Copy of `Baby guide UK - glossary of pregnancy`

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Baby guide UK - glossary of pregnancy
Category: Health and Medicine > pregnancy
Date & country: 11/10/2007, UK
Words: 112


Sciatica
Common pregnancy-related condition. Pain in the leg, lower back, and buttocks is caused by pressure of the growing uterus on the sciatic nerve.

Six-week check
Both mother and baby will have a thorough medical examination and check-up approximately six weeks after the birth to monitor their overall progress and ensure their good health

TENS machine
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, is a method of pain relief consisting of a pack of electrode pads placed on the back. It discharges an electrical stimulus that interferes with the passage of pain signals to the brain and may help the body to produce endorphins, its own pain-killing hormones. The pack has a hand-held control, which can be used to vary the strength of the stimulus.

Trimester
A third of a pregnancy. Trimesters divide pregnancy into three 13-week periods. The development and potential problems of pregnancy and the foetus vary by trimester.

Ultrasound Scan
In ultrasound procedures, high-frequency sound waves are used to create a moving image on a screen. Ultrasound images can be used to diagnose infertility and other medical problems.

Umbilical cord
The baby's lifeline from the mother during pregnancy. The umbilical cord is formed during the fifth week of gestation and connects the foetus' circulation with the mother's placenta. Through this vascular structure, the foetus receives nutrients such as oxygen, glucose, and protein. When the baby is born the cord is about 2 feet long and 1/2 inch thick.

Uterus
Also called the womb. The uterus is the organ that houses and protects the foetus during pregnancy. The uterus grows and expands with your baby's growth.

Varicose Veins
Dilatation of veins, usually in the legs, due to rupturing of the small valves in the veins. Many pregnant women experience distended, enlarged veins on their legs

Ventouse extraction
In a ventouse delivery, a suction cup attached to a machine is placed on the baby's head to assist the baby's passage through the birth canal

Vernix
A cheesy, white substance that covers a baby's skin at birth. The vernix is secreted by the sebaceous glands around the 20th week to protect the baby's skin from the amniotic fluid.

Yolk Sac
One of the protective membranes surrounding the embryo

Zygote
This is a medical term for a newly fertilised egg before it implants into the uterus