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IT-Architects - Skills glossary
Category: Technical and IT
Date & country: 12/11/2007, UK
Words: 1106


Ab Initio
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) An ETL popular in the USA from the Lexington based company of the same name.

ABT Workbench
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) ABT Workbench is a project management software application for scheduling, analysing and controlling single or multiple projects. It provides project managers with a scalable,  integrated and Web-enabled planning tool that can be used for the management of individual projects and the project portfolio as a wh

Abuzz
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Founded in 1996, Abuzz was the creator of a knowledge management tool known as Beehive that enabled people to find answers to their questions from people across organisations using email. Beehive evolved into a highly scaleable Internet tool capable of generating dynamic online network

Accelis
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Accelis (pronounced ‘excel-us) is SDRC`s (Structural Dynamics Research Corporation) new e-business solution for Collaborative Product Commerce (CPC). Announced by SDRC in March 2000,  Accelis provides the e-business framework to support supply chain collaboration across the product life cycle.

Acclue Information Server
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Decisionism`s flagship product, Acclue Information Server, enables the rapid deployment of analytical applications. Acclue automates data gathering and generates multiple, targeted analytic cubes for analysis by individual business units.  It supports all 3 top OLAP servers (Microsoft SQL Server OLAP Services, Ora

ACD
(In topic `CRM Skills`) ACD is an acronym for Automatic Call Distributors, a telephony term for a facility that automatically routes incoming calls to the next available or longest idle agent in a line hunt group. Examples of ACD`s include Lucent, Nortel & Aspect.

ACD
(In topic `operations support systems`) ACD is an acronym for Automatic Call Distributors, a telephony term for a facility that automatically routes incoming calls to the next available or longest idle agent in a line hunt group. Examples of ACD`s include Lucent, Nortel & Aspect.

ACID Test
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) The ACID test is the term applied to the four criteria (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation & Durability) for transactional integrity.

Acta
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Acta Technology`s eCommerce Data Platform, Acta, is a data integration solution that enables companies to leverage, share and use data stored in back-office systems in real-time with customers, partners & suppliers.

ActaWorks
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Acta Technology`s data integration solution

Action Technologies
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Action Technologies has a long history as a leading provider of workflow management, work management software and business process automation. With its flagship products, ActionWorks Metro and ActionWorks Matrix, it is recognised today as a leading provider of web-based business proces

ActionWorks
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) ActionWorks is the brand name for Action Technologies` work management software that enables the development and deployment of collaborative business applications processes. ActionWorks Metro provides B2B service customers with a platform for managing Web-based e-relationships to maxim

Active Architect
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) ActiveArchitect is the name of EMS` (European Management Systems) family of BI tools that includes ActiveAnalyst, ActiveArchitect SDK, ActiveReporter and ActiveWebAnalyst.

Active Directory
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Active Directory is Microsoft`s new directory service included with Windows 2000.

Active Networks
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Active Networks are networks that have the ability to identify users and content in order to optimise delivery according to business priorities.

Active Server Pages
(In topic `Web Development`) see ASP`s

Active Supply Chain
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Active Supply Chain, formerly known as Numetrix/3 prior to J.D. Edwards take-over of Numetrix, is J.D. Edwards` Web enabled, collaborative supply-chain software solution. It now forms an integral part of J.D. Edwards ‘ActivEra` solutions.

Active X
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) ActiveX is a brand name from Microsoft used originally to brand its entire COM object architecture but nowadays specifically to ActiveX controls. ActiveX controls are COM based software modules which enable programs to add functionality by calling in ready made components  which blend in and appear as normal parts of t

ActiveWorkflow
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) ActiveWorkflow is Northern Ireland headquartered Singularity`s component based workflow engine. It is so named because it has component management as its foundation and workflow as the paradigm for delivering its benefits. ActiveWorkflow is an enterprise scale workflow system that adop

ActiveWorks
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Active Software`s application integration solution. ActiveWorks is an eBusiness integration platform enabling EAI and B2B integration and the quick deployment of specific real-time business process solutions. It fits in the Message Broker class of EAI.

