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Lycos Tripod - hosting glossary
Category: Technical and IT > Computers and internet
Date & country: 26/10/2007, UK
Words: 238


Absolute Path
The complete path to a resource, independent of the location of the visited page.

ACDSee
Software for viewing, archiving and editing sound, video and picture files.

Acrobat Reader
Plug-in from Adobe. It reads documents in PDF format on any platform.

ActiveX
Software components from Microsoft. They enable sound, Java applets and animations to be integrated in a Web page.

After Effects
Software for creating special effects, published by Adobe.

AIFF or AIF
Audio file formats on the Macintosh platform.

Alias
A generic name used to identify a mail account.

Alignment
Positioning of lines in a text or a paragraph: on the left, on the right, centred or justified.

Anchor
In a HTML page content, an area which is the source or destination of a hypertext link.

Animated GIF
A small animation based on successively displayed GIF images.

Anonymous FTP
Public file servers that can be accessed by means of anonymous login and using an email address as the password.

Apache
The most widely available HTTP server on the Internet. It supports the PERL and PHP languages.

Applet
A small program written in Java and included in a HTML page. It is independent of the operating system on which it runs. An applet can be used to display scrolling text in a specific area, or animations.

ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A standard character-coding scheme used by most computers to display letters, digits and special characters.

ASP
Active Server Pages. A specification that enables Web pages to be dynamically created using HTML, scripts, and reusable ActiveX server components.

Attribute
The properties of a HTML tag.

AU
A sound file format on Sun systems.

Audience Measurement
A free online service that analyses by means of marks how often your pages are visited and can produce a daily or monthly report with following values: number of visited pages, browsing time, users' browser version, operating system, country of origin, referrer's URL, etc.

Audience Measurement Mark
A mark placed on your pages by an online service offering audience measurement. The mark can be invisible or display the service supplier's logo.

AVI
A sound and video file format on Windows systems.

Background
The colours or images used as the background of a Web page.

Balloon Help
Information that appears in a small area when the mouse pointer is positioned on a page element (for instance, topic title, menu, image, etc.).

Banner
A small area of a window or screen used for advertising purposes, often consisting of GIF images. A standard size for this area is 486 x 60 pixels.

Behaviour
In Dreamweaver, interaction between objects of a Web page, for instance, the change in the display of a page element when the mouse pointer is placed over a link.

Bitmap Image
A pixel-based image (.BMP). Its quality decreases when the image is enlarged.

Border
The boundary of a HTML element. The thickness of a border is expressed in pixels.

Browser
A program used to navigate Internet sites.

Browsing Options
To provide increased flexibility, a site can offer two navigation options: with HTML or with Flash.

Cache
The location where visited web pages are stored, enabling them to be displayed more rapidly at the next visit. Each browser has its own cache on the hard drive.

Cascading Style Sheets
A standard of the W3C which defines a simple mechanism for customising the formatting of Web pages, by defining fonts, colours of titles, paragraph spacing, etc.

Case
Character property distinguishing uppercase from lowercase letters.

ccTLD
Country Code Top Level Domains. The country code for domain names (.fr for France, .uk for United Kingdom, .be for Belgium, etc).

Cell Padding
The amount of space between edges of a table cell and the cell content.

CGI
Common Gateway Interface. The server-side program or script used to process the data entered in a fill-in form.

CGI Script
Often combined with a fill-in form to collect and process the data entered by the user.

Check Boxes
Elements used in a form enabling the user to select several replies to one question.

Client
A computer or an application that calls on a server's services.

Client-Server
Network architecture used to distribute an application across several computers, some of which being clients that issue queries, and one being a server that processes the queries and possibly returns results.

Clipart
A ready-to-use graphic file.

ColdFusion
Online database management system from Macromedia.

Colour Code
Hexadecimal value of colours used in a HTML page.

Colour Palette
The set of colours included in an image.

Combo-Box
An element in a form, combining a drop-down list with a text field.

Continuous Tones
Uniform colour without dithering, often used as a background.

Cookies
Text files downloaded onto a visitor's computer hard drive to store the visitor's actions in order to better customise their following visits.

Copyright
Legal rights to commercialise, license, transfer, broadcast or reproduce an original piece of work, irrespective of its supporting media.

Counter
Free Web service used to count the number of visits per page and/or per site.

CuteFTP
One of the most widely-used FTP clients.

DBMS
Database Management System.

DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A TCP/IP protocol that dynamically assigns an IP address to a computer.

DHTML
Dynamic HTML. An extension of HTML that enables, among other things, the inclusion of small animations and dynamic menus in Web pages. DHTML code makes use of style sheets and JavaScript.

