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Lycos Tripod - hosting glossary
Category: Technical and IT > Computers and internet
Date & country: 26/10/2007, UK
Words: 238


Image Map
Enables the definition of hypertext links based on sections of an image.

Interlaced GIF
Enables the progressive display of an image, so that it appears to gradually fade in.

InterNIC
Internet Network Information Center. A service providing information on domain names registration services (.com, .net and .org), responsibility of which is assumed by ICANN.

Intranet
A private company network based on Internet technologies: Web, e-mail, etc. When accessed from outside, it becomes an extranet.

IP
Internet Protocol. The protocol that handles the delivery of packets on TCP/IP networks.

IP (Internet Protocol) Address
Every computer on the Internet is identified by a numeric address (for example: 188.147.6.90). Each IP address has a corresponding DNS address (for example: www.xyz.com).

IP Packet
Data packet forwarded on a TCP/IP network.

Java
Programming language from Sun Microsystems. Close to C++, it is useful for providing interactivity to a Web page.

Java Console
The window to which the standard output from an applet is directed.

JavaScript
Scripting language that complements HTML.

JPEG
Joint Photographic Expert Group. A standard for file compression, more powerful than GIF, that can produce a 1:200 compression ratio.

Keyframe
This denotes a change in an animation process.

Keyframing
A technique used in animations to enable the definition of transition scenes between beginning and end sequences.

Keyword
A word entered by a visitor in a search engine/directory to locate information or a site.

Layer
In image-editing software, a constituent part of an image that can be manipulated independently of other parts.

Layers
DHTML element for superimposing text or images in a page. In image-editing software, a constituent part of an image that can be manipulated independently of other parts.

Link
Hypertext link.

List-Box
Drop-down list.

ListServ
One of the most widely used newsletter servers.

Live Cam
A Webcam that continuously broadcasts live on Internet.

Log
A journal file that reports connections to a server.

Login
Identification supplied by users to access a server.

Metatags
HTML tags that are not visible on a formatted page, but are used by search engines for indexing purposes.

MIDI
Musical Instrument Digital Interface. A format for sound data.

Mirror
An exact replica of a main site provided to users to improve accessibility.

Mouseover
Synonymous with rollOver.

MP3
MPEG1 Audio Layer 3. Audio file compression format with CD quality. A standard on the Internet.

MP3 Encoder
Software that converts Wave or AIFF sound files into MP3 format.

MPEG
Motion Picture Experts Groups. A set of norms for online broadcasting and compression of digital video and audio.

MusicMatch JukeBox
One of the most popular MP3 encoders on the Web.

Namo Web Editor
A WYSIWYG HTML editor from Namo Interactive. Easy to use for DHTML animation creation, it has many wizards and predefined templates. It supports XML, PHP, ASP and style sheets.

Navigation Menu
Essential on a site home page, it can have different appearances. It contains the table of contents and the links to the other pages of the site.

Netiquette
Unofficial rules defining proper behaviour on Internet.

Netmeeting
Videoconferencing software from Microsoft.

Netscape Composer
A free WYSIWYG HTML editor included in Netscape Communicator. Its limited functions would suit only novice users.

Network Errors
HTML pages returned by the server when browsing a site. On the client side, you can receive errors of type 4xx, and on the server side, errors of type 5xx.

Newsletter
An informative letter mailed to subscribers.

NFS
Network File System. Standard for accessing files on a remote computer appearing as a local volume.

Notepad
A text editor supplied with Windows. It is sometimes used to type in HTML code.

Objects
In HTML programming, building blocks of a page (paragraph, image, sound, ActiveX components...)

OCR
Optical Character Recognition. Technology used to identify characters in a digitised document.

ODBC
Open DataBase Connectivity. Standardised interface, or middleware, for accessing a database from a program.

Offline Browser
Software used to save all or part of a Web site onto a user's hard drive.

OLE
Object Linking and Embedding. Microsoft technology that enables the creation of documents by incorporating elements created using different kinds of software.

OpenType
Microsoft font types support technology.

Opera
Small Web browser, competitor of Netscape Communicator and Internet Explorer, which supports style sheets and JavaScript.

Option or Radio Buttons
User interface elements placed in a form to provide a limited number of options, from which only a single reply can be selected.

Page Size
To ensure optimal browsing, the home page size should not exceed 30 Kb.

PageMill
A WYSIWYG HTML editor from Adobe.

Paint Shop Pro
An image creation and editing tool from JASC Software. It provides an animated GIF editor, a screen-capture function and a graphics format conversion module.