Ad hoc Workflow
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Ad hoc Workflow refers to short-lived and unstructured processes which arise unexpectedly and is not defined before it occurs and often involves the geographic dispersal of team workers. As such, ad hoc workflow requires the dynamic definition of routes, rules and rules.  Traditionally

Adaytum e.Planning
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Adaytum`s  e.Planning is a set-based data selection tool that is described as an integrated Web based, collaborative planning solution. By offering multiple, integrated platforms, it provides a single solution for planning, budgeting, forecasting, modeling and reporting. By leveraging Windows DNA, it integrates wi

ADC Singularit.e
(In topic `operations support systems`) ADC`s comprehensive suite of OSS products and consulting services. It includes Saville CBP, a billing solution originally designed by Saville Systems, the convergent billing innovators now owned by ADC.

ADL
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Architecture Description Languages, which include UML, UniCon, LILEAnna, P++, LEAP, Aesop, WRIGHT, Rapide and MetaH, are formal languages that have emerged for representing and reasoning about software architecture. As ADL`s are an emerging technology, there is little evidence as yet of their successful comme

ADO
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) ADO (ActiveX Data Objects) is Microsoft`s latest high-level interface for data objects designed to be the Microsoft standard for data access. ADO is a COM object.

ADSL
(In topic `Network Architectures`) ADSL (asymmetric DSL) is one of the major types of digital subscriber lines, a new technology allowing more data to be sent over existing copper lines by transforming them into high-speed digital lines. ADSL enables ultra-fast Internet access and enables teleworkers to access corporate networks. ADSL is also being

ADVANTAGE
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) ADVANTAGE is Page Digital`s ERP software

AES
(In topic `Security`) AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is a new encryption standard being developed by IBM to overcome the limitations of DES. It uses variable length blocks of data, and keys of 128 to 256 bits. AES is expected to be available in 2000. (see DES)

AH
(In topic `Security`) AH (the Authentication Header) is an IPSec protocol that provides authentication services at the IP layer on a packet-by-packet basis.  (see IPSec).

AIT`s TSS
(In topic `CRM Skills`) TSS is AIT Group`s customer-centric, multi-channel CRM solution which enables integration with enterprise-wide legacy systems

Alliance
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Extricity`s (formerly CrossRoute) B2B integration product.

AlphaBlox Analysis Server
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) AlphaBloxCorporations 100% Web based platform for delivering analytical applications for eBusiness and supply chain management.

Altris eB
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Altris eB is Altris Software`s integrated document management suite. It is a client-server document management system that has been to-date targeted primarily at the engineering market.

Amdocs Ensemble
(In topic `operations support systems`) Ensemble is Amdocs` platform that provides one of the leading customer care, billing and order management solutions for convergent telecom operations. It supports the full-range of fixed-line and mobile services (including local, long distance, data, cable, wireless, Internet & VoIP).

Amdocs IAF Horizon
(In topic `operations support systems`) Amdocs` IAF (Internet Administration Framework), formerly Solect Technology Groups` IAF,  is a real-time billing, customer care and service management solution to meet the current needs of next-generation service providers deploying IP telephony offerings including wireless and ASPs. IAF was developed in clos

AMPS
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) acronym for Advanced Mobile Phone Service

Amtrix
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Viewlocity`s (formerly Frontec) B2B integration product.

Analytic applications
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Analytic applications support interactive analysis, modeling and planning that goes well beyond traditional reporting systems. They can reconcile data from different sources and deliver sophisticated insights into areas such as customer behaviour & strategic planning.

ANI
(In topic `CRM Skills`) ANI is an acronym for Automatic Number Identification, a system that enables the identification of the caller.

ANI
(In topic `operations support systems`) ANI is an acronym for Automatic Number Identification, a system that enables the identification of the caller.

Anti-Pattern
(In topic `architecture`) The phrase ‘Anti-Patterns` is used to denote the opposite of the term pattern: with pattern used to represent a ‘best practice`, an anti-pattern represents a ‘lesson learned` or ‘pitfalls`. The most useful anti-patterns are concerned with the recovery, realignment & refactoring & realignment of the good from the bad e.g. 

Apache
(In topic `Web Development`) Apache is a free, open-source HTTP compliant web server that comes with an unrestrictive license. Apache (its name derives from ‘A PAtCHy server`) is run on over 6 million servers (as of Feb` 2000). It is highly configurable and extensible with 3rd-party modules.

Apache Project
(In topic `Web Development`) The Apache Project is an ASF project described as a ‘collaborative software development effort aimed at creating a robust, commercial-grade, featureful, and freely available source code implementation of an HTTP (Web) server. The project is jointly managed by a group of volunteers located around the world, using the Int

Application Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) The applications architecture defines the way in which applications are designed and how they interact in order to provide the optimum support to the business processes of the enterprise. A good applications architecture should enable an enterprise to achieve a high level of systems integration, maximise the reuse of comp

Application Integration
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Application Integration provides a framework in which a variety of technologies can work together to provide near real-time integration. These include application adapters (which provide application interface integration to leading ERP packages), message brokers (which provide event integration) & custom applications.

Application Protocols
(In topic `Network Architectures`) examples of Application protocols are Telnet, FTP, HTTP, SNMP & SMTP.

Application Servers
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) Application Servers are becoming a major part of emerging Web-based distributed application architectures. By accessing back-end systems and delivering data & applications to browser based front ends, they are the software engines for operating the middle-tier of 3-tier Web application environments. They are also a pla

Application Servers
(In topic `Web Development`) Application Servers are becoming a major part of emerging Web-based distributed application architectures. By accessing back-end systems and delivering data & applications to browser based front ends, they are the software engines for operating the middle-tier of 3-tier Web application environments. They are also a plat

Applix (iEnterprise & iTM1)
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Front office business solutions from Applix Inc. which include iCRM applications

Applix iTM1
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) iTM1 is Applix`s real-time, multidimensional OLAP solution for highly complex business and financial analytical solutions. Used by more than 50 of the Fortune 500, iTM1 forms the heart of Applix`s iPlanning solution.

AppsMart
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) AppsCo Software`s  AppsMart  is an analytic application development environment for building Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 data mart applications. With automated design & development capabilities, Appsmart can be used by less-skilled implementers. It is well suited to building and maintaining federated data warehouses

Apptivity
(In topic `Web Development`) Apptivity is Progress Software`s Java IDE (see Java IDE`s).

Apropos
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Apropos is the developer of market leading, customer interaction management (CTI) solutions for multimedia call centres (ie contact centers). Apropos` solutions provide fully integrated multimedia capabilities that enable call centre agents to manage all customer interactions, including traditional voice interactions, e-mai

APS
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) APS systems (Advanced Planning System) are systems used to optimise the SCM planning process. Typically used in conjunction with an ERP system, they get most of their data straight from a transactional oriented ERP system. APS vendors include Manugistics, i2, Numetrix, AES, Paragon, AspenTech, Logility.

Aptis ICP
(In topic `operations support systems`) Aptis Software`s billing solution for ICP`s (Integrated Communications Providers).

Architectural View
(In topic `architecture`) An architectural view is a view of the systems architecture from a given perspective such as the system`s structure, components & modularity.

Architecture
(In topic `architecture`) Architecture is the overall design of a computer system that describes its individual components and the way in which they interact and behave over time. It can refer to either hardware or software or to a combination of the two.

Architecture component
(In topic `architecture`) An architecture component is a clearly identifiable part of a system that fulfils a clear function in the context of a well-defined architecture. Examples of organisation components are enterprise resources (e.g. technology infrastructure, applications, human resources), external agents (customers, suppliers) and processe

Architecture Requirements (AR)
(In topic `architecture`) AR is a term to describe the framework within which a business driven enterprise architecture must operate within, It defines the basic IT requirements needed to support the business processes of the enterprise.

ARCnet
(In topic `Network Architectures`) ARCnet (Attached Resource Computer Network) is one of the main types of Token Ring networks. Inexpensive and easy to install, ARCnet was originally limited by its signaling speed of 2.5 Mbits per second but a newer version, ARCnet Plus is capable of a throughput of 20 Mbits per second. (see Token Ring).

Ardent Software
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) Ardent Software is a provider of data integration, data warehouse and BI infrastructure products including DataStage suite, a DW solution (ETT) for the Internet, which includes a set of integrated products for data movement, meta data management and data quality assurance.

Ariba B2B Commerce Platform
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Ariba is a leading B2B eCommerce platform provider. Its ‘Ariba B2B Commerce Platform` is described as an ‘open, end- to-end infrastructure of interoperable software solutions and hosted Web-based commerce services.`  It  provides companies with a single point with which to achieve greater Internet-driven economies

Ariba ORMS
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Ariba ORMS is Ariba`s B2B eCommerce application that allows companies to automate the purchasing process from requisition to payment, aggregate spending on operating resources for greater purchasing power, and direct orders to preferred suppliers at contract pricing via the Ariba Network platform. 

Ariba ORMX
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Ariba ORMX is a version of ORMS (Ariba`s leading B2B eCommerce solution) , that is tailored to be hosted in an ASP environment thereby enabling companies to use ASP services to access the functionality of ORMS and the commerce services of the Ariba Network platform. 

ARIS
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) ARIS (Architecture of Integrated Information Systems) is a general concept for knowledge documentation that integrates very different modeling methods from business process documentation to the documentation of implemented applications systems. 

ARIS Toolset
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) ARIS Toolset, together with a number of optional additional components (Esys Design, Weblink, Simulation & ABC), represents an integrated approach for efficient business process management in a company. It is designed for employees who work in projects designed to change the company by improving its business

ASF
(In topic `Web Development`) The ASF (Apache Software Foundation) is a ‘not-for-profit corporation, incorporated in Delaware, USA, in June of 1999`. It formed  as a result of a ‘natural outgrowth of the Apache Group, a group of individuals that was initially formed in 1995 to develop the Apache HTTP Server`. It now exists to provide organisational,

ASP`s
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) ASP`s (Application Service Providers) are agents or brokers that offer companies access to applications without owning them. In particular, they offer an easy and cost effective way for small and medium size businesses to implement powerful enterprise applications. Examples of ASP`s are Aspective, Corio, Futurelink

ASP`s
(In topic `Web Development`) ASP (Active Server Pages) is Microsoft`s alternative to CGI scripts and JSP`s which enable Web pages to interact with databases and other programs. It is the scripting engine linked to the HTTP server which is called IIS. ASP is an application server which works in conjunction with Microsoft`s Visual InterDev: ASP proce

AspenTech
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) AspenTech is a major vendor of APS systems. Their ‘Enterprise & Plantelligence solutions` which comprise of 3 fully integrated suites (Aspen eSupply Chain Suite, Aspen Manufacturing Suite & the Aspen Engineering Suite) are designed to integrate with ERP systems.

ASTRAC
(In topic `Data Warehousing & BI`) ASTRAC is a leading provider of BI software solutions including ASTRAC Application System (AS) &  ASTRAC Visualizer software solutions. AS, acquired from IBM in 1998, is a decision support & application development product for the IBM mainframe.

ASW
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) ASW (Application SoftWare) is IBS` enterprise software solution for the AS/400 market  that comprises over 20 modules covering  MIS & decision support, financials, sales & logistics, manufacturing and payroll.

ATG Dynamo
(In topic `E-Business Solutions`) Art Technology Group`s Dynamo Product Suite is a solution which enables the creation of a platform for performing iCRM (refer to CRM glossary).

Atlantech
(In topic `Network Architectures`) Atlantech Technologies, whose acquisition by Cisco System was announced in March 2000, is recognised, with its AccessVision product family, as a world leader in the development of network element management software for managing large-scale broadband telecommunications networks. Cisco`s acquisition of Atlantech wi

Atlantech AccessVision
(In topic `operations support systems`) Cisco`s software framework for configuring & monitoring network hardware and which is designed to interact with existing management systems such as legacy OSS & billing software. Cisco acquired the Scotland based Atlantech in May 2000 to provide its service providers with a software framework to manage its fa

ATM
(In topic `Network Architectures`) ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) is a network technology based on transmitting data in small, fixed size packets (or ‘cells`) of 53 bytes. With its ability to transmit video, audio and computer data over the same network, ATM is of considerable interest as a multimedia transport technology.

ATM Vendors & Products
(In topic `Network Architectures`) The major ATM vendors (& their products) include: Cisco Systems (LightStream 1010), 3Com (CELLPlex 7000), Bay Networks (Centillon), Cabletron Systems (MMAC Plus), FORE Systems (ASX1000), IBM (IBM 8260) & Newbridge Networks (VIVID).

ATO
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) ATO is an acronym for assemble-to-order.

Aurum
(In topic `CRM Skills`) Aurum is now known as BaanFOS following Baan`s acquisition of Aurum in 1997. (see BaanFOS)

authentication
(In topic `Security`) This is simply the process of identifying an individual : it ensures that the individual is who they claim to be and unlike authorisation says nothing about their access rights.

authentication algorithms
(In topic `Security`) examples are MD2/MD5, SHA1 (see Digital Certificates)

Autonomous Workflow
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) An autonomous workflow management system is on is able to function,  with the exception of DBMS and message queuing middleware, without any additional application software.

Autonomy Knowledge Management
(In topic `Knowledge, Document, Workflow & Content Management`) Autonomy`s knowledge management software, with its ability to  aggregate content from corporate information repositories (such as Lotus Notes, Microsoft Exchange, legacy systems, intranets etc.) and third-party sources (Web-sites, real-time news feeds etc),  enables companies harness t

Avante ERP
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) Avante is Epicor`s ERP software which is geared primarily toward mid-range sized discrete manufacturers. The latest version, Avante 9.1, provides BI via the addition of an ODS & Datamart. Epicor, created by the merger of Platinum Software & DataWorks, is ranked in the top ten ERP solutions providers and the largest t

AWT
(In topic `Web Development`) AWT (Abstract Windowing Toolkit) is a large collection of classes for building GUI`s in Java.

Axent
(In topic `Security`) product suite includes Raptor Firewall

BaanERP
(In topic `ERP & Supply Chain`) As the successor to Baan IV, BaanERP has an open architecture that enables the delivery of real-time information across an organisations`s value chain. BaanERP applications are fully integrated and include Manufacturing, Finance, Project, Sales, Enterprise Planning, Procurement, Warehouse Management and Service.

BaanFOS (Front Office Solutions)
(In topic `CRM Skills`) BaanFOS is an integrated suite of CRM applications that provides companies with a 360 degree view of  their customers.

Base Station
(In topic `Mobile Internet`) A base station is the central radio transmitter & receiver that maintains communications with a mobile phone within a given range.

Bates PMM
(In topic `Tools, Methods & Processes`) Bates PMM (Project Management Methodology) is a comprehensive project management methodology comprising a number of tools and techniques required for the successful delivery of a project. The methodology, the latest version of which is PMM 6.3, involves 5 major planning steps (Project Charter, Work Breakdown

BEA eLink
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) eLink is BEA`s family of off-the-shelf EAI products for the integration of applications, including legacy and B2B, within the enterprise and across the Internet. It leverages BEA`s E-Commerce Transactions Platform.

BEA Jolt
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) BEA Systems` Jolt is a set of software components that connects Tuxedo to the Internet. By enabling Java programmers make BEA Tuxedo service requests from the Java language, Jolt takes mission critical applications to the Internet. 

BEA M3
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) BEA System`s M3 is an OTM (Object Transaction Manager), which has been described as next generation of middleware designed to provide a scalable, mission-critical component management platform for the development and deployment of component-based applications in the enterprise. (see BEA WebLogic Enterprise).

BEA TopEnd
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) BEA System`s TopEnd is an enterprise middleware suite. Acquired from NCR in June 1998, it is a transaction monitor product similar to BEA Tuxedo that is used to support distributed transaction processing & e-business applications; TopEnd is currently being integrated with BEA Tuxedo in order to provide a seamless integ

BEA Tuxedo
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) BEA Systems` application server for e-commerce is the world`s most widely used e-commerce transaction & messaging server for distributed mission-critical applications. It forms the core engine of BEA`s Enterprise Middleware Solution. 

BEA Tuxedo
(In topic `Web Development`) BEA Systems` application server for e-commerce is the world`s most widely used e-commerce transaction & messaging server for distributed mission-critical applications. It forms the core engine of BEA`s Enterprise Middleware Solution. 

BEA WebLogic
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) BEA`s WebLogic Server (formerly known as Tengah) is BEA`s flagship Web application server. It`s an e-commerce transaction platform for Internet-based solutions and applications .

BEA WebLogic
(In topic `Web Development`) BEA`s WebLogic Server (formerly known as Tengah) is BEA`s flagship Web application server. It`s an e-commerce transaction platform for Internet-based solutions and applications .

BEA WebLogic Enterprise
(In topic `Middleware & EAI`) BEA Systems` unified CORBA & Java enterprise application server for running missing-critical, Web-enabled applications. BEA WebLogic Enterprise was created by fusing BEA WebLogic (application server) and BEA M3 (its OTM). 

BEA WebLogic Enterprise
(In topic `Web Development`) BEA Systems` unified CORBA & Java enterprise application server for running missing-critical, Web-enabled applications. BEA WebLogic Enterprise was created by fusing BEA WebLogic (application server) and BEA M3 (its OTM).