Digital Camera
A camera equipped with an electronic photosensitive sensor. The digital pictures are stored directly in the camera's memory and can be used immediately on a computer.

Dithering Removal
Elimination of dithering from an image (for instance, after a scanning operation).

DNS
Domain Name Server. The local server (in a company) or remote server (at your provider) that resolves domain names in IP addresses.

Domain
One of the elements that comprise a DNS address. Domain names are divided into different categories: .com, .net, .org, .edu, .fr, .uk, etc.

Domain Name
A series of words separated by dots (e.g.: microsoft.com) identifying an IP address.

Drag and Drop
Moving an element from one location to another by dragging it with the mouse.

Drawing Tablet
A peripheral used by graphic designers, which combines a digital tablet and an electronic pencil. It provides a high level of drawing precision.

Dreamweaver
Powerful WYSIWYG authoring software from Macromedia enabling easy creation of sites containing graphics and multimedia elements. It is one of the best programs for creating JavaScript and DHTML animations.

Drop-Down List
A list of options from which the user can select one.

DTD
Document Type Definition. A document that describes the structure of a Web page written in XML.

Dynamic Pages
Web pages automatically generated by ASP, PHP or ColdFusion.

E-Zine
An online magazine maintained by a private person.

Ethernet
Local network generally offering a throughput of 10 Mbps or 100 Mbps

Events
Actions in programs that are triggeredto call a function or start an operation.

FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions. A list of the most frequently asked questions along with their respective answers.

Firewall
A server whose role is to protect a private site connected to the Internet from unauthorized access.

Fireworks
Graphics creation software from Macromedia. It is useful for optimising image size, editing animated GIFs, creating buttons, animations or roll-overs.

Flash
Software from Macromedia for creating small vector animations played back on the Web. A user's browser needs the Flash Player plug-in in order to interpret Flash animations.

Font
Character set from a font family.

Form
An interactive Web page with predefined sections to be filled in or options to be selected. The data is then collected for processing, generally by a CGI script on the server.

Forum
A site offering that allows visitors to post and read messages. Ideal for livening up a site and interacting with visitors.

FPS
Frames Per Second. Measures the speed of an animation.

Frame
Part of a window that displays self-contained information. Its content can be changed without affecting the other window frames.

Frame
Frames enable the division of a browser window into independent areas. Each frame can display content in a self-contained page. It is a useful feature for separating browsing menus from contents. Also a HTML tag.

Frameset
A HTML page that contains an exclusive description of a site's frames (names, layout and content). Also a HTML tag.

FrontPage
A WYSIWYG HTML editor from Microsoft that features dynamic functions (FrontPage components), available without the need for programming knowledge.

FrontPage Express
Smaller free version of FrontPage integrated with Microsoft Internet Explorer.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol. Protocol for transferring files on the Internet.

FTP Client
Software used to upload your site to your provider's Web hosting server, or download files from a server.

FTP Server
A machine or software for storing and forwarding data files.

GIF
Graphic Interchange Format. A Compuserve image format , now widespread on the Web. It enables the reduction of image size by using a high compression rate.

GIF Animator
An easy-to-use animated GIF image editor, published by Ulead.

GoldWave
Software for digitising and editing sound files on a PC.

Golive
A WYSIWYG HTML editor from Adobe, direct competitor of Dreamweaver from Macromedia. It is a complete and powerful program that is targeted at experienced webmasters.

Guest Book
A method of collecting feedback from visitors.

Hit
A unit of measurement for quantifying traffic to a site.

Home Page
A site's main page. It contains the table of contents and links pointing to other pages. Generally, the home page file is called index.html or index.htm.

Host
A remote machine whose contents can be accessed via the TCP/IP network.

HTML
HyperText Markup Language. Web page description language. A W3C standard, compatible with all systems.

HTML Editor
Software that simplifies the creation of HTML Web pages.

HTML Validator
A utility for checking the syntax of HTML pages, the display of images and link validation prior to putting a site online .

HTTP
HyperText Transfer Protocol. Standard protocol for transmitting Web pages on the Internet.

HTTPS
HTTP Over SSL. Protocol enabling the secured transmission of Web pages.

Hypertext
System for browsing the Web through the use of links implemented in displayed pages.

Hypertext Link
Element on a Web page which you click on to jump to another location (on the page, the site or the Web). The mouse pointer changes when it is placed over such a link.

IAB
Internet Advertising Bureau. The organisation that defines the standards for advertising on the Internet (among others things, the size of banners).

ICANN
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. The organisation in charge of world-wide domain and commercial names management on the Internet.

ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol. Protocol from the IP layer for generating error, test and information messages about transmission through the network.

Illustrator
Vector drawing software from Adobe.