PAP
French term meaning Page Avec Publicité vue, i.e., Page with viewed advertisement. It is an audience measurement unit used to pay a webmaster according to the traffic drawn by his site.

Path
The location of a file or a page in the file system of a remote server.

Pay-per-Click
Each click on a link or a banner generates a commission for the webmaster.

PCT
Graphic file format on Macintosh.

PDF
Portable Document Format. A format from Adobe that enables a document to be distributed on different systems while preserving the layout (.pdf).

PERL
Practical Extraction and Report Language. A scripting language for developing CGI programs.

Photoshop
A professional image-editing and graphics creation software from Adobe. It provides a large library of effects, filters and layers.

PHP
Personal Home Page. Advanced scripting language for site design.

PICS
Platform for Internet Content Selection. Specification from the W3C to define the content of your site for your visitors by associating labels (metadata).

Ping
Packet Internet Groper. A utility that forwards data packets to check the quality of a link or verify the connection of a machine to the Internet.

Pixel
Picture element. The smallest unit (point) of an image displayed on screen. The quality of an image depends on the number of pixels per inch that make up the image.

Plug-in
An additional module that adds features to a browser in order to support certain elements, such as support for sound, video, and 3D animation files.

PNG
Graphic format, competitor of GIF.

Pointer
Cursor of a pointing device, such as a mouse or an electronic pencil.

Pop-up
A small box that appears over a visited page to deliver information or display an ad.

Positioning
Result of your ranking in a result list displayed by a search engine.

PPP
Point to Point Protocol. Protocol encapsulating a connection to a TCP/IP network through a modem and a telephone line.

Promotion
All the techniques used to promote a site by search engines and directories.

Proxy
Server placed between a user's machine and the Internet. It can act as a firewall to provide protection and as a cache area to speed up Web page display.

Push
Automatic upload of data to a user's computer.

PWS
Microsoft Personal Web Server. It is bundled with Windows 98.

Query
An inquiry sent to a server.

QuickTime
An Apple utility used to develop and play back audio and video files.

Quotes
Punctuation characters often used to delineate a character string.

RDBMS
Relational Database Management System.

RealPlayer
Plug-in from RealNetworks for sound and video file management and streaming.

RealProducer
Encoding software from RealNetworks for converting sound files into RealAudio format.

Registrar
A company specialised in the registering of domain names with the InterNIC.

Relative Path
A partial path relative to the location of the visited page.

RGB Mode
Images in RGB (red, green and blue) mode are displayed on the screen by means of three primary colours.

Rollover
The effect produced by changing the appearance of a graphical element when the mouse pointer moves over it.

Router
Typically a machine, though it can also be software, that acts as a gateway to provide access to network resources, irrespective of the protocols or operating systems the users use.

RTSP
Real Time Streaming Protocol. A client/Server communication protocol that simplifies the distribution of multimedia contents on the Internet.

Scanner
A peripheral for digitising documents (photos, slides, drawings, texts), though it can also digitise small objects. It is an essential tool for putting pictures on a personal web site.

Script
A set of commands written in an interpreted language to automate certain application tasks. The term scenario is also sometimes used.

Server
A computer or software providing services to remote client machines or applications, such as supplying page contents (texts or other resources) or returning query results.

Servlet
A server-side Java program that provides additional features to the server.

SET
Secure Electronic Transaction. Technology developed by Visa and Mastercard to secure online payments.

SGML
Standard Generalised Markup Language. Language for describing the structure of a document. HTML is derived from SGML.

Shockwave
Software developed by Macromedia to create and distribute multimedia animations on the Web. To support Shockwave files, a browser needs the appropriate plug-in (available free of cost). Flash is its successor.

Silhouetting
A technique used to select all or part of an image in order to include it in another image or document.

Site Submission
All the techniques involved when submitting a site to search engines or directories.

Source Code
All the tags and instructions contained in a text file used to compose a Web page.

SQL
Structured Query Language. Relational database query language developed by IBM. It is compatible with HTML and XML.

SQL Server
Microsoft database management software.

SSL
Secure Sockets Layers. A protocol developed by Netscape for securing data sent by the browser by means of encryption.

Streaming
Technology that enables the playback of sound or video without the need to download the entire resource file in advance.

Submit Button
Transmits the data entered in a fill-in form to the processing program and resets the input fields.

Table
Enables the layout of a Web page that keeps the same general appearance irrespective of the browser window size. Depending on requirements, the number of rows and columns can be adjusted, as can the size of the cells.

Tags
Syntax tokens of the HTML language used to structure a Web document by indicating the beginning and the end of a word, a title, a sentence, a block of text, etc. Each HTML tag is enclosed in < and > brackets.