service, Marketing & eBusiness solutions

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Clarus Corporation, with its Clarus Commerce and Clarus eMarket solutions,  is a leading provider of B2B solutions for procurement and Internet trading exchanges. The Clarus Commerce Suite, which includes its flagship product (Clarus e-Procurement) provides Web-based solutions for functions including e-procurement,

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) ClearCommerce Corporation is a leading provider of transaction management software for e-commerce infrastructure.

click-stream analysis
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) By analysing customer click-stream data, the otherwise useless information that is generated with each Web click, companies are able to leverage information about the people hitting their site. With companies collecting gigabytes of such data on a daily basis, its analysis can lead to a much better understanding o

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Clickstream is the name of Clickstream Technologies` Internet tracking technology that powers a range of audience tracking systems and applications including site audience tracking, click-through tracking, advert tracking, Intranet tracking and email tracking.

Client-Server Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) Client-server architecture is a network architecture in which application processing is divided between client workstations and servers. Servers include network servers (dedicated to managing network traffic), file servers (managing disk drives) & print servers (managing printers). Clients are typically PC`s or workstatio

ClientSoft e-solutions
(In topic `CRM Skills`) ClientSoft e-solutions enable the leveraging of IBM mainframe & AS/400 applications

(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) CLIME is PricewaterhouseCooper`s corporate financial reporting and consolidation solution. Announced in June 2000, CLIME 2.6,  the latest version is uses ObjectStore. In being able to hold all the ‘lumpy` data that a traditional OLAP database cannot, it is described as the first Group Reporting system that goes be

(In topic `Network Architectures`) CLLI is a system devised by Telcordia Technologies (formerly Bellcore) for identifying locations and equipment in a telephone network.

Cloverleaf EAI Suite
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) HIE`s application integration solution

(In topic `Network Architectures`) CMIP (Common Management Information Protocol) is the functional equivalent to SNMP in OSI infrastructures. Designed to succeed SNMP in the late 1980`s by removing its shortcomings, CMIP has failed, due to a number of implementation related problems,  to make any headway in TCP/IP networks and its use is  restricte

(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) acronym for Computerised Maintenance Management Software

(In topic `Security`) CMP (certificate management protocols) is a name applied to the Internet X.509 PKI certificate protocols.

(In topic `CRM Skills`) CMS is an acronym for Call Management System

(In topic `Web Development`) CodeWarrior is an IDE developed by Austin-based Metrowerks. Its open architecture allows new languages and computing platform to be added easily to its IDE: its cross-platform compilers support Java, C, C++ and assembly programming languages. (see IDE).

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) COLD (Computer Output to Laser Disk) is a technique for the transfer of computer-generated output to optical disk so that it can be viewed or printed without use of the original program). A COLD system consists of software and hardware to store and index computer output on optical medi

(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) acronym for Computer Output to Microfiche (see COLD)

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) COM (Component Object Model) is a component software architecture from Microsoft which enables programmers to develop objects that can be accessed by any COM-compliant application.

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Microsoft`s COM+, combined with MTS, can be described as an OTM. However it could also be viewed as an application server or transaction processor dependent upon how it is being marketed. (see OTMs & MTS)

Commerce One
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Commerce One, with solutions such as CommerceOne Buy Site and Commerce One MarketSite, is a leading e-commerce solution provider. CommerceOne Buy Site is a global e-procurement solution xxx. r Commerce One MarketSite is its solution that enables Internet market makers build digital marketplaces and link them to Com

Commerce One BuySite
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Commerce One`s global e-procurement solution

Commerce One CSF
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Commerce One`s hosted solution that provides sophisticated workflow functionality that was once available only to larger organisations.

Commerce Server
(In topic `Web Development`) see MS Commerce Server 2000

(In topic `Mobile Internet`) A ‘Communicator` is the name given to an information centric, mobile device with voice capability. In effect a digital phone and fully featured palmtop in the one unit, the functionality of a Communicator is typically greater than a Smartphone. (see Smartphone).

Component Integration
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Component Integration, provided by application servers, enables new functionality to be easily combined with ERP packages, Client/server & legacy applications. Component Integration vendors, and their products, include :

Computron COOL
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Computron`s COOL Docs software is a COLD system that provides a solution for document management and for institutionalising corporate knowledge. The latest version of the COOL (Computer Output On-Line) product suite includes a Java solution that allows provides users using a Java-enabl

Concorde XAL
(In topic `CRM Skills`) now known as Baan since the acquisition of Aurum in 1997.

(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Concur Technologies is a provider of solutions that automate costly and inefficient business processes across the enterprise over the Intranet and Internet.  Concur`s solutions cover travel and expense management, travel booking, non-purchase order requests and HR self-service.

Connection Architectures
(In topic `architecture`) Connection Architectures is a generic term that has been used to describe the various types of architectures that are available for integrating applications. Common connection architectures include: Hub & Spoke; Publish & Subscribe; and Point-to-Point. Companies need to balance their integration needs when selecting a con

Constellar Hub
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Constellar`s Hub software, an example of a database-to-database EAI, enables enterprises to integrate disparate applications, including legacy, CRM, ERP & data warehousing, within the enterprise and across the Web, thus enabling companies to transform themselves into e-businesses. Constellar`s next generation EAI solut

Conventional Systems Planning
(In topic `architecture`) Conventional Systems Planning is often described as both  ‘process & technology driven` with an applications architecture comprising of a few large systems within the organisation. This is in direct comparison with EAP which is often described as ‘business function & data driven` with a large number of unique systems in w

(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) CORBA (Common Object Request Broker) was introduced by the Object Management Group (OMG) in 1991 as a standard to address the need for interoperability among the proliferating number of software and hardware products. CORBA 2.0, introduced in 1994, defined true interoperability by specifying how different ORB`s from di

(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) CORE (COntrolled Requirements Expression) is Vitech`s system engineering/architecting